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When did the world war occur
• World War I (WWI) was a global war centered in
Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11
• It involved all the world's great powers, which were
assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based
on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France
and Russia) and the Central Powers (originally the
Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy;
but, as Austria–Hungary had taken the offensive
against the agreement, Italy did not enter into the
war). These alliances both re-organised (Italy fought for
the Allies) and expanded as more nations entered the
What things that caused the world
• For Specialty:
On June 28, 1914 Austrian crown prince named Frans
Ferdinand was killed in Serajevo, Bosnia. The killer is
Gabriee Princip, a member of the Serbian secret police.
The event is an excuse Austria to expand his territory in
the Balkans with Serbia master.
Austria declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914.
followed by Germany declared war on Russia on
August 1, 1914, and France against Germany on August
3, 1914, and England against Germany on 4 August
• Common causes:
1. Conflicts between states:
a. The contradiction between the UK and Germany
due to economic competition, the armed forces, and
the seizure of the colony.
b. Disagreement between France and Germany as a
result of Revance Idea (vengeance) since Germany
defeated France in 1870.
c. Russian opposition to Germany caused by:
- Germany was not willing to help the development
- German help Turkey while Turkey is an enemy to
obstruct Russia - Russian hanyat implement water
policy in the Mediterranean.
- Political Alliance (alliance).
• 2. European countries established:
a. Triple Alliance (Driebund) consisting of
Germany, Italy, and Austria. All three
countries called Central, located in the
center of Europe.
b. Etente Cordiale, between England and
c. Triple Etente consisting of Britain,
France, and Russia.
3. Arms race due to the development and
progress of science and technology.
Ho was the process of world war 1
• War between Austria and Serbia, because it
involves expanding its allies. Serbia to get help
from Russia and France. Germany sided with
Austria to declare war on France. When the
Germans through Belgium to attack France,
Britain helped Belgium and France declared
war on Germany with a pad August 4, 1914.
Within a week, the five countries involved in
the arena of war Austria-Serbia. Then there
was a massive war.
• World War I was divided into two hostile blocks,
namely Block States or Allied (Allied) and the Central
Powers (Axis). Block States consisting of the
countries that joined the Triple Entente, while the
Central Powers consist from countries that joined the
The battle occurred on two fronts, the west and east.
Germany against France and Russia on the western
front in the eastern front. German plan to destroy
the French on the western front before facing Russia
in the east. In September 1914, Germany had
reached the river Marne and threatened Paris.
However, this plan failed because getting fierce
opposition from France. Besides Germany to face
Russia was headed Prussia.
• France can hold Germany in the river Marne,
England can still mastering the English Channel,
and Russia can survive in Prussia. Finally, the
original war is direct flash, now a passive war.
Military forces both sides took their respective
positions in the trenches that extend as far as 78
km from the North Sea to the Swiss border.
While the slow war, both sides are trying to
strengthen itself outside Europe by expanding the
territory. Britain and France attacked the German
colonies in Togoland, Cameroon, and East Africa.
In Asia Pacific, the Japanese took over the
German colonies in the Marshall Islands,
Mariana, and Karolina
• According to the power calculation, Block States army three
times larger than the power of the Central Powers. This
situation resulted in the defeat of the Central Powers
suffered a lot. At December 12, 1916, Germany proposed
peace. The proposal was accepted by the States with the
burdensome requirements for the Central Powers, namely:
Liberation of Belgium, Serbia, and Montenegro were
occupied by the Germans in 1915,
withdrawal of German troops from France, Russia and
Liberation of Italy, Slavic, Romania, and Czechoslovakia
were under the control of Austria and the liberation of the
nations under Turkish rule,
War indemnity from the Federal Reserve,
Guarantees that ensure peace in Europe will be properly
With such severe conditions, the Central was eventually canceling
the peace proposal.
To break the blockade of Britain, Germany on January 31, 1917
launch unlimited submarine warfare. As a result, five merchant
ships and passenger drowned USA Germany in March 1917,
including the ship Lusitania was sunk by a German first on May 7,
1915. Americans were initially neutral, finally declared war on
Germany on 10 April 1917.
Meanwhile in Russia in the upheaval of the workers who want
peace. Workers' revolution that toppled the rule of Emperor Nicolas
II under the leadership of Lenin's Bolsheviks. one step up from this
is the rule of the Bolsheviks withdrew from World War I to perform
Brest Litovsk Treaty (1918). This is very advantageous Central
Since U.S. troops flowing to the Continent, Block States were able
to beat back the forces of the Central Block. As a result, in
September 1918, Bulgaria filed peace and one by one the countries
that joined the Central Powers defeat.
States forces occupied Macedonia and Serbia,
Britain succeeded in occupying Yerussalem.
Together the Arabs, British under General
Allenby successfully urged Turkey and
captured their fortifications from Baghdad to
Aleppo. Turkey no longer withstand attacks
States. Finally, Turkey had signed the Treaty of
Sevres in 1920. Meanwhile, the peoples of
Poland, Czechoslovakia, Croatia and the Slavic
break free and form an independent state
after the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed.
• The Germans persist desperately backwards-
withstand the onslaught of the Allied
onslaught. The spirit of the German forces
began to fall and the German people suffer
from hunger. Meanwhile, in Germany its own
domestic uprising of the people. The
communist movement in Munich can topple
empires Wilhelm II, forming a republic. Finally,
Germany on 11 November 1918 signed a
ceasefire agreement in accordance with the
terms required by the States. World War I
ends after Germany signed the Treaty of
Versailles on June 28, 1919.
How was the world war 1 ended
11 November 1918 the world war end World War 1 was won by
bloc allies with the Versailles treaty between Germany and the
People who signed the treaty were Woodrow Wilson (USA),
Loyd George (Britain), Clementeau (France), and Orlando (Italy).
The contents of the agreement include:
- Germany handed the territory Elzas and Lotharingen in France.
- Germany indemnify war.
- Germany releases all the colonies and handed over to the
- German merchant ships were handed over to the British
- Force war Germany reduced
• The causes of the defeat of the Central
Powers, among others:
- The number of Allied countries for more,
especially after the United States join the war
on the side of the Allies.
- There was a split in the Central Powers.
Italian who originally participated in the
Central Powers had turned to attack because
they want the areas occupied Austria.
- There was a popular uprising for countries of
Central tired of war and no longer want to
support the government.
What was the impact
World War I is the total movement of all the
powers possessed by countries around the
world , especially countries in Continental
Europe. Countries involved in World War I,
both the losing and winning are equally at risk
.More than 10 million people died and about
20 million people are injured as a victim of the
magnitude of World War I.In addition, the
First World War a major effect on human life
in the social , economic and political .
• Economic Affairs : chaotic world economy ,
many states are changing the economy system
to overcome the difficulties , such as :
• - Italian with a system of Corporate
• - Germany with a four-year program
• - United States with the New Deal
• - Turkey with etatisme
• Political : changes occur world political map :
• - Crown - great empire turned into a narrow republic .(
Russia , Austria , Turkey , Hungary , and Germany )
• - Emerging new countries ( Poland , Finland ,
Czechoslovakia , Egypt , Iraq , Lebanon)
• - Countries victors acquire additional areas:
• * England got Israel and Cameroon
• * France got Syria and Lebanon
• * Japan got Carolina and Mariana islands
• * The birth of a new ideology - ideology ( Nazism ,
Fascism , and Communism )
• Social Sector : the workers have an
important position as needed
armaments production .Their position
became stronger so as to obtain a
better life assurance .Emancipation of
women grew stronger , they actively
provide assistance , particularly
health sector .