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Semantics for food and agriculture: the GODAN Action map of data standards

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Presented at the ICFOODS conference at UC Davis in November 2016

Publicado en: Datos y análisis
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Semantics for food and agriculture: the GODAN Action map of data standards

  1. 1. FAO and GODAN on semantics for food and ag data >> the GODAN global map Valeria Pesce Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition (GODAN) IC-FOODS conference, UC Davis, 7-9 November 2016
  2. 2. FAO – classifications in support of statistics and guidelines • FAOSTAT Commodity List (FCL) • The Central Product Classification (CPC) • The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS) the trade classification most widely used in the world; FAO partner with WCO • Various classifications supporting the Codex Alimentarius (e.g. Classification of foods and animal feeds, food additives, veterinary drugs maximum residue levels and pesticide maximum residue levels) • INFOODS standards (food nomenclature, food component identifiers…) • The International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants (ISSCAAP) and The International Standard Statistical Classification of Fisheries Commodities (ISSCFC) • ASFIS List of species for fishery statistics purposes widely used for the exchange of data on capture and aquaculture production between national correspondents and international organizations
  3. 3. FAO – thesauri and ontologies • AGROVOC thesaurus Over 32,000 terms with relations; 27 languages. Covers all FAO agriculture-related topics: from agronomy to natural resources to forestry and fisheries. LOD, mapped to several other KOS. Part of the Global Agricultural Concept Scheme (GACS) together with NALT and CABT. • Geopolitical Ontology Countries, territories and geopolitical groups; ontology plus instances. With a UN-view, but linked to several other geo-spatial vocabularies.
  4. 4. Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition initiative (GODAN) The GODAN initiative was one of the outputs of the G8 International Conference on Open Data for Agriculture and was announced at the Open Government Partnership Conference in October 2013. The initiative focuses on building high-level support among governments, policymakers, international organizations and business. Currently around 400 partners worldwide from national governments, non-governmental, international and private sector organisations
  5. 5. GODAN’s facilitation of work on semantics Partnership with Research Data Alliance >> RDA Working Group “AgriSemantics” Goal: gather community-based requirements and use cases for an infrastructure that supports appropriate use of semantics for data interoperability, with special focus on agriculture. (Software, functionalities, semantic assets to enhance data interoperability in agriculture) DFID GODAN funding stream >> GODAN Action project >> Global map of data standards for food and agriculture >> Gap analysis on availability and adoption of standards Join!
  6. 6. Global map of standards: working together A global map of existing standards for the exchange of data in the field of food and agriculture
  7. 7. Global map of data standards: Approach • Not duplicating, building on what exists • Collaborative effort • Broad coverage • Open data angle • Designed for gap analysis Anybody can add or claim a standard Thesaurus Code listOntology ISO specification Messaging standardTaxonomy Agronomy Natural resources Fisheries Value chains All contributors acknowledged Call to action to partners and experts Format APIs Mappings License
  8. 8. Challenges (1) • Not duplicating efforts but not ignoring specificity of audiences • Existing: VEST catalog of standards and AgroPortal repository of ontologies >> no merging, keeping the specificity, no centralization >> synchronization of key metadata, linking to AgroPortal for ontology-specific data and functionalities VEST VEST / AgroPortal MAP OF STANDARDS The VEST had the structure and coverage we needed, so it evolved naturally into the new map
  9. 9. Ontological challenges (1) Agreeing on metadata model • Alignment of model between VEST and AgroPortal • Mapping of properties; mapping to known standards (DC, VOID, VOAF, DCAT, SKOS, Ontology Metadata Vocabulary) Additional metadata for gap analysis - Very specific to our use case, no existing formal standards - >> we considered existing assessment criteria: • The assessment process used by the UK Government’s Open Standards Board • The ODI Open Data Certificates criteria Under 4 categories: Fitness to purpose Adoption Usability Openness
  10. 10. Ontological challenges (2) Categorization! • By domain: Which domain classification? Attempted one How far to go with neighboring disciplines? • By data type: tentative agreement with GODAN experts on core data types in the food and agriculture area • By vocabulary type
  11. 11. Map of standards so far VEST / AgroPortal MAP OF STANDARDS vest.agrisemantics.org Number of data standards by domain
  12. 12. Call to action If You are the owner / manager of a standard / vocabulary relevant for food and agriculture-related data You know of any standard / vocabulary relevant for food and agriculture-related data that is not currently in the map HELP US improve the map http://vest.agrisemantics.org  Add new standards that are not in the map yet  “Claim” a standard that is there and improve its description  Give us feedback on the metadata and categorizations we use
  13. 13. Useful links • FAO standards: http://www.fao.org/statistics/standards/en/ • INFOODS food standards: http://www.fao.org/infoods/infoods/standards- guidelines/en/ • GODAN: http://godan.info • GODAN Action map of standards: http://vest.agrisemantics.org • AgroPortal: http://agroportal.lirmm.fr • The assessment process used by the UK Government’s Open Standards Board: Core questions: https://standards.data.gov.uk/core-assessment-questions Evaluation questions: https://standards.data.gov.uk/evaluating-proposal- what-expect • The ODI Open Data Certificates criteria at https://certificates.theodi.org/en/ (applicable to standards published as open vocabularies)
  14. 14. Thank you Valeria Pesce Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition (GODAN) IC-FOODS conference, UC Davis, 7-9 November 2016

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