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A participatory methodology to assessthe factors influencing performances ofavian influenza surveillance network inNorther...
• OutlinesI. Background : need to evaluate AI surveillanceII. Methodology : participatory tools to approachdecision making...
• Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) due toH5N1 persisting in Vietnam since 2004• Limited evaluations of surveillanc...
Involvement of actors indisease surveillance:A decision madeunder constraintsINFORMATIONDISCLOSUREEconomicconstraintsSocia...
Methodology
Geographical localization:C m Hoàng commune, H i Dương province, Red river deltaFarms investigated:Poultry and pig product...
Decision making :An answer to a series ofquestions…Methodology
• Focus group producers• Description of syndromes and terminology associated• Use of proportional piling and matrix scorin...
Who do I talk to?...and why?B nh d ch gà,Niu Cát Sơn,T huy t trùng….The villagefeed sellerSyndrome:The towndrugsupplier......
Outbreak announcement: who wins,who loses?... And who do I listen to?• What are theconsequences of anoutbreak notification...
May I report or not report if…?50% mortality in myfarm in less than 5daysPrice of sickanimalsAmount ofcompensationDelay be...
50% mortality in myfarm in less than 5daysPrice of sickanimalsAmount ofcompensationDelay beforecompensationProportional pi...
Results
constraints on producer’s decisionAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chain• Short delays torefund credits• ...
Resultsconstraints faced by farmersAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chain• Negotiation of price• Possibil...
constraints faced by farmersAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chainOthervillagers• Price variationaffects ...
Constraints faced by farmersAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chainOthervillagersVeterinaryAuthorities• Un...
AnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chainOthervillagersVeterinaryAuthoritiesRelationships• Resource/budgetco...
Who is looking for information?• Private actors are interested in information ondisease outbreaks for:Preventing disease t...
BreedsupplyDrugsupplyFeedsupplyLocal input retailers: feed,chicks and drugs sellersSmall poultryproducersBig poultryproduc...
Conclusions1. Innovative approach• Actors of surveillance = decision makers facing socio-economic constraints• Interest of...
Acknowledgements• CIRAD, AGIRs, France: Pham Thi Thanh Hoa, MarisaPeyre, Aurélie Binot, François Roger• Hanoi University o...
Thank you for your attention
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A participatory methodology to assess the factors influencing performances of avian influenza surveillance network in Northern Vietnam

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Presented by Alexis Delabouglise, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Phan Dang Thang, Nguyen Tien Thanh, Dao Cong Duan, Pham Thi Thanh Hoa, Dao Thi Hiep, Vu Dinh Ton, Nguyen Viet Khong, Aurélie Binot, François Roger, Marisa Peyre at the PENAPH First Technical Workshop, Chiangmai, Thailand, 11 – 13 December 2012.

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A participatory methodology to assess the factors influencing performances of avian influenza surveillance network in Northern Vietnam

