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Local institution and social cohesiveness for safeguarding peatlands

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Presented by Yuti Ariani, Postdoctoral Researcher, Nanyang Technological University, at Webinar "A Synthesis and Way Forward", 17 December 2020.

The speaker proposed 3 criteria from the social aspect for monitoring and assessing peatland restoration, i.e. preliminary rural appraisal, program selection criteria, and transition criteria. Speaker also emphasized that policy, social programs, and continuous support related to peatland restoration must be beneficial for the community such as resolving the land tenure conflicts.

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
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Local institution and social cohesiveness for safeguarding peatlands

  1. 1. Local institution and social cohesiveness for safeguarding peatlands (Session 2C) Yuti Ariani Fatimah (yuti.ariani@ntu.edu.sg)
  2. 2. Pollution haze Plantation productivity + + Fire + Drought - - Small holder income Profit Cost + - Land clearing through burning No burning policy - - Fertilizing effect of burning + + Land clearing through manual weeding + + The no burning policy reduced maze plantation from 200 ha to 60 ha (Hartmann 2t al., 2018)
  3. 3. C & I in Monitoring and Assessing Peatland Restoration • Preliminary Rural Appraisal • Access to land • Conflict mapping • Type of conflict • Involved and dominant actors (including presence of pajak or ijon system) • Socio-economic indicators • Number of people who work as farmers • Agriculture land, non-agriculture land (in hectares) • Program Selection Criteria • Rewetting • Identifying how the villagers use canals -> canal block design • Inclusiveness (actors, location) • Revegetation (how to select suitable species) • Ecology (drainage, emissions) • Social (acceptance, complexity to move to new crops) • Economy (NPV, market availability) • Revitalization • Societal change (no burning activities, sustainable livelihood) • Alternative livelihood
  4. 4. C & I in Monitoring and Assessing Peatland Restoration • Transition Criteria • Shielding • Type of protection given to support peatland restoration (funding, political support) • Nurturing • Institutionalization process (heterogeneity of involved actors, local funding, local regulation) • Empowering • Sustainability of the restoration projects • Continuous funding support • Market system

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