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Frugal innovation: The case of
chains of low cost private schools

               James Tooley,
       Barcelona, 26 November 2012
         http://egwestcentre.com
 https://www.facebook.com/egwestcentre
              @james_tooley


                    @james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
Two Questions:
What proportion of children are
enrolled in low cost private schools?
How good are they?




            @james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
The (Minimum) Reality
                      Lagos State, Nigeria % of pupils




                                                              Government
                                                                 26%

 Private Recognised
         41%




                                                            Private
                                                         Unrecognised
                                                             33%



                                 @james_tooley
Survey of 24,000 children




            @james_tooley
@james_tooley
60




                 50




                 40
Mean score (%)




                                                      Government
                 30                                   Private unrecognised
                                                      Private recognised



                 20




                 10




                  0
                      maths    English        Hindi
                               Subject




                              @james_tooley
                                                                             19
Predicted scores for average child, Delhi
 0.5

 0.4

 0.3

 0.2

 0.1

                                          Gov
 0.0
                                          Priv
        Maths     English         Hindi
 -0.1

 -0.2

 -0.3

 -0.4

 -0.5




                  @james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
Sierra Leone
               @james_tooley
South Sudan




              @james_tooley
South Sudan




              @james_tooley
Liberia




          @james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
% of total enrolment
                                 Mosque, 2.00 Government, 1
                        NGO, 0.40%
                                     %            .10%
              Established
             church, 13.50
                   %



                  Small
              church, 22.90                                   Proprietor, 60.
                   %                                              10%


100,000
children, in poor
areas of Monrovia


                                   @james_tooley
Pay your taxes for schools?




           @james_tooley
@james_tooley
The Holy Grail(s) of Development

                    Sustainability
                    • The capacity to endure

                    Scalability
                    • Moving from one to
                      many



             @james_tooley
300,000 low cost private
schools across India




                                      80,000 low cost private
                                      schools across Anglophone
                                      West Africa
                      @james_tooley
@james_tooley
Current choices
   for Poor       The 4th Choice
    Parents


                      No school


                    Government
                      school

                  Low cost private
                      school

                  Higher quality low
                  cost private school
                   @james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
@james_tooley
From zero to 12,000 in 3 years




            @james_tooley
Building the education model




           @james_tooley
Getting the business model right




             @james_tooley
A sustainable, scalable business




             @james_tooley
We grew from 0 to 12,000 students (20 schools)
from 2009 to 2012. We will grow to 200,000
students in next 5 years.




                              @james_tooley
Local knowledge leads to innovation


Pay-as-you-learn.
This innovation extends
access.




    NO HIDDEN CHARGES!

                          @james_tooley
Cost per child per term (GHS)
 Cost Item                  OMEGA SCHOOLS           PUBLIC SCHOOL
 School Fees                                                           0.00
 Food                                                                22.95
 Transport                                                             0.00
 PTA                                                                   1.57
 Examination Fees                                                      0.92
 Extra Classes                                                         9.27
 School Uniforms                                                     12.12
 Stationery                                                            7.32


 Total Per Child Per Term                   66.67                    54.16
 (GHS)
 Public/OMEGA                                                          81%
                                                     Based on figures from
                            @james_tooley
                                                        Akaguri (2010)
Innovations for management




                             @james_tooley
Innovations for Learning

Ω Daily lesson plans

Ω Students’ workbooks

Ω Teacher training

Ω Innovative education
  technology

Ω Assessment system

                         @james_tooley
Omega Learning System

Ω Peer Learning

Ω KEY POINT: Open to
  innovations that
  promote learning.
Ω Question: Why is
  innovation for learning
  easy with us and
  difficult in the public
  schools?



                   @james_tooley
Fit with Conference Aims
• Highlights a major trend
  in ‘grassroots’ educational
  reform
• Explores question of
  globalisation and
  standardisation
• Implicitly extends an
  answer to the question
  posed in the introduction:
  why hasn’t change
  happened?

                          @james_tooley
@james_tooley

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Frugal Innovation in Education: The case of chains of low-cost private schools (By James Tooley)