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Q: Why would he do this? A: To preserve the photos. The caves are perfect for climate control: a cold, stable, and dry environment. Often it seems like libraries are 220 feet underground, but in actuality they make every effort to get their resources off the shelves, into your hands, or on your computer screen.
The library offers many services to assist students doing research. Just out to student portal website on library homepage. Highlight The CAT, Databases, and ASK.
The University Libraries want to help cultivate information literacy in students. Information literacy is a buzzword librarians use to summarize these aspects of finding and using information. These might seem self evident, but articulating the process helps people know when they’re skipping a step.
Books (encyclopedias), magazines, newspapers, journals. Databases? Most PA students will probably have used Access PA/EBSCO. JSTOR? Those using these have a head start. Wikipedia? Internet search engines (Yahoo, Google)? Instructors often tell you not to use these at all. It’s important to understand when it is and isn’t appropriate to use these resources.
Work in competitive teams. Ask for a few responses. Report back and discuss the challenges to finding information. Suggest that one day they may be creating these tools. Possible avenues: 1. Google search 2. Website click through 3. Website search.
Python programming language Possible approaches: 1. The CAT (print and ebooks) 2. Safari Computer Books 3. Google Books
Ask half the room to use Google Scholar, the other ProQuest.
Authority/ scholarliness: Are the resources in the database evaluated? Currency: How often it’s updated. Scope: What it covers. (Many library databases have a limited scope.) Usability: How easy it is to search or navigate. Will it correct your spelling? Value-added features: Can you export citations? Can you make a list of articles to read? Prompt students with exceptions to their preconceived notions.
Mention the prior module on academic integrity. Often times plagiarism is accidental. The library resources will help you correctly cite information. Available online.
Library workers can help with all steps of research. Don’t be afraid to ask your instructor and other students about what resources they use.
Ist110s Library Search Skills
Penny Huffman, Librarian
Originally developed by Dan Hickey, IST Librarian
Bill Gates bought this archive,
the most prestigious collection
of historic photos in the
United States, so he could
In 2001, he hired 19 trucks to
move it from Manhattan to a
limestone cave 220 feet
underground in Butler
In person: walk-in, appointment, telephone
Online: E-mail, IM/chat
The CAT and LionSearch-our inventory of
holdings, including e-books
Up to 200 books, DVDs, CDs, maps, etc., for the
Libraries can get materials for you from other
Recognize the extent of an information
Locate relevant information
Evaluate the information
Effectively and ethically use information
What resources have
you used in high school
to do research?
Where can I find a book
to help me learn or
Where can I find a full text,
scholarly article about social
Evaluate the two based on the following criteria:
In what situations would you choose one over the other?
Copyright & Citing Sources
“The action or practice of taking someone
else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as
Citation style guides: APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.
EndNote, and Zotero
Oxford English Dictionary
Resources should be selected based on
how they best meet user’s needs
Libraries are one important component of
filling an information need
Fluency with library resources gives you a
competitive advantage in your schoolwork
and, later, in your job