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Secret of sustainability

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Table of Contents I. Introduction:.................................................................................... 3-14 • Where does Energy Comes From.......................................... 15-19 • Our Oceans................................................................................ 22-22 • Tress ........................................................................................... 23-32 • Global Climate Changes .......................................................... 33-35 II. Our Solutions • Background Research ................................................. ............ 36-47 • Solutions you can follow ........................................................... 47 i. Wind ............................................................................. 49-55 ii. Solar ............................................................................. 56-66 iii. Lighting, heating cooling .....................…………....... 67-80 iv. Energy storage conversion ....................…………..... 81-85 v. Water Waste ..........................................………….... 86-115 vi. Transportation ..................................………….............. 116-131 vii. 10 Simple Things you can do…………......................... 132 viii. Angels Nest: Homeland Security………….................. 133-146 ix. Future Buildings: Tesla Sustainable Homes................. 147-158 III. Our People • Founders / Authors / Background........................................ 159-167 • Tribute to Dennis Weaver ................................................... 168-169 • Sustainable Integration Team.............................................. 170-181 • Contacts ............................................................................. 182
  3. 3. This is the only HOME we have in the Universe Today! Earth is in Danger of losing its LIFE
  4. 4. TOTAL WORLD ENERGY CONSUMPTION 1998 OIL 40% 26.9 Billion Barrels Per Year NATURAL GAS 22.5% 82.2 Trllion cubic feet per year COAL 23.3% 5.01 Billion tons per year NUCLEAR POWER 6.5% 2.3 Trillion kilowatt hours per year HYDRO-ELECTRIC 7% 2.6 Trillion kilowatt hours per year Introduction RENEWABLE ENERGIES 0.07% 196 billion kilowatt hours per year
  5. 5. Somewhere down there, someone is going to make a difference.
  6. 6. A Guide to Sustainable Living Designs and Energy Independence This book is your Guide to Sustainable Living Designs and Energy Independence. The information in this book will show you what we have learned; so, that you can either transform your existing Homes, Buildings, Schools, Businesses, Resorts, Orphanages and Vehicles, or build new ones where you can survive in a Renewable World! CANYON VIEW OF WORLDS NEST WORLDS NEST WITH VIEW OF TAOS SKI MOUNTAIN
  7. 7. Globally, we are only using 0.07% Renewable Energy. The goal is to Bring this Number Towards 100%. The end of oil is near and nuclear power is too costly both economically and ecologically. It is time for humankind to make a quantum leap. Global Warming is real and the only way humanity can survive is if it takes on the Sustainability Challenge. What is Sustainability? CNN Reported, on February 20, 2006, MILWAUKEE, Wis- consin (AP) -- Saying the nation is on the verge of technologi- cal breakthroughs that would “startle” most Americans, Presi- dent Bush on Monday outlined his energy proposals to help wean the country off foreign oil. Less than half the crude oil used by refineries is produced in the United States, with 65% coming from foreign nations. The President is calling us “Oil Addicts.” Subsequently, Bush visited the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, to talk about speeding the development of bio-fuels. However, just south of Colorado in Taos, New Mexico, the American Dream has already happened; and is providing proof to inspire the World that this can be done now, (not as some distant future goal). The dream is alive now at Angels Nest. Robert Plarr and Victoria Peters are well ahead of the world. They took on the challenge to prove to the world that humans can live in luxury, with ecologically sustainable energy technologies for both the home and their vehicles. If they can build a functional, luxurious, sustainable home, then technically, anyone can do it. This is the goal: to get the home and the automobiles off of the grid; off of polluting energy Sources; and to become “Eco-Energy Independent.” The goal has been attained.
  8. 8. Angels Nest has become a Hub for Sustainable Living Technology Research It is visited every day by students, engineers, politicians, legis- lators, media, world educators and leaders. It is quickly becoming “The Model Building of the Future.” There is no other way humanity can survive the continuing Earth Changes and the economic challenges of the end of oil, other than to become “Sustainable.” By the time you finish reading this book, you will not only know what Sustainability means to yourself, you will know what it means to the Global Community. Sustainability does not mean you have to use small solar panels and live in a cave with one light bulb. Angels Nest proves that you can have every modern conve- nience, such as: plasma screen TV, washers and dryers; computers; stereos, and kitchen appliances while not pollut- ing the planet. It will also show you how you can become your own utility, so that in the event of force majeure (hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, or fires), you can still rebuild your life, without relying on the massively vulnerable utility grid systems. This is your personal journey into how living sustainably will transform how you feel about your relationship to the earth, yourself, your Mind, Body and Soul. There is not a single person on the planet who is not affected by “Earth Changes” caused by human energy consumption and pollution. When we decide to go on a journey that has already been taken by great pioneers of science, we are really not taking that much of a risk. We are just making a transition for our own health, and that of our future children. We will still enjoy modern technology, but with the added feature of sustainability. You can live in a solar-powered home, wind powered home, hydrogen powered home. You can drive a hydrogen, bio-fuel vehicle. You can actually do this today. This is not future technology, but today’s solution. Angels Nest was created to show average Americans how to be sus- tainable. Welcome to the model home of the world where, you capture your own water from rain and snow on your roof, produce your own power, provide your own health care, and pay no utility bills.
