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MT58 High performance graphics for VDI: A technical discussion

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Hyper-converged infrastructure appliances can enable high end virtualized graphics for all of your users. With proper planning and configuring, the VxRail and Virtual SAN Ready Nodes with Horizon and GPU technology from NVIDIA provide enhanced user experiences. Even the most demanding CAD/CAM “power users” can realize multiple benefits from a virtualized desktop experience. Wyse endpoints complete the end-to-end environment with improved security and rich, rewarding user experiences. Learn best practices, planning, configuration and deployment recommendations to avoid implementation trials and tribulations in this technical session.

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MT58 High performance graphics for VDI: A technical discussion

  1. 1. Achieving enhanced client virtualization graphics on hyper- converged infrastructures A Technical Discussion Gus Chavira Alliance Director and Chief Architect for VMware Solutions Carlos Isturiz Sr. Business Development Manager - NVIDIA Session MT58
  2. 2. 2 Why Dell with GPU and Hyper-convergence. • Largest set of options for Hyper-convergence and GPU Dell XC730-B7 with K2/M60 Dell VSAN FI R730 with K2/M60/M10* Dell VSAN R730 with K2/M60/M10* Dell R730 with K2/M60/M10* Dell Precision Appliance for Wyse 2.0 R730 with K2/M60/M10* • ISV Cert programs with major vendors • Dell Pro Support and OEM VMware Software • Fully engineered and RA supported platforms for full end to end solutions. • Full partnership with VMware and NVIDIA to build best of breed solutions. * M10 card available as customer install kit. Factory install coming in a few months.
  3. 3. 3 Real challenges most organizations face… Valuable IP resides on every tower or mobile workstation Each workstation and workspace needs to be individually managed Scaling up or scaling down is inefficient and burdensome Limited mobility and poor workflow as data needs to be shipped back & forth
  4. 4. 4 Why centralize and virtualize workstation resources?  Valuable IP resides in the data center and not at the endpoints  User workspaces can be managed centrally freeing up valuable IT resources  New users can be added or removed easily, and infrastructure resources can be used more efficiently  Mobility is enhanced since applications and data are centralized and can be accessed via a variety of endpoints  Software deployment to virtual workspaces much easier to manage
  5. 5. 6 Why Hyper-converged for Graphics? • Built on standard x86 servers on proven VSAN technology (Lower Risk; more choice) • Distributed, scale-out architecture (Simplified deployment) • Enterprise-level availability, scalability and performance (build in predicable way) • Managed with familiar VMware tools (Easy to administrate) • VSAN functionality included with Horizon Advanced and Enterprise bundles. • Purchase a compute node at a time for storage/compute/memory. (JIT deployment model) • Graphics consolidation in the datacenter in very dense footprint. • Supports a “graphics for all” consideration. Mainstream graphics: MS Office animations, video, etc.
  6. 6. 7 Not all Hyper-converged platforms are equal. • Dell Hyper-convergence supports a wide variety of servers but due to GPU needs only R730 based nodes work for NVIDIA graphics • NVIDIA K1, K2, M60, and M10 are double wide cards that require power harness’ and slots that the R730 provides. • 1100W power supplies required to push the power requirements of two double wide GPU cards. • Thermals are managed and spec'd properly on R730 nodes • CPU maximums are enforced on GPU (130W PROC max) • R730s tested with VSAN. • R630 1U server cannot handle double wide full height GPU cards • R730XD with capability to handle 24 drives thermally cannot qualify to handle GPU cards
