Fisheries- refers to all activities relating to the act or
business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing,
marketing, developing, conserving and managing
aquatic resources and the fishery area including the
privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof. (RA
Major Divisions of Fisheries
Aquatic Resources and Ecology
Aquaculture- farming of aquatic organisms under controlled or
semi-controlled conditions in fresh, brackish and salt water.
Capture fisheries- refer to all kinds of harvesting of naturally
occurring living resources in both marine and freshwater
Aquatic Resources and Ecology- study of water and its multiple
roles as a natural resource and in supporting all human, animal and
plant life and the functional relationship between the biotic and
abiotic components of the aquatic environment.
Post-harvest- includes the different processes and techniques
employed in post-harvest handling, processing and marketing of
aquatic products from the time of harvesting to final utilization.
2. Municipal Fisheries
3. Commercial Fisheries
Municipal Fisheries- refers to fishing within municipal
waters using fishing vessels of three (3) gross tons or
less, or fishing not requiring the use of fishing vessels.
Municipal waters extend 15 kms from the coastline.
Commercial Fisheries- refers to fishing beyond the
municipal waters using fishing vessels more than
three gross tons.
Small Scale Commercial Fishing
◦ Fishing with passive or active gear utilizing fishing
vessels of 3.1 GT up to 20 GT.
Medium Scale Commercial Fishing
Fishing utilizing active gears and vessel of 20.1 GT
up to 150 GT.
Large Scale Commercial Fishing
Fishing utilizing active gears of more than 150 GT.
◦ archipelagic country with 7,107 islands
◦ lat 4o 23’ and 20oN and Long 116o and 126o E
◦ bounded by South China sea, Pacific ocean and Celebes sea
◦ Marine resources
Total territorial water (EEZ) 2,200,000 km2
Coastal 266,000 km2
Oceanic 1,934,000 km2
Shelf Area 184,000 km2
Coral Reef Area 27,000 km2
Swamplands 246,063 ha
Freshwater 106,328 ha
Brackishwater 139,735 ha
Existing Fishpond 246,063 ha
Freshwater 14,531 ha
Brackishwater 239,323 ha
Other Inland Resources 250,000 ha
Lakes 200,000 ha
Rivers 31,000 ha
Reservoirs 19,000 ha
Global fish production growth continues to outpace world
In 2012, while global marine capture fishery production was stable at
about 80 million tonnes, global aquaculture production set another
all-time high at more than 90 million tonnes (including almost 24
million tonnes of aquatic plants). Aquaculture remains one of the
fastest-growing food-producing sectors and is set to play a key role in
meeting the rising demand for fishery products.
The proportion of assessed marine fish stocks fished within
biologically sustainable levels exceeded 70 percent in 2011, while
fewer than 30 percent of fish stocks were overfished. Of the stocks
assessed, fully fished stocks accounted for over 60 percent and
underfished stocks about 10 percent.
The share of fisheries production used for direct human
consumption increased from about 70 percent in the 1980s to more
than 85 percent (136 million tonnes) in 2012.
With this increasing production and greater availability for
consumers, per capita fish consumption continues to rise –
up from 10 kg in the 1960s to more than 19 kg in 2012 – driven
by higher demand from a growing population, rising incomes,
and more efficient distribution channels.
Fish remains an ever-important source of energy, protein and a
range of essential nutrients, accounting for almost 17 percent of
the global population’s intake of animal protein. Moreover,
fish provided nearly 3 billion people with almost 20 percent of
their intake of animal protein, and 4.3 billion people with about 15
percent of such protein.
The fisheries and aquaculture sector is also a source of
employment and income, supporting the livelihoods of 10–12
percent of the world’s population.
In 2012, employment in the sector grew faster than
the world’s population, with almost 60 million people
engaged in the primary sector, 90 percent small-scale
fishers and 15 percent of them women. In post-
harvest activities such as processing, women can
account for up to 90 percent of workers.
Fish remains among the most traded food
commodities worldwide, worth almost US$130 billion
in 2012 and pointing to an increase for 2013. The
aggregate FAO Fish Price Index reached a record
high in October 2013.
In 2012, the Philippines ranked 7th among the top fish producing
countries in the world with its total production of 4.87 million metric
tons of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and aquatic plants (including
seaweeds). The production constitutes 2.66% of the total world
production of 182.9 million metric tons (FAO website).
The Philippines’ 0.791 million metric tons aquaculture production
of fish, crustaceans and mollusks in 2012 ranked 11th in the world
and a 1.19% share to the total global aquaculture production of
66.63 million metric tons. In terms of value, the country’s
aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks has
amounted to over 1.95 billion dollars (FAO website).
Similarly, the Philippines is the world’s 3rd largest producer of
aquatic plants (including seaweeds) having produced a total of
1.75 million metric tons or nearly 7.36% of the total world
production of 23.78 million metric tons (FAO website).
The fishing industry’s contribution to the country’s
Gross Domestic Products (GDP) were 1.7 % and
1.9% at current and constant 2000 prices,
respectively. This translates to some P199.3 billion
for current prices and P131 billion for constant
prices of the country’s GDP of P11,548 billion (current
prices) and P6,765 billion (constant prices).
The industry also accounted for 15.4% (P199.3
billion) and 18.5% (P131 billion) of the Gross Value
Added (GVA) in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and
Fishing Group of P1,297 billion and P706.6 billion at
current and constant prices, respectively, the largest
share next to agricultural crops
Parece que tiene un bloqueador de anuncios ejecutándose. Poniendo SlideShare en la lista blanca de su bloqueador de anuncios, está apoyando a nuestra comunidad de creadores de contenidos.
¿Odia los anuncios?
Hemos actualizado nuestra política de privacidad.
Hemos actualizado su política de privacidad para cumplir con las cambiantes normativas de privacidad internacionales y para ofrecerle información sobre las limitadas formas en las que utilizamos sus datos.
Puede leer los detalles a continuación. Al aceptar, usted acepta la política de privacidad actualizada.