  9. 9. 10 Homeland Security Angels Nest As individuals, we are vulnerable to pollution, power failures and terrorist attacks. Our homes are our only security. Los Ange- les, Department of Water and Power, the nation’s largest municipal utility, supplies water and power to more than 3.8 million residents and thousands of businesses. “We need a fundamental change to protect Los Angeles’ residents from terrorist attacks and adapt LADWP to a high performance level,” Mayor Hahn said. “It was clear to me from the moment of the World Trade Center attack that we in Los Angeles would have to ‘harden the target’ by increasing security, especially at our water and power facilities.” The truth is, by the time Security Agencies find a serious contaminant in our water, it would be too late for thousands to millions of people. We are most vulnerable to a biological attack through our water supply. If terrorists were capable of deploying an Ebola virus, mutated smallpox, or even nerve toxins, millions of people could die. Thedifferencebetweenabiologicalagentandachemicalagentisthis: biological viruses are contagious. You only need to infect thousands to kill millions of people due to the contagious ability of such a virus. Smallpox and Ebola are potential weapons that can kill tens of millions of people, far greater numbers than even nuclear weapons. Biological weapons have higher kill ratios than nucle- ar weapons. The target is the water supply of any major city or township. Your Water Supply is your only Security By having your home provide its own drinking and bathing water, you are not vulnerable to rely- ing on water that comes through miles of pipes. Pipe systems are vulner- able to terrorist attacks. City water supplies are places where terrorists can disperse biological or chemical weapons. Your only security from bio- logical terrorism is to maintain your own water supply via rainwater cap- ture and filtration. This is why Angels Nest uses rainwater capture, vortex water treatment and humidity capture systems for the home water supply. This guide will show you how to do this. 10
  10. 10. 11 Your solar and wind power can be stored as hydrogen. Electricity can then be generated through hydrogen fuel cells providing security against a terrorist attack, or natural disaster. In the event of war, enemies target power stations and communications centers first. If you have your own power, you are secure. Terrorist know how vulnerable we are when we have millions of homes and businesses linked to a few nuclear or coal powered plants. When we build our own home, or small community power generation facilities, we decentralize the energy supply, making it impossible for terrorists to take down the whole country. If America ever becomes involved in a World War, then we would be targeted from inside our boarders. Terrorists only need to take down our power plants. Your Power Supply is your only Security Wind Generator at Angels Nest The new model of Homeland Security is Home Security. Become your own utility and water provider. Also, in a natural disaster, what is the most common head- line? “Thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of residents are without power.” Residents have to wait weeks to months to get power restored in their areas. We need power to pump water, run sewage, and keep hospital communication facilities operating. Become Energy Independent. Set the new model. Be your own homeland security station, just as Angels Nest has demonstrated. Solar Panels on the Roof at Angels Nest 11
  11. 11. 12 After 9/11 in NYC, the Founders and Visionaries Robert Plarr and Victoria Peters knew we needed to have sustainable security buildings. So, they co-created, what may be the best example in the world of an energy independent home, including a vehicle refueling station. Angels Nest produces all of its own energy with Solar and Wind technology. The building is constructed from recycled materials (tires, beer cans, bottles, and wood) and captures all of its own water from snow melt and rain (reuses that water 6 times). In addition, Angels Nest features an indoor tropical greenhouse for growing food. The facility has its own hydrogen fueling station for re- fueling vehicles that run on hydrogen fuel cells, or pure hydrogen. It even makes its own hydrogen from excess solar and wind power. This means that once your home’s power cells are full, then excess energy goes to make hydrogen. By producing home grown fuel, you can drive your own vehicle (hydrogen fuel cell car, hydrogen power- drive car or truck). At Angels Nest, the hummer runs on hydrogen and biofuels (and several other fuels). Complacency can no longer be an option! Angels Nest Hydrogen Veggie Oil Hummer Victoria at hydrogen fueling station 12
  12. 12. 14 While President Bush said “Our nation is on the threshold of new energy technology that I think will startle the American people,” Angels Nest Founders Robert Plarr and Victoria Peters invite him to see it already in action. Sustainable Integration Protects against Terrorism! 14
