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Presented by
Y.HARIKRISHNA
KALYANI
WHAT






IS A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT ?

A musical instrument is a device
constructed or modified for the purpose
of makin...
HISTORY OF MUSICAL INSTUMENTS

The first musical instrument invented is
the flute, this was confirmed by German
scientist ...
TYPES MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
 String

Instruments
 Percussion Instruments
 Wind Instrumets
 Brass Intrumets
STRING INSTRUMENTS
STRING INSTRUMENTS
Their sound is made by a vibrating string.
Strings can be made of metal, synthetic or
natural materials...
PICTURES OF STRING INSTRUMENTS

GUITAR

PIANO

HARP

VIOLIN
GUITAR
 The

guitar is a musical instrument with

ancient roots that is used in a wide variety
of musical styles.


It t...
PIANO
 The

piano is a musical instrument played by
means of a keyboard that produces sound by
striking steel strings wit...
VIOLIN




The violin is a bowed string instrument
with four strings
It is the smallest and highest-pitched
member of th...
HARP
It has about 45 strings stretched across its
tall triangular frame. The strings are
plucked by hand while seven pedal...
PERCUSSION FAMILY
PERCUSSION

FAMILY

It means, "the hitting of one body against
another," instruments in the percussion
family are played b...
PICTURES

OF

PERCUSSION

FAMILY

CHIMES

XYLOPHONE
CHIMES
Chimes are a tuned instrument consisting
of a set of 12 to 18 metal tubes hung from
a metal frame. The chimes, or t...
XYLOPHONE
 The

xylophone is a tuned instrument
made of hardwood bars in graduated
lengths set horizontally on a metal fr...
WIND INSTRUMENTS
WIND INSTRUMENTS
The woodwind family have different
sources of sound. Vibrations begin when
air is blown across the top of...
PICTURES OF WIND INSTRUMENTS

PICCOLO

FLUTE

SAXOPHONE

OBOE
FLUTE
 The

flute is now made from silver or gold
and is about 2 feet in length. It looks like
a narrow tube with a row o...
PICCOLO
•

The piccolo is exactly like the flute
except that it is much smaller and is
usually made of silver or wood.

•
...
OBOE
 The

oboe is made by wood and it have

metal keys that can produce many notes
rapidly.
 It

has two reeds tied tog...
SAXOPHONE
 The

saxophone is made by brass.
Although it is found only occasionally in
the symphony orchestra
BRASS FAMILY
BRASS FAMILY
Brass family instruments produce their
unique sound by the player buzzing his/her
lips while blowing air thro...
PICTURES

OF BRASS FAMILY

TRUMPET
TUBA

TROMBONE
TUBA

The tuba has four to five valves and is
held upright in the player’s lap.
TROMBONE
 It

gives the instrument a more mellow

sound. Instead of valves, the trombone
has a slide which changes the le...
TRUMPET
 The

player presses the three valves in

various combinations with the fingers of
the right hand to obtain vario...
Musical instruments
Musical instruments
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Musical instruments

  1. 1. Presented by Y.HARIKRISHNA KALYANI
  2. 2. WHAT    IS A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT ? A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. In principle, anything that produces sound can serve as a musical instrument. The term "musical instrument", however, is generally reserved for items that have a specific musical purpose.
  3. 3. HISTORY OF MUSICAL INSTUMENTS The first musical instrument invented is the flute, this was confirmed by German scientist who unearthed a flute which was made from a vulture's wing bone. The flute was estimated to be at least 35,000 years old
  4. 4. TYPES MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS  String Instruments  Percussion Instruments  Wind Instrumets  Brass Intrumets
  5. 5. STRING INSTRUMENTS
  6. 6. STRING INSTRUMENTS Their sound is made by a vibrating string. Strings can be made of metal, synthetic or natural materials.  The strings can have different gauge or thickness, weight,length and tension. 
  7. 7. PICTURES OF STRING INSTRUMENTS GUITAR PIANO HARP VIOLIN
  8. 8. GUITAR  The guitar is a musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles.  It typically has six strings, and four, seven, eight, ten, and twelve string guitars are also exist
  9. 9. PIANO  The piano is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with felt hammers that immediately rebound allowing the strings to continue vibrating at their resonant frequency.  These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies them.
  10. 10. VIOLIN   The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings It is the smallest and highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments.
  11. 11. HARP It has about 45 strings stretched across its tall triangular frame. The strings are plucked by hand while seven pedals at the bottom of the harp adjust the length of the strings to produce additional notes.
  12. 12. PERCUSSION FAMILY
  13. 13. PERCUSSION FAMILY It means, "the hitting of one body against another," instruments in the percussion family are played by being struck, shaken, or scraped. o In the orchestra, the percussion section provides a variety of rhythms, textures and tone colors. o
  14. 14. PICTURES OF PERCUSSION FAMILY CHIMES XYLOPHONE
  15. 15. CHIMES Chimes are a tuned instrument consisting of a set of 12 to 18 metal tubes hung from a metal frame. The chimes, or tubular bells, are struck with a mallet and sound like church bells when played
  16. 16. XYLOPHONE  The xylophone is a tuned instrument made of hardwood bars in graduated lengths set horizontally on a metal frame.  Striking the bars with hard mallets produces a bright, sharp sound
  17. 17. WIND INSTRUMENTS
  18. 18. WIND INSTRUMENTS The woodwind family have different sources of sound. Vibrations begin when air is blown across the top of an instrument, across a single reed, or across two reeds.
  19. 19. PICTURES OF WIND INSTRUMENTS PICCOLO FLUTE SAXOPHONE OBOE
  20. 20. FLUTE  The flute is now made from silver or gold and is about 2 feet in length. It looks like a narrow tube with a row of holes covered by keys along one side.  The player blows air across the small hole in the mouthpiece to produce a sound
  21. 21. PICCOLO • The piccolo is exactly like the flute except that it is much smaller and is usually made of silver or wood. • The pitch of the piccolo is higher than that of a flute.
  22. 22. OBOE  The oboe is made by wood and it have metal keys that can produce many notes rapidly.  It has two reeds tied together then the reeds vibrate and produce a sound.
  23. 23. SAXOPHONE  The saxophone is made by brass. Although it is found only occasionally in the symphony orchestra
  24. 24. BRASS FAMILY
  25. 25. BRASS FAMILY Brass family instruments produce their unique sound by the player buzzing his/her lips while blowing air through a cup- or funnel-shaped mouthpiece only
  26. 26. PICTURES OF BRASS FAMILY TRUMPET TUBA TROMBONE
  27. 27. TUBA The tuba has four to five valves and is held upright in the player’s lap.
  28. 28. TROMBONE  It gives the instrument a more mellow sound. Instead of valves, the trombone has a slide which changes the length of its approximately 9 feet of tubing to reach different pitches
  29. 29. TRUMPET  The player presses the three valves in various combinations with the fingers of the right hand to obtain various pitches

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