Criminology ppt by_waseem_i._khan

Criminology ppt by_waseem_i._khan
 Man by nature is a fighting animal hence to
think of a crimeless society is a myth.
 Emile Durkheim in his treaties ' Crime as a
Social Phenomenon' says a society composed
of persons with angelic qualities would not be
free from violation of the norms of the
society.
 During 12th & 13th centuries included only
those acts as crime which were committed
against the state or religion.
 Treason, rape & blasphemy were treated as
crime whereas murder was not a crime.
 Primitive societies did not recognise any
distinction between the law of crime and tort.
 The wrongdoer was supposed to offer
compensation to the person wronged.
 The quantum of which
depended on the extent of
the wrong caused and the
status of the sufferer,
known as bot.
 There were certain botless
offences for there was no
compensation but
wrongdoer had to undergo
punishment.
 House breaking,
harbouring the outlaws,
refuse to serve in the army
and breach of peace were
some botless offences
 From the botless offence the modern concept
of crime emerged.
Cross & Jones defines crime as a legal wrong
the remedy for which is punishment of the
offender at the instance of the state.
Blackstone & Stephan define that crime are
breaches of those laws which injure the
community.
I. Legal Crimes
II. Political Crimes
III.Economic Crimes
IV. Social Crimes
V.Miscellaneous Crimes
 Legal crimes can be termed as a traditional
crime.
 Legal crimes includes Theft, robbery, dacoity,
rape, hurt and rioting etc.
 Political offences which are motivated
politically or committed in violation of the
election laws or norms set out for the
politician in course of their political actvities,
such as booth capturing, restraining person
from voting etc.
under this catogory various offences comes
which are related with the economy.
In economic offences the persons who are
having a high social status are envolved.
Under this classification tax evasion,
smuggling, prostitution, gambling, foreign
exchange violation comes.
 Social crimes which are committed under
social legislation such as
 Child Marriage Restraint Act1978
 Dowry Prohibition Act 1961
 Juvenile Justice(Care and Protection) Act 2000
 SC & ST Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989
 All other remaining crime which are
committed under local or special Acts are
termed as misclleneous crimes.
 For example, offences under Prevention of
Food Adulteration Act 1954
 Consumer Protection Act 1986.
I. External Consequences
II. Act ( Actus Reus)
III.Mens rea or guilty mind
IV.Prohibited act
V.Punishment
 Crime always have a harmfull impact on
society may it be social, personal, emotional
or mental.
Act (Actus Reus)
There should be an act or omissionnto
constitute a crime
Intentiin or mens rea alone shall not
constitute a crime, unless it is followed by some
externel or over act.
 Mens rea implies that there must be a state of
mind with respect to a actus reus i.e intention
to act in the prescribed fashion.
 There is difference betn Mens rea and motive.
 Example.
 Steal a peace of bread; motive may be
hounrable &understandable but the mens rea
being to commit the theft.
 The act which is commited by the person
must be prohibited by law.
Punishment
Punishment is also one of the characteristics
of the crime.
If there is no punishment there is no use of
criminal Act.
Sin Crime
 Concept of sin emanates
from religion.
 Sin results in violation of
rules of religion.
 A sinner is punished by
God.
 There is no direct injury
or harm in case of a sin.
 The remedy for sin is
penance.
 Crime is a legal
preposition.
 Crime is always envolves
a breach of law.
 Criminal is punished by
the state.
 Crime necessarily
involves some kind of
direct injury.
 the remedy for crime is
punishment.
 Broadly speaking, criminology deals with the
legal psychiatric aspect or the medico,
psychological, biological, padagogical or
sociological aspect of criminality and the
factors related there with.
 Prof W. A. Bonger preferred to study
theoritical criminology under the following
sub heads.
 Continues.......
 It seeks to understand the personality of the
offenders in physical terms.
 Cesare Lombroso emphasised that criminal
were different physically from normal person.
 It is based on Sutherlands theory of differntial
association.
 Sutterlands theory explains criminal
behaviour as a process of learning through
association with other criminals.
 It seeks to co-relate criminalty to emotional
aspect of human nature.
 This branch of criminology attributes
criminality to functional deviation and mental
conflicts in the personality of offender.
 The factors such as inferiority complex,
frustration, depression, anxiety etc. may lead
a person to commit crime.
Assistant Professor
Shri Shivaji Law College
Parbhani, Maharashtra
Criminology ppt by_waseem_i._khan
1 de 24

Recomendados

Criminology powerpoint oneCriminology powerpoint one
Criminology powerpoint oneUniversity of Dayton
11.3K vistas252 diapositivas
Introduction to chiminologyIntroduction to chiminology
Introduction to chiminologyShaista Mariam
9.7K vistas18 diapositivas
Crime and CriminologyCrime and Criminology
Crime and Criminologythecriminologist
7K vistas25 diapositivas
Cartographic schoolCartographic school
Cartographic schoolsebis1
9K vistas24 diapositivas
Theories of crimesTheories of crimes
Theories of crimesjovi saquido
14.4K vistas8 diapositivas