  7. 7. 8 What’s on the truck for Hyper-converged with NVIDIA GPUs and Horizon. PowerEdge R730 VSAN Node Users per Appliance 4-32 (vGPU 2 with M60) Hypervisor VMware ESXi 6 Desktop Virtualization Broker VMware Horizon 7 CUDA Support Yes (select vGPU profiles) User OS Windows or 64-bit Linux Graphics Architecture NVIDIA GRID vGPU Graphics Cards (2) NVIDIA M60 or coming soon (2) NVIDIA M10 Protocol Support PCoIP or BLAST Endpoints Recommended Zero Clients: Dell Wyse 5030 zero client or Dell Wyse 7030 zero client AIO: Dell Wyse 5212 AIO Thin Clients: Dell Wyse 5010 or Dell Wyse 7040 thin client Maximum Display Resolutions 3 @ 2560x1600, 1 @ 4K (3840x2160)
  8. 8. 9 Hardware Specs PowerEdge R730 VSAN Node for Horizon CPU Options (with NVIDIA GPU) (2) Intel Xeon E5-2698 v4 (20C, 2.2 GHz, 50M, 135W) (2) Intel Xeon E5-2667 v4 (8C, 3.2GHz, 25M, 135W) Memory 128GB – 512GB DDR4 RAM Graphics Cards (2) NVIDIA M60 Storage 4 Node VSAN (23.04TB/Node for AF or 16.8TB/Node for HY; RAW); 2 disk groups AF-8: PERC HBA330 - 2 x 800GB SSD Cache Tier --- 12 x 1.92TB SSD Capacity Tier HY-8: PERC H730 - 2 x 400GB SSD Cache Tier --- 14 x 1.2TB SAS Capacity Tier Network Embedded 2 x Intel X520 DP 10Gb DA/SFP+ Embedded 2 x Intel I350 DP 1Gb Ethernet Intel X520 DP 2 x 10Gb DA/SFP+ Server Adapter, LP Remote management iDRAC8 Enterprise Power 2 x 1100W PSUs Hypervisor VMware vSphere on internal 16GB Dual SD
  9. 9. 10 Dell VXRAIL with GPU • Announcing this week at Dell EMC World! • Same strong plug-in Appliance format as previous VCE appliance but built on Dell PowerEdge awarding winning hardware platform • Optimized for VSAN, Horizon, and vGPU with built in management • QoS eliminates noisy neighbors in multi-workload environments • Protect and migrate applications with Recover Point for VMs • R730 based platform alignment for GPU use. • Previous VMware VSAN R730 engineering applicability to Dell VXRAIL
  10. 10. 11 Non Hyper-converged option Dell Precision Appliance for Wyse Precision Rack 7910 Based PowerEdge R730 Based Compute Platform • Dell Precision Rack 7910 • Dell PowerEdge R730 CPU Options • (2) Intel Xeon E5-2643 v3 (6C, 3.4 GHz, 20M, 135W) • (2) Intel Xeon E5-2687W v3 (10C, 3.1GHz, 25M, 160W) • (2) Intel Xeon E5-2680 v3 (12C, 2.5 GHz, 30M, 120W) • (2) Intel Xeon E5-2698 v4 (20C, 2.2 GHz, 50M, 135W) • (2) Intel Xeon E5-2667 v4 (8C, 3.2GHz, 25M, 135W) Memory Options • 128 GB – 512 GB DDR4 • 128 GB – 512 GB DDR4 Graphics Cards • (2) NVIDIA GRID K2A • (2) NVIDIA Tesla M60 Storage Options • (4 or 8) 1.2TB HDD@10K RAID 10 • (4 or 8) 400GB SSD SLC RAID 10 • Various SSD and HDD 15k • Default of 4 x 800GB SSD External Storage Options (Optional) • ATTO 16Gb Fibre Channel Card • Emulex LightPulse LPE1200x FC8 HBA • QLogic QLE2562 FC8 Dual Channel HBA • Options available • 10GB connectivity if iSCSI Network • (1) Quad Port Intel X540 NDC (2x 10GbE, 2x 1GbE) • (1) Quad Port Intel X520 NDC (2x 10GbE, 2x 1GbE)
  11. 11. 12 Deploy quickly with the Quick Start Tool • GUI-based tool that customers will download and run • Step by step process that reduces complexity of deployment and speeds up time to deploy • 3 Steps to Configure: – Host Connection – Host Graphics Configuration – Host Configuration • Deploy in a few hours rather than days or weeks See a demo of the tool at:
  12. 12. 13 Graphics protocols • Dell supports customer choice and flexibility. BLAST EXTREME or PCoIP. • Dell Wyse Thin Client support for either. • VMware Horizon has feature parity for both protocols. • Generally BLAST has reduced network traffic and ability to run in UDP or TCP (helpful for WAN), and better CPU utilization when used with NVIDIA GPU cards such as M60 (hardware coding offload) • PCoIP is industry proven, better CPU utilization without GPU cards, high frame rate performance with Dell Wyse Zero clients.
