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A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)

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"A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)", presented on 6th. October 2010 at the British Computer Society Geospatial Specialist Group in Covent Garden, London, UK.

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A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)

  1. 1. A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)<br />Gary Gale, Director Ovi Places Registry<br />gary.gale@nokia.com<br />twitter.com/vicchi<br />BCS GeoSpatial SG<br />London, October 2010<br />51° 30' 39.6936”, 0° 7' 18.9582"<br />
  2. 2. KELLYLEEBARRETT on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/kellylee/4177529745/<br />
  3. 3. Gary Gale on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/vicchi/4414198544/<br />
  4. 4. Twitter Hashtag<br />#gssg<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Changua Coast Conservation Action on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/waders/3177090710/<br />
  7. 7. Nad on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/nad/386051891/<br />
  8. 8. OI. TALK TITLE. NOW!!!<br />
  9. 9. “This location stuff’s only recent isn’t it?”<br />
  10. 10. “I can’t keep up with this geo stuff, it’s all moving too fast, where’s it going?”<br />
  11. 11. Location Is All About These … Right?<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. A (Mostly) Complete And (Mostly) Accurate History<br />Boson Nova on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/bosonnova/3250298799/<br />
  14. 14. 3200 BC – Celestial Navigation<br />ohad* on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/ohadby/4119933035/<br />
  15. 15. 1100 BC– Magnetic Compass<br />Sebastian Niedlicj (Grabthar) on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/42311564@N00/2292118012/<br />
  16. 16. 1000 BC – Homing Pigeons<br />Adelaide Archivist on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/adelaide_archivist/3172908079/<br />
  17. 17. 300 BC – Eratosphenes Proposes Longitude and Latitude<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Portrait_of_Eratosthenes.png<br />
  18. 18. 200 BC – Hipparchos Invents Geocoding<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hipparchos_1.jpeg<br />
  19. 19. 5 BC – Smoke Signals<br />Newsbie Pix on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/newsbiepix/4235304729/<br />
  20. 20. 1100 – Al Biruni Proposes Earth’s Axial Rotation<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Iran_Biruni.jpg<br />
  21. 21. 1295 – First Astrolabe<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Astrolab.JPG<br />
  22. 22. 1300 – Mappa Mundi<br />elefthis1 on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/61288890@N00/2141540887/<br />
  23. 23. Circa 1600 - Maps<br />normanbleventhalmapcenter on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/normanbleventhalmapcenter/2674855383/<br />
  24. 24. caveman on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/caveman_92223/3185534518/<br />
  25. 25. perpetualplum on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/perpetualplum/2866054138/<br />
  26. 26. 1730 – Octant Invented<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Oktant.jpg<br />
  27. 27. 1761 – Marine Chronometer<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Harrison_H4_clock_in_The_principles_of_Mr_Harrison%27s_time-keeper_1767.jpg<br />
  28. 28. 1900 – Radio Triangulation<br />Happychopper on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/happychopper/345096825/<br />
  29. 29. 1960s – First Navigation Satellites<br />Joe Hastings on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/joehastings/370714654/<br />
  30. 30. 1967 – MapQuest Founded<br />
  31. 31. 1984 – Tele Atlas Founded<br />
  32. 32. 1987 – Navteq Founded<br />
  33. 33. 1989 – First GPS Satellite<br />John_Dulaneyon Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/15046584@N08/1562794445/<br />
  34. 34. 1990 – Portable GPS Units<br />2Tales on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stigster/3761714132/<br />
  35. 35. 1996 – MapQuest.com Launched<br />
  36. 36. 2000 – Dodgeball Founded<br />Dennis Crowley on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/dpstyles/4821474454/<br />
  37. 37. 2000 – “Smart” Phones<br />
  38. 38. December 2001 – KDDI Launches First GPS Phone<br />
  39. 39. July 2004 – OpenStreetMap Launches<br />http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Logo<br />
  40. 40. January 2005 – Loopt Launches<br />http://www.crunchbase.com/assets/images/resized/0000/5515/5515v3-max-450x450.png<br />
  41. 41. February 2005 – Google Maps Launches<br />Adam Burt on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/aburt/244778461/<br />
  42. 42. September 2006 – Nokia N95 Launches<br />Irish Typepad on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/irisheyes/1282719713/<br />
  43. 43. May 2007 – Google Streetview Launches<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Deansgate_St_John_St.png<br />
  44. 44. November 2007 – Google Maps for Mobile Launches<br />Justin Lee on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lis186/222048525/<br />
  45. 45. 2007 – TomTom Acquires Tele Atlas, Nokia Acquires Navteq<br />
  46. 46. 2008 – Waze founded<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wazeiphone.png<br />
  47. 47. May 2008 – Brightkite Launches<br />Tom Raftery on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/traftery/4400475227/<br />
  48. 48. June 2008 – iPhone 3G Launches<br />theleetgeeks on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/theleetgeeks/2662322865/<br />
  49. 49. August 2008 – Gowalla Launches<br />
  50. 50. August 2008 – Yahoo! Fire Eagle Launches<br />Laughing Squid on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/laughingsquid/2313476788/<br />
  51. 51. February 2009 – Google Latitude Launches<br />Matt Jones on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/blackbeltjones/3253226650/<br />
  52. 52. March 2009 – Foursquare Launches<br />52<br />
  53. 53. June 2009 – W3C Geolocationin Firefox<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Firefox_3.5_logo.png<br />
  54. 54. August 2009 – Twitter Launches Geotagging<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Twitter_2010_logo.svg<br />
  55. 55. October 2009 – Google Launches Free Navigation<br />arrayexception on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/arrayexception/4053931102/<br />
  56. 56. 2010 – Nokia Launches Free Navigation<br />
  57. 57. 2010 – Facebook Places launched<br />
  58. 58. Marco Bellucci on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458/<br />
  59. 59. http://twitter.com/vicchi/status/19113610835<br />
  60. 60. Check-in + Rewards<br />Google Places for Android<br />Twitter Places<br />Adds Check-In<br />Jan 10 Feb 10 Mar 10 Apr 10 May 10 June 10 July10 Aug10<br />Facebook <br />Places <br />Launched<br />BooyahMyTown adds Product Check-in<br />
  61. 61. Loopt Pulse (events/places)<br />Developer Programme<br />Boost Mobile<br />iPhone<br />Android<br />FB Connect launched<br />Sprint<br />FB Connect announcement<br />Loopt Mix<br />Unifies service across networks<br />Loopt Mix as separate app<br />ATT<br />Java, iPhone<br />Tweetsii<br />Samsung<br />Unicom<br />S60<br />Web<br />Gypsii Connect<br />Dopod<br />China Mobile<br />Android<br />Location sharing API<br />Buzz<br />History & Alerts<br />Latitude<br />API<br />iPhone<br />App Gallery<br />Android<br />API<br />Upgrade<br />Business Analytics<br />Raw Version<br />iPhone 1.2<br />API<br />Android<br />iPhone<br />iPhone 2.0<br />Launch<br />iPhone 3 .0<br /> BB version<br />Universal check-in<br />Android<br />iPhone<br />Launch<br />Merges with Limbo<br /> AR app on Layar<br />API beta<br /> 2.0<br />
  62. 62. Thank you<br />Gary Gale, Director Ovi Places Registry<br />gary.gale@nokia.com<br />twitter.com/vicchi<br />

