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Assessing livelihood development impact against community welfare of peat dependent community

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Presented by Siti Hamidah, a lecturer at Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia, at Webinar "A Synthesis and Way Forward", 17 December 2020.

This presentation emphasized the economic security, infrastructure, economic well-being, industry, and dependency as proposed criteria of the economy aspects for peatland monitoring. Speaker also explained some of indices that can be used to analyze the success or failures of peatland restoration.

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Assessing livelihood development impact against community welfare of peat dependent community

  1. 1. Assesing livelihood development impact againts community welfare of peat-dependent community (Session #2b) Siti Hamidah Lambung Mangkurat University
  2. 2. Peatland Peatland boundaries Human well- being Restoration Monitoring / Sustainability of Peatlands Policy goals BRG (Perpres No 1 Tahun 2016) SDGS ETC Socio-ecologycal system Governance & Policy The Framework (on the left side is the transdisciplinary content that it intends to include in the assessment, on the right side is the policy goal that it is based on
  3. 3. •Societal benefits •Demographycs •Social well being •Identity •Ketahanan sosial •Organization •Law & Justice •Representation & Power •Legitimaty & Accountability •Peatland management •groundwater level •Ecosystem function •Global Environment Change •Security •Infrastructure •Economic well-being •Industry •Dependencyy Economics Environment & Ecology Social & Cultural Governance & Policy 4 ASPECTS of RESTORATION MONITORING
  4. 4. Domai n Indicators set consulted Kategoriy/ Sub-Kategory Sugested Indicators Ekono my World Development Indicators SDG indicators [ Ferrol-Schulte et al. Indicators Guidelines SUSTAIN indicator set Social Progress Index OECD (Organization for Economic Coopera- tion & Development) 1. SEcurity livelihood • Percentage of yearly livelihoods • Percentage of seasonal livelihoods • Access to credit, savings, and insurance • Dependency on peatlandsl services • • Access to social security Gender • Percentage of women employed Employe patern • Unemployment (by gender) • Vulnerable employment • Seasonal employment 2. Infrastructure Energy supply • Share of energy generated from renewable sources • • Percentage of population with access to energy Transport • Percentage of passenger km using something other than private car • Percentage of goods transported through ports and by expedition Accsess • Existence of ports, airports, and bus stations • Existence of roads, waterways, and channels • Existence of walking paths Inspired by :CCS (Circles of Coastal Sustainability_
  5. 5. Domai n Indicators set consulted Kategoriy/ Sub-Kategory Sugested Indicators Ekono my World Development Indicators SDG indicators [ Ferrol-Schulte et al. Indicators Guidelines SUSTAIN indicator set Social Progress Index OECD (Organization for Economic Coopera- tion & Development) 3. Economic well-being Equality/Income/Housing • Gini index • Household prosperity • Availability of affordable housing 4. Industry Renewable (non-extractive) • Number of economic activities • Revenue per sector Extractive • Number of economic activities • Revenue per sector Inspired by :CCS (Circles of Coastal Sustainability_
  6. 6. My Idea for Economic aspects 1. Aspects of income / income • a. How much (Rp) the community (head of household) earns per month from the results of a wetland-based business • b. What (%) of the income from the income per month comes from wetland-based businesses (farming, gardening, fishing, selling, producing everything that comes from or is done in the wetland area) • c. etc 2. Livelihoods / work aspects • a. What is the number of residents whose main work is from wetland- based enterprises • b. What (%) of the total community depend on wetland-based businesses • c. How many workers for each business (how many employees?) • d. How many SMEs depend on products or materials that come from wetlands? • e. etc
  7. 7. 3. Product Aspects • a. How many products are produced by the community around the peat area based on wetlands • b. Are these products considered as main or by products / can be substituted for other products? • c. Are these products considered to be able to support food & health needs or other purposes ??? • d. Is the technology in the manufacturing process controlled by the community? Is it easy, or is it difficult? • e. Is the marketing aspect easy or difficult? Marketing reach? (local, national, international? • f. What is the potential (quantity) or capacity that can be produced per month? How much is the turnover per month ??? • g. Has the product been certified and standardized? How many have been certified? Which is standardized ??? • h. etc 4. Research & Innovation Aspects • a. How many products are produced based on research? • b. What is the innovation rate for the product? • c. etc 5. Industrial Aspects • a. How many small, medium & large industries depend on raw materials from wetlands • b. How many small, medium & large industries produce products from wetlands • c. How many side industries also depend on industries from wetlands • d. Etc •
  8. 8. Alternatif to indexing methode : inspired by IDM (Indeks Desa Membangun) • A scoring system on a scale from 1 to 5 • the higher the score reflects the level of meaning • Each indicator score is grouped into variables, so that generate variable scores. • Total score of variable formulated into an index: • The index of each variable into a Composite Index called Building Village Index (IDM).
  9. 9. Alternatif to indexing methode : inspired by KATSINOVMETER (innovation level measuring instrument • :
  10. 10. Alternatif to indexing methode : inspired by CCS Framework (Circles of Coastal Sustainability) • A scoring system on a scale from 1 to 5 was used to rate sustainability levels for each indicator set in each category. Color labels fill the diagram to signal performance relative to others: Blue for ‘excellent’, green for ‘good’, yellow for ‘satisfactory’, orange for ‘poor, and red for ‘bad’, according to the rating • The bull’s eye orientation (proximity to the center of the target represents proximity to thesustainability goal); In the proposed framework, the further the distance from the circle, the higher “unsustainability” scores are attributed

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