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We Are All Farmers PDC Student Presentation Spring 2014 for Friendship Gardens in Charlotte

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The We Are All Farmers Permaculture Institute hosts a hands-on permaculture design certificate course of service to the Appalachian and Piedmont regions over five weekends Jan - May. This year's students produced designs pro bono for Friendship Gardens, a high school in Charlotte, NC. On June 21, 2014 We Are All Farmers Permaculture Design Certificate students will follow up their designs with installation of key elements in a 25+ person Permaculture Blast (free workshop) for the community.

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We Are All Farmers PDC Student Presentation Spring 2014 for Friendship Gardens in Charlotte

  1. 1. Garinger High School Permaculture Design Project Alisa Esposito Joe Huss Alex Livingston
  2. 2. Design Phase1  Observation “Dozens of useful strategies may evolve from your first simple observations, and the site begins to design itself.”
  3. 3. Key site Observations soil poor drainage clay compaction run-off erosion rill gully space slope a lot of water
  4. 4. Needed: Soil Building • Hugelkultur Mounds • Mulching • Compost
  5. 5. Needed: Soil stabilization • Cover crops • Grade the field to level • Redirect water into storage zones
  6. 6. Needed: Drainage & Water Storage • Berms Direct Water • Swales • Pond Store Water • Water garden
  7. 7. Altogether… 1. Hugelkultur, mulching, compost to build soil 2. Level field, plant cover crops to stabilize soil 3. Use berms and swales to manage water
  8. 8. Design Phase II: Zonation “Zoning is about correct placement- positioning things based on intensity of use; Zones can be thought of as a series of concentric rings moving out from a center point, where human activity and need for attention is most concentrated, to where there is no need for intervention at all...”
  9. 9. Where permaculture principles are applied in creating a harmonious, sustainable environment in which to work, learn and play.
  10. 10. Area requiring frequent attention and visiting. Zone 2: Greenhouse Area Zone 1 Zone 2 Cover Crops
  11. 11. This is the wall of dirt outside the greenhouse door and to the south. The brown dotted lines represent the top and bottom of the sloped wall. These plants are edible, shade tolerant and will grow in poor soils on a steep slope.
  12. 12. Zone 3: Main Planting Beds 12 3
  13. 13. 1. Single Till: Till one time and not again; Do not step on planting areas to minimize compaction 2. Mulched: Add hay, straw, leaves, clippings; Allows soil food web to thrive, cools soil, prevents weeds 3. Low Hugelkultur: contributes to soil nutrients and irrigation is less necessary or unnecessary 4. Keyhole beds: located at the corners
  14. 14. More Features • 4. Orchard trail (trees and footpath) along the periphery • 5. Center: Tree Guild, Seating, or Bed 125 ft 75 ft Center Circle
  15. 15. Profile: Field and Orchard Path
  16. 16. Water “The main concern is water, as it is both the chief agent of erosion and the source of life for plants and animals.”
  17. 17. Water Features Goal: Redirect excess water from Zone 3 to Zone 1, for storage in the pond. Strategy: Build up berm downhill from baseball field – 3 feet rise • Direct water towards the pond with a ditch/stream. • Possibility: Build a bridge over the ditch or a dam to further control water flow.

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