  13. 13. 15 Chemical Pollution Problems Coal is also responsible for Acid Rain (sulfur dioxides),another very serious ecological threat. Acid rain may cause mutations in plant life, microbiological systems, and amphibians such as frogs. Over the past two decades, mutated frogs are showing up everywhere. Frogs have been hatched with 5 eyeballs, numerous legs and other deformations. One attributed cause for the amphibian mutations is chemical pollution, acid rain, and possible ozone depletion (UV ex- posure).Amphibian mutations - extra limbs, malformed or missing limbs, and facial malformations have been documented in 44 states, involving nearly 60 species. In some local populations, up to 60% of the amphibians exhibit malformations. If we were finding mutated human beings everywhere, perhaps we would be more serious about solving the problem. While the ef- fects to humans seem more difficult to connect to acid rain and other chemical pollution, the signs appearing in frog ponds may be a warning sign that says, “we are next.” What will we do when hu- man birth defects are equal to the frogs? Will we wake up then? New Mexico gets 87% of its electricity from burning coal. Many other states are high on the list. Nationally, the United States gets 52% of all of its electricity from coal. Coal is the main cause of Acid rain, which mutates and kills fish and amphibians. It also emits mercury into our rivers and streams, making fish a toxic food source. Mercury can cause severe illnesses in humans and wildlife. The number one cause of environmental degradation is the way we produce and consume energy. While the technology in computers, commercial electronics, telecommunications, motor vehicles, air trans- portation, and ocean transportation is advancing exponentially, the sources of energy needed to run current technology are not evolving towards ecological sustainability fast enough. While the idea of using renewable energy is popular, out of the total world energy consumption for 1998, the actual usage of environmen- tally acceptable renewable energy was less than 1% (0.7%). Renewable energy includes all, but not exclusively: biomass, solar electric power, passive solar heating, solar hot water heating, and wind electric power. Oil and Coal Of the ways that we produce electric power, oil and coal are at the top of the list. They are also the greatest contributors to “Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions” responsible for “global warming.” Oil and other fossil fuels also provide most of our energy for transportation. Our trans- portation vehicles are responsible for a great portion of ‘Greenhouse Gas” emissions. Oil Spills have plagued the environment for decades. In the 1990’s, more than 1,140,000 tons of oil polluted our oceans from oil spill accidents. That is a very high price to pay for oil transportation. The 1970’s yielded over 3.1 million tons of oil spills. On March 24, 1989, shortly after midnight, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez struck Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, spilling more than 11 million gallons of crude oil. The spill was the largest in U.S. history. Where does our Energy Come From?
  14. 14. 16 Nuclear Energy While nuclear energy (6.5% of Global Energy Usage) does not contrib- ute greenhouse gases, it does produce some thermal heat pollution that gets trapped in the greenhouse gas environment. Nuclear energy also pollutes our environment with radioactive waste, uranium mining pollution (a threat to water supplies) and radiation. Uranium Mining Pollution In the southwestern states of Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico, there are thousands of uranium mining claims. Some of the open-pit mines have leaked radioactive waste into water supplies and rivers, contaminat- ing Indian reservations, thus causing serious birth defects and cancers. The effects of uranium mining pollution are serious and generally over- looked in the overall threat scenario of nuclear incidents. Nuclear Waste However, there are other threats, such as nuclear waste storage. America’s most imminent site for nuclear waste is at Yucca Mountain. Nevada coalitions tried to block approval by Congress to use the nuclear waste site at Yucca Mountain, about 100 miles northwest of Las Vegas. But Congress (By a vote of 60 to 39 in 2004) has approved the site (at a cost of $58 billion) to store 70,000 metric tons of nuclear waste from nuclear power plants in 39 States. “By shipping nuclear waste on trucks and trains and barges, we may very well be creating hundreds, even thou- sands, of rolling dirty bombs. What sense does that make?” We’re talking about transporting roughly 70,000 metric tons of deadly waste from nuclear facilities in 39 states across our nation’s highways, railways and waterways to Yucca Mountain,” said Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, Democrat of South Dakota. At a cost of $58 billion, just for nuclear waste storage, (let alone the costs of health effects and damage to water supplies, and other aspects of the ecology), why aren’t we willing to spend equal amounts of money making giant wind and solar power plants? Even funding for non-radioactive fusion is being cut. Nuclear Waste Threatens Water Supply Yucca Mountain sits on top of a giant aquifer (underground water supply). According to the Department of Energy (DOE), the site is located in Nye County, Nevada, about 100 miles northwest of Las Vegas. It is federally owned land on the western edge of the Depart- ment of Energy’s Nevada Test Site. The nuclear waste repository would be approximately 1,000 feet below the top of the mountain and 1,000 feet above the ground water. Tritium is a radioactive isotope of the element hydrogen. It has a half- life of 12.3 years. This means half of it decays every 12.3 years, making half of it no longer radioactive. Consequently, the radioactivity decays over time. However, in that time, a lot of damage to water systems can occur. With radioactive “Tritium” as part of the nuclear waste being sent to Yucca Mountain, migration into the water supply 1,000 feet below, is sure to happen over time. Being a form of hydrogen, tritium quickly forms radioactive water when it reaches water supplies. Once the water is contaminated, plants, humans, mammals, animals, even birds, snakes and reptiles will be at risk. Are we really willing to take all of these risks just because we don’t want to spend money developing renewable energy on a large scale? Is our future disposable for our children? The answer is most certainly, “no.” We have to change.
