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MS 5.1 MALAYAN UNION.ppt

  1. 14 DAYS TRAGEDY & MALAYAN UNION
  2. 14 DAYS TRAGEDY  Japanese surrender soon after Hiroshima and Nagasaki get bombed,  Some MPAJA took advantage to terrorize and take revenge on the Malays who suspected cooperated with Japanese.
  3. 14 DAYS TRAGEDY  Chaotic situation happened in  Batu Pahat-Muar  Sg Manik – Teluk Anson  etc  The bloody conflict between the Chinese and the Malays lasted two weeks until the British established the British Military Administration.
  4. MALAYAN UNION (KESATUAN MALAYA)  After 14 days, the British came back to Malaya and introduced temporary military government or BMA (British Military Administration).  Control back offices and stations  Some MPAJA surrender back weapons some escape to jungle  On 1st April 1946, the British replaced BMA with the Malayan Union.
  5. Why British Introduced Malayan Union?  Need more revenue to cover cost of WW2  To attract investor to rebuild back British economy in Malaya  To combine all scattered administration into one.  to assist administration and saved expenditure.  To enforce defence  boost economic recovery  To prepare for the locals for own government
  6. FEATURES OF THE MALAYAN UNION  Except for Singapore, all Malayan States were united under one central government  Rulers’ sovereignty would be abolished - they would only have the authority in Islamic affairs and customs.  State would be under British High Commisioner.  A British Governor would be appointed as Malayan Union’s Head
  7. FEATURES OF THE MALAYAN UNION  All races would be given equal rights – Jus Soli Principle - Malayan citizenship was obtained if (a) the foreigner was 18 and above and had resided in Malaya for 10 out 15 years before 15 February 1942. (b) a person who born in Malaya after the forming of the Malayan Union.  Equal rights for all citizens regardless of race or origin.
  8. Opposition against the Malayan Union Malays oppose:  Mac Michael’s used intimidation to get Malay Rulers approval  Loss of Rulers’ powers  Effects on the position of the Malays A group of former British officers like Frank Swettenham, R.O Winsted, Frederick Weld, Cecil Clementi opposed
  9. UPRISE AGAINST THE MALAYAN UNION  The Malays were not ready to accept radical changes that would affect their position.  Dato’ Onn lead the Malays against the Malayan Union and instilled national spirit among them.  established “Pergerakan Melayu Semenanjung” (Peninsular Malay Movement) in January 1946 to defend the rights of the Malays.  He chaired the Pan-Malayan Malay Congress meeting on 29th and 30th March 1946 in Kuala Lumpur.  established the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
  10. UPRISE AGAINST THE MALAYAN UNION  Through this congress the Malays was advised to boycott the Malayan Union and unite to stage demonstrations on 1st April 1946.  The Malay rulers were advised not to attend the appointment ceremony of Edward Gent as the first Governor of the Malayan Union.  The British government ignored all protests and Malayan Union was proclaimed on 1 April 1946.  Edward Gent became the Governor of the Malayan Union.
  11. THE FAILURE OF MALAYAN UNION  Strong oppositions from Malays made L.D Gamman and David Rees to observe the rise of peoples against Malayan Union in Major towns in Malaya.  Abolished Malayan Union with establishment of Federation of Malaya 1948  British finally favoured to Malays demand
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