It is the product or process of
deliberately arranging items in a
way that influences and affects
one or more of the senses,
emotions, and intellect.
The elements of art are the
building blocks used by artists to
create a work of art.
7 Elements of Art
• a mark that is made on a surface or
• defined by a point moving in space.
• Can be two-or threedimensional, descriptive, implied, or
5 main kinds of line
A. Horizontal Line
• Lines that run
parallel to the
B. Vertical Line
• Lines that move up
E. Zigzag line
• Lines that are made by combining
diagonal lines that change direction.
• These lines when viewed in a work of art
create confusion. They suggest action
• It has always two dimensions, length as
well as width.
• It is represented as an enclosed area that
is defined by color, value, space, texture
• When lines form together, they make flat
Categories of Shapes
A. Geometric Shapes
• Also called as regular shapes.
• These are shapes that are easy to
recognize and is use in math information
B. Organic Shapes
• Also called as freeform shapes
• These are shapes that seem to follow no
• Figures that have a natural look and a
flowing, curving appearance.
C. Positive Shapes D. Negative Shapes
• It is the solid forms • It is the space
in a design
around the positive
• Occupy positive
(The positive space is masked by black.)
(The negative space is masked by black.)
E. Static Shape
F. Dynamic Shape
• It appears stable
• It appears as if
moving and active.
Types of Form
• A regular solid of
six equal square
• A surface traced by a
straight line moving
parallel to a fixed
straight line and
intersecting a fixed
planar closed curve.
• A solid generated by • A round solid figure,
rotating a right
or its surface, with
triangle about one of every point on its
from its center.
• Refers to the changes in the base color.
• Range of lightness and darkness within a
Categories of Value
• Adding white to color • Adding black to paint
paint to create lighter to create dark values
values such as light
such as dark blue or
blue or pink.
E. Value Contrast
F. Value Scale
• Where light values
• A scale that shows
are placed next to
the gradual change in
dark values to create value from its lightest
contrast or strong
value, white to its
darkest value black.
• The quality of a surface or the way any work
of art is represented.
• Also refers to the way a picture is made to
look rough or smooth.
Categories of Texture
• Real Texture
• Implied Texture
• Has three characteristics, which are hue,
value and intensity.
• Hue means the shades (red, yellow or
• Value refers to the lightness or the
• Intensity refers to the brightness or
dullness of the work of art.
• It is the creation of visual perspective;
this gives the illusion of depth.
• It can also mean the way an artist uses
the area within the picture plane.
• Real space is actually three-dimensional.