  15. 15. 17 Nuclear Fusion Fusion is a viable form of energy production only if the nuclear fuels are non-radioactive. Most forms of fusion are still radioactive; including the government funded Tokomak Fusion Reactor at Princeton, which uses Tritium and (Deuterium) Hydrogen D+T. Even Cold Fusion of Deuterium+Deuterium is partially radioactive. Deuterium+Helium-3 Fusion is the most environmentally safe form of nuclear energy. 9 grams of Helium-3 fuel holds the energy equivalent of 1,000 barrels of crude oil. There is virtually no radioactivity, or less than 1% depending on the cycles used. Moon dust is loaded with Helium-3. Hydro Electric Power Hydroelectric power (7% of global energy) is not a contributor to Green- house gases, but it does pose some environmental challenges such as dams in wilderness areas that rely on waterways. It is the least threatening to our global atmosphere, making it a viable energy source for sustainability. Natural Gas Natural gas (22.5% of Global Energy) causes very little comparative damage to the atmosphere. It does cause toxic pollution to soils and wa- ter as it is extracted from the earth. However, if Natural gas (methane) is released into the atmosphere; making it is a serious greenhouse gas (7 times that of carbon dioxide). 17
  16. 16. 18 According to a recent study conducted by the Rocky Mountain Institute (Snowmass, Colorado), the average American home (2,280 square feet) uses approximately $1,441 of energy annually. The energy is responsible for 26,028 pounds of Carbon Dioxide emissions that are released into our atmosphere. Try and visualize what each and every family is responsible for. Each and every one of our homes is contributing to global warming unless we trans- form to sustainable energy systems. There is no one else to blame. We have met the enemy, and the enemy is us! However, it is not too late. We can choose the sustainable solution. Home Heating At the top of the list is home heating, producing 8,829 lbs per year of carbon dioxide greenhouse gases per family dwelling. Air conditioning produces 1,882 pounds of carbon dioxide. Water heating produces 3,558 pounds of carbon dioxide. Refrigerators and freezers produce 2,606 lbs of carbon dioxide. Cooking produces 825 pounds. Other appliances such as TVs, radios, computers, blenders, and hair dryers produce another 6,182 pounds of CO2 per year. The total is 26,028 pounds of CO2 produced by the average American household per year. This is an astounding figure when you consider how much that weighs on our atmosphere. Air conditioning This makes up 7.2% of the home’s CO2 emissions. It is actually possible to reduce the need for cooling with certain designs that you will learn about in this book. Further, solar-wind energy can be used to run air-conditioning systems. At Angels nest, we have demonstrated sustainable heating methods with renewable energy heating systems, such as solar-hot-water floors (heated tiles), passive solar windows, wind-solar hydrogen bio-fuels which can be used for cooking and heating. At Angels Nest, we have also demonstrated how to heat and cool your home with no CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons) and no CO2 from the energy sources. Lighting - Light Bulbs Lighting is 8.2%, and this can be solved by only using solar-wind, and hydrogen fuel cell technology. All of the lights are on at Angels Nest and there is no power plant providing the electricity. It is all produced at Angels Nest. Lighting produces 2,145 pounds of CO2 from energy derivatives. Just by using energy saving light bulbs, we can reduce CO2 emissions drastically. Angels Nest will show you other ways to reduce energy spent on lighting that include skylights, fiber optics, and more. Average Home Energy Use
  17. 17. 19 Water heating If we use a standard water heater to heat water, this produces 13.7% of the home’s greenhouse gases. Water can be heated with new European solar tubes that bring water to 200 degrees F. That water can be stored in a well-insulated hot water tank , then circulated under the tile floors to keep a house warmallnight. Bymorningthetilesarecoolagain,thesuncomesup andthecyclecanbeginagain. Additionalwind-solar-hydrogencan beproducedandused toheatwaterfurtherforbathingandcooking. Refrigerator-freezer energy This causes 10% of the home’s greenhouse gases. New, efficient and high quality refrigerators will reduce this energy problem and can be powered with solar-wind technology, as demonstrated at Angels Nest. Cooking This is only 3.2% of the Greenhouse gas problem. If we use solar- wind made hydrogen and extremely efficient cooking appliances, we can eliminate this all together. Remaining Appliances These make up 23.8% of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from same energy sources. These are TVs, computers, hair dryers, blenders, toasters, etc. If it plugs in the wall, it is in this category. No matter what we are using, we are plugged into one of our energy sources that are causing Global Warming and other problems. Efficient Appliances This is a very important area to research for your new home, or your home in transformation. There are a number of manufacturers of energy efficient stoves, refrigerators, washers and dryers, light bulbs, and many other appliances. If you design your home’s major appliances around efficiency, you can reduce the amount of money you will spend on solar, wind and hydrogen fuel cells. The appliances may cost more up front, but on the back end, they will save you more on your energy systems. The goal is to have every appliance you want, including computers, a TV and Stereo, without compromising your lifestyle. This can be done, but energy has to be managed to keep your costs down. Once you have your systems installed, you will have no energy bills.
