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Presented by Moira Moeliono, CIFOR Senior Associate, at Webinar "A Synthesis and Way Forward", 17 December 2020.
In this session, the speaker explained how social connection plays an important role in interventions for peatland restoration. Speaker also explained that social network analysis can be useful as a part of the peatland restoration monitoring tool to understand how information flows and how the decision-making process in the community take place.
Social connections for successful restoration interventions
Social connections for successful
Moira Moeliono, Indah Waty
and Bimo Dwisatrio
• Even seemingly remote rural households and
communities are embedded in multiple social
networks that link people, institutions and places.
• Rural communities and related governance systems are
highly diverse: formal and informal elements –
dominance and relevance – conflict and cooperation
Rural communities are not static- new developments- conflict-
cooperation new opportunities
Source: Euromontana, 2019
In this context peatland restoration need to include education
and information dissemination:
• Only depending or focussing on formal institutions might
result in marginalization within communities
• Only depending or focussing on informal institutions risk
losing the support of the village leaders/elite
• To convey information and promote equal access to
participation, both informal and formal channels of
communication need to be considered
• Measuring progress
• Identifying errors
• Adjusting program
From the perspective on social connections and applying SNA
Information exchange networks
• Density :Number of ties, expressed as proportion of the number of ordered/unordered pairs.
When density is close to 1.0, the network is said to be dense, otherwise it is sparse.
• Degree Centrality :Number of ties a node has to other nodes. A node is central when it has a
higher number of ties adjacent to it; A high degree means a well-connected individual or
community; a low degree could lead to exclusion and marginalization from the wider
• Betweenness : Number of times a specific node is part of a shortest path between all other
pairs of nodes; A node is central the more times it occurs.)
• Closeness: Reciprocal measure of the geodesic distance (the shortest path connecting two
nodes) of a node to all other nodes in the network. A node is “close” if it is located a short
distance away from many other nodes (i.e., physically proximate). The greater the distance to
other nodes, the less chance of receiving information and/or resources in a timely way