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Assignment learning 2

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The latest Open Source Software Available and the Latest Development in ICT .

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Assignment learning 2

  1. 1. 1.0 Introduction Meaning of Open source Software According to Wikipedia: The meaning of open source software is computer software with its source code made available and licensed with an open source license in which the copyright holder provides the right to study, change and distribute the software for free to anyone and for any purpose. Open source software is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open source software is the most prominent example of open source development and often compared to (technically defined) user-generated content or (legally defined) open content movements. Meaning of Hardware A computer`s hardware consists of the physical components necessary to operate and interact with a computer. Since a computer`s primary language is binary, devices are necessary to convert our input into that language. The binary code coming out of the computer must also be translated into something usable for the operator. Meaning of Software Software have two types: System software : Includes the operating system and all the utilities that enables the computer to function. Application software is a software anybody can develop it for a particular work. Example in a glossary store we can have a application software for accounts, stock list but it cannot be used anywhere other than it . 2.0 The Latest Open Source Operating System (OS) 2.1 Meaning of Open Source OS According to Wikipedia, Open Source Operating System is the most important program that runs on a computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute modified or unmodified forms. Every generalpurpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs. 1
  2. 2. Operating systems perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers. 2.2 Examples of open source OS a) HAIKU Explain : Haiku is a mostly free and open source operating system compatible with BeOS. Its development began in 2001 and the operating system became self-hosting in 2008. The first alpha release was made in September 2009, and the most recent was November 2012. Haiku is supported by Haiku, Inc., a non-profit organization based in Rochester, New York founded in 2003 by former project leader Michael Phipps. b) LINUX KERNEL The Linux Kernel 3.8.7 is the operating system kernel used by the Linux family of Unix-like operating system. It is a prominent example of free and open source software. The Linux Kernel is released 14 April 2013 under the GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2). (plus some firmware images with various non-free licenses), and is developed by contributors worldwide. Day-to-day development discussions take place on the Linux Kernel mailing list. The Linux Kernel was initially conceived and created by Finnish computer science student Linux Torvalds in 1991. Linux rapidly accumulated developers and users who adapted code from other free software projects for use with the new operating system. The Linux Kernel has received contributions from thousands of programmers. All Linux distributions have been released based upon the Linux Kernel. 3.0 The Latest Open Source Application Software 3.1 Meaning of Open Source Application Software The meaning of open source application software (also called as end-user programs) includes database programs, word processors and spreadsheets. It is 2
  3. 3. free to use, change, and improve the software and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. 3.2 Examples of Open source application software a) MOZILLA THUNDERBIRD According to Wikipedia : This release of Mozilla Thunderbird comes with a new button on the right hand side, at the top of the window, called the Menu Button it provides more options to customize the user interface. The Menu Button allows users to remove the Menu Bar from the top of the window in order to grant more real estate to read and manage emails. A right click on this same Menu Button gives access to the “customize” command and entitles the user to add, remove and re-arrange many icons on the bar. It really empowers the user to build its own personal interface. Beyond this mainstream Thunderbird release and as planned, we are releasing the second Thunderbird Extended Support Release (ESR) targeted at large organizations. This ESR version is not only a security and bugs fix, but it contains all the great features that have been added to Thunderbird since January 2012. This release is also a milestone release and marks the beginning of the new governance model for Thunderbird. b) GNOME Explain : GNOME Office empowers you with three “best in class” productivity applications available as GNU Free Software. The times of wrestling with file formats, compatibility and `halfway-there` features is over. The AbiWord word processor, Gnumeric spreadsheet and GnomeDB data access components allow you to get it done now. This release in 28 March 2012. 3
