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The anatomy of revolutions

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The anatomy of revolutions

  1. 1. The Anatomy of Revolutions Crane Brinton’s Stages of Revolution
  2. 2. Who is Crane Brinton and what is this all about? • Crane Brinton was a historian who analyzed four revolutions and found they were similar. • He found that there are four phases that most revolutions go through. • He wrote a very important book about these phases called, The Anatomy of a Revolution. This book was published in 1966 but we still use it today.
  3. 3. Phase 1: Symptoms 1. The middle class is angry at the policies of the government. 2. The government is ineffective and is unable to effectively manage the country. This could be because the leader is not doing a good job or because of a lack of money in the government. 3. Eventually, the government is deserted by the intellectuals, who also speak out against the government.
  4. 4. Phase 2: The Rising Fever 1. This is the escalation of the anger felt by the middle class. The people rise up against the government. 2. The current government can not repress the rebellion. 3. A new government is created, led by the middle class. They will try to replace the old government.
  5. 5. Phase 3: Crisis 1. The revolutionary new government tries to violently overthrow the old government. 2. There is a lot of violence and efforts to spread the revolution. Opposition is squashed. 3. The revolution is fragile because popular support is needed and economic conditions are poor. 4. The old government tries to hold onto power.
  6. 6. Phase 4: Convalescence 1. The revolution ends and the country enters a period of recovery. The old government is successfully overthrown. 2. A strong ruler comes to power and the new government begins the process of stabilizing the country. 3. Life in the country begins to return to normal.
  7. 7. What will I do with this information? • You will be learning about the American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Iranian Revolution. You will analyze each of these revolutions to see if it fits into Brinton’ phases. • You will be doing a research project and presentation on a modern day revolution as your summative for this quarter.