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Frugal Innovation in Education: The case of chains of low-cost private schools (By James Tooley)

The revolution of low cost private education is taking place across the developing world. In poor urban and peri-urban areas, private school children make up a majority of schoolchildren; even in rural areas, a substantial minority of parents is using private schools. Research has shown that children in low cost private schools outperform those in public government schools, even if they operate at a fraction of the cost. Importantly, low cost private schools are generally financially sustainable, and hence provide a scalable solution to the problem of providing education for all. In his talk, J. Tooley will examine this background revolution and follow educational entrepreneurs who are creating chains of low cost private schools. Such chains are attracting investment and creating radical innovations that have the potential to transform educational opportunities for the poor.

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Frugal Innovation in Education: The case of chains of low-cost private schools (By James Tooley)

  1. 1. Frugal innovation: The case ofchains of low cost private schools James Tooley, Barcelona, 26 November 2012 http://egwestcentre.com https://www.facebook.com/egwestcentre @james_tooley @james_tooley
  2. 2. @james_tooley
  3. 3. @james_tooley
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  5. 5. Two Questions:What proportion of children areenrolled in low cost private schools?How good are they? @james_tooley
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  16. 16. The (Minimum) Reality Lagos State, Nigeria % of pupils Government 26% Private Recognised 41% Private Unrecognised 33% @james_tooley
  17. 17. Survey of 24,000 children @james_tooley
  18. 18. @james_tooley
  19. 19. 60 50 40Mean score (%) Government 30 Private unrecognised Private recognised 20 10 0 maths English Hindi Subject @james_tooley 19
  20. 20. Predicted scores for average child, Delhi 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 Gov 0.0 Priv Maths English Hindi -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 @james_tooley
  21. 21. @james_tooley
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  23. 23. Sierra Leone @james_tooley
  24. 24. South Sudan @james_tooley
  25. 25. South Sudan @james_tooley
  26. 26. Liberia @james_tooley
  27. 27. @james_tooley
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  29. 29. % of total enrolment Mosque, 2.00 Government, 1 NGO, 0.40% % .10% Established church, 13.50 % Small church, 22.90 Proprietor, 60. % 10%100,000children, in poorareas of Monrovia @james_tooley
  30. 30. Pay your taxes for schools? @james_tooley
  31. 31. @james_tooley
  32. 32. The Holy Grail(s) of Development Sustainability • The capacity to endure Scalability • Moving from one to many @james_tooley
  33. 33. 300,000 low cost privateschools across India 80,000 low cost private schools across Anglophone West Africa @james_tooley
  34. 34. @james_tooley
  35. 35. Current choices for Poor The 4th Choice Parents No school Government school Low cost private school Higher quality low cost private school @james_tooley
  36. 36. @james_tooley
  37. 37. @james_tooley
  38. 38. @james_tooley
  39. 39. From zero to 12,000 in 3 years @james_tooley
  40. 40. Building the education model @james_tooley
  41. 41. Getting the business model right @james_tooley
  42. 42. A sustainable, scalable business @james_tooley
  43. 43. We grew from 0 to 12,000 students (20 schools)from 2009 to 2012. We will grow to 200,000students in next 5 years. @james_tooley
  44. 44. Local knowledge leads to innovationPay-as-you-learn.This innovation extendsaccess. NO HIDDEN CHARGES! @james_tooley
  45. 45. Cost per child per term (GHS) Cost Item OMEGA SCHOOLS PUBLIC SCHOOL School Fees 0.00 Food 22.95 Transport 0.00 PTA 1.57 Examination Fees 0.92 Extra Classes 9.27 School Uniforms 12.12 Stationery 7.32 Total Per Child Per Term 66.67 54.16 (GHS) Public/OMEGA 81% Based on figures from @james_tooley Akaguri (2010)
  46. 46. Innovations for management @james_tooley
  47. 47. Innovations for LearningΩ Daily lesson plansΩ Students’ workbooksΩ Teacher trainingΩ Innovative education technologyΩ Assessment system @james_tooley
  48. 48. Omega Learning SystemΩ Peer LearningΩ KEY POINT: Open to innovations that promote learning.Ω Question: Why is innovation for learning easy with us and difficult in the public schools? @james_tooley
  49. 49. Fit with Conference Aims• Highlights a major trend in ‘grassroots’ educational reform• Explores question of globalisation and standardisation• Implicitly extends an answer to the question posed in the introduction: why hasn’t change happened? @james_tooley
  50. 50. @james_tooley

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