  4. 4. 4.0 The Latest Development in ICT 4.1 Hardware a) Canon Pixma MP280 b) Canon Pixma MX360 • • The Canon Pixma MP280 is an The Canon Pixma MX360 was entry level all-in-one printer, first introduced by Canon in scanner and copier with January during CES 2012. It is enhanced photo printing an entry level model designed capabilities. It was the budget- for small office / home office friendly model out of its line of use, alongside the Pixma eight photo printers released by MX410. Canon in 2012. • • This four-in-one can print, scan, Canon has included Full HD copy and fax and connects to a Movie Print and photo editing computer via High Speed USB software, as well as the Easy 2.0 (note that the MX410 has Photo Print app for Android wireless connectivity). I Smartphone’s in the package. • • It has an automatic document This photo all-in-one offers high feeder that can fit up to 30 colour resolution colour photo sheets and a 100-sheet rear feed capabilities with a maximum of tray. 4800 x 1200 dpi and is Energy Star certified. 4.2 Software 1. Adobe Photoshop CS6 • Photoshop CS6, released in May 2. Adobe Photoshop CS5 • Photoshop has been around 2012, added new creative design since 1990. Photoshop CS5 is tools and provided a redesigned really Photoshop 12; Adobe interface with a focus on changed the name to CS, enhanced performance. "Creative Suite," back at version 8 to make it seem 4
  5. 5. • bright and new, as opposed to New features have been added to a perennial update. the Content-Aware tool such as the Content-Aware Patch and Content-Aware Move. • • CS5 is all about getting more done faster, which in this Adobe Photoshop CS6 brought a iteration, is all about better, suite of tools for video editing. faster selection tools and Color and exposure adjustments, automated lens correction. as well as layers, are among a few things that are featured in this new editor. • CS6 brings the "straighten" tool to Photoshop, where a user simply draws a line anywhere on an image, and the canvas will reorient itself so that the line • CS5 only runs on Intel Macs, not the Quad G5, I was using when it was released. (It also runs on the latest versions of IBM PC). Today in 2012, it runs great on my hex-core 3.33 GHz MACPro. drawn becomes horizontal, and adjusts the media accordingly. • users will draw a line parallel to a plane in the image, and reorient the image to that plane to easier achieve certain perspectives. • CS6 allows background saving, which means that while another document is compiling and archiving itself, it is possible to simultaneously edit an image. • Adobe has responded to feedback from graphic designers and has modified the User Interface accordingly. Now, it boasts a more unified, static 5
  6. 6. look, and is easier to keep track of all the palettes and documents. 5.0 Pervasive Computing 5.1 Meaning of Pervasive computing The meaning of Pervasive computing is the growing trend towards embedding microprocessors in everyday objects so they can communicate information. The words pervasive and ubiquitous mean “existing everywhere”. Pervasive computing devices are completely connected and constantly available. Pervasive computing relies on the convergence of wireless technologies, advanced electronics and the internet. The goal of researchers working in pervasive computing is to create smart products that communicate unobtrusively. The products are connected to the internet and the data they generate is easily available. 5.2 Examples of Pervasive Computing 1) Samsung Smart TV Smart TV, which is also sometimes referred to as “ Connected Tv” or “Hybrid Tv”, (not to be confused with Internet TV, Web TV or LG Electronics’ upcoming “SMART TV” branded Net Cast Entertainment Access devices), is the phrase used to describe the current trend of integration of the internet and Web 2.0 features into modern television sets and set-top boxes, as well as the technological 6
  7. 7. convergence between computers and these television sets / set-top boxes. These new devices most often also have a much higher focus on online interactive media, Internet TV, over-the-top content, as well as on-demand streaming media and less focus on traditional broadcast media like previous generations of television sets and set-top boxes always have had. The technology that enables Smart TV is not only incorporated into television sets, but also devices such as set-top boxes, Blu-ray players, game consoles and other companion devices. These devices allow viewers to search and find videos, movies, photos and other content on the web, on a local cable TV channel, on a satellite TV channel, or stored on a local hard drive. 2) Garmin Asus GPS The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that provides location and time information in all weather, anywhere on or near the Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sigh to four or more GPS satellites. It is maintained by the United States government and is freely accessible by anyone with a GPS receiver. The GPS project was developed in 1973 to overcome the limitations of previous navigation systems, integrating ideas from several predecessors, including a number of classified engineering design studies from the 1960. GPS was created and realized by the U.S Department of Defence (USDOD) and was originally run with 24 satellites’. It became fully operational in 1994. 6.0 Conclusion 7
  8. 8. Open Source can be used anyone and because it has no copyright claims, so user are free to use, change and improve the software and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. Pervasive Computing is to make our lives easier because we can interact with computers. Besides that, we can easily give the computer commands and the computer will grant your wish. Reference ( 27 March 2013 ) ( 27 March 2013 ) ( 27 March 2013 ) (12 April 2013) (12 April 2013) ( 12 April 2013 ) 8