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Al Quran (Chapter 73): Surah Al Muzzammil [The Enwrapped One]

1. Highlights: a) Main Topics, b) Listening: Recitation &
Translation, c) Elucidation
2. Structure: a) Meaning b) Statistics c) Reading
3. Message: Introduces the Central Theme of the Surah
4. References: Internet Sources
5. Quiz: Test the Knowledge About the Surah
Thank you.

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Al Quran (Chapter 73): Surah Al Muzzammil [The Enwrapped One]

  1. 1. Surah Learning Outlines: HIGHLIGHTS STRUCTURE MESSAGE REFERENCES QUIZ 23rd Ramadan, 1441 (16th May, 2020) Al Quran Total Surah 114 Total Makkiyah 86 (75.4%) Total Madniyah 28 (24.6%) Al Quran (Chapter 73): Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Dr. Jameel G. JargarAl Quran Learning 1
  2. 2. Name taken from Verse 1 where there is a mention of the word ”Al-Muzzammil”. But It does not mean that this name is the actual topic discussed in the whole Surah. While there are diversified topics discussed in it. 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Highlights Main Topics 2 Allah (‫)ﷻ‬ Orders Muhammad (‫)ﷺ‬ to be Ready for the Future Assignment and Recite/Work on Quran More in the Night, in the end of Surah Seeing his Hardship Allah (‫)ﷻ‬ eases prophet Muhammad (‫)ﷺ‬ that don’t Labour himself much. Ref.: 1
  3. 3. Translation in Urdu Click Here (Duration 00:07:06) Translation in English Click Here (Duration 00:05:30) Qira'at by Sheikh Saud Al-Shuraim Click Here (Duration 00:02:50) 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Highlights Listening https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_I9U9o0fXmo&li st=PL081466B83241D2C5&index=73 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfU16Q4efhY&list=PLLBKMWWGdN UUTsEawCNnEPkHAoZfsVn9N&index=70 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l_B8SsVmQ68&list=PL0QogTHgGH MXdN8Z_0HFoDfpSLQYFNaiZ&index=73 3
  4. 4. 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Highlights Elucidation Tafsir in Urdu by Ibn e Kaseer Click Here (Duration 00:36:40) Surah Quiz See Slides 11-12 Surah Al-Muzzammil v. 73:8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swRJTKqxJuU&list=PLtbtLwUBNoY ASZApedqcPhToOuE1XNNhW&index=94 4
  5. 5. 1 Name ‫المزمل‬ (Al Muzzammil) 2 English Meaning The Enwrapped One 3 Urdu Meaning ‫لپیٹا‬ ‫میں‬ ‫چادر‬ (Chaadar mein lipata hua) 4 Origin, Year Makkah, 11-6 BH* [Before Hijri] (610-615 AD) *After Hijri (AH) begins counting from 622 AD , the year Prophet Muhammad (‫)ﷺ‬ and his followers migrated from Makkah to Yathrib ( Madinah) . This Surah was revealed in Makkah most probably during the early days of Muhammad (‫’)ﷺ‬s proclamation of his prophethood. But Many commentators believe that the last verse 20 was revealed in Madinah. For Explanation see Pg.24 5 Asbāb al-Nuzūl (Context) The Surahs from 67-114 are all Makkiyah Surahs except Surah 110 (Surah al-Nasr). These Surahs is on faith and Allah (‫')ﷻ‬s message that has come through His last Prophet Muhammad (‫.)ﷺ‬ Although these Surahs were revealed at the very beginning of the Prophet(‫')ﷺ‬s work in Makkah. These Surahs contain many prophecies, sometime plainly and sometime in a metaphorical language, about the success of the truth. Ref.: 1 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Structure Meaning Ref.: 2 5
  6. 6. 6 Ayat (verses) 20 Kalimat (words) 200 Huroof (letters) 854 Ref.: 1, 3 & pg. 20-22 Al Quran Total Ayat: 6236 Al Quran Total Kalimat: 77797 Al Quran Total Huroof: 330709 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Structure Statistics 6
