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The Human Dimension of Industry 4.0

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Presented at the Advanced Engineering Conference at ITEC Rotterdam, Netherlands on 17 May 2017. The human factors associated with Industry 4.0 and the increasing role of simulation in support of training both people and autonomous systems.

Publicado en: Tecnología

The Human Dimension of Industry 4.0

  1. 1. Metropolis Film (1927) Humans & Industry 4.0?
  2. 2. Or…
  3. 3. Humans & Industry 4.0? WALL-E (2008)
  4. 4. Or…
  5. 5. Humans & Industry 4.0? Universal Robots
  6. 6. Advanced Engineering Conference ITEC 2017 Rotterdam - 17 May 2017 The Human Dimension of Industry 4.0 The Human/Machine Blend and the Role of Simulation Andy Fawkes FIMechE Pixabay
  7. 7. • Manager View • Machine View • Employee View • Customer View • Closing Thoughts Humans and Industry 4.0
  8. 8. Manager View
  9. 9. “sounds important, but I am not quite sure what it is” What is Industry 4.0?
  10. 10. Industry 4.0 Features Boston Consulting Group
  11. 11. We define Industry 4.0 as the next phase in the digitization of the manufacturing sector What is Industry 4.0? McKinsey & Company Pixabay
  12. 12. Total Greater than the Sum of the Parts(?) Industry 4.0 • big data • processing • connectivity • analytics • cyber systems • AR • VR • AI • robotics • 3-D printing • sensors • IoT • simulation • …
  13. 13. • Intelligence is Multi-Faceted • Past Industry – Artificial Power • Future Industry – Artificial Intelligence – Humans teaming with Bots – Humans focused on Creativity Kevin Kelly (January 2017) TED
  14. 14. Industry 4.0 Requirement Better Faster Cheaper
  15. 15. London Evening Standard 10 Oct 1977 Unrealistic Expectations?
  16. 16. 50% of Companies see lack of Digital Culture and Training as a top challenge to making operations more digital PwC - Industry 4.0: Building the Digital Enterprise Survey (2016) – “The biggest challenge of industrial leaders isn’t technology - it is the people. – While digital technologies are rapidly becoming a commodity, success largely depends on an organisation’s Digital IQ. – With data analytics becoming a core capability for every industrial company, enhancing skills and organisational structures will be critical.”
  17. 17. Machine View
  18. 18. Dstl Autonomous Systems (AS) Research • Develop a simulated operational environment that can be used for AS training, mission planning, rehearsal and execution Assistive Technologies Project • Using simulation to train automated and robotic systems to support indoor journeys and living for the visually impaired Bohemia Autonomous Systems Research Projects
  19. 19. Google DeepMind (2015) DeepMind
  20. 20. Google DeepMind AI (2015) Nature - Human-level control through deep reinforcement learning – Jan 2015
  21. 21. Google DeepMind AI and “Go” (2016)
  22. 22. So What? Computers are being programed to learn how to play games, not how to play games Pixabay
  23. 23. AI v Humans – Strategy Games
  24. 24. Nvidia Isaac Robot Training (May 2017) Nvidia
  25. 25. 2001: A Space Odyssey - HAL 9000 “it can only be attributable to human error”
  26. 26. Computers still aren’t that clever Google Street View
  27. 27. AI in Games/Simulation can be Bad! Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Vegas 2
  28. 28. Good Communicators?
  29. 29. Islands of DataPixabay
  30. 30. One DataPixabay
  31. 31. Enterprise AI
  32. 32. UK T45 Destroyer - CAD to Interactive Simulation Virtalis + Bohemia Interactive Simulations
  33. 33. Amazon Kiva Robots (+ a Human) SlashGear/Amazon
  34. 34. Ocado Technology - RBO Hand 2 Ocado
  35. 35. Boston Dynamics Robot “Handle” - Feb 17 Boston Dynamics
  36. 36. Are we there yet? DARPA Challenge 2015
  37. 37. Threats?
  38. 38. Trust the Machine?
  39. 39. Employee View
  40. 40. Baron Charles Dupin (1826) (Géométrie et Mécanique des Arts et Métiers) • “We have been very much occupied in perfecting the machines and the tools which the worker uses... • However, if he were only considered as an instrument, a tool, a motor, he would necessarily be placed in the first rank of all instruments • since he has the immeasurable advantage of being an instrument who observes and corrects himself, a self-stopping motor which functions with the motivation of its own intelligence and which perfects itself..."
  41. 41. Paul M Fitts (ed) (1951) Human Engineering for an Effective Air Navigation and Traffic Control System • We suggest that great caution be exercised in assuming that men can successfully monitor complex automatic machines and take over if the machines break down. • Engineers should seriously consider systems in which machines would monitor men and prevent them from making dangerous mistakes.
  42. 42. Human Boredom
  43. 43. How Does a UAS Pilot Feel at the End of the Day?
  44. 44. Tesla Driver Killed
  45. 45. Do We Need Humans to Build Trust with Machines (Just Like with Other Humans)?
  46. 46. Quantified Human • Wearables for All
  47. 47. Personal Responsibility to Train? HR Review
  48. 48. Customer View
  49. 49. Individual/Enterprise Customers • More education in design required? • With more product diversity how do governments regulate the market?
  50. 50. Closing Thoughts
  51. 51. Wikipedia Humans are Special • Millions of Years of Evolution – Highly Developed Body, Senses & Mind
  52. 52. People the Most Adaptable Component of Industry 4.0? Pixabay
  53. 53. Wikipedia Autonomous Systems - More than Engineering • Psychology – study of mind and behaviour • Physiological – study of normal function in living systems • Psychiatry – study, diagnosis, treatment, & prevention of mental disorders • Philosophy – study of reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language • Political – practice and theory of influencing other people
  54. 54. The Optimum Human/Machine Blend Humans & Machines working in Harmony Maximising the Strengths of Both Huawei
  55. 55. Final Thoughts • Human factors become more important as automation increases • Simulation can play a key role in testing and training humans and autonomous systems both separately and together • Should there be more Focus on Human Factors in Engineering Education? Autonomous System SimulationHuman(s)
  56. 56. Questions?
  57. 57. Chief Automation Officer Required? Pixabay

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