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How to avoid a web 3.0 babele transclusions and folksonomies in a content-addressed and block-chained world-v2

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Web 3.0 decentralised apps and services are igniting the third revolution of the web. Will we be able to avoid the mistakes of the previous Web revolutions and finally make the internet what visionaries like Vannevar Bush and Theodor Nelson envisioned in the late thirties and sixties of past century? In this talk, we will go through the benefits of content-addressed URLs and talk about what missing to build the web as a permanent and censorship-resistant net of knowledge with the help of transclusions and folksonomies.

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How to avoid a web 3.0 babele transclusions and folksonomies in a content-addressed and block-chained world-v2

  1. 1. HOW TO AVOID A WEB 3.0 BABEL: TRANSCLUSIONS AND FOLKSONOMIES IN A CONTENT-ADDRESSES AND BLOCK-CHAINED WORLD November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid A l e s s a n d r o C o n f e t t i
  2. 2. 2 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  3. 3. 3 Matteo Gianpietro Zago - Why the net giants are worried about the Web 3.0Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  4. 4. 4 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  5. 5. 5 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  6. 6. The original idea was to make the internet just super bare bones. So the initial internet had no representation of people. There was no membership concept. There was no identity concept. There was no sense of authentication. There was certainly no implementation of commerce solutions. There was nothing. It was just very, very raw. And in that spirit of keeping everything as minimal as possible, the web protocol committed a primal sin of not having backlinks. 6 Jaron Lanier - We need to have an honest talk about our data [Wired 2018] Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  7. 7. The5ParadoxesofDigitalContent 7 1 centralized 
 data silos Available everywhere but stored in very few places 2 permanent & distributed web Easy to find only if it remains in the same place 3 metadata & semantic web Easy to search but hard to catalog 4 digital rights management Cheap to duplicate but costly to attribute 5 sw & hw obsolescence Storage & access are both encoded Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  8. 8. There is a growing mountain of research. But there is increased evidence that we are being bogged down today as specialization extends. The investigator is staggered by the findings and conclusions of thousands of other workers— conclusions which he cannot find time to grasp, much less to remember, as they appear. Yet specialization becomes increasingly necessary for progress, and the effort to bridge between disciplines is correspondingly superficial. 8 Vannevar Bush, As we may think [The Atlantic 1945] Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  9. 9. MEMEX 9 (Original illustration of the Memex from the Life reprint of "As We May Think") Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  10. 10. MEMEX’s trails 
 were supposed to “print” and preserve 
 for future generations
 the associative thinking of scientists 10 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  11. 11. 11 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid Ted Nelson [1937-present]
 (Ted Nelson demonstrates XanaduSpace (by Arthur Bullard)
  12. 12. PROJECT XANADU 12 The curse of Xanadu [WIRED 1995] Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  13. 13. Xanadu’s transclusions 
 were supposed to be bi-directional persistent links between portions of content and authors, 
 making the associative mind of people accessible from the network 13 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  14. 14. TUMBLERS 14 type address description Node 1.2368.792.6 This is the computer with the number 2368.792.6 User 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352 This is user 6974.383.1988.352 on the above computer. Document 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75 The user's document number 75. Document Revision 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75.2 Version 2 of the document. Document Fragment 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75.2.0.1.15 Byte 15 of document 75 v2 Link 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75.2.0.2.15 Link number 15 belonging to document 75 v2 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  15. 15. 15 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, RomeAlessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  16. 16. SGML 16LEXX Editor for the OED (1985/1986), sample entry (segment of) Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  17. 17. 17 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, RomeAlessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  18. 18. 18 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, Rome Folksonomies ML classification Ontologies Content Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  19. 19. THE 4WS TAGS FOLKSONOMY 19 01WHO 03WHERE 04WHEN . 02WHAT Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  20. 20. 20 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  21. 21. 21 # get the raw transaction id $ bitcoin-cli getrawtransaction 10d7c4e022f35288779be6713471151ede967caaa39eecd35296aa36d9c109ec <raw_transaction_id> # display the content $ bitcoin-cli decoderawtransaction <raw transaction_id> { … "vout": [ { "value": 0.00000000, "n": 1, "scriptPubKey": { "asm": "OP_RETURN 4f41010001141b753d68747470733a2f2f6370722e736d2f466f796b777248365559", "asm-decoded": "OAu=https://cpr.sm/FoykwrH6UY" … } } Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  22. 22. Are we building a Web 3.0 
 for future generations? 22 Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  23. 23. The human mind […] operates by association. With one item in its grasp, it snaps instantly to the next that is suggested by the association of thoughts, in accordance with some intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brain. […]
 One cannot hope thus to equal the speed and flexibility with which the mind follows an associative trail, but it should be possible to beat the mind decisively in regard to the permanence and clarity of the items resurrected from storage. 23 Vannevar Bush, As we may think [The Atlantic 1945] Alessandro Confetti - November 30th 2018 – Codemotion, Madrid
  24. 24. $ tail -f questions 24 Alessandro Confetti aconfet@thoughtworks.com twitter @zigolab 
 blog http://blog.zigolab.it
  25. 25. WE ARE HIRING IN ITALY! i n f o - i t @ t h o u g h t w o r k s . c o m TECNOLOGY RADAR VOL19 https://info.thoughtworks.com/technology-radar-subscription.html

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