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Presentation by Kate Fernie, Dimitris Gavrilis and Anthony Corns given at the European Association of Archaeologists conference 2018.
CARARE, a membership association established in Ireland, defined a metadata schema to enable the harvesting and aggregation of collections of digital archaeological and heritage content from 20+ providers across Europe. The schema was based on CIDOC core standards, MIDAS heritage, LIDO and the Europeana Data model. The data model differentiates between heritage assets (ranging from monuments and buildings to objects, photographs, drawings and 3D models) and their digital representations available online, related events and contextual information about collections, actors etc.
The standards on which the CARARE schema was based were developed when monument inventories and museum catelogues were recorded on cards, and this legacy of analogue recording practices is evident. Today we can describe a digital heritage landscape - a wealth of digital information (both born digital and digitised) is available. Archaeological monuments and historic buildings are complex and dynamic objects. Recent events in Brazil show the vulnerability of historic buildings to fire. Most buildings and monuments have associations with various events and people. A wealth of digital information is becoming available for both the tangible and intangible aspects of these heritage assets.
In developing version 3 of the CARARE metadata schema, our aim has been both to increase the support for RDF and Linked Data resources and to make the schema more "developer-friendly". One of the main challenges for CARARE in aggregating metadata from institutions across Europe is increasing the support for multilingualism, which we're addressing by encouraging the use of AAT and mapping vocabularies to AAT. We are currently pilot testing the schema against a set of use cases, in an implementation of semantic Omeka and in the future will look at the implementation of CARARE 3 in HBIM.