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  1. Music of Palawan
  2. CONCEPT MAP •Nature •Interaction among groups •Language Socio- historical Context
  3. Socio-historical Context Lalawigan ng Palawan, is an island province of the Philippines located in the Region 4. Its capital is Puerto Princesa City, and it is the largest province in the country in terms of total area of jurisdiction.
  4. Palawan is composed of the long and narrow Palawan Island, plus a number of other smaller islands surrounding the main island. The Calamianes Group of Islands to the Northeast consists of Geography of Palawan
  5. Durangan Island almost touches the westernmost part of Palawan Island, while Balabac Island is located off the southern tip, separated from Borneo by the Balabac Strait. Geography of Palawan
  6. In addition, Palawan covers the Cuyo Islands in the Sulu Sea. The disputed Spratly Islands, located a few hundred kilometers to the west, are considered part of Palawan by the Philippines, and is locally called the Kalayaan Group of Islands. Geography of Palawan
  7. Peoples of Palawan Palawan, the largest province in the Philippines, is home to several indigenous ethnolinguistic groups: 1. Batak - which means "mountain people" in Cuyonon is a group of indigenous Filipino people that resides in the northeast portion of Palawan. They live in the rugged interiors of northeastern Palawan. Living close to nature, they are a peaceful and shy people. These people believe in nature spirits, with whom they communicate through a babaylan or medium.
  8. Peoples of Palawan 2. Palaweños - Native-born lowland dwellers - They are religious, disciplined and have a highly developed community spirit - Language : Cuyonon & Agutaynen 3. Palawano - also known as Pala'wan, is one of the unique indigenous peoples of Palawan. They are part of the large Manobo-based linguistic groups of southern Philippines. They traditionally hunt using soars and bamboo blowguns. - The Taaw't Bato means "people of the rock". They are not actually a separate language or ethnic group, but rather a small community of traditional southwestern Palawanos .
  9. 4. Tagbanwa Peoples of Palawan - or "people of the world," are found in central and northern Palawan. They practice shifting cultivation of upland rice, which is considered a divine gift, and are known for their rice wine ritual called pagdiwata. Central Tagbanwas are found in the western and eastern coastal areas of central Palawan. They are concentrated in the municipalities of Aborlan, Quezon, and Puerto Princesa.
  10. •Cultural Preservation •Sustainable Eco- Tourism •Nature •Interaction among groups •Language Socio- historical Context Issues CONCEPT MAP
  11. Issues The struggle to save Palawan (known as the Philippines’ Last Frontier) is not only about saving trees and rare species. It is also about nourishing the Filipino cultural heritage, so powerfully represented by those indigenous communities that - after escaping Spanish and American colonization (while resisting the new ‘mining imperialism’ now) - continue to represent the 'living roots' from which all Filipinos originate. Therefore, environmental plundering by mining companies is not only a crime against nature but it is also a crime against culture, a sort of genocide that annihilates the most profound roots of the Filipino's history and ultimately plunders the cultural heritage of the whole nation!
  12. •Cultural Preservation •Sustainable Eco- Tourism •Kulial •Epics •Instruments •Nature •Interaction among groups •Language Socio- historical Context Musical Forms Issues CONCEPT MAP
  13. Musical Forms 1. Bagit, 2. Kulial (Songs), 3. Tultul (Epic chant), 4. Ulit (Shamanic chant)
  14. Bird songs, Kulial songs, Epics (i.e. Kudaman) The Kudaman epic starts with a long narrated prelude in a tale pattern (50 typewritten pages) before the six to seven nights can develop. The nights repeat the span of seven years that frames the ritual of commemoration of the Master of Rice, Tämwäy ät Ampuq ät Paräy. Musical Forms
  15. • aruding (Jew’s harp), Musical Forms • babarak (ring flute),
  16. • suling (banded flute), • basal (gong), Musical Forms
  17. • kusyapiq (lute), Musical Forms • pagang (bamboo zither)
  18. CONCEPT MAP •Music in Ritual •Soundscape •Creativity •Cultural Preservation •Sustainable Eco- Tourism •Kulial •Epics •Instruments •Nature •Interaction among groups •Language Socio- historical Context Musical Forms Musical Context Issues
  19. Musical Context The subtle threads between Mankind and Nature involve all our senses and more particularly our auditive sensitivity. Capturing tonalities, rhythms, and melodies, we can like a bird fly down from the celestial vault to the Earth, dwelling-place of Highlander- islanders known as the Palawan who live in the southern part of the island by the same name. This aural voyage will take us to the realm of words, poetry, and music as human creations which the Palawan uses to communicate in order to live harmoniously in this world.
  20. Music in Ritual The shaman sings the difficult experience of the voyage of his double, kuruduwa, by a specific chant, the lumbaga, whose melody is in all points assimilable to any epic melodic line. And it is precisely the ordeals that the soul of the shaman overcomes in the course of his voyage—the encounters with the Evil Doers, Länggam or Säqitan, the discussions, the bargaining engaged in with the Invisible Beings—that constitute the shamanic chant.
  21. Music in Ritual • to sing tultul is to be possessed by a Täw Tultultulän. These “Epic Heroes” are a type of humanity who live in the median space and intercede between people on this earth and Ämpuq. They are a Benevolent Humanity protecting the “Real Men.” The act of chanting thus doubles with the embodiment, in the very person of the bard, of these heroic and semi-divine Beings. One can interpret this relationship as an act of possession in which the bard becomes a medium. • Epics are always chanted at night, ending at daybreak; it is forbidden to sing when the sun shines and during the day. This prohibition links the epic to the night and a sacred world. Moreover, one would never chant for amusement in a light joking manner.
  22. In the Central West highlands, is the Palawan Island. One of the tribes in Palawan are the TAGBANUAS. The Tagbanuas has retained their ancient culture. The Calamianes Group of Islands who elaborate funeral celebrations. Five days after interment, the relatives goes to the homes of the deceased to perform funeral rites. Then the participants chant the Batac, a lengthy song recounting the significant adventures of a mythical person named DUMARACOL. The singing goes on for three successive nights for evening till dawn. Music in Ritual
  23. Comparative Glossary of Mindoro and Palawan Music. Voice Mindoro: Igway / Song Marayaw / Spirit song Palawan: Kulial / Song Ulit / Spirit song Instruments Mindoro: Subing / Jew's harp Gitgit / lute Agung / gong Bangsi / flute Palawan: Aruding / Jew's harp Kusyapiq / lute Basal / gong Suling, Babarak / flute