  13. 13. 14 Troubleshooting vGPU • Ensure guest driver is matched with the host driver (ESX vGPU VIB driver). In other words from same zip file that includes host and ESX drivers. • Ensure SSH is running on ESX host for future troubleshooting. • On ESX command line: esxcli software vib list | grep –i nvidia to find out vGPU VIB version • On guest VM: NVIDIA GRID driver in Device Manager right-click and choose Properties-> Driver. Driver version is the last 5 digits to find out client driver • Verify host properly detects GPU cards: ESX cmd line: nvidia-smi (if VMs are provisioned and bound to GPU card they show up at bottom) nvidia-smi –q > nvidiasmicaputure.txt (shows more detail like host driver version, vBIOS firmware, etc from GPU cards) • Can’t start a vGPU VM: Verify power cables (all pins) are connected to the GRID cards. Enough power exists through Server PCI bus that Dell QST sees the cards and configures things but not enough power to run/start the VMs • Guest driver doesn’t properly load. Ensure matched drivers. In addition, ensure Virtual Machine HW version is upgraded or at to version 11 (VM must be powered down to update to version 11; very quick change)
  14. 14. 15 Reinstall the NVIDIA host driver or update it • First you must put host in maintenance mode. From vSphere client right-click on VM and choose “Enter Maintenance Mode” • Run command to get full VIB name (which is first part of returned info) : esxcli software vib list | grep –i nvidia • Now remove VIB: esxcli software vib remove --vibname=NVIDIA-vgx-VMware_ESXi_6.0_Host_Driver • Now you can install either the same version or a newer version (remember to match the guest drivers) with: esxcli software vib install –v /full_path_to_vib/nvidia_vib_filename
  15. 15. 16 Guest NVIDIA driver doesn’t start after VM reset (but works during a shutdown then startup) • On each VM this occurs there is a simple fix. Simply power down VM in vSphere client. • Right-click on VM and choose to upgrade machine HW version (from 10 to 11). • Verify HW version is now 11 by going to VM. Right-click and choose Edit settings. At top right- hand corner note version. • Start up VM and .vmx file will automatically get updated to fix issue. • Alternatively you can manually edit the .vmx file for the VM and change the parameter of “VirtualHW.version = “10” to “11”. Save the change on powered off VM and restart VM. This will update the HW version
  16. 16. 17 Helpful docs and info • VSAN calculator: • Dell VSAN RA (includes GPU, VXRail, AF): • EMC VCE VXRAIL (not Dell VXRAIL) RA: documentation/h15303-vxrail-euc-view-sg.pdf?cmp=soc-cor-glbl-us-sprinklr-TWITTER-- EMCpartners-554666941 • Dell Horizon RA:
  17. 17. NVIDIA – Carlos Isturiz Sr. Business Dev. Manager
  18. 18. 19 Every Enterprise Adopting GPU-Servers For high performance computing, deep learning, data analytics, remote workstations and now VDI and application virtualization
  19. 19. 20 DESIGNER 25M POWER USER 200M TASK WORKER 100M KNOWLEDGE WORKER 400M Source: Gartner & NVIDIA 2012 Research Graphics intensive applications define addressable market for application and client virtualization
  20. 20. 21 Graphics are required for more workloads Today’s employees need access to a great user experience at all levels Number of applications that require graphics doubled since 2011 2x 56% Over half of enterprise users access at least one graphics accelerated app 50% Majority of enterprises will have started Win10 deployments by Jan 2017
  21. 21. 22 Graphics virtualization provides additional benefits to both user and IT Simplified supportCentralized management Data security ITbenefits Increased performance Improved productivityMobility and flexibility UserbenefitsDeliver value across the enterprise
  22. 22. 23 Tesla lineup for GRID The most powerful data center GPUs targeted at graphics virtualization
  23. 23. 24 NVIDIA GRID products
