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A Critical Analysis
• Gustave Flaubert wrote "Madame Bovary"
in 1856 year and called it one of his best
works, as he mentioned in
education" (1870). It is really so, we can
Life of the Author
Flaubert (December 12,
1821 – May 8, 1880) was
an influential French writer
who is counted among the
in Western literature. He is
known especially for his
published novel, Madame
Bovary (1857), for
for his scrupulous devotion
to his art and style. The
celebrated short story
• "Madame Bovary" represents a story of a
woman suffering from her character, from
her sensibility. The story of Emma Bovary
is mournful and moral; we can make many
opinions about it. You can say that Emma
Bovary ruined herself, her husband, her
daughter Berthe and her father, pure
Roualt, because of her great desire of
splendor, comfort and amusements.
• But - from the other side, maybe, the cause is in
the impossibility of her dreaming, in her passion,
that couldn't find an application. How much
suffered this brave little woman, how much grief,
perturbations and horrid pain she survived!
Sometimes, reading the novel, it seems to us that
no one in the whole world suffered so much! But
she was broken, too! What a foolish and
unexpected end of her life was, the life of this
charming woman that never had a real love and
peace! Even dying, she suffered from the pain. But
more - she made a lot of people suffer, too.
• Emma couldn't bear this life, this pain and she
committed suicide - she drank arsenic.
• Emma Bovary
• Charles Bovary
• Rodolphe Boulanger
• Léon Dupuis
• Monsieur Lheureux
• Monsieur Homais
• Madame Homais
• Paris (Yonville)
• This is the time of the "July Monarchy", or
the rule of King Louis Philippe I
• One of Flaubert’s most striking techniques,
and one that is most often elaborated on,
is the absence of his input within his work.
He has, effectively, eliminated the narrator
wherever possible. Instead of presenting
the information to the reader with his own
opinions, Flaubert chooses to tell the story
through various characters’ points of view.
Realism is the genre that tries to portray life,
environment, and human behaviors exactly as they
appear. Realist authors tried to display everyday life
instead of demonstrating a contrived version of how life
really is. During the mid 19th century until the early 20th
century, realism began in various countries throughout
Europe. Typically the stories and novels produced in
Europe and the United States from 1840 to the 1890’s
were fiction that would focus on describing the
characters in major detail and concentrate on provincial
and middle-class living. These authors would not put
much thought into the plot in order to fully demonstrate
real life as best as they could.