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Smart'R Us - TEF talks Green june 2015 v1.0

Is the Environment a Luxury good? A Wicked Problem? What does it all mean and what can we do about it?

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Smart'R Us - TEF talks Green june 2015 v1.0

  1. 1. SmartR Us aren’t we?
  2. 2. London 1952
  3. 3. April 19, 2015: In London last week, the most dangerous particles - PM 2.5 - hit a high of 57 - that's nearly six times recommended limits. Here in Delhi, we can only dream of such clean air! Delhi
  4. 4. Beijing
  5. 5. Shanghai
  6. 6. Ulan Bator
  7. 7. Environmental Quality, A Luxury Good? Nothing inspires environmentalism quite like a smog-filled sky or a contaminated river Income Environmental degradation
  8. 8. More money, more forest-planting
  9. 9. Particulate Matter(s)
  10. 10. You cannot “buy” what you cannot see
  11. 11. Making visible the invisible
  12. 12. Sustainability is a wicked problem
  13. 13. New York, circa 1900 Easter Sunday on Fifth Avenue in 1900, https://goo.gl/bFBjUk In the late 19th century, the streets of fast-industrializing cities were congested with horses, each pulling a cart or a coach, one after the other, in some places three abreast. There were something like 200,000 horses in New York City alone, depositing manure at a rate of roughly 35 pounds per day, per horse.
  14. 14. 1920: The Killer App
  15. 15. 1950: The Interstate What would happen if every family had a car?
  16. 16. Total and Per-Capita Vehicle- Miles Traveled, U.S. The rest is history… The total number of miles travelled, increases essentially one-for-one with highway miles built
  17. 17. The Joy of Driving
  18. 18. The Walkable City? Panama City Dakha (Bangladesh)Bangkok
  19. 19. WHO 8 Cars Kill People
  20. 20. 16,000 vehicles per day 1,900 peak hour 0.9 friends, 3.1 acquaintances 8000 vehicles per day 550 peak hour 1.3 friends, 4.1 acquaintances 2,000 ehicles per day 200 peak hour 3 friends, 6.3 acquaintances Donald Appleyard, "Livable Streets" 1981 Social Interactions Correlated to Street Traffic Cars Kill Social Relationships
  21. 21. 50 years after the great smog, a new killer arises Vehicules are responsible for 25% of fossil-based CO2 emmisions
  22. 22. REWARD:THE EARTH DEAD OR ALIVE 2002
  23. 23. Sprawl, LA Hong Kong SprawlingvsHyper-density Vishaan Chakrabarti, "A Country of Cities"
  24. 24. Los Angeles Hong Kong Hyper-density Leaves Nature Natural
  25. 25. The Triumph of the (dense) city Luís M. A. Bettencourt, “The Origins of Scaling in Cities” Christine M. Hoehner, “Commuting Distance, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Metabolic Risk”
  26. 26. Is it possible? Year 1900: 200M people lived in cities, 12% of world population Year 2015: 3,500M people live in cities, 50% of world population Year 2050: 6,500M people will live in cities, 80% of world population China will build the equivalent of New York every other year for 20 years 0,0% 10,0% 20,0% 30,0% 40,0% 50,0% 60,0% 70,0% 80,0% 90,0% 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 1900 2010 2050 2100 Urban population Urban Total %
  27. 27. 2020: The Killer App
  28. 28. The Sharing Economy • Cars are driven just 4% of the year • 35% of consumers are expected not to own their own car by 2034 • 60% of US adults say they would ride in an autonomous car • With a fleet of just 9,000 autonomous cars, Uber could replace every taxi cab in New York City, and that passengers would wait an average of 36 seconds for a ride
  29. 29. What if all trips in a city were carried out by a fleet of self-driving cars shared by users? The Same Mobility can be delivered with 10% of the cars! OECD/International Transport Forum, “Urban Mobility System Upgrade”, 2015
  30. 30. Elon Musk’s grand plan to power the world with electric batteries… http://www.teslamotors.com/powerwall
  31. 31. http://walluck.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Bangkok- City-At-Night.jpg An inconvenient truth? In the Future, Companies Will Survive Only if They Help Solve Big Social Problems
  32. 32. Thank-you ;-) @fjjariego

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