  1. 1. A participatory methodology to assessthe factors influencing performances ofavian influenza surveillance network inNorthern VietnamAlexis Delabouglise1,2, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux1,3, Phan Dang Thang4, Nguyen TienThanh5, Dao Cong Duan4, Pham Thi Thanh Hoa1, Dao Thi Hiep4, Vu Dinh Ton4, Nguyen VietKhong5, Aurélie Binot1, François Roger1, Marisa Peyre11 CIRAD, AGIRs, France2 Laboratoire Espace, Santé et Territoires, Université Paris Ouest, France3 Université de Liège, Belgique4 Hanoi Agriculture University, Vietnam5 National Institute of Veterinary Research, Hanoi, Vietnam
  2. 2. • OutlinesI. Background : need to evaluate AI surveillanceII. Methodology : participatory tools to approachdecision makingIII. ResultsIV. Conclusions
  3. 3. • Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) due toH5N1 persisting in Vietnam since 2004• Limited evaluations of surveillance programs• Hypothesis : social and economic interactionsbetween local actors are key elements toevaluate acceptability of surveillance systemsBackground
  4. 4. Involvement of actors indisease surveillance:A decision madeunder constraintsINFORMATIONDISCLOSUREEconomicconstraintsSocial constraintsAnimal healthPublic healthInstitutionalconstraints
  5. 5. Methodology
  6. 6. Geographical localization:C m Hoàng commune, H i Dương province, Red river deltaFarms investigated:Poultry and pig productionsMethodology
  7. 7. Decision making :An answer to a series ofquestions…Methodology
  8. 8. • Focus group producers• Description of syndromes and terminology associated• Use of proportional piling and matrix scoringWhat kills my animals?Methodology
  9. 9. Who do I talk to?...and why?B nh d ch gà,Niu Cát Sơn,T huy t trùng….The villagefeed sellerSyndrome:The towndrugsupplier....The tradertechnicians of agro-pharmaceutical companiesPoultry producerIndividualinterviewDrug selling + advicesRapid selling of sickanimalsMethodology
  10. 10. Outbreak announcement: who wins,who loses?... And who do I listen to?• What are theconsequences of anoutbreak notification?• Which types of actorsget benefits ordisadvantages from it?• Which type of actorinfluences my decision?Methodology
  11. 11. May I report or not report if…?50% mortality in myfarm in less than 5daysPrice of sickanimalsAmount ofcompensationDelay beforecompensation40 000VND/kg30 000VND/kg20 000VND/kgDelay No delay…Methodology
  12. 12. 50% mortality in myfarm in less than 5daysPrice of sickanimalsAmount ofcompensationDelay beforecompensationProportional pilingREPORT NOTREPORTASK OTHERFARMERSMay I report or not report if…?Methodology
  13. 13. Results
  14. 14. constraints on producer’s decisionAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chain• Short delays torefund credits• Support farmers intreating andpreventing diseases• Most contacted incase of diseaseoutbreakFINANCIALDEBTSResults
  15. 15. Resultsconstraints faced by farmersAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chain• Negotiation of price• Possibility to sell sickanimals at low price• Drop of prices caused byoutbreak announcementFINANCIALDEBTSPRICEINSTABILITY
  16. 16. constraints faced by farmersAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chainOthervillagers• Price variationaffects otherfarmersRelationshipsFINANCIALDEBTSPRICEINSTABILITYFEAR OFIMPACT ONPRICEResults
  17. 17. Constraints faced by farmersAnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chainOthervillagersVeterinaryAuthorities• Uncertainty ofcompensationprograms• Long delays ofcompensations• More interesting tosell sick animalsRelationships FINANCIALDEBTSFEAR OFIMPACT ONPRICE• Control measures andcompensations only incase of widespreadepizootic• Authorities reactionoften follow mediaannouncementsPRICEINSTABILITYResults
  18. 18. AnimalproducerInput supplystageAnimaltradersValue chainOthervillagersVeterinaryAuthoritiesRelationships• Resource/budgetconstraints• Local management ofdiseases are encouraged• Reports to higherauthorities aredissuadedLocal PoliticalactorsAUTHORITYInstitutional constraintsResultsAdministration
  19. 19. Who is looking for information?• Private actors are interested in information ondisease outbreaks for:Preventing disease transmission (feed companies,input retailers, large scale farmers)Anticipating price variation and planning the activitiesin accordance (feed companies, input retailers, largescale farmers)Purchasing poultry at low price (poultry traders)• Public surveillance is considered a useless sourceof information. Private actors rely on informalsurveillance.Results
  20. 20. BreedsupplyDrugsupplyFeedsupplyLocal input retailers: feed,chicks and drugs sellersSmall poultryproducersBig poultryproducersPoultry tradersDistrict vetProvince vetCommune vetINFORMAL NETWORKSPrivatecompanies
  21. 21. Conclusions1. Innovative approach• Actors of surveillance = decision makers facing socio-economic constraints• Interest of combining economic evaluation tools and participatory approach2. Key elements to enhance the compliance tosurveillance and control programs :• Producers and actors of input supply chain mainly aim at mitigating impact ofepizootics on their income and on market prices• Existence of a private surveillance centered on feed companies• Poor sanitary controls on the poultry value chain have an impact on diseasesurveillance• Institutional impediments = need for better control and higher support fromthe central administration : encourage local actors to notify diseases
  22. 22. Acknowledgements• CIRAD, AGIRs, France: Pham Thi Thanh Hoa, MarisaPeyre, Aurélie Binot, François Roger• Hanoi University of Agriculture, Vietnam: Phan DangThang, Dao Cong Duan, Dao Thi Hiep, Vu Dinh Ton• National Institute of Veterinary Research, Hanoi,Vietnam: Nguyen Tien Thanh, Nguyen Viet Khong• Université de Liège, Belgique: Nicolas Antoine Moussiaux
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention

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