  18. 18. 20 The Aurora Borealis Seen from The International Space Station (ISS) Our Earth is Alive with Electrical Energy 20
  19. 19. 21 Protecting Our Oceans Many of our oceans are being destroyed by raw sewage dumping, nuclear waste dumping, chemical dumping and trash disposal. The Mediterranean and Indian Oceans are some of the most polluted oceans in the world. The ways we produce energy are mostly to blame. That is why a major transformation is necessary. Our oceans are the lungs of the earth. Most of the oxygen we breathe comes from our oceans. Seaweed and other sea algae produce 71% of the Earth’s oxygen. By keeping our oceans safe from toxic waste dumping, raw sewage, nuclear waste disposal, oil spills, and trash, seaweed can thrive. Just think of how much you have enjoyed a beautiful sunset on the ocean. Remember that just by choosing to make an alternative choice to power your home and automobile, you are choosing to protect our oceans. You are the ocean. There is no difference. Just imagine how much the ocean gives us: beauty, surf for swimming and sports, fish, seaweed for sushi, salt, oxygen, the color blue, and shimmering orange sunsets. Now imagine that you no longer have that because it is all being destroyed. 30% of the world’s coral reefs are already gone. Penguins and many other marine mammals are going extinct. Dolphins and whales are dying due to pollution. 21
  20. 20. 22 Low Lying Coastal Cities all over the World are in Grave Danger of Rising Ocean Levels as more and more of the Antarctic and Greenland Ice Sheets melt into the sea. All of this can be Avoided if we make changes. 22
  21. 21. 23 23 One third of the earth’s surface is landmass. 29% of our oxygen comes from forests and swamps. Forests and other wooded lands cover a lot of the planet’s landmass. Between 1990 and 1995, 65.1 millionhectares(160millionacres)of forestswerelost due to deforestation in developing countries alone. While logging can not be avoided (we use wood in furniture, for building homes and offices, and for paper), it can be reduced and managed fairly well in contrast to what we are doing today. It can be used less in frame construction and morewhere it can be viewed and enjoyed. We can also use more renewable wood sources such as Bamboo, Hemp and Paulownia Trees. We can also reuse our paper grocery bags rather than throwing them away each time we go shopping. Even if we reduce our use of paper from shopping bags over a lifetime, and just save one tree, think about it. There are 6 billion people in the world. If each one of us saves onesingletree,likethisgiantSequoia,thenwecansave 6 billion trees in one generation of human life. That is if every person is willing to participate. Trees are our Lifeforce
  22. 22. 24 24 In one year, an average tree absorbs 26 pounds (11.79 kilograms) of CO2 and expels enough Oxygen to keep a family of four breathing for a year. By replanting trees and forests, we can do two things: 1) we can reduce Greenhouse gases (CO2). As trees grow, they take carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and use it to build their solid mass, as they are carbon-based life forms; 2) Trees also produce oxygen. Oxygen is needed for the production of atmo- spheric Ozone, and for all living things. More and more tree planting efforts are needed to restore global forests from deforestation. That means more people are needed to do the job. It is very hard work isolated from modern city life for low pay. Tree planters make huge sacrifices, leaving family and friends for months and months at a time to rebuild deforested landscapes. They also face the harshest weather conditions while they work, such as extreme heat, cold, mosquitoes, snow, lightning and severe rain. None of these condi- tions gives the tree planter the option to quit working. They work in sideways rain and hail with high winds even facing hypothermia. David Sereda bagged up with 200 seedling Spruce Trees weighing about 40 lbs. He planted about 1,500 trees, 9 feet apart, in a single work day; he made enough money to pay for his own tree planting bags, boots, and clothes, all of which he destroyed in a few working months. The shovel, raingear, and hat are extra. He worked those off the next day. He made enough money to eat, take a day off, and do his laundry. Author - David Sereda has planted 1.3 Million Trees – Over 22 Years of Working in the Forests
  23. 23. 25 Then you get to see the trees you planted after a few years and you feel this amazing, spiritual connection with the earth. It starts to mature over time. There is no feeling like having bent over and touched the earth to plant a tree over a million times. It is like doing prostrations before God at the Altar of Life. Today, I feel the presence of trees as if they were people. I know I am not imagining this. I know that Trees are beings and a gift from God. They give us everything from Almonds, walnuts, fruit, avocados, our homes, hardwood floors, frames for art, furniture, paper, books, album and CD covers, and on and on it goes. So to have a spiritual relationship with trees, that was worth my life sacrifice. Now I can sit under the shade of a tree and relax and know God. 25 One person can plant a million trees or a million people can each participate and plant one tree each. Imagine that! Together, we can reforest the whole world! Then you get to see the trees you planted after a few years and you feel this amazing, spiritual connection with the earth. It starts to mature over time. There is no feeling like having bent over and touched the earth to plant a tree over a million times. It is like doing prostrations before God at the Altar of Life. Today, I feel the presence of trees as if they are people. I know I am not imagining this. I know that Trees are beings and a gift from God. They give us everything from Almonds, walnuts, fruit, avocados, our homes, hardwood floors, frames for art, furniture, paper, books, album and CD covers, and on and on it goes. So to have a spiritual relationship with trees, that was worth my life sacrifice. Now I can sit under the shade of a tree and relax and know God.