Más contenido relacionado

La actualidad más candente

Criminology Power Point 1Criminology Power Point 1
Criminology Power Point 1guest846943
22.9K vistas10 diapositivas
History of  criminologyHistory of  criminology
History of criminologyPakeeza Arif
5.1K vistas53 diapositivas
Basics of criminologyBasics of criminology
Basics of criminologyDEEPRAVIN
1.7K vistas21 diapositivas
Organized crimeOrganized crime
Organized crimeAvinash Rajput
33.7K vistas32 diapositivas

La actualidad más candente(20)

Criminology Power Point 1Criminology Power Point 1
Criminology Power Point 1
guest84694322.9K vistas
History of  criminologyHistory of  criminology
History of criminology
Pakeeza Arif5.1K vistas
Basics of criminologyBasics of criminology
Basics of criminology
DEEPRAVIN1.7K vistas
Theories of crime (criminology)Theories of crime (criminology)
Theories of crime (criminology)
University of Dhaka133.5K vistas
Organized crimeOrganized crime
Organized crime
Avinash Rajput33.7K vistas
crimecrime
crime
prakash sarkar1.6K vistas
Types of Crime presentationTypes of Crime presentation
Types of Crime presentation
Ameena Patel3.4K vistas
Crime definitionCrime definition
Crime definition
M Oswaldo Rivera6.7K vistas
Schools of criminologySchools of criminology
Schools of criminology
WARIFVACIM14.5K vistas
Criminal Justice SystemCriminal Justice System
Criminal Justice System
Avinash Rajput69.8K vistas
Types of crime and violenceTypes of crime and violence
Types of crime and violence
AlejandroBulan1256 vistas
Biological theory of crimeBiological theory of crime
Biological theory of crime
Umair Aslam43.6K vistas
Victimization - CriminologyVictimization - Criminology
Victimization - Criminology
Diana Dianot12.7K vistas
Victimology-ppt.pptVictimology-ppt.ppt
Victimology-ppt.ppt
MichaelQuidor854 vistas
Crime PREVENTIONCrime PREVENTION
Crime PREVENTION
Adamas University20.1K vistas
Criminology TheoriesCriminology Theories
Criminology Theories
Edgars Rutkovskis5.1K vistas

Destacado

The Marxist Theory of CriminologyThe Marxist Theory of Criminology
The Marxist Theory of CriminologyPhil Hobrla
41.6K vistas20 diapositivas
Crime and devianceCrime and deviance
Crime and deviancejimmctavish
74.5K vistas31 diapositivas
Karl MarxKarl Marx
Karl MarxJohn Bradford
116.3K vistas28 diapositivas

Destacado(6)

The Marxist Theory of CriminologyThe Marxist Theory of Criminology
The Marxist Theory of Criminology
Phil Hobrla41.6K vistas
Crime and devianceCrime and deviance
Crime and deviance
jimmctavish74.5K vistas
Karl MarxKarl Marx
Karl Marx
John Bradford116.3K vistas
Crime and deviance complete revisionCrime and deviance complete revision
Crime and deviance complete revision
louisamcdonald311.6K vistas
Crime and Deviance - Marxist ApproachCrime and Deviance - Marxist Approach
Crime and Deviance - Marxist Approach
Rachel Jones130.6K vistas

Similar a Criminology ppt by_waseem_i._khan(20)

Crime Is Part Of Everyday LifeCrime Is Part Of Everyday Life
Crime Is Part Of Everyday Life
How To Write My Paper Indiana State University5 vistas
Definition Of Crime EssayDefinition Of Crime Essay
Definition Of Crime Essay
College Papers For Sale State University of New York at New Paltz10 vistas
Defining Crime As A Social Phenomenon EssayDefining Crime As A Social Phenomenon Essay
Defining Crime As A Social Phenomenon Essay
Buy Papers For College Online Southeastern Oklahoma State University16 vistas
Civil Law Just Or UnjustCivil Law Just Or Unjust
Civil Law Just Or Unjust
Veronica Morse2 vistas
IpcIpc
Ipc
Avinash Rai10.7K vistas
Police Legitimacy SummaryPolice Legitimacy Summary
Police Legitimacy Summary
Jenny Hill2 vistas
Crime Reflection PaperCrime Reflection Paper
Crime Reflection Paper
Can You Write My Paper For Me Ferris State University9 vistas
Crime And Its EffectsCrime And Its Effects
Crime And Its Effects
Cheap Custom Written Papers Riverdale6 vistas
Criminal Law Essay On HomicideCriminal Law Essay On Homicide
Criminal Law Essay On Homicide
Katrina Banks5 vistas
Crime vaibhav goyalCrime vaibhav goyal
Crime vaibhav goyal
Vaibhav Goyal32 vistas
Factors Of White Collar CrimesFactors Of White Collar Crimes
Factors Of White Collar Crimes
Cindy Turner3 vistas
Project.crimesProject.crimes
Project.crimes
Deepmala Pokhriyal508 vistas
Crimes and their effect on economyCrimes and their effect on economy
Crimes and their effect on economy
Muhammad Saad483 vistas
Essays On CrimeEssays On Crime
Essays On Crime
uphonfepo197412 vistas
Understanding Crime EssaysUnderstanding Crime Essays
Understanding Crime Essays
CustomWrittenCollege6 vistas

