3. TOPICS TO BE PRESENTED
1.What is Disaster & hazard?
2.Types of Disasters & explanation
3 Disaster Management & Disaster Management techniques
5.Types of Disaster Management & case study
6.Types of Disaster Management technique
7 Phases of Disaster
8. Our views to control disaster
4. What is Disaster & what is Disaster Management ?
Originated from Greek
dus = bad aster = star
What is disaster ?
A sudden accident or a natural catastrophe
that causes great damage or loss of life.
What is disaster management ?
Organization and management of
resources and responsibilities for dealing
with all humanitarian aspects of
emergencies, in particular preparedness,
response and recovery in order to lessen
the impact of disasters.
5. Introduction to Disaster
Any occurrence that causes damage, ecological
disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of
health and health services on a scale, sufficient
to warrant an extraordinary response from
outside the affected community or area.(WHO)
A disaster can be defined as an occurrence
either natural or man made that causes human
suffering and creates human needs that victim
cannot alleviate without assistance.
Any phenomenon that has the potential to
cause disruption or damage to people and
When hazard involves elements of risks,
vulnerabilities and capacities, they can turn
Hazards may be inevitable but disasters can
“A hazard is natural event while the disaster is its
consequence. A hazard is perceived natural event which
threatens both life and property…… A disaster is a
realization of this hazard.”
11. Visage Disaster (HUDHUD)
Hudhud originated from a low pressure system that
formed under the influence of an upper-air cyclonic
circulation in the Andaman Sea on October 6.
Hudhud intensified into a cyclonic storm on October
8 and as a Severe Cyclonic Storm on October 9.
Hudhud caused extensive damage to the city of
Visakhapatnam and the neighboring districts
of Vizianagaram and Srikakulam of Andhra
Pradesh. According to Andhra Pradesh’s Revenue
(Disaster Management) Department, a total of
2,48,004 people were affected by Hudhud, which
also damaged 70 houses and left 34 animals dead
Management Technique :
Using the Technology
13. Hiroshima & Nagasaki Issue
The United States, with the consent of
the United Kingdom as laid down in
the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear
weapons on the Japanese cities
of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945,
during the final stage of World War II. The
two bombings, which killed at least
The "Tinian Joint Chiefs":
Captain William S. Parsons
(left), Rear Admiral William R.
Purnell (center), and Brigadier
General Thomas F. Farrell
14. Disaster Management
can be defined as the
organization and management
of resources and
responsibilities for dealing with
all humanitarian aspects of
response and recovery in order
to lessen the impact of
15. Disaster Management
The body of policy and administrative decisions
and operational activities that pertain to various
stages of a disaster at all levels.
An applied science which seeks, by
systemic observation and analysis of disasters,
to improve measures relating to prevention,
emergency response, recovery and mitigation.
Encompasses all aspects of
planning for, and responding to disasters,
including both pre and post disaster activities.
16. Disaster Management
A continuous and integrated process of
planning, organizing, coordinating and implementing
measures which are necessary or expedient for-
● Prevention of danger or threat of any disaster.
● Reduction of risk
● of any disaster or its severity or consequences.
● Preparedness to deal with any disaster.
● Prompt response to any threatening disaster situation
● Assessing the severity or magnitude of effects of any
● Evacuation, rescue and relief.
● Rehabilitation and reconstruction.
18. Disaster Management Phases,
prepare communities with the knowledge and resources to
protect themselves from harm and to manage the response
and recovery stages.
Prevention and preparedness identifies potential risks and
the actions that can be taken before a disaster event in order
to reduce its impact.
Response to a disaster event must be swift and effective to
combat the disaster, to assist those affected by it and to make
the area safe.
While the effects of a disaster can be sudden,
the recovery period can place significant long-term strain on a
A disaster stricken community needs assistance to regain a
proper level of functioning following a disaster.
19. Types of Disaster management
Management during Disaster
20. Types of Disaster management technique
1. Continuous monitoring
2. Not harming existing natural
3. Other techniques
It focuses on preventing the human hazard, primarily from
potential natural disasters or terrorist attacks. Preventive
measures are taken on both the domestic and international
levels, designed to provide permanent protection from
disasters. Not all disasters, particularly natural disasters, can be
prevented, but the risk of loss of life and injury can be mitigated
with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design
standards. In January 2005, 167 Governments adopted a 10-
year global plan for natural disaster risk reduction called the
Hyogo Framework.
Preventing or reducing the impacts of disasters on our
communities is a key focus for emergency management efforts
today. Prevention and mitigation also help reduce the financial
costs of disaster response and recovery. Public Safety Canada
is working with provincial and territorial governments and
stakeholders to promote disaster prevention and mitigation
using a risk-based and all-hazards approach. In 2008,
Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers endorsed a National
Disaster Mitigation Strategy
Preventive or mitigation measures take different
forms for different types of disasters. In
earthquake prone areas, these preventive
measures might include structural changes such
as the installation of an earthquake valve to
instantly shut off the natural gas supply, seismic
retrofits of property, and the securing of items
inside a building. The latter may include the
mounting of furniture, refrigerators, water heaters
and breakables to the walls, and the addition of
cabinet latches. In flood prone areas, houses
can be built on poles/stilts. In areas prone to
prolonged electricity black-outs installation of a
generator ensures continuation of electrical
service. The construction of storm cellars and
24. Disaster Preparedness
Co-ordination of a variety of sectors to carry out-
Evaluation of the risk.
Adopt standards and regulations.
Organize communication and response
Ensure all resources- ready and easily
Develop public education programs.
Coordinate information with news media.
Disaster simulation exercises.
25. Disaster Response
Immediate reaction to disaster as the
disaster is anticipated, or soon after it begins in
order to assess the needs, reduce the suffering,
limit the spread and consequences of the
disaster, open up the way to rehabilitation.
Search and rescue
Emergency medical services
Securing food and water
Maintenance of Law & Order
26. Responding to disasters
Disasters impact on entire communities. The immediate
effects include loss of life and damage to property and
infrastructure, with the survivors (some of whom may
have been injured in the disaster) traumatized by the
experience, uncertain of the future and less able to
provide for their own welfare, at least in the short term.
More than likely, they are left without adequate shelter,
food, water and other necessities to sustain life. Rapid
action is required to prevent further loss of life.
27. crisis to recovery
Recovery refers to those programmes which go
beyond the provision of immediate relief to assist
those who have suffered the full impact of a
disaster to rebuild their homes, lives and
services and to strengthen their capacity to cope
with future disasters.
28. Our views to control some disasters
Control of disaster by using advanced technology
Control of plane crashes
A BRICK that helps in tolerating
29. Our views to control some disasters
Control of fire accidents like gas leaks & short
circuitsWe can use gas & smoke sensors for any gas leak
It can detect upto 100 meters
31. Disaster Reports
World Disaster reduction day is celebrated on 2nd
Wednesday of October
Disater reports highlight disaster management activities undertaken during
the relevant financial year together with details of disaster operations and
information about priorities for disaster management.
Protection of human lives is the main motto of the
World Disaster reduction by 2015
Total number of Disasters up to 2015 is <5000
•Disaster Management: Strategy and Coordination (MAA00029) - Global Plan 2010-2011
•International Federation policies | en español | en français
•UN Millennium Development Goals | en español | en français
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