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Tobacco 101 powerpoint

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Tobacco 101 powerpoint

  1. 1. Tobacco 101 Presentation
  2. 2. Consequences of Tobacco-Use: Preventable Causes of Death Smoking 400,000 Accidents 94,000 2 nd Hand Smoke 38,000 Alcohol 45,000 HIV/AIDS 32,600 Suicide 31,000 Homicide 21,000 Drugs 14,200
  3. 3. Tobacco Kills More Americans Each Year Than Alcohol, Cocaine, Crack, Heroin, Homicide, Suicide, Car Accidents, Fires and AIDS combined : (Chart of health effects- to be scanned in)
  4. 4. What are the tobacco-related diseases that are contributing to all these deaths?
  5. 5. Tobacco use: The single largest cause of preventable death.
  6. 6. Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis: Healthy artery Damaged artery
  7. 7. Heart Attack: Quitting smoking rapidly reduces the risk of coronary heart disease Torn heart wall: R esult of over-worked heart muscle Smokers are twice as likely as Nonsmokers to have a heart attack
  8. 8. Peripheral Vascular Disease
  9. 9. Stroke: This brain shows stroke damage, which can cause death or severe mental or physical disability
  10. 10. Emphysema: Healthy lung Emphysematic lung <ul><li>Symptoms Include </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic cough </li></ul><ul><li>Wheezing </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Ankle, feet and leg swelling </li></ul><ul><li>fatigue </li></ul>
  11. 11. Lung Cancer: The uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs Lung cancer kills more people than any other type of cancer
  12. 12. Fetal Damage: <ul><li>Fetal Smoking Syndrome: </li></ul><ul><li>Birth defects </li></ul><ul><li>Premature stillbirth </li></ul><ul><li>Low birthweight </li></ul><ul><li>Prone to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered immune capacity </li></ul>
  13. 13. Laryngeal Cancer <ul><li>Symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent hoarseness </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic sore throat </li></ul><ul><li>Painful swallowing </li></ul><ul><li>Pain in the ear </li></ul><ul><li>Lump in the neck </li></ul>Over 80% of deaths from laryngeal cancer are linked to smoking
  14. 14. Dental Problems: Above : Cavities Below: Gingivitis Overall poor oral health <ul><li>Common Consequences: </li></ul><ul><li>Stained teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Gum inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Black hairy tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Oral cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed healing of the gums </li></ul>
  15. 15. Consequences of chewing tobacco : Leukoplakia Oral cancer
  16. 16. Secondhand smoke:
  17. 17. Chemical Box: <ul><li>What’s in Tobacco? </li></ul><ul><li>Tar: black sticky substance used to pave roads </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine: Insecticide </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Monoxide: Car exhaust </li></ul><ul><li>Acetone: Finger nail polish remover </li></ul><ul><li>Ammonia: Toilet Cleaner </li></ul><ul><li>Cadmium: used batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Ethanol: Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Arsenic: Rat poison </li></ul><ul><li>Butane: Lighter Fluid </li></ul>
  18. 18. If smoking is so bad for us, why do we start?
  19. 22. Tobacco Myths <ul><li>Myth: Clove cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes. </li></ul><ul><li>Myth: Cigars are safe </li></ul><ul><li>Myth: It’s OK to smoke as long as it’s a “natural” cigarette </li></ul>Conclusion : All tobacco products are addictive (which takes your independence away), cause cancer, and harm non-smokers all around you. The average tobacco user is addicted for seven years before they can finally kick this enslaving habit!
  20. 23. What is a cigar? <ul><li>A cigar has larger amounts of tobacco than a cigarette </li></ul><ul><li>A cigar is tobacco rolled up in a tobacco leaf </li></ul><ul><li>A cigar does not have a filter </li></ul>
  21. 24. Cigar Use: Using beauty and fame to promote a dirty, devastating habit
  22. 25. What is marijuana? <ul><li>A drug obtained from the flowering tops of the female cannabis or hemp plant </li></ul>
  23. 26. What is a blunt? <ul><li>A blunt is when you take a cigar and </li></ul><ul><li>slice it open removing the tobacco and </li></ul><ul><li>replacing it with marijuana. </li></ul>
  24. 27. Hookahs: <ul><li>Not safer than regular tobacco smoke. </li></ul><ul><li>Causes the same diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Raises the risk of lip cancer, spreading infections like tuberculosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Users ingest about 100 times more lead from hookah smoke than from a cigarette. </li></ul>
  25. 28. Think About Quitting <ul><li>Pick a quit date </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a record of why, when, where and with whom you smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Get support and encouragement from your family, friends, and health providers. </li></ul><ul><li>Join a quit group: call 981-5330 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>QuitNow@ci.berkeley.ca.us </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Get individual counseling: 1-800-NO-BUTTS </li></ul>
  26. 29. The Quit Plan: <ul><li>Treat yourself well </li></ul><ul><li>Drink lots of water </li></ul><ul><li>Change your routines </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce stress </li></ul><ul><li>Deep breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Regular exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Do something enjoyable every day </li></ul><ul><li>Increase non-smoking social support </li></ul><ul><li>Other ideas? </li></ul>
  27. 30. Get Medication and Use It Correctly <ul><li>Talk to your health care provider about which medication will work for you: </li></ul><ul><li>Available by prescription: </li></ul><ul><li>Zyban (Wellbutrin, Bupropion) </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine Inhaler </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine Nasal Spray </li></ul><ul><li>Available over-the-counter: </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine Patch (Has an increase in efficacy when combined with Zyban) </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine Gum and lozenge </li></ul>

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