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Poetic elements

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Poetic elements

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Poetic elements

  1. 1. English Literature POETIC ELEMENTS Modified from:
  2. 2. SIMILE <ul><li>Simile is when you compare two nouns (persons, places or things) that are unlike, with &quot;like&quot; or &quot;as.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The water is like the sun.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The water is like the sun&quot; is an example of simile because water and the sun have little in common, and yet they're being compared to one another. </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. &quot;The rain falls like the sun, rising upon the mountains.&quot; </li></ul>
  3. 3. ALLITERATION <ul><li>When two or more words in a poem begin with the same letter or sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbits Running Over Roses </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Rabbits running over roses&quot; is an example of Alliteration because rabbits, running, and roses all begin with the same letter and sound the same. </li></ul>
  4. 4. PERSONIFICATION <ul><li>When you make a thing, idea, or an animal do something only humans can do. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Wind yells while blowing&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Wind yells while blowing&quot; is an example of personification because wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>Onomatopoeia are words that sound like the objects they name or the sounds those objects make. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Zip goes the jacket </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Zip&quot; is an onomatopoeia word because it sounds like a jacket is zipping up. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Zip&quot; is an example of onomatopoeia because it sounds like what it is. When you zip up a zipper the sound the zipper makes sounds like a zipper. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are other onomatopoeia words: </li></ul><ul><li>Boom, bang, slash, slurp, gurgle, meow,and woof </li></ul>
  6. 6. METAPHOR <ul><li>Metaphor is when you use two nouns and compare or contrast them to one another. Unlike simile, you don't use &quot;like&quot; or &quot;as&quot; in the comparison. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I am a rainbow </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I am a rainbow&quot; is a example of metaphor because it is comparing two nouns, a person, and a rainbow, but does not use like or as. </li></ul><ul><li>I am not Anger &quot;I am not anger&quot; is an example of metaphor because it is contrasting two nouns. </li></ul>
  7. 7. REPETITION <ul><li>Repetition is when you have a word and use it more than once. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Inside the ocean I see fish. Inside the waves I hear a splash. Inside the water I felt a fish. It seems so big, as big as a whale. It has to be, But then I see, It's a tuna fish. </li></ul><ul><li>This is repetition because it repeats &quot;inside&quot; more than once. </li></ul>
  8. 8. PARADOX <ul><li>A statement that seems impossible at first but actually makes sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Dark knows daylight </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Dark knows daylight&quot; is an example of paradox because dark and daylight are opposites, and yet here they have something in common. </li></ul><ul><li>Hot understands Cold </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hot understands cold&quot; is an example of paradox because hot and cold are opposites, but yet the stanza says that they understand each other. This is a paradox because the stanza doesn't seem to make sense. However, a paradox poem will explain how two opposite or very unlike things can be related in some way. </li></ul>