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Launching activities on RBMPs in Georgia and Azerbaijan

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Launching activities on RBMPs in Georgia and Azerbaijan

  1. 1. Launching activities on participative River Basin Management Plans GE/AZ Workshop Tbilisi, June 5th 2018 European Union Water Initiative plus for Eastern Partnership Yannick Pochon International Office for Water
  2. 2. • Inform on theWFD objectives, concepts and principles • Understand the assignements for RBMP’s in Alazani & Upper Kura above Mingachevir districts and the main challenges • Ensure the best global coordination between contracts on- going for RBMPs development • Facilitate contacts between the consultants and stakeholders for the development of RBMPs Objectives of the workshop PAVE THE WAY TO RBMPs IN GEORGIA AND AZERBAIJAN
  3. 3. • Project reminder • TheWFD principles and the national legal framework for RBMP’s in Georgia and Azerbaijan • An experience feedback from EPIRB pilot basins • Presentations of GE and AZ contractors on their visions on implementation: drafting RBMP, pressure-impact analysis, interaction with the other contractors (GW and SW delineation), etc. Main items
  4. 4. Main items • Purpose and main challenges of RBMP in Alazani/Iori and Upper Kura : review of theTOR/ and application of the methodological guidelines • Provisional schedule and coordination between the different consultants • Methodological Q/A session • An experience feedback from a FrenchWater Agency, lessons learned from the first RBMP preparation
  5. 5. Round table Source : fotolia
  6. 6. EU MEMBER STATES CONSORTIUM: EASTERN PARTNERSHIP (EaP) COUNTRIES: BELARUS MOLDOVA UKRAINEARMENIA AZERBAIJAN GEORGIA AUSTRIA FRANCE INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS: Main objective: to improve the management of water resources
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES • improve the management of water resources in the EaP countries (AZ, AM, BY, GE, MD, UA) • achieve convergence of national water policies and strategies with the Water Framework Directive (WFD) EXPECTED RESULTS  Result 1: Legal and regulatory frameworks improved  Result 2: River Basins Management Plans designed and implemented  Result 3: Lessons learnt regularly collected, shared and communicated to stakeholders The EUWI+ East Project 8
  8. 8. RESULT 3 Stakeholders involvement Communication RESULT 2 River Basin Management Planning Data management Monitoring & laboratories Result 1: Legal and regulatory framework improved in line with the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD), Integrated Water Resources Management and Multilateral Environmental Agreements. Result 2: River Basins Management Plans designed and implemented in line with the EU WFD principles, from pilot basin to country scale. Result 3: Stakeholder involvement and communication Lessons learnt regularly collected, shared and communicated to stakeholders. RESULT 1 National Policy Dialogue Legislative and regulatory reform Capacity Building
  9. 9. RESULT 3 Stakeholders involvement Communication RESULT 2 River Basin Management Planning Data management Monitoring & laboratories Result 1: Legal and regulatory framework improved in line with the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD), Integrated Water Resources Management and Multilateral Environmental Agreements. Result 2: River Basins Management Plans designed and implemented in line with the EU WFD principles, from pilot basin to country scale. Result 3: Stakeholder involvement and communication Lessons learnt regularly collected, shared and communicated to stakeholders. RESULT 1 National Policy Dialogue Legislative and regulatory reform Capacity Building
  10. 10. France 552,000 km² 66 million inhabitants
  11. 11. National legal frame for RBMP’s in GE and AZ • Zurab / Rafig 12
  12. 12. EPIRB Feedback • Zurab / Rafig 13
  13. 13. Presentations from consultants • Approach, Methods,Teams,Timetables
  14. 14. Discussion / Questions 16 Source : fotolia
  15. 15. What is a River Basin Management Plan (RBMP)? • An holistic and integrated approach for water resources management and aquatic ecosystems, • In order to improve population health, water resources and ecosystems, to foster development, and consistency of sectoral policies. • A planning document, developed in accordance with an established methodology, elaborated with public participation, and respect to local beliefs, • A non-technical and clear document with a legal scope for decision makers and to enhancing awareness. • Content: characterisation of River Basin (pressures, status); diagnosis and main issues; trends and objectives; programme of measures and dashboard.