Criminology ppt by_waseem_i._khan

  • 2.  Man by nature is a fighting animal hence to think of a crimeless society is a myth.  Emile Durkheim in his treaties ' Crime as a Social Phenomenon' says a society composed of persons with angelic qualities would not be free from violation of the norms of the society.
  • 3.  During 12th & 13th centuries included only those acts as crime which were committed against the state or religion.  Treason, rape & blasphemy were treated as crime whereas murder was not a crime.  Primitive societies did not recognise any distinction between the law of crime and tort.  The wrongdoer was supposed to offer compensation to the person wronged.
  • 4.  The quantum of which depended on the extent of the wrong caused and the status of the sufferer, known as bot.  There were certain botless offences for there was no compensation but wrongdoer had to undergo punishment.  House breaking, harbouring the outlaws, refuse to serve in the army and breach of peace were some botless offences
  • 5.  From the botless offence the modern concept of crime emerged.
  • 6. Cross & Jones defines crime as a legal wrong the remedy for which is punishment of the offender at the instance of the state. Blackstone & Stephan define that crime are breaches of those laws which injure the community.
  • 7. I. Legal Crimes II. Political Crimes III.Economic Crimes IV. Social Crimes V.Miscellaneous Crimes
  • 8.  Legal crimes can be termed as a traditional crime.  Legal crimes includes Theft, robbery, dacoity, rape, hurt and rioting etc.
  • 9.  Political offences which are motivated politically or committed in violation of the election laws or norms set out for the politician in course of their political actvities, such as booth capturing, restraining person from voting etc.
  • 10. under this catogory various offences comes which are related with the economy. In economic offences the persons who are having a high social status are envolved. Under this classification tax evasion, smuggling, prostitution, gambling, foreign exchange violation comes.
  • 11.  Social crimes which are committed under social legislation such as  Child Marriage Restraint Act1978  Dowry Prohibition Act 1961  Juvenile Justice(Care and Protection) Act 2000  SC & ST Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989
  • 12.  All other remaining crime which are committed under local or special Acts are termed as misclleneous crimes.  For example, offences under Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954  Consumer Protection Act 1986.
  • 13. I. External Consequences II. Act ( Actus Reus) III.Mens rea or guilty mind IV.Prohibited act V.Punishment
  • 14.  Crime always have a harmfull impact on society may it be social, personal, emotional or mental. Act (Actus Reus) There should be an act or omissionnto constitute a crime Intentiin or mens rea alone shall not constitute a crime, unless it is followed by some externel or over act.
  • 15.  Mens rea implies that there must be a state of mind with respect to a actus reus i.e intention to act in the prescribed fashion.  There is difference betn Mens rea and motive.  Example.  Steal a peace of bread; motive may be hounrable &understandable but the mens rea being to commit the theft.
  • 16.  The act which is commited by the person must be prohibited by law. Punishment Punishment is also one of the characteristics of the crime. If there is no punishment there is no use of criminal Act.
  • 17. Sin Crime  Concept of sin emanates from religion.  Sin results in violation of rules of religion.  A sinner is punished by God.  There is no direct injury or harm in case of a sin.  The remedy for sin is penance.  Crime is a legal preposition.  Crime is always envolves a breach of law.  Criminal is punished by the state.  Crime necessarily involves some kind of direct injury.  the remedy for crime is punishment.
  • 18.  Broadly speaking, criminology deals with the legal psychiatric aspect or the medico, psychological, biological, padagogical or sociological aspect of criminality and the factors related there with.  Prof W. A. Bonger preferred to study theoritical criminology under the following sub heads.  Continues.......
  • 19.  It seeks to understand the personality of the offenders in physical terms.  Cesare Lombroso emphasised that criminal were different physically from normal person.
  • 20.  It is based on Sutherlands theory of differntial association.  Sutterlands theory explains criminal behaviour as a process of learning through association with other criminals.
  • 21.  It seeks to co-relate criminalty to emotional aspect of human nature.
  • 22.  This branch of criminology attributes criminality to functional deviation and mental conflicts in the personality of offender.  The factors such as inferiority complex, frustration, depression, anxiety etc. may lead a person to commit crime.
  • 23. Assistant Professor Shri Shivaji Law College Parbhani, Maharashtra