Scientific name : Aloe Vera ( L. ) Burm.f.
Common Name : Aloe vera
Conservation Status : Not Considered to be threatened
Habitat : Aloevera is a cultivated plant but naturalized
populations occur in dry, often rocky and exposed areas.
Key uses : Food, Food supplements, herbal remedies and
Known hazards : the bitter yellow leaf exudates can be
harmful and should not be taken by children or by
pregnant or breastfeeding women. The colorless leaf
parenchyma (gel) can occasionally cause skin irritation.
The Aloe Vera plant belonging to the Lily
family which is part of a larger family of
plants known as "Xeroids". Of the known
medicinal Aloes, Aloe Barbadensis Miller has
the Greatest medicinal activity and is the only
Aloe bearing the botanical name Aloe Vera,
Vera meaning true in Latin, Thus "True Aloe"
or "Aloe Vera".
The leaves are greyish green, growing to about
50 cm long, with margins that are pinkish with
many small spines. The leaf surfaces
are sometimes marked with white flecks or
spots. The flowers are yellow, tubular, and up to
3 cm long, with anthers and stigma protruding.
The flowers are borne in cylindrical racemes on
a branched panicle up to 90 cm tall.
Aloe Vera was formerly classified as part of
the Asphodelaceae family, but this is now
included in Xanthorrhoeaceae.
Aloe Vera is easy to cultivate, no
special requirements need . It should
be grown in a well-draining gritty
mix. The compost should be soaked
when watering during the growing
season, and allowed to dry out
between waterings. It can be grown
in a cool/warm glasshouse and put
outside for the summer.
Aloe Vera has been used for centuries and
it is more popular today than ever. It is
cultivated around the world as a crop for
its colourless jelly-like leaf parenchyma
known as 'aloe gel'. It is used for a variety
of purposes in food, food supplements,
herbal remedies and cosmetics.
Aloe Vera leaf parenchyma (aloe gel) may be
effective when used on the skin against
psoriasis, burns, frostbite, and sores caused by
the Herpes simplex virus.
The green outer layer of the leaves of Aloe Vera
yields a bitter, yellow exudates which has very
different properties from those of the colourless
parenchyma. However, research has indicated
that the active constituents may have harmful
effects and can interact with other medicines
and herbal remedies.
Aloe Vera contains many vitamins including A, C, E,
folic acid, chorine,B1, B2, B3 (niacin), B6.
Aloe is known to soothe and cleanse the digestive
tract and help improve digestion.
Because of aloe’s well-known healing properties for
the skin, aloe is one of the primary compounds used
in the cosmetic industry.
Aloe Vera contains 12 substances, including B-
sisterole, which can help to slow down or inhibit
: 12 Whinfell Cl, London SW16 1QG– London
+44 (0) 7961447726