  7. 7. 6 Ruku (sections) 2 i.e. 510th - 511th out of 558 Sajdah Tilawat (prostration) ---- Wahy order (revelation) 3rd 7 Hurooful Muqatta’at (secret letters) Ref.: 4, 5, 6 & pg. 23 Ref.: 8 Ref.: 7 Al Quran Total Muqattat: 29 Al Quran Total Ruku: 558 Al Quran Total Sajdah: 14 Ref.: 9 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Structure Statistics Al Quran Total Surah: 114 Previous (in surah 53) Next (in surah 84) 7 1 Surah 2 2 Surah 3 3 Surah 7 4 Surah 10 5 Surah 11 6 Surah 12 7 Surah 13 8 Surah 14 9 Surah 15 10 Surah 19 11 Surah 20 12 Surah 26 13 Surah 27 14 Surah 28 15 Surah 29 16 Surah 30 17 Surah 31 18 Surah 32 19 Surah 36 20 Surah 38 21 Surah 40 22 Surah 41 23 Surah 42 24 Surah 43 25 Surah 44 26 Surah 45 27 Surah 46 28 Surah 50 29 Surah 68
  8. 8. 8 Manzil (Portion) / 7 7th (includes 65 chapters from Surah 50 to 114) i.e. 7 / 7 9 Juz (Part) / 30 29th [Tabāraka ’lladhī] ( 67:1-30 & 68:1-52 & 69:1-52 & 70:1-44 & 71:1-28 & 72:1-28 & 73:1-20 & 74:1-56 & 75:1-40 & 76:1-31 & 77:1-50) i.e. 29 / 30 10 Hizb (Group) / 60 58th (72:1-28 & 73:1-20 & 74:1-56 & 75:1-40 & 76:1-31 & 77:1-50) i.e. 58 / 60 Answer: Please follow mentioned Manzil, Juz and Hizb respectively.Question: How to Read Al Quran in 7, 30 and 60 days? 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Structure Reading English Text Click Here Arabic Text Click Here Hindi Text Click Herehttps://hindiquran.in/surah-al-muzzammil-73/ http://sahih- bukhari.com/Pages/Quran/Quran_english_arabic_transliterat ion.php?id=73 https://www.equraninstitute.com/quranreading/073_muzam mil_577_578.htm 8
  9. 9.  The Surah emphasized prayers and the reading of the Qur'an in prayers.  It tells the Prophet Muhammad (‫)ﷺ‬ and all those who stand to preach the message of Allah (‫)ﷻ‬ to take their strength from the word of Allah (‫)ﷻ‬.  Read the Qur'an and spend your wealth in the path of Allah (‫)ﷻ‬. Ref.: 2 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Message 9
  10. 10. Learning One Ayat of Al Quran & Implementing in your Life is Better than Praying 100 Rakats (Nawaafil) of Salaat. (Ibn Majah,Chapter 16, Hadith 219) Click Here To Watch and Listen: Surah Qira’at, Tafsir and TranslationClick Here Click Here Click Here Al Quran: Cover Image 1. To the best of my knowledge, used articles/images/websites are mentioned/cited throughout this discussion. 2. If you find any copyrighted material, please email me (Email: jameeljargar@yahoo.com) so that I secure permission to make it available or to remove. 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Internet Sources References ©Copyright: Click Here Islam Fact Check Click HereClick Here Click Here Click Here Click Here Click Here Bismillah ir Rahman ir Rahim Image Click Here Click Here Click Here 10 Makkah Image Click Here
  11. 11. ALLAH (‫)ﷻ‬ Wants From Us is Progress Not Perfection , so Keep Learning Al Quran Focus on Improvement, Don’t Stick to Strict Rules and Discipline 1. What will be sent down to the believers, as described in Surat Al-Muzzammil? Answer: A Weighty Word (ie. Laws, obligations). 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Quiz Ref.: STAND UP 4 ISLAM 'Innā Sanulqī `Alayka Qawlāan Thaqīlāan 11 2. What will happen to children, that are still alive on the earth, when the Day of Judgement starts? Answer: They will become grey headed. Then how, if ye disbelieve, will ye protect yourselves upon the day which will turn children grey, Fakayfa Tattaqūna 'In Kafartum Yawmāan Yaj`alu Al-Wildāna Shībāan Explanation: Surah 73:verse 17 Explanation: Surah 73:verse 5 For we shall charge thee with a word of weight.
