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Melchizedek Priesthood

from Willmington's Guide to the Bible
For Education Purpose

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Melchizedek Priesthood

  2. 2. The Supreme Priesthood – Melchizedek Hebrews 7-10. It has already been stated that Christ is a priest after the order of Melchizedek and not after Aaron. This immediately offers a fourfold advantage.
  3. 3. A. If offers a better source (Hebrews Chapter 7). From Aaron to Melchizedek. 1.Christ was given a royal priesthood. Melchizedek was a king and as a Priest. “Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was a priest of God Most High.” - (Genesis 14:18)
  4. 4. 2.Christ was given an authoritative priesthood. Melchizedek received the tithes of Abraham. “And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand.” - (Genesis 14:20)
  5. 5. Here in Hebrews 7:4-10 the author points out that inasmuch as Levi ( Founder of the Levitical priesthood from which Aaron the first high priest came) was in the loins of Abraham (he would become his great grandson) that he (Levi) in reality tithe to Melchizedek through Abraham. The conclusion is that under the law the Levitical priests received tithes from the people, but back in Genesis 14 the levitical priests paid tithes to Melchizedek.
  6. 6. 3.Christ was given an timeless priesthood. Melchizedek was “without descent, having their beginning of days, nor end of life.” - {Hebrews 7:3} but Aaron died {Hebrews 7:8; cf. Num. 20:23-29} Note: This does not necessarily mean that Melchizedek was actually Christ (although he may have been ) but that inasmuch as we have no record of his birth or death he does not become a type of Christ not only in his office, but also in his origin.
  7. 7. 4. Christ was given an independent priesthood. Melchizedek was ordained by an oath from God and not from the tribe of Levi. In the Old Testament no one can serve as a priest unless he descended from Aaron. “And from among the priests, The descendants of Hobaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai, (a man who had married a daughter of Barzillai the Galeadite and was called by that name).” These searched for their family records, but they could not find them and so were excluded from the priesthood as unclean.” - (Ezra 2:61,62)
  8. 8. 5. Christ was given an everlasting priesthood. “For it is declared: You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.” - (Hebrews 7:17) “Because of this oath, Jesus has become a guarantee of a better covenant. Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing office, but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood.” - (Hebrews 7:22-24)
  9. 9. 6. Christ was given an immutable (changeless) priesthood. “because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood.” – (Hebrews 7:22-24)
  10. 10. 7. Christ was given an all-inclusive priesthood. Under this arrangement Christ was not presented an offering but actually became one. “Unlike the other high priests, he does need not to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.”-(Hebrews 7:27)
  11. 11. Author Ray Siedman writes the following concerning verse 27 “As a priest, Jesus Christ could find no unblemished sacrfice that He would offer Himself, so He offered Himself as a sacrifice, there was found no other priest worthy of offering such a sacrifice so Christ became both Priest and Victim.” What more can God say p.115 This dual arrangement can be seen by listening to his seven final sentences while on the cross. The first three demonstrate the priestly ministry while the final four speak of his sacrificial role.
  12. 12. 8. Christ was given a holy priesthood. “For such a high priest became us, who is holy, blameless, undefiled, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens. – (Hebrews 7:26) This is in contrast to the Levitical priesthood, whose representatives often allowed corruption and idolatry to control their lives. Exo2:12-17, 32:1-6;21-25, 1 Sam 8:1-3
  13. 13. 9. Christ was given a perfecting priesthood. “Wherefore he is able to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him, seeing he ever liveth to make a intercession (intervention) for them. – (Hebrews 7:25) This verse usually applied to the salvation of the lost (from the uttermost to the uttermost, but in its context it refers to the preservation of the saved. Thus, Christ died down here on Calvary to bring us salvation, and now lives up there in glory to keep us saved. (see also Rom 3:34, Rev.1:18)