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narrative-text-reading-comprehension-exercises_29930.ppt

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narrative-text-reading-comprehension-exercises_29930.ppt

  1. 1. NARRATIVE TEXT
  2. 2. EXAMPLES: 1. THE FROG KING A hundred years ago there lived a king. He had some beautiful daughters, but the youngest daughter was the most beautiful. Close by the king’s castle, there was a great dark forest. And under an old lime tree in the forest, there was a well. When the day was warm, the king’s youngest daughter usually went out into the forest. When she was bored, she took her golden ball and played with it.
  3. 3. But, do you think the princess kept her promise? What would happen next? Now, continue the story. You can say whatever you want. You can decide a sad or happy ending. One day, the princess played with her golden ball. Unfortunately…the ball rolled into the well. She began to cry. Suddenly, there was a frog who was willing to help her. However, the frog asked the princess to bring him to the palace and to let him stay close to her. The princess agreed with his request. So the frog jumped into the well and took the golden ball out of it.
  4. 4. 2. Try to understand the story in the Nursery rhyme below. Tom and Terra (B.D. Sharma) Tom and Terra lived together. They and sang in fine weather. They were two young grasshoppers. In fun and frolic they were toppers. Then was over summer and heat. They had nothing at all to eat. They cried and sighed, then went to an ant and begged for food. The ant said, “ I can’t give you anything. But tell me why you didn’t for winter some food lay by.” The grasshoppers had this to say. “We sang and sang we were gay.” The wise ant had this to say: “You sang in summer, now dance winter away.” “We ants neither lend nor borrow. While enjoying today we think of tomorrow.” Tom and Terra had to return. Though too late, they learnt a lesson.
  5. 5. 3. Peter Pan Once upon a time there was a beautiful place called Neverland where Peter Pan and Tinker Bell lived. Not so far from this place is the city of London where John, Wendy and Michael Darling lived. They really loved the story of Peter. One day Peter Pan appeared and asked the children to fly to Neverland. They were very excited to see the scenery and beauty of Neverland. Then they were surprised to know the existence of a cruel pirate called Captain Hook. One day Captain Hook captured Tinker Bell and forced her to show Peter Pan’s place. In doing so all Peter’s friends The Darling were captured and taken to the pirate ship. Captain Hook frightened the children by putting them on the plank.
  6. 6. Suddenly Peter Pan appeared and stopped everything. In a fierce duel, he threw Hook and all the pirates overboard. Hook was chased away by a crocodile, and nobody cared to save him. The Darlings were so happy and thankful to Peter Pan. They told Peter their intention to go home. With the sprinkle of Tinker Bell’s Pixie Dust, Captain Hook’s pirate ship was sailing through the skies of Neverland, heading back to the Darlings’ home in London.
  7. 7. What is narrative text? • A narrative text is a text that tells a story to entertain the audience or readers.
  8. 8. What is the social function of narrative text? • to entertain • to excite emotion • to teach moral value
  9. 9. Generic structure of the text: • Orientation • Complication • Resolution
  10. 10. • In the orientation the narrator tells the audience about who is in the story, when the story is taking place and where the action is happening. • Complication shows the audience or readers the rising of the conflict or problem in the story. • In the resolution we will know how the problem is solved
  11. 11. Grammatical features of narrative text. Narratives usually use: • simple past tense • nouns that identify the specific characters and places in the story • adjectives that provide accurate description of the characters and settings • Verbs that show the actions that occur in the story • Time words that connect events, telling when they occurred
  12. 12. Narrative text can be presented in written or spoken text. Written text can be in the form of: • Myths • Fairytales • Science fictions • Historical fictions • Romance novels Spoken texts are in the form of: • Films • Drama or plays
  13. 13. How to teach narrative text? Narrative text should be taught in two cycles: • Oral cycles • Written cycles
  14. 14. In oral cycles (siklus lisan) we can assess listening and speaking skills while in written cycles (siklus tulis) we can carry out the assessment for reading and writing skills.
  15. 15. Assessment (penilaian) for narrative text. • Narrative text can be assessed according to the respective skills. • For example: * Listening ; paper & pen test Forms : True – False, Multiple choice, Cloze test and dictation. In dictation we have to prepare the rubric (some criteria for scoring the students’ work, such as grammar, punctuation and spelling).
  16. 16. *Speaking ; Performance test Forms : Role-play, retelling (monolog) Rubric : pronunciation, fluency, grammar, comprehension, vocabulary and mime . * Reading ; Paper & pen test and perfor- mance for reading aloud. Forms : Multiple choice, cloze-test, essey and true-false.
  17. 17. * Writing : Paper & pen, portofolio Form :- Completion, - rearranging jumble letters, words, sentences or paragraph - composition Rubric : punctuation, spelling, grammar, organization, vocabulary and cohesiveness.
  18. 18. Soal pre- test 1. Which of the titles below belongs to narrative text? a. Borobudur temple b. Snow White c. My pet d. My trip to Lembang 2. The generic structure of narrative text is …. a. orientation – event – reorientation b. goal –material-steps c. orientation- complication- resolution d. identification- descriptions 3. One of the kind of text below is almost similar to narrative …. a. recount b. descriptive c. report d. procedure

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