Notas

  • But what to talk about? I was being gently encouraged to provide a title and theme for this talk by a certain Mr Andrew Larcombe.
  • … so with that in mind, and after using a short geo-timeline in my talk last week at the AGI’s GeoCom and watching Chris Osborne do something similar I decided to try and address both of these questions
  • So ifyou read the tech press and blogs you’d think that location is a relatively recent invention, coincident with the rise of the smartphone, it’s certainly a hot topic but …
  • … let’s see. Jump intoyour personal location time machine and see how far back location really goes
  • And join me in a (mostly) complete and (mostly) accurate history of location (abridged)
  • Well not quite, but the greekmathemetician used long/lat to uniquely identify a location on the Earth’s surface
  • Earliest noted use on China&apos;s Great Wall to alert of enemy attacks. Message could be transmitted as far away as 300 miles in a few hours.
  • Persian Scholar Al Biruni proposed earth rotated on its axis
  • First astrolabe invented by Ramon Llull, a Majorcan Astronomer, to determine latitude
  • If the Mappa Mundi looks a bit odd it’s because early maps used the convention of north at the bottom and south at the top. It’s a little bit more recognisable if you flip it 180 degrees
  • Maps are easyWe’ve been making them for 1000’s of yearsLots of established standards and principles
  • Octant (and later sextant) jointly invented by John Hadley (UK) and Thomas Godfrey (US) … enables the latitude to be calculated accurately … but not the longitude, that needed a standard time reference
  • … that had to wait ‘till 1760 when John Harrison invented the marine chronometer, allowing both longitude and latitude to be correctly calculated
  • .. Co-founded by Dennis Crowley … of whom we’ll hear more about in a while …
  • 5 months later the Google Maps API launches
  • One of the first mass market GSM phones with GPS capability
  • So what does this all mean?
  • There’s a lot of hyperbole around place, POIs and check-ins
  • Places are geo-tagged POIs with rich, high quality content and up-to-date information. But there is a rush to “own” places on at the moment and it’s accelerating
  • But who wins? … the early adoptors and early entrants into this space aren’t always the most successful …
  • ×