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Modals, Agree, Disagree

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Unit 4: Make an Impact

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Modals, Agree, Disagree

  1. 1. Unit 4 Make an Impact Experiential English I
  2. 2. Generation <ul><li>Generation – people about the same age </li></ul><ul><li>Generation gap – the lack of understanding or differences between older people and younger people </li></ul><ul><li>Generation X </li></ul><ul><li>Generation Y </li></ul>
  3. 3. Generational Differences <ul><li>What words would you use to describe the generation younger than you? </li></ul><ul><li>1A – 1C / page 40 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>Activist – someone who works hard for social or political change </li></ul><ul><li>Escapist – someone who escapes the real life </li></ul><ul><li>Motivated – very keen to do something, especially because you find it interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of – realize or know </li></ul><ul><li>Issue – a subject or problem that is often discussed or argued about, especially a social or political matter that affects the interests of a lot of people </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition – a way of doing something that has existed for a long time </li></ul><ul><li>Apathetic – not interested in something or not willing to make any effort to change or improve things </li></ul>
  5. 5. Generational Differences <ul><li>1B </li></ul><ul><li>Read the two opinions and summarize the speakers’ benefits. </li></ul>Gary: He thinks that young people are slackers, and they don’t care about the world. Briana: She thinks that young people care about the world, but they show it in a different way.
  6. 6. Generational Differences <ul><li>Agree or disagree ? ? ? </li></ul><ul><li>Comments made by older people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The younger generation is bunch of slackers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They don’t know the meaning of hard work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can’t think long range. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They don’t know how to think for themselves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life is easy for them compared to when we (older people) were young. </li></ul></ul>A B C D E
  7. 7. A Summer Internship <ul><li>Page 41 </li></ul><ul><li>Listening activity (at home) </li></ul><ul><li>Internship – an unpaid job to gain experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Would you like to be an intern? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>If you could do an internship, what kind of organization would you like to work for? What would you like to learn as an intern? </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Summer Internship <ul><li>Culture Note: Internship </li></ul><ul><li>College students in the U.S. sometimes od an internship during their summer vacation in order to gain work experience in their field before they finish their studies. This can be an advantage when they are looking for a job. Internships can be with non-profit volunteer organizations or with companies. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Schedule <ul><li>Individual Project </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 19 - First Draft of Individual Project </li></ul><ul><li>Sep 2 - Submission of Individual </li></ul><ul><li> Project </li></ul><ul><li>Sep 18 - Last Day of Individual Project Submission </li></ul><ul><li>Group Project </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 19 – 21 - Start of Oral Presentation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Modals <ul><li>Degree of necessity (must, have to) </li></ul><ul><li>Advisability or expectation (should, ought to) </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility (may, might, can, could) </li></ul><ul><li>Permission (may, can, could) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Supplement: Unit 4 & 5 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Modals <ul><li>Exercise 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 3 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Change Your World <ul><li>Page 43 – D1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the job requirement for the Activities Coordinator and complete the sentences together. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Change Your World <ul><li>Page 43 – D1 </li></ul><ul><li>The candidate has to interview with the organization. </li></ul><ul><li>He or she is required to speak some English / prepare students for culture exchange activities . </li></ul><ul><li>He or she absolutely must obtain a passport and immunization. </li></ul><ul><li>He or she doesn’t have to come to Tokyo . </li></ul><ul><li>It’s OK if the Coordinator can’t speak Spanish or Japanese. </li></ul><ul><li>The Coordinator is permitted to join in all activities . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Culture Note <ul><li>The Peace Boat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace Boat is a Japan-based international non-governmental and non-profit organization that works to promote peace, human rights, equal and sustainable development, and respect for the environment. It carries out its activities on a passenger ship that travels the world on three-month Global Voyages. Each one is joined by around 800 participants and visits between 15-20 countries. For more information, see http:// . </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. I hate to disagree with you, but… <ul><li>Page 43 – 4 Speaking – A </li></ul><ul><li>Read the conversations out loud. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the relationship between these people? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Agree & Disagree <ul><li>I believe that… </li></ul><ul><li>I (do not) agree that… </li></ul><ul><li>I (do not) agree with… </li></ul><ul><li>I am convinced that… </li></ul><ul><li>It is my belief that… </li></ul><ul><li>It is my opinion that… </li></ul>
  17. 17. Stating an opinion <ul><li>In my opinion… </li></ul><ul><li>If you want my honest opinion… </li></ul><ul><li>If you ask me… </li></ul>
  18. 18. Asking for an opinion <ul><li>What’s your idea? </li></ul><ul><li>How do y ou feel about that? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have anything to say about this? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Expressing agreement <ul><li>I agree with you 100 percent. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s so true. </li></ul><ul><li>Tell me about it! (slang) </li></ul><ul><li>You’re absolutely right. </li></ul><ul><li>Absolutely. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s exactly how I feel. </li></ul><ul><li>Exactly. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m afraid I agree with James. </li></ul><ul><li>I have to side with Dad on this one. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Expressing disagreement <ul><li>I don’t think so. </li></ul><ul><li>No way! (strong) </li></ul><ul><li>I totally disagree. (strong) </li></ul><ul><li>I’d say the exact opposite. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m afraid I disagree. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s not always true. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s not always the case. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Interruptions <ul><li>Can I add something here? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it okay if I jump in for a second? </li></ul><ul><li>Sorry to interrupt, but… </li></ul><ul><li>You didn’t let me finish. (after being interrupted) </li></ul><ul><li>Sorry, go ahead. (after accidentally interrupting someone) </li></ul>