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PATTERNS AND GROWTH OF
By : M Zishan Hyder
Reg # 55272
• Economy Overview Of Pakistan
• Industrial Strategies
• World Bank's Involvement
• Industrial Growth In Pakistan
• Industrial Development In Pakistan
Pakistan • Pakistan is a country located in South
Asia at a strategic and important
location at the cross-roads of South
Asia, the Middle East and Central Asia
• It has 1,046 km coastline along the
Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the
South, and is bordered by Afghanistan
and Iran in the West, India in the East
and China in the far northeast
• Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in
the world having population of 187 million
• The Demographic Profile of Pakistan is such that
54% of population is below 19 years of age, 27%
between 20-39 years of age, 13% between 40-
59 years of age and 6% are 60 years and above.
• Thus, Pakistan is relatively a young country with
Economy Overview Of Pakistan
• The industrial strategies pursued so far and the
levels of efficiency and protection in the
manufacturing industries are also examined.
• The Industrial Policy During 1950s :
• The Industrial Policy During 1960s :
• The Industrial Policy During 1970s :
• The Industrial Policy During 1980s & 1990s :
World Bank's Involvement
• The World Bank’s engagement in Pakistan is
on helping identify constraints to growth,
and to devise ways to remove them.
• The Bank recently published an economic
report on growth and export
Industrial Growth In Pakistan
• After a decade of anemic economic
growth, Pakistan’s economy has
grown by more than 6.5 percent
Industrial Development In Pakistan
• The Pakistan Armed Forces have established a
number of organizations for running industrial
& commercial enterprises.
• Pakistan met the first prerequisite between
2000 and 2007, a long stable stretch of around
seven years during which industrial growth
peaked to around 19 per cent in financial year
2004 to 2005.
• The United States Industrial Development
Organization (UNIDO) is the specialized agency
of the United Nations dedicated to promoting
sustainable industrial development in
• Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation
(PIDC) was originally established as a Central
Corporation under the PIDC Act, 1950(XLV of
• Aiming to ensure efficient operations and
functions, PIDC as a statutory body was dissolved
under PIDC (Dissolution) Ordinance, 1984 and
simultaneously incorporated as a private limited
company and registered under the Companies
Ordinance, 1984 with effect from 1st April, 1985.
• Over a period of last decades the industrial
sector of Pakistan has witnessed rising patterns of
growth in the industrial sector, especially in the
field of Automobiles, Fiber & Plastic, Textile &
Telecommunication, Lather Garments as well as
Surgical instruments & Sports goods industries.
• Never-the-less despite of significant growth in the
industrial sector few challenges are also being
faced by this sector mainly energy & fuel crises &
the shortage of skilled human resource.