  24. 24. 25 Value added through software updates 2015 2016 2017-Future Features/Functionality User Experience 2X Performance Linux Desktops Scalability 16:1 vGPU User Experience Protocol Acceleration 4K display ubiquitous Scalability Protocol Acceleration Virtual Apps Edition Management & Monitoring Health Monitoring User Experience CUDA/OGL/DX enhancements Scalability >16:1 vGPU Management & Monitoring Provisioning & Mgmt Migration & DRS Cloud Service Provider CSP Licensing vGPU in CSP Hypervisors THIS INFORMATION IS INTENDED TO OUTLINE OUR GENERAL PRODUCT DIRECTION. MANY OF THE PRODUCTS AND FEATURES DESCRIBED HEREIN REMAIN IN VARIOUS STAGES AND WILL BE OFFERED ON A WHEN-AND-IF-AVAILABLE BASIS. THIS ROADMAP DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A COMMITMENT, PROMISE, OR LEGAL OBLIGATION AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE AT THE SOLE DISCRETION OF NVIDIA. Ongoing innovation through software
  25. 25. 26 Software licensing options
  26. 26. 27 SUMS Support, Updates, and Maintenance Subscription
  27. 27. 28 Example of price per concurrent VM GRID K1 GRID K2 Tesla M10 Tesla M60 FirePro S7150 PowerEdge R730 price w/ 2 GPUs $27,972 $29,588 $26,520 $33,972 $29,772 Max Number of Users per Server 64 32 128 64 64 vPC Perpetual CCU Price $62 $62 vPC SUMS CCU 1 Yr Price $22 $22 Total SW Licensing Price $10,752 $5,376 Per Concurrent User Price $437 $925 $291 $615 $465 From actual Dell quote for Higher Education Customer seeking maximum user density
  28. 28. 29 • Dell PowerEdge R730 • Dell PowerEdge C4130 • Dell PowerEdge T630 • Dell PowerEdge VRTX • Dell Precision Rack 7910 • Dell Precision VDI Appliance for WYSE • Dell XC Web-scale Converged Appliance • Amulet Hotkey’s Dell M630 Blade Dell delivers the broadest range of hosts for NVIDIA GRID
  29. 29. 30 Instant access to NVIDIA GRID on VMware vSphere and Horizon Pre-installed apps such as AutoCAD, SolidWorks, ArcGIS, NX, etc. HTML demos and HD videos Test drive NVIDIA GRID today
  30. 30. 31 VIRTUALIZATION FOR ANY WORKLOAD NVIDIA GRID delivers the right level of performance for any use case
  31. 31. Wyse thin and zero clients for ultimate endpoint performance and security
  32. 32. 33 Meet the Wyse client family 7000 Series Clients High Performance & Versatility For power users who demand the best performance and connectivity with a wide range of peripherals. 5000 Series Clients Mainstream Performance For knowledge workers and power users with demanding virtual desktop applications. 3000 Series Clients Value & Flexibility For task workers and knowledge workers running a broad variety of business applications.
  33. 33. 34 Recommended Dell Wyse thin clients Powerful, secure, easy to manage end points designed for high-end graphics 5000 series Mainstream Wyse 5000 series zero client for Citrix • Ultra-secure with high performance • Outstanding graphics rendering capability Wyse 5030, 7030, and 5050 AIO PCoIP zero clients • Excellent PCoIP performance for any use case • Desktop or AIO form factors to choose from 7000 series Highest performance Wyse 7000 series thin clients • Top-performing thin clients for Citrix, Microsoft, or VMware environments • Virus-resistant Wyse ThinOS, Wyse ThinLinux, or Windows Embedded with Advanced Thread Protection (ATP)
  34. 34. • ThinOS and zero client endpoints are virus resistant with no attack surface. • Advanced multi-factor authentication with contactless smart cards. • Ability to lock down device protects against data theft and introduction of malware to the network. • Support for rigorous government security compliance standards: FIPS 140-2, IPv6, NIST BIOS, and TPM Ultimate end-point security. Product shown is the Wyse 3030 thin client
  35. 35. 36 Dell Data Protection end-to-end security Integrated data security solutions stopping 99% cyber attacks* DDP | Endpoint Security Suite Enterprise For virtual and physical Windows desktops • Full suite: – Advanced threat prevention – Hardened authentication – Data-centric encryption • For Windows-based systems: – Physical PCs (Dell & non-Dell) – Persistent virtual desktops (VMs) • Also protects against BIOS attacks on select Dell PCs DDP | Advanced Threat Defense For WES thin clients • Traditional thin client protection – Microsoft security patches – Windows Defender – Windows Firewall – Write Filter On-premise management console • Single product: Advanced threat prevention • For systems: – WES thin clients – Physical PCs – Mac OS X systems – Windows server Cloud based management console
  36. 36. Let’s talk See demos at the Dell World Expo • Mood sensing • Continuous Authentication • High-velocity cloud Read the Dell Technology Outlook 2015 Engage with our subject matter experts to learn more