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World war 1

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World war 1

  1. 1. world War 1
  2. 2. When did the world war occur • World War I (WWI) was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918 • It involved all the world's great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy; but, as Austria–Hungary had taken the offensive against the agreement, Italy did not enter into the war). These alliances both re-organised (Italy fought for the Allies) and expanded as more nations entered the war
  3. 3. What things that caused the world war • For Specialty: On June 28, 1914 Austrian crown prince named Frans Ferdinand was killed in Serajevo, Bosnia. The killer is Gabriee Princip, a member of the Serbian secret police. The event is an excuse Austria to expand his territory in the Balkans with Serbia master. Austria declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914. followed by Germany declared war on Russia on August 1, 1914, and France against Germany on August 3, 1914, and England against Germany on 4 August 1914.
  4. 4. • Common causes: 1. Conflicts between states: a. The contradiction between the UK and Germany due to economic competition, the armed forces, and the seizure of the colony. b. Disagreement between France and Germany as a result of Revance Idea (vengeance) since Germany defeated France in 1870. c. Russian opposition to Germany caused by: - Germany was not willing to help the development of Russian - German help Turkey while Turkey is an enemy to obstruct Russia - Russian hanyat implement water policy in the Mediterranean. - Political Alliance (alliance).
  5. 5. • 2. European countries established: a. Triple Alliance (Driebund) consisting of Germany, Italy, and Austria. All three countries called Central, located in the center of Europe. b. Etente Cordiale, between England and France. c. Triple Etente consisting of Britain, France, and Russia. 3. Arms race due to the development and progress of science and technology.
  6. 6. Ho was the process of world war 1 happened • War between Austria and Serbia, because it involves expanding its allies. Serbia to get help from Russia and France. Germany sided with Austria to declare war on France. When the Germans through Belgium to attack France, Britain helped Belgium and France declared war on Germany with a pad August 4, 1914. Within a week, the five countries involved in the arena of war Austria-Serbia. Then there was a massive war.
  7. 7. • World War I was divided into two hostile blocks, namely Block States or Allied (Allied) and the Central Powers (Axis). Block States consisting of the countries that joined the Triple Entente, while the Central Powers consist from countries that joined the Triple Alliance. The battle occurred on two fronts, the west and east. Germany against France and Russia on the western front in the eastern front. German plan to destroy the French on the western front before facing Russia in the east. In September 1914, Germany had reached the river Marne and threatened Paris. However, this plan failed because getting fierce opposition from France. Besides Germany to face Russia was headed Prussia.
  8. 8. • France can hold Germany in the river Marne, England can still mastering the English Channel, and Russia can survive in Prussia. Finally, the original war is direct flash, now a passive war. Military forces both sides took their respective positions in the trenches that extend as far as 78 km from the North Sea to the Swiss border. While the slow war, both sides are trying to strengthen itself outside Europe by expanding the territory. Britain and France attacked the German colonies in Togoland, Cameroon, and East Africa. In Asia Pacific, the Japanese took over the German colonies in the Marshall Islands, Mariana, and Karolina
  9. 9. • According to the power calculation, Block States army three times larger than the power of the Central Powers. This situation resulted in the defeat of the Central Powers suffered a lot. At December 12, 1916, Germany proposed peace. The proposal was accepted by the States with the burdensome requirements for the Central Powers, namely: Liberation of Belgium, Serbia, and Montenegro were occupied by the Germans in 1915, withdrawal of German troops from France, Russia and Romania, Liberation of Italy, Slavic, Romania, and Czechoslovakia were under the control of Austria and the liberation of the nations under Turkish rule, War indemnity from the Federal Reserve, Guarantees that ensure peace in Europe will be properly maintained.
  10. 10. • With such severe conditions, the Central was eventually canceling the peace proposal. To break the blockade of Britain, Germany on January 31, 1917 launch unlimited submarine warfare. As a result, five merchant ships and passenger drowned USA Germany in March 1917, including the ship Lusitania was sunk by a German first on May 7, 1915. Americans were initially neutral, finally declared war on Germany on 10 April 1917. Meanwhile in Russia in the upheaval of the workers who want peace. Workers' revolution that toppled the rule of Emperor Nicolas II under the leadership of Lenin's Bolsheviks. one step up from this is the rule of the Bolsheviks withdrew from World War I to perform Brest Litovsk Treaty (1918). This is very advantageous Central Powers. Since U.S. troops flowing to the Continent, Block States were able to beat back the forces of the Central Block. As a result, in September 1918, Bulgaria filed peace and one by one the countries that joined the Central Powers defeat.
  11. 11. • States forces occupied Macedonia and Serbia, Britain succeeded in occupying Yerussalem. Together the Arabs, British under General Allenby successfully urged Turkey and captured their fortifications from Baghdad to Aleppo. Turkey no longer withstand attacks States. Finally, Turkey had signed the Treaty of Sevres in 1920. Meanwhile, the peoples of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Croatia and the Slavic break free and form an independent state after the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed.
  12. 12. • The Germans persist desperately backwards- withstand the onslaught of the Allied onslaught. The spirit of the German forces began to fall and the German people suffer from hunger. Meanwhile, in Germany its own domestic uprising of the people. The communist movement in Munich can topple empires Wilhelm II, forming a republic. Finally, Germany on 11 November 1918 signed a ceasefire agreement in accordance with the terms required by the States. World War I ends after Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919.
  13. 13. How was the world war 1 ended 11 November 1918 the world war end World War 1 was won by bloc allies with the Versailles treaty between Germany and the Allies. People who signed the treaty were Woodrow Wilson (USA), Loyd George (Britain), Clementeau (France), and Orlando (Italy). The contents of the agreement include: - Germany handed the territory Elzas and Lotharingen in France. - Germany indemnify war. - Germany releases all the colonies and handed over to the allies. - German merchant ships were handed over to the British - Force war Germany reduced
  14. 14. • The causes of the defeat of the Central Powers, among others: - The number of Allied countries for more, especially after the United States join the war on the side of the Allies. - There was a split in the Central Powers. Italian who originally participated in the Central Powers had turned to attack because they want the areas occupied Austria. - There was a popular uprising for countries of Central tired of war and no longer want to support the government.
  15. 15. What was the impact World War I is the total movement of all the powers possessed by countries around the world , especially countries in Continental Europe. Countries involved in World War I, both the losing and winning are equally at risk .More than 10 million people died and about 20 million people are injured as a victim of the magnitude of World War I.In addition, the First World War a major effect on human life in the social , economic and political .
  16. 16. Economic • Economic Affairs : chaotic world economy , many states are changing the economy system to overcome the difficulties , such as : • - Italian with a system of Corporate • - Germany with a four-year program • - United States with the New Deal • - Turkey with etatisme
  17. 17. Political • Political : changes occur world political map : • - Crown - great empire turned into a narrow republic .( Russia , Austria , Turkey , Hungary , and Germany ) • - Emerging new countries ( Poland , Finland , Czechoslovakia , Egypt , Iraq , Lebanon) • - Countries victors acquire additional areas: • * England got Israel and Cameroon • * France got Syria and Lebanon • * Japan got Carolina and Mariana islands • * The birth of a new ideology - ideology ( Nazism , Fascism , and Communism )
  18. 18. Social • Social Sector : the workers have an important position as needed armaments production .Their position became stronger so as to obtain a better life assurance .Emancipation of women grew stronger , they actively provide assistance , particularly health sector .
  19. 19. Watch world war