  16. 16. 18 TheWFD: a major text for water policy in next years More than 30 European directives concerning water With the WFD A sectorial approach fight against some substances (Dangerous substances directives, Nitrate directive, …)  standards and regulation by use (potable water, bathing, …) Before 2000 A main objective : protection of aquatic bodies and of water ressources Upcoming abrogation of several directives
  17. 17. 19 Panorama of European Directives Daughter Directives of 76/464/EEC 80/68/EEC « groundwater » * 76/464/EEC « dangerous substances » * 98/83/EU and 80/68/EEC « drinking water » 79/869/EEC « shellfish waters » * 78/659/EU « waters supporting fish life » * 76/160/EEC « bathing water » 75/440/EEC « surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water » * Quality of Aquatic body Discharges Integrated management of water quality * Directives to be integrated into the Water Framework Directive 96/61/EEC « IPPC » 91/676/EEC « nitrates » 91/271/EEC « Urban Waste Water »
  18. 18. 20 TheWFD leans on confirmed or reinforced principles •Management by hydrographic districts •Planning Cycle 6 years (2015, 2021,2027) • Protection of aquatic ecosystems and terrestrian ecosystems which depends directly from • Economical analysis (new) • Public participation (new)
  19. 19. Characterisati on WB, pressures and impacts Main issues Environmental objectives / Programmes of measures River basin management plan Implement Programme of measures Monitoring, progress and achievement Assess and Revise RBMP principles 21 Participation Time table and work prog Main issues Draft RBMP Adoption Political approval
  20. 20. Incremental process: River basin planning cycles 2009 1st river basin management plan 2015 2nd river basin management plan 2021 3rd river basin management plan Today + Preparation 3rd+ Preparation 2nd
  21. 21. 23 Some Objectives and obligations of results • Reach the good status of surface waters (ecological and chemical) and groundwaters (chemical and quantitative), • No deterioration, •Objectives to reach in protected areas, •To suppress the discharges of prioritary dangerous substances in 20 years and et to reduce emissions of prioritary substances Environmental objectives:
  22. 22. 24 Some objectives and obligations of results OBLIGATIONS OF RESULTS FOR ALL THE BODIES All the aquatic bodies are concerned : rivers and streams, lakes, groundwaters, coastal zone… wetlands… A stong ambition clearly expressed : obligations of results : –« Going in the right way» isn’t sufficient… – The good status in 2015 has to be reached… unless motivated derogations…
  23. 23. 25 Reinforcement of economical approach The text of the Water Framework Directive is introducing a deep use of economical analysis in the process of integrated basin management.  Optimising the choice of measures – Use of cost-effectiveness analysis for the definition of the programme of measures  Justifying the derogations to objectives – Use of cost-benefit analysis to justify time delays and lower objectives for the water bodies  Assessment of the cost recovery for water services – Including environmental and ressource costs Economic analysis, a decision tool for :
  24. 24. 26 Public participation: « Success of this Directive relies on close cooperation and coherent action at Community, Member State and local level as well as on information, consultation and involvement of the public, including users. » (Preamble 14 of WFD) 1) « Member States shall encourage the active involvement of all interested parties in the implementation of this Directive, in particular in the production, review and updating of the river basin management plans. »  Notion of active participation of interested parties 2) « Member States shall ensure that, for each river basin district, they publish and make available for comments to the public, including users » 3) « On request, access shall be given to background documents and information used for the development of the draft river basin management plan.».  Notion of information and consultation of public Article 14 of the Directive:
  25. 25. 27 Public participation:  must be ensured  Access to information for the public all along the process Consultation is concerning only three steps of elaboration of management plan (2006 to 2008) and targets public  Must be encouraged  Concerning the all process of planification (from 2003 to 2015) Active participation targets interested parties INFORMATION CONSULTATION ACTIVE PARTICIPATION
  26. 26. 28 The notion ofWater Body On a basin, homogeneous units of diagnostic are defined; the Water Bodies. They are delineated from morphological, biological, geological, hydrological… conditions. The delineation is based on criteria given in the text of WFD and detailed in european workgroups
  27. 27. 29 The notion ofWater Body High Valley – Mountainous streams (altitude, slope, geology, …) Downstream sector – Alluvial plain Main tributary from a karstic area
  28. 28. 30 The notion ofWater Body One Water body One homogeneous Status One objective
  29. 29. 31 The notion of Good Status General conditions Non-synthetics pollutants Synthetic pollutants Hydro-morphology Physico-chemicalBiology Ecological status Chemical status Status The worse (art 2 § 17) The worse (an V 1.4.2.) Phytoplancton Flora Invertebrate Fish
  30. 30. 32 Somes bodies couldn’t reach the objectives of Good Status in 2015  « exemptions» on delays : 2021, 2027  less stricts objectives  (pollution pressures too important)  The « heavily modified » on physical aspects (navigation, energy, urban area…) : objective = good potential … But everything has to be justified on technical and economical point of view !