  24. 24. 26 26 Here I am with Gabrielle (another Tree Planter), in a helicopter, going to reforest a remote cut block. I covered my head with a t-shirt due to the intense mosquitoes biting me all over. Cana- da forces American logging companies (who own most of the timber rights in Canada) into spending a lot of money to make sure reforestation is successful. When cut blocks are unreachable by tree planting trucks and crews, we get flown in helicopters to reforest these extreme areas. On this day, we had to plant a terribly damaged block and I really worked hard in the heat. After the day was over, we had to hike out with all of our gear for several miles back down to the logging road where we took off from. I have personally reforested some of the steepest and most treacherous cutblocks in Canada, mostly on the West Coast. There are many stages to successful tree planting. First, cone pickers gather seeds for the nurseries. Then, the trees are grown for 1-3 years before planting. Tree seedlings have to be from seeds that are the similar elevation that you are planting them in. If they are not, the forests will not grow properly and may die. Foresters plan areas that need to be reforested and plan seedlots and types of trees to be planted. Sometime we plant 3-5 species in one area. Other times we plant all one species. Then, tree planting contractors and foremen and women orga- nize camps and tree planting crews. Trees are cached in boxes and taken to the block by foremen and women. From there, the tree planter goes to work. So many people are required to refor- est successfully.
  25. 25. 27 The United States has the seventh largest annual loss of primary forests in the world. In the 2000-2005 period, the United States lost an average of 831 square miles of “old-growth forests.” Global Deforestation is occurring at an Alarming Rate. Brazil Cuts down 3,466,000 Hectares of forest per year. Indonesia loses 1,447,800 Hectares per year. The Russian Federation 532,200, Mexico, 395,000, Papua New Guinea 250,200, Peru 224,600, The United States of America 215,200, Bolivia 135,200 and more. Sudan 117,807, Nigeria 82,000. Canada is the only country that experienced an increase in forested lands, from 416.2 million hectares in the late 1980s to 417.6 million hectares in 1997; an increase of 1.4 million hectares. This is due to a strong National Reforestation Program, to Tree Planters like David Sereda and thousands more like him.
  26. 26. 28 28 Forest-Firewood Used for Drying Coffee When we drink coffee, per cup, we are responsible for clearing a patch of rainforest about the size of a coffee mug. That’s the amount of forest, in Latin America at least, that is cleared for firewood to dry the beans required for a cup of coffee. And if you drink a cup every morning, 365 days per year, that adds up to a lot of forest. Each year in Latin America, about 65 square kilometers (16,000 acres) are cut to fuel coffee drying, according to the Mesoamerican Development Institute. Rare species of flowers and and biology and deep levels of the ecology become extinct. Coffee is the second most valuable legally traded commodity on Earth (after oil) with global retail sales of coffee estimated to be $70 billion. When Buck Rogers landed his spaceship on Earth and wanted a Caffeine “high,” he started a modern trend that is quickly devouring the oxygen lungs of the earth: the rainforest. Trees are necessary for the production of our global Oxygen supply,which transforms into Ozone (Earth’s protective atmosphere). Oxygen is necessary for all biological life forms to survive. Trees also absorb CO2 (Greenhouse Gases) as they grow. In the Rainforests of South America, plants with the cure for many diseases are in danger of extinction, let alone rare flowers and other living things. Are we willing to destroy the rainforests when the answer to so many human problems may be discovered there? Frog Venom Discovered to Be a Vital Weapon In Fighting Cancer And Heart Disease. At the University of Ulster, Researchers have found “Rain Forest” frog venom to be a vital solution in the fight against killer conditions like cancer and heart disease. The team, headed by Professor Chris Shaw, has discovered that molecules called peptides, secreted by rain forest frogs to ward off predators, have the potential to Dramatically reduce high blood pressure; Stop blood clotting, an effective tool in the fight against Deep Vein Thrombosis and heart disease; Tackle conditions that are resistant to treatment by conventional antibiotics; Make crops resistant to insect attack; Help tackle cancer tumours and leukemia and protect bone marrow against damage during chemotherapy. Professor Shaw from the School of Biomedical Sciences at the University’s Coleraine campus said: “Biological warfare has been going on in the rain forest for millions of years as each organism living there has fought for its survival. I believe that we can put that biological weaponry to use for the good of humankind in the ultimate defeat of those diseases which have thus far remained intractable.” We have to save the Rainforests to do this! What Does a Cup of Coffee do to the Rainforest?
