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Nouvelles du front developing a global picture of glam open access

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Presentation to the conference 'De nouvelles démocraties du savoir?' conference at the Institut national d’histoire de l’art, Paris on 23 October 2018.

I share insights into open access policies in GLAMs (Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums) around the world, based on a research project I co-lead with Andrea Wallace, Lecturer in Law at the University of Exeter. This ongoing survey examines how GLAMS make their data, and images of out-of-copyright objects, available for re-use. The information is being crowdsourced by culture professionals and is intended to become a useful resource on open access policy in the culture sector.

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Nouvelles du front developing a global picture of glam open access

  1. 1. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy Institut national d’histoire de l’art, Paris 23 October 2018
  2. 2. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Agenda ● About the survey ● Definition of open access ● Scope, method & structure ● Visualisations and insights ● Next steps
  3. 3. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY The Open GLAM survey examines how GLAMs make open access data – whether digital objects, metadata or text – available for re-use. ● Informal and crowd sourced initiative ● Started in March 2018 ● On-going and growing: 30 GLAMs in March 2018 358 in October 2018
  4. 4. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Survey authors @CultureDoug@AndeeWallace
  5. 5. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Why we started the survey ● Information gap ○ Lack of up-to-date information on this topic ○ No ‘shared place’ to see/add relevant data ○ Perceived European & North American bias in the field; strong desire to see a global picture ● To develop a resource for ○ People who want to find & use open content or data ○ GLAMs exploring open access data & policy
  6. 6. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Definition of open access ‘Open means anyone can freely access, use, modify, and share for any purpose.’ (The Open Definition)
  7. 7. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Conformant licences & rights statements ● Public Domain Mark ● CC0 ● CC BY ● CC BY-SA ● No Known Copyright and equivalents
  8. 8. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Scope ● The survey covers data that GLAMs make available on their websites and/or external platforms such as Github, Europeana, German Digital Library or Wikimedia Commons ● The survey only covers digital surrogates of objects in the public domain, where any term of copyright for the material object has expired – or never existed in the first place ● Only open access data is eligible (no NC or ND licences)
  9. 9. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Method ● Survey data is published in a ‘comment only’ Google Sheet: http://bit.ly/OpenGLAMsurvey ● Anyone can suggest survey additions/amendments in the Sheet directly, or contact Andrea or Douglas on Twitter ● We gather information by outreach to GLAMs, Wikipedians, cultural bodies and interested people around the world
  10. 10. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Survey structure
  11. 11. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Survey structure
  12. 12. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Survey structure
  13. 13. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Open GLAM by country: global
  14. 14. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Open GLAM by country: regional
  15. 15. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Open access scope
  16. 16. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Licence types in use
  17. 17. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Some survey stats Of the 358 GLAMs in the survey today: 286 have a stated licence for metadata 64 lack a Wikidata entity 42 have Githubs 201 have data accessible via Europeana & 16 DDB APIs
  18. 18. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Policy vs practice ● The survey’s ‘Online Policy’ field links to the most relevant rights policy and terms of use information that GLAMs provide on their websites (when available), BUT - these pages are often generic and lack detail - GLAM policy statements are often conflicting, subject to change and do not expressly disclaim copyright
  19. 19. https://medium.com/berkman-klein-center/communicating-use-and-reuse-in-the-digital- collection-interface-434d970c4d38 Recommended reading on this topic Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY
  20. 20. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY What’s next? Continue growing survey by global outreach
  21. 21. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY What’s next? Model and map survey data to Wikidata
  22. 22. Nouvelles du front: developing a global picture of GLAM open access Douglas McCarthy, CC BY Want to get involved? Join the survey at bit.ly/OpenGLAMsurvey Contact us directly: @AndeeWallace @CultureDoug John Jennings Esq., his brother-in-law and his wife, 1769 Alexander Roslin Nationalmuseum, Public Domain

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