  12. 12. ALLAH (‫)ﷻ‬ Wants From Us is Progress Not Perfection , so Keep Learning Al Quran Focus on Improvement, Don’t Stick to Strict Rules and Discipline 73. Surah Al-Muzzammil (‫)المزمل‬ Quiz Ref.: STAND UP 4 ISLAM 3. Describe two benefit of performing Tahhajjud prayers (night prayers)? Answer: It is most potent, and good for governing oneself, and good for understanding the Word of Allah. Explanation: Surah 73:verse 6 12 'Inna Nāshi'ata Al-Layli Hiya 'Ashaddu Waţ'āan Wa 'Aqwamu Qīlāan Lo! the vigil of the night is (a time) when impression is more keen and speech more certain.
  13. 13. Did you know? Ref: Secrets / Effects of Al Quran Learning/Listening on Human Physiology 13 Surah 7 (Al Aaraf)
  14. 14. Did you know? Ref: Physiology/Secrets of the Heart 14 Surah 22 (Al Hajj)
  15. 15. Did you know? Purification Thoughts Heart Al Quran Learning Teach Us How To Think 15
  16. 16. The following verse refers to the creation of human beings from water: “It is He Who has Created man from water: Then has He established Relationships of lineage And marriage: for thy Lord Has power (over all things).” [Al-Qur’aan 25:54] Did you know? Ref The Qur'aan And Human Physiology (Body Fluids) 16 Surah 25 (Al Furqan)
  17. 17. Human Embyogenesis Al Quran References: Surah Al Muminun (23:12-14) Surah Az Zumar (39:6) Surah Nuh (71:14) The Qur’an mentions that human development passes through a number of distinct stages (Surah Az Zumar, 39:6 and Surah Nuh, 71:14). These stages are descriptive of the embryo’s external appearance and have been assigned the following names as we read in Surah Al-Mu’minoon, 23: 12-14. Ref: Embryology in the Qur’an Did you know? 17
  18. 18. It is the journey of creation which Allah, the Almighty, ordered us to contemplate at, to realize Allah's blessing bestowed upon us and what beautiful when the believer lives submissively, even for seconds, when he sees the power of Allah is reflected in the creation of the fetus in his mother's womb. All praises to you Allah! Who created us in the most beautiful, most magnificent and best form, and granted us your blessings, the apparent and the hidden. You are more knowing of us than ourselves; you have talked to us in your glorious book saying: “He knows you well when He created you from the earth, and when you were fetuses in your mothers’ wombs. So ascribe not purity to yourselves. He knows best him who fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him" Surah An-Najm [The Gathering], 53:32. Oh Allah, we shall neither ascribe purity to ourselves nor to anyone else, as you are more knowing of our doings and more knowing of what fits our situation, so prepare for us a knowledge that gives us benefit and makes us closer to you. Ref: Secrets of Quran Miracles Did you know? 18 Picture calling to praise Allah
  19. 19. DNA --- The genetic codeDNA is a macromolecule located at the nucleus of every cell of our body, it contains more than three thousands millions information! It also contains the systems needed for cell reproduction and the information that guarantee cellular health and body health in general. One of Allah’s secrets bestowed in DNA is that nobody can have DNA similar to another one, therefore it is considered as a perfect genetic fingerprint to identify any person and distinguish him form others.is it a coincidence? Allah Almighty says about Himself: (He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, and the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names){Sûrat Al-Hashr- The Gathering –verse 24} Surah Al-Hashr [The Gathering], 59: 24. Ref: Secrets of Quran Miracles Did you know? 19