  27. 27. 29 Over 50% of the world’s Coffee comes from Central South America! The beans are dried using wood-fired or diesel-powered dryers. The wood-fired dryers contribute significantly to deforestation. The Energy Department of the Honduran Ministry of Plan- ning estimated that in Honduras alone 44,900 metric tons of wood are burned annually to dry coffee. This is equivalent to clear-cutting 763 hectares of forest annually, and accounts for about 16% of the industrial consumption of wood in the entire country. Forests are being devoured by the coffee cup. Other methods for drying coffee are electric powered dryers. But the energy required to dry coffee beans is staggering. According to the Costa Rican Coffee Institute (ICAFE) and our own regional surveys by the Institute, conventional mechanical dryers consume 10.5-kilowatt hours of electricity for every one hundred pounds of coffee dried. In addition, 0.12 cubic meters of firewood, or firewood equivalent, is consumed for every one hundred pounds of coffee dried! But “Coffeeeeee adddddicts” get their fix every day! Per capita, the average Canadian drinks 402 cups of coffee per year, 77 more than in the U.S. (325 per person) and 152 more than in Europe. Canadians spend $600 million a year on coffee for at-home consumption. Canadians spend between $2.2 and $2.5 billion a year on brewed coffee. Americans drink approximately 1.25 billion cups of coffee per year. Yeoouww! Can we still drink coffee and not cut down a tree at the same time? Coffee Giants are being introduced to Solar Energy Coffee Dryers! Industrial Solar Coffee Drying Chambers at SanIsidro, Boaco, Nicaragua Montes de Oro, Miramar, Costa Rica! Solar thermal collectors allow coffee to be dried in 24 hours without the need for firewood! They save energy, forests, and also reduce pollution from energy derivatives. Find out more at: 29
  28. 28. 30 30 Because trees make an excellent carbon sink (trees absorb CO2 - greenhouse gases) to offset global warming, Worlds Nest has investigated the Paulownia Tree, native to China and Japan. Due to its fast growing nature, the Paulownia tree is an ideal wood source. Instead of logging old growth forests in the rainforests for exotic hardwoods, the Paulownia tree offers an excellent alternative. By farming Paulownia Trees, we can offset the destruction to our forests to a large degree. Paulownia roots go down as far as forty feet regulating the water table and removing soil salinity. Paulownia trees are effective in absorbing waste pollutants from hog, chicken and dairy facilities. Giant leaves drop each winter, releasing nitrogen and increas- ing soil fertility. In the orient, Paulownia is planted between row crops for dramatic increases in production. The giant leaves and rapid growth rate, act as huge lungs to scrub the air of greenhouse gases and air pollution converting carbon diox- ide into wood mass. Then releasing high levels of beneficial oxygen. Most Paulownia trees grown in the US are non-invasive. It is rare for one to germinate from a stray seed. In fact, out of the many thousands of trees we have grown, we have only seen three grow from stray seeds. Another amazing fact about Paulownia trees is that once you cut them down, they grow right back in the same spot without having to reforest, or replant the trees. The trees also make good wood for furniture, and are com- monly used in Japan for many commercial uses. The pulp can also be used for making paper. By planting more urban trees in our cities, we can create more oxygen, shade extreme hot zones around homes and business- es and reduce our air conditioning bills. But the Paulownia Tree is just one example of hundres of pos- sible trees we can plant in our urban environment. There are many species of fast growing trees, such as Weeping Willows, Oak, Japanese Maple, Cotton Woods, and more. The Paulownia Tree Movement
  29. 29. 31 The Paulownia Tree is called the World’s fastest growing Tree because in just 3-5 years, it can be harvested for its hardwood. Seedlings can be sprouted, as seen here, from small pieces of the root. They grow right before your eyes. In just 3 short years, you have a full size tree in your yard, the park, or your business. If you live in a hot climate like Los Angeles, Trees planted near your home provide shade, cooling your home and reducing your air conditioning bill. But most of all, Trees provide so much beauty in our urban environment. In Los Angeles, the organization Tree People has planted over a million trees beautifying the Los Angeles basin. To offset Greenhouse gases from our cars, we would need to plant 1 tree for every 100 gallons of gasoline we use. Or, 1 tree for every 1,000 kilowatt hours of electricity we use from Coal or Gasoline Electric. 31 A Paulownia tree graces the streets of Los Angeles. They are quickly becoming a tree of choice for quick growth and landscaping beauty. Plant one on your property today! Go to to Order your Paulownia Tree Kit Today!
