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Vowels in Hindi Alphabet(                   )        As ‘a’ in mal        Stressed        As ‘I’ in ill        As ‘e’ in e...
As ‘rhy’ in rhythmConjugated sound of ‘r’ and ‘rhy’as aboveAs ‘e’ in par seAs ‘a’ in asAs ‘o’ in goStressed and long sound...
Consonants in Hindi Alphabet(                     )       As ‘k’ in kite       Coupled sound of ‘k’, ‘h’= ‘kh’       As ‘g...
As ‘ch’ in chairThis sound is not available in English. Thetongue touches a bit away (to the innerside) from the teeth whi...
As ‘t’ in topHard sound of ‘t’. Not available inEnglish.As ‘d’ in darkCoupled sound of ‘d’ and ‘h’= ‘dh’.Not available in ...
Soft sound of ‘t’ as used in thename of country BharatAs ‘th’ in thermoAs ‘th’ in theNot available in English. Again,naval...
As ‘p’ in pushSound of ‘f’ if pronounced withclosed lips. ‘f’ of German language.As ‘b’ in banNot available in English. Co...
As ‘y’ in yachtAs ‘r’ in runAs ‘l’ in loveAs ‘v’ in vowelAs ‘sh’ in shotSound of ‘sh’ when the tonguetouches the roots of ...
Coupled sound of ‘g’ and ‘y’= ‘gy’Coupled sound of soft ‘t’ and ‘r’=‘tr’.Coupled sound of ‘k’, ‘s’, ‘h’= ‘ksh’.A bit simil...
Variations of consonants in Hindi Alphabet            Sound of ‘k’ produced from the throat: equal to ‘q’ of            En...
Specials characters in Hindi Alphabet       As ‘a’ in ball       As ‘ai’ in main
Symbols used in Hindi Alphabet          Sound of ‘n’ with the previous consonant          along with some other symbols us...
Sound of ‘u’ as in Ubuntu with the previousconsonantSound of ‘ou’ as in you with the previousconsonantSound of ‘rhy’ as in...
Sound of ‘ai’ as in aim with the previousconsonantSound of ‘a’ as in as with the previousconsonantSound of ‘a’ as in ball ...
Numeric symbols used in Hindi (0-9)
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Hindi alphabet

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Hindi Alphabet

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Hindi alphabet

  1. 1. Vowels in Hindi Alphabet( ) As ‘a’ in mal Stressed As ‘I’ in ill As ‘e’ in eke As ‘u’ in Ubuntu As ‘ou’ in you
  2. 2. As ‘rhy’ in rhythmConjugated sound of ‘r’ and ‘rhy’as aboveAs ‘e’ in par seAs ‘a’ in asAs ‘o’ in goStressed and long sound of ‘o’
  3. 3. Consonants in Hindi Alphabet( ) As ‘k’ in kite Coupled sound of ‘k’, ‘h’= ‘kh’ As ‘g’ in gun Coupled sound of ‘g’, ‘h’= ‘gh’ As ‘gn’ in gnome. Does not produce a particular sound: Just used for articulation of tongue while pronouncing the next word
  4. 4. As ‘ch’ in chairThis sound is not available in English. Thetongue touches a bit away (to the innerside) from the teeth while pronouncing ‘ch’as in chair.As ‘j’ in jugThis sound is not available in English. Theis produced using the naval sounds whilethe tongue touches the upper part ofmouth cavity.Just like ‘gn’ of gnome with a slight upmovement of tongue. No particular soundjust articulation while speaking.
  5. 5. As ‘t’ in topHard sound of ‘t’. Not available inEnglish.As ‘d’ in darkCoupled sound of ‘d’ and ‘h’= ‘dh’.Not available in English but as ‘dh’in Indian musical instrument ‘dhol’.Nasal sound when the tonguetouches a bit away from teeth. In , the tongue touches the roots ofthe teeth.
  6. 6. Soft sound of ‘t’ as used in thename of country BharatAs ‘th’ in thermoAs ‘th’ in theNot available in English. Again,naval sound produced bycoupling soft ‘d’ and ‘h’= ‘dh’.As ‘n’ in man
  7. 7. As ‘p’ in pushSound of ‘f’ if pronounced withclosed lips. ‘f’ of German language.As ‘b’ in banNot available in English. Coupledsound of ‘b’ and ‘h’= ‘bh’.As ‘m’ in mass
  8. 8. As ‘y’ in yachtAs ‘r’ in runAs ‘l’ in loveAs ‘v’ in vowelAs ‘sh’ in shotSound of ‘sh’ when the tonguetouches the roots of the teeth. In , the tongue touches the upperpart of mouth cavity.As ‘s’ in soundAs ‘h’ in has
  9. 9. Coupled sound of ‘g’ and ‘y’= ‘gy’Coupled sound of soft ‘t’ and ‘r’=‘tr’.Coupled sound of ‘k’, ‘s’, ‘h’= ‘ksh’.A bit similar to ‘x’Coupled sound of ’s’, ‘h’, ‘r’= ’shr’. As’shr’ in shroud
  10. 10. Variations of consonants in Hindi Alphabet Sound of ‘k’ produced from the throat: equal to ‘q’ of English. Sound of ‘kh’ produced from the throat. As ‘kh’ used in the name of ‘khan’. Sound of ‘g’ produced from the throat. As ‘z’ in zebra Next variation of ‘d’. Not available in English and very difficult to produce for foreigners. As ‘re’ in Crore. Not available in English. Next variation of coupled sound of ‘dh’. As ‘f’ in fast. As ‘v’ in German language Sound of ‘l’ when the tongue almost touches the throat.
  11. 11. Specials characters in Hindi Alphabet As ‘a’ in ball As ‘ai’ in main
  12. 12. Symbols used in Hindi Alphabet Sound of ‘n’ with the previous consonant along with some other symbols used for that consonant Sound of ‘n’ with the previous consonant Sound of ‘h’ with the previous consonant Sound of stressed ‘a’ with the previous consonant Sound of ‘i’ as in ill with the previous consonant Sound of ‘e’ as in eke with the previous consonant
  13. 13. Sound of ‘u’ as in Ubuntu with the previousconsonantSound of ‘ou’ as in you with the previousconsonantSound of ‘rhy’ as in rhythm with the previousconsonantDouble sound of ‘rhy’ as in rhythm with theprevious consonantUsed for transliteration. Giving the up soundto the symbol used.
  14. 14. Sound of ‘ai’ as in aim with the previousconsonantSound of ‘a’ as in as with the previousconsonantSound of ‘a’ as in ball with the previousconsonantSound of ‘o’ as in go with the previousconsonantStressed sound of ‘o’Halant. This is used to make the consonanthalf making it disjointed from the sound of .Symbol of ‘.’ Full stop in English.
  15. 15. Numeric symbols used in Hindi (0-9)

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