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CONTENTS INTRODUCTION SCOPE OF THE SEMINAR DESIGN OF WORKPLACE WITH ANTHROPOMETRY APPLICATIONS ADVANTAGES CONCLUSION REFERENCES
SCOPE OF THE SEMINAR TO HAVE AN IDEA ABOUT ANTHROPOMETRY . APPLICATIONS OF ANTHROPOMETRY ANTHROPOMETRY VS PRODUCTIVITY
INTRODUCTION ANTHROPOMETRY Deals With the measurements of the dimensions and certain other physical characteristics of the body such as volumes, centre of gravity ,inertial properties and masses of body segments. Anthropometrics is the comparative study of human body measurements and properties. Ergonomics is the science of making the work environment safer and more comfortable for workers using design and anthropometric data. There are two types of body measurements: STATIC DYNAMIC STATIC dimensions are measurements taken when the body is in a fixed ( static) position. These consist of : SKELETAL DIMENSIONS ( between dimensions of joints) CONTOUR DIMENSIONS (skin surface dimensions). Body measurements vary as a function of age, sex and for different countries. Also there are differences in anthropometrics of male and female…..
DYNAMIC DIMENSIONS are taken under conditions in which the body is engaged in some physical activity. PRINCIPLES IN THE APPLICATION OF ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA DESIGN FOR EXTREME INDIVIDUALS: Design for maximum population value is recommended strategy if a high value of design feature is given. Design for minimum population value is appropriate strategy if a low value of some design feature is given. DESIGNING FOR ADJUSTABLE RANGE: In the design feature s of equipment or facilities the provision for Adjustment Should Be There For The Individual Who Use Them. EG: Automobile seats ,chair, desk height etc. DESIGNING FOR AVERAGE. There is average individual and a person may be average on one or two dimensions. Designers often design for the average as a compromise as they do not have to deal with anthropometric data.
DESIGN OF WORKPLACE WITH ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA IMAGINE SITTING INFRONT OF A COMPUTER. A designer has used anthropometric data to decide the correct height of the chair and the desk. Health and Safety rules in industry also dictate how far the monitor should be away from the user and the angle of the screen so that the user can see the screen clearly when the muscles in their eyes are relaxed. When using a keyboard or mouse your arms should be straight. If your elbows are below your wrist and you are bending your wrists you are restricting the blood flow to your hands, which can damage them over a period of time.
STANDING WORKSTATION GUIDELINES Workplace design should accommodate the variety of employee shapes and sizes and provide support for the completion of different tasks. Work should be organized so that the employee has some choice about his/her working position and be given the opportunity to change position frequently. The type of work will determine the work surface height: Precision Work, such as writing or electronic assembly— 4 inches above elbow height. Light Work, such as assembly line or mechanical jobs—just below elbow height. Heavy Work with demanding downward forces—4 to 6 inches below elbow height
APPLICATION OF ANTHROPOMETRIC DATAS IN WORK PLACE DESIGN THE STEPS INVOLVED ARE: DETERMINE THE BODY DIMENSIONS DEFINE POPULATION TO USE THE FACILITY( CHILDREN, WOMEN, AGE.. ETC). DETRMINE WHAT PRINCIPLE TO BE APPLIED. USE ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA RELEVANT TO THE POPULATION
ADVANTAGES… Better Comfort Time Management Reduce Fatigue Increase Accuracy Lessen Chance of Injury Lower Cost INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY
conclusion Manufacturers Are Moving Ahead By Promoting Comfortable Work Areas And Ergonomically Designed Tools. This Results In Happy Workers, Better Safety, And Improved Productivity. Anthropometry Has Become A Critical Factor In Workplace Safety. Comfortable Employees Offer Productivity With Quality. Anthropometry Plays A Vital Role In Increasing Human Comfort And There By Increasing Productivity
REFERENCES INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS BY M.I. KHAN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT BY MARTAND TELSANG INTRODUCTION TO WORK STUDY, I L O