  20. 20. Did you know? Explanation About Total number of Ayat (verses) in Al Quran (Click Here) Scholars have different opinions about the number of the Quranic verses. But this conflict is just about “numerating” the verses. Here are some points about the difference: a) Some scholars numerated the long sentences as 2 or 3 verses, while some others regarded them as 1 whole verse. b) Besides, Shafii scholars regarded “Bismillah r- Rahman-ir-Rahim” as a part of each sura and didn’t numerate them. But the Hanafi scholarsregarded each “Bismillah r- Rahman-ir-Rahim” as specific verses, so counted them. c) It’s the same about the hurooful muqattaa (some secret letters which are written in the beginning of some suras like ”Ya sin, ha mim”.) Some scholars numerated them as specific verses, while the others not. The number of the verses according to Scholars:  Ibn-i-Abbas (RA): 6616  Nafi (RA): 6217  Shayba (RA): 6214  Scholars of Egypt (RA): 6226 20
  21. 21.  Zamahshari (RA) (the genius Eloquence Scholar of the Arabic language and literature): 6666.  Bediuzzaman, mujaddid (the reformer) of the 13 century, also has the opinion of 6666 verses.  Ibn-i Huzeyme (one of the big imams) made the following explanations on “6666” issue while handling the “Quran’s miracle of number” topic of his book titled “An Nasih wa’l Mansuh”: 1) 1000 verses about Promising (wa’ad) 2) 1000 about Threat (wa’id) 3) 1000 Command (amr) verses 4) 1000 Forbiddance (nahy) verses 5) 1000 Information and Story verses 6) 1000 Warning and Example verses 7) 500 verses about Ruling 8) 100 verses about Invocation and Glorification 9) 66 “nasih and mansuh” ("the Abrogating and Abrogated") verses Totally there are 6666 verses in the Quran Consequently, the expression “Quran has 6666 verses.” is based on the mentioned points. Did you know? (1000+1000+1000+1000+1000+1000+500+100+66 = 6666) 21
  22. 22. Did you know? But Today, All Accepting the Opinion of Al Kufa that Al Quran Consist of 6236 verses. (6236 verses followed in the present discussion )  Total number of verses in Al Quran is 6236 with the “Bismillah r- Rahman-ir-Rahim” not included except for Surah Al Fatihah.  With “Bismillah r- Rahman-ir-Rahim” included the total number of Quranic Verses are 112 + 6236 = 6348. Scholars after the Prophet Muhammad (‫)ﷺ‬ have done additional division of the Qur’an (i.e. Manzil, Juz and Hizb) for the convenience of reading/memorization (recitation) of the whole Qur’an mentioned on page no. 8. 22
  23. 23. Did you know? Explanation About number of Ruku in Al Quran (Click Here)  There are 540 Ruku in Al Quran. (Click Here)  This subdivision is not part of original revelation but adopted later-on to facilitate completion of Al Quran on the 27th night of Ramadan (i.e. on Laylatul Qadr).  The Ruku of The Holy Quran was not to be found in the time of Nabi Muhammad (‫,)ﷺ‬ nor in the time of the Sahaaba (RA). Around 4 AH the Ulema of Bukhara, Russia divided the entire Quran into 540 Ruku for Taraaweeh purposes.  The Equation is as Follows:  When devising these Ruku the Ulema made sure that Ruku contained Ayat of the same topic and theme; because the Hafiz goes into Ruku after reciting it in one Raka'at of Taraaweeh Salaah.  After further study found that Al Quran has Actual 558 Ruku. (Click Here) (558 Ruku followed in the present discussion) 1 Ruku per Raka'at x 20 Raka'at = 20 Ruku per Night of Ramadan x 27 Nights of Ramadan = 540 Ruku 23
  24. 24. Dua ۖ ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫َّل‬‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ی‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ی‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫د‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬‫ِی‬‫ه‬‫ا‬ َ‫ْر‬‫ب‬ِ‫إ‬ ُ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫ی‬ ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ع‬‫ی‬ِ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ َ‫نت‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ُ‫م‬‫ی‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬-2:127 ("Our Lord, accept [this duty] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.”) Ameen The Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬) ) said, ُ‫ه‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫آن‬ ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫ْر‬‫ی‬َ‫خ‬ "The best among you are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it.