  31. 31. 33 Somes bodies couldn’t reach the objectivces of « Good Status » in 2015 Objective : good status in 2015 Objective : Good potential in 2015 Objective : Good status in 2021 Objective : Good status in 2015
  32. 32. 2003 Art.312/2003 Transposal 2004 20062005 2007 2008 20102009 2011 2012 20142013 2015 Art.153/2005 Report Art.153/2007 Report Art.153/2010 Report Art.812/2012 Common approach Art.13 12/2009 RBMP Deadlines and objectives Art.9 12/2010 Pricing policy 2000 Art.242000 WFD Art.412/2015 GOOD STATUS Art.6 12/2004 Protected areas register Art.5 Characterisation of RBD 12/2004 Art.812/2006 Monitoring programme 12/2009 Programme of measures Art.11 2021 2027 2. Initial characterisation
  33. 33. First step, initial characterisation - Describe the basin (water bodies, typology ...); - Describe the human occupation of the territory; - Describe the pressures of human activities on aquatic environments - Describes the status of water bodies - Derive an assessment of impacts; - Predict the risk of not achieving the goals by 2021; - Assessment of cost recovery.
  34. 34. Water bodies
  35. 35. Pressures Source:Ministryoftheenvironment, Québec,Canada Domestic uses: • drinking water supply • wastewater treatment Industrial uses • abstraction • discharges Agricultural uses • abstraction • diffuse discharges Recreational / ecological uses • angling • bathing... hydropower Aquaculture
  36. 36. Surface waters: ecological status +15% Remaining effort !
  37. 37. Delimitation of Surface Water Bodies
  38. 38. Pressure on surface water (Organic Matter)
  39. 39. Discussion / Questions 41
  40. 40. Q/A session • Methodological aspects 42
  41. 41. 43
  42. 42. Status : condition of aWB resulting from natural and anthropogenic factors (= potential) Status can be : High, good, moderate, poor, or bad. Depending on ecological, hydromorphological, chemical and quantitative parameters Methodological indications for developing RBMPs in Armenia EPIRB guidance documents CIS Guidance documents Introduction to the WFD
  43. 43. Discussion / Questions 45
  44. 44. Linkages between contracts and activities 46
  45. 45. Data management the task of the contractor will include: -To collect the necessary datasets at the level of the producers; -To work with the data producers in order that the dataset provided are described on line into the metadata catalogue made available by the project; -To copy the raw data made available by each producer on the FTP made available by the project. The corresponding expected results can be formulated as follow: -All datasets used are described in English and in Russian (at least) into the metadata catalogue; -All raw dataset used are available on FTP. The letter of request for data should include the obligation that the data producer provides the corresponding metadata sheet fulfilled. 47
  46. 46. Metadata catalogue
  47. 47. Discussion / Questions 49
  48. 48. Thank you for your attention 50

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