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Elements of Art

  1. Elements of Art By: Kristeren Fatima P. Terol
  2. Art It is the product or process of deliberately arranging items in a way that influences and affects one or more of the senses, emotions, and intellect. The elements of art are the building blocks used by artists to create a work of art.
  3. 7 Elements of Art • Line • Shape • Form • Value • Texture • Color • Space
  4. Line • a mark that is made on a surface or outline. • defined by a point moving in space. • Can be two-or threedimensional, descriptive, implied, or Abstract.
  5. 5 main kinds of line A. Horizontal Line • Lines that run parallel to the ground B. Vertical Line • Lines that move up and down.
  6. C. Diagonal Line D. Curved Line • Lines that slant. • Lines that change direction gradually.
  7. E. Zigzag line • Lines that are made by combining diagonal lines that change direction. • These lines when viewed in a work of art create confusion. They suggest action and excitement.
  8. Shape • It has always two dimensions, length as well as width. • It is represented as an enclosed area that is defined by color, value, space, texture and form. • When lines form together, they make flat shapes.
  9. Categories of Shapes A. Geometric Shapes • Also called as regular shapes. • These are shapes that are easy to recognize and is use in math information also.
  10. B. Organic Shapes • Also called as freeform shapes • These are shapes that seem to follow no rules. • Figures that have a natural look and a flowing, curving appearance.
  11. C. Positive Shapes D. Negative Shapes • It is the solid forms • It is the space in a design around the positive shape. • Occupy positive space. (The positive space is masked by black.) (The negative space is masked by black.)
  12. E. Static Shape F. Dynamic Shape • It appears stable and resting. • It appears as if moving and active.
  13. Form • Has always three dimensions; length, width and height.
  14. Types of Form A. Cube • A regular solid of six equal square sides. B. Cylinder • A surface traced by a straight line moving parallel to a fixed straight line and intersecting a fixed planar closed curve.
  15. C. Cone D. Sphere • A solid generated by • A round solid figure, rotating a right or its surface, with triangle about one of every point on its its legs. surface equidistant from its center.
  16. Value • Refers to the changes in the base color. • Range of lightness and darkness within a picture.
  17. Categories of Value A. Tint B. Shade • Adding white to color • Adding black to paint paint to create lighter to create dark values values such as light such as dark blue or blue or pink. dark red.
  18. C. High-Key D. Low-Key • Where the picture • Where the picture is all light values. is all dark values.
  19. E. Value Contrast F. Value Scale • Where light values • A scale that shows are placed next to the gradual change in dark values to create value from its lightest contrast or strong value, white to its differences. darkest value black.
  20. Texture • The quality of a surface or the way any work of art is represented. • Also refers to the way a picture is made to look rough or smooth. Categories of Texture • Real Texture • Implied Texture
  21. color • Has three characteristics, which are hue, value and intensity. • Hue means the shades (red, yellow or pink) • Value refers to the lightness or the darkness. • Intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of the work of art.
  22. Space • It is the creation of visual perspective; this gives the illusion of depth. • It can also mean the way an artist uses the area within the picture plane. • Real space is actually three-dimensional.