“ Sahih Al-Bukhari: 5027, In-book reference: Book 66, Hadith 49 USC-MSA web (English)reference: Vol. 6, Book 61, Hadith 545 (deprecatednumberingscheme) 24 This Surah was revealed in Makkah most probably during the early days of prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬) )’s proclamation of his prophethood. But Many commentators believe that the last verse 20 was revealed in Madinah. There are three reasons for that: First, the verses 1-19 are short in length, and verse 20 is almost like a paragraph. This is a general trend in the Quran that the Makkiyah verses are much shorter than the Madniyah verses. Secondly, in it are the commands of fight of which there could be no question at Makkah where handfuls of Muslims were under severe persecution & third & Lastly in it is also the command of Zakat which was become obligatory after Hijrah to Madinah. Ref.: 1
  25. 25. Dua ۖ ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫َّل‬‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ی‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ی‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫د‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬‫ِی‬‫ه‬‫ا‬ َ‫ْر‬‫ب‬ِ‫إ‬ ُ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫ی‬ ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ع‬‫ی‬ِ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ َ‫نت‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ُ‫م‬‫ی‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬-2:127 ("Our Lord, accept [this duty] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.”) Ameen The Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬) ) said, ُ‫ه‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫آن‬ ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫ْر‬‫ی‬َ‫خ‬ "The best among you are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it.“ Sahih Al-Bukhari: 5027, In-book reference: Book 66, Hadith 49 USC-MSA web (English)reference: Vol. 6, Book 61, Hadith 545 (deprecatednumberingscheme) 25 In the first 11 verses, Prophet ‫ﷺ‬) ) was commanded to get ready for the heavy task and responsibility that Allah (‫)ﷻ‬ entrusted on him. He is commanded to recite and work on Quran almost half of the night and then in verse 20 there is a relaxation both for Prophet ‫ﷺ‬) ) & for believers that they may recite that much of Quran that is easy for them, but now they are instructed to establish prayer & Zakat. Which again shows that this verse might be revealed after much interval & now the situation of Muslims would have changed much that they could easily establish 5 times prayer in their community & Zakat aswell. Ref.: 1
  26. 26. Dua ۖ ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫َّل‬‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ی‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ی‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫د‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬‫ِی‬‫ه‬‫ا‬ َ‫ْر‬‫ب‬ِ‫إ‬ ُ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫ی‬ ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ع‬‫ی‬ِ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ َ‫نت‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ُ‫م‬‫ی‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬-2:127 ("Our Lord, accept [this duty] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.”) Ameen The Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬) ) said, ُ‫ه‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫آن‬ ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫ْر‬‫ی‬َ‫خ‬ "The best among you are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it.“ Sahih Al-Bukhari: 5027, In-book reference: Book 66, Hadith 49 USC-MSA web (English)reference: Vol. 6, Book 61, Hadith 545 (deprecatednumberingscheme) 26 Al-Muzzammil takes its name from the reference to prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬) ), in his cloak praying at night, in the opening verses of the chapter. Many commentators claim that “The Enfolded One” is a name for Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬) ), used throughout the Qur'an. - Sahl b. Abd Allāh al-Tustarī

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