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The Design of Nothing

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The Design of Nothing

  1. 1. The defiance of August Landmesser
  2. 2. International New York Times, weekend of 22nd/23rd March 2014
  3. 3. Measurements of Car Speeds in the Netherlands, by Erik Boertjes
  4. 4. Zero cars Zero speed No sensor data Measurements of Car Speeds in the Netherlands, by Erik Boertjes
  6. 6. NULL When ‘nothing’ becomes something
  7. 7. 2014-03-20T072610Z_01_DBG270_RTRIDSP_3_MALAYSIA-AIRLINES-AUSTRALIA-10694.jpg “We are not used to no information” BBC News, 16th March 2014
  8. 8. Billionaires, by Bloomberg
  9. 9. Metadata of Australian prints and printmaking, interactive by Mitchell Whitelaw
  10. 10. Holiday chill?, by South China Morning Post Graphics “No data was recorded between 1940 and 1946”
  11. 11. State of the Polar Bear, by Periscopic “[The greying out] was a political statement to Russia to release the data they have about polar bears”
  12. 12. West-Wide Economic Atlas, by Headwaters Economics “Data are sometimes withheld by the federal government to avoid the disclosure of potentially confidential information.”
  13. 13. Rising Prices at the Pump, by New York Times Graphics
  14. 14. Where is it Illegal to be Gay?, by BBC News Graphics
  15. 15. This is one of the first questions we should ask about any dataset: What is missing? What can we learn from the gaps? Jer Thorp
  16. 16. ZERO Something to represent ‘nothing’
  17. 17. Mapping America, by New York Times Graphics
  18. 18. NASA space station view of Mount Etna, via Rob Simmon
  19. 19. Cholera Outbreak Map, by John Snow
  20. 20. John Snow’s cholera map Florence Nightingale Napoleon’s march William Playfair invented the bar chart What would Tufte say? 3D Pie charts are not very good Tall infographics are everywhere… Red-green colour blindness Funny xkcd comic Outrageous maze creation algorithm Random musical interruption Heart-stopping live demo ✔
  21. 21. From Pyramid to Kite, by The Economist
  22. 22. “Even a lack of postings can tell the Red Cross something. If there is a social media black hole that probably means the area needs help.” ‘Hurricane Sandy’ tweet map, by Floating Sheep
  23. 23. Encoding zero?
  25. 25. The Uniform Distribution, by Dark Horse Analytics LENGTH
  26. 26. Drinking Age Across Canada, by CBC News BASELINE ZERO FOR LENGTH
  27. 27. The Uniform Distribution, by Dark Horse Analytics POSITION/AREA VS. AXIS
  28. 28. Parallel Coordinates, USDA Nutrient Database POSITION/SLOPE VS. AXIS
  29. 29. COLOUR SHADING Hewlett Foundation Grants Tool, by Periscopic
  30. 30. Geography of a Recession, by New York Times Graphics COLOUR SHADING
  31. 31. TEXTURE Gay Rights by Type, by Guardian US Graphics
  32. 32. DENSITY Fukushima, by NZZ/Interactive Things
  33. 33. Wind Map, by Hint FM DENSITY
  34. 34. Nobody Lives Here, by Mapsbynik DOTS/POSITION
  35. 35. NODE/LINK RFID Tags Track Possible Outbreak Pathways in the Hospital, by Jan Willem Tulp
  36. 36. TITLE Male Presidents Female Presidents ANGLE
  37. 37. The Carbon Atlas, by The Guardian Graphics AREA
  38. 38. Map of the Market, by The Wall Street Journal AREA
  39. 39. ANNOTATION SCOTUS Gay Marriage, by The Washington Post Graphics
  40. 40. BLANK ‘Nothing’ to represent something
  41. 41. The single most overlooked element in visual design is emptiness… [but] space must look deliberately used. Alex White ‘The Elements of Graphic Design’ by Alex White, pg 65
  42. 42. This Page Intentionally Left Blank The primary reason is to offer internet wanderers a place of quietness and simplicity on the overcrowded World Wide Web
  43. 43. Lunge Feeding, by Jonathan Corum
  44. 44. Iraq’s Bloody Toll, by Simon Scarr
  45. 45. TITLEThe Depth of the Problem, by The Washington Post Graphics
  46. 46. Middle East: Who Backs Immediate Ceasefire?, by The Independent
  47. 47. Nigeria Polio Cases Drop 50 Percent in 2013, by Voice of America
  48. 48. The Glass Ceiling Persists, by Reuters Graphics | Reworking by Francis Gagnon
  49. 49. Spotlight on Profitability, by Krisztina Szücs
  50. 50. Nobels No Degrees, by Accurat Studio for Corriere della Sera
  51. 51.
  52. 52. New York Time Op-Ed, Out of Control, by Brian Stauffer
  53. 53. Gun Deaths in Florida, by Reuters Graphics
  54. 54. INVISIBLE A bit more thinking about ‘nothingness’
  55. 55. Advert for Corre Cutia Bookstore, by Lápisraro Comunicação
  56. 56. The best design is invisible; the viewer should not see your design. They should only see your content. Edward Tufte
  57. 57. Wood Changes, by Luis Carli and Rafael Passarelli
  58. 58. You know you’ve achieved perfection in design, not when you have nothing more to add, but when you have nothing more to take away. Antoine de Saint-Exupery
  59. 59. Infographic portfolio of Adolfo Arranz, SCMP
  60. 60. The clearest, most precise graphic in the world communicates nothing if nobody looks at it Fernanda Viegas, Martin Wattenberg
  61. 61. Changing Face of America, by NBC Nightly News
  62. 62. Guidance to the user is needed most at the moment the statistics are first made public. The news media look to the statistical release to provide an objective account of the statistics. They may regard the absence of such text as indicative of partisan influence. Saying nothing is not necessarily politically neutral. Richard Alldritt, UK Statistics Authority
  63. 63. intervene/ Where’s Ukraine?, via Washington Post ‘Monkey Cage’
  64. 64. Pay attention to ‘nothing’ because it really is worth something
  65. 65. Thank you… Contributors: Lynn Cherny, Santiago Ortiz, Kim Rees, Francis Gagnon, Tony Hurst, Jane Pong, Erik Boertjes, Carl Manaster, Nigel Hawtin, Deb Grebenc, Alan Smith The Vine army: @brunodagnino, @mapitup, @hyperion_hq, @lorgmedia, @jcukier, @andrea_paolini, @maralllo, @justadddesign, @stefpos, @giorgialupi, @alignedleft, @stinabacker, @infotrafford, @wiederkehr, @danielsouza, @chezvoila, @albertocairo, @arnicas, @ireneros And, of course, the very wise OpenVisConf committee!