  30. 30. 32 32 Western Pine Beetle Kills Trees Another devastating threat to the ecology caused by Global Warming is the infestation of the Western Pine Beetle. As draughts continue, due to warming trends, the pine beetle thrives on decaying trees made vulnerable in draught condi- tions. As the pine beetle thrives, huge tracts of forested lands are devoured. Now forest fires can thrive as all of the dead wood becomes fuel. A new problem emerges and destruction to the forests becomes exponential. One million or more trees may be killed each year during an outbreak. It takes a single tree planter 20 years or more to reforest a million trees. As more trees die, forests become vulnerable to and increase forest fire danger by adding dead wood to available fuels. Fires devastate our landscapes. As we loose more trees, we loose oxygen, the primary component for producing atmospheric Ozone. Also, trees absorb CO2 as they grow and mature. Without trees, Global Warming trends deepen exponentially. Sub-sequentially, forest fires have been on the rise as Global Warming escalates. 5,264,655 acres of U.S. forest was lost to fires during 2002 - more than twice the annual average over the past 10 years. In 2002, Canada lost 2.8 million hectares to forest fires. The eco-system of the Earth is so fragile, and in such balance, if it is tipped in the wrong direction just a few degrees, the results can be catastrophic. By losing our forests, we are loosing the lungs of our earth. Trees, swamps, algae, and seaweed all produce oxygen. Com- promising oxygen in our atmosphere can be detrimental to sustaining our atmosphere. Under solar radiation, oxygen transforms into ozone in our upper atmosphere. If we loose oxygen, we loose ozone. When ozone decays, more intense ultraviolet light penetrates into our atmosphere. UV light is much hotter in temperature than visible light, thus the temperature increases even more, that higher temperature gets trapped in the Greenhouse Gas environment, and Global Warming escalates to even higher levels. More and more forest fires devastate millions of acres each year due to Global Warming, but even more important, pre- cious wildlife loses its habitat, food sources, and many die. Is this really happening because of the way we produce and use energy? Yes!
  31. 31. 33 Global Warming Spells More Natural Disasters Hurricane Jeane, 2005 NASA Image from International Space Station, September 25, 2004 33
  32. 32. 34 This is the view from the International Space Station looking at the moon and the “Eye of a Hurricane.”
  33. 33. 35 Global Catastrophe The U.S. has sustained 58 weather-related disasters during the 1980-2003 period, in which overall damages and costs reached or exceeded $1 billion at the time of the event. Insurance companies have to get Federal Aid just to survive. But how may disasters do we have to undergo before we realize that it makes economic sense to transform our energy economy to an ecologically sustainable one? In 1998, nearly 300 million people world-wide were forcibly taken from their homes due to weather related disasters. The population of the United States is 270 million. Can we really imagine that Global Warming is causing or contributing to the displacement of hundreds of millions of people? The United States is home to more tornadoes than any other country in the world, and 1998 was one of the worst years on record. Through June, 1,019 tornadoes were formed in the United States and with six months before year’s end, the numbers exceeded the previous years. Hurricanes, tropical storms, El Ninos, and other storms are on the rise. The Southern US was hit by 4 successive, deadly hurricanes in 2004. In 6 weeks. “Charley,” on Aug. 13, a Category 4 hurricane, killed 34; “Frances,” on Sept. 5, killed 48. “Ivan” swept from Grenada to Ala. and Fla. on Sept. 16, killing 57 in the U.S., 66 in the Caribbean. “Jeanne,” on Sept. 26, flooded Fla. again, killing 28. Total U.S. damages from the 4 hurricanes estimated to exceed $35 billion. In 2005, Hurricane “Katrina” hit southern Florida on Aug. 25th. On August 29th, she slammed the Gulf Coast with 127 mph winds and major storm surges, destroying thousands of homes and businesses, and causing massive flooding in Miss., Ala., and New Orleans where the levees failed. The death toll was 1,323 “Katrina” was among the most devastating of U.S. hurricanes with damages estimates at $100 billion. She was followed by Rita and Wilma causing another $18-20 billion in damage. “The Impact of Global Warming on Weather Patterns has been under-estimated” Dr. James E. Hansen, Leading American Climate Change Scientist and Director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Science. If we look at these numbers and realize that these are disasters related to “Global Warming,” we can make a pretty good assumption that it makes good economic sense to invest in Sustainable technologies for our future survival. 35
  34. 34. 36 Background Research 36
  35. 35. 37 NASA Proves the Goal of Sustainable Living in Space NASA deserves a lot of credit. Solar power and Hydrogen Fuel Cells started with NASA in the early Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions and are now used in the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station (ISS). Astronauts have proven the concept that humans can live inde- pendent of electricity and water grid systems. They can also now communicate wirelessly via satellite, wireless phones, television and internet. NASA is constantly testing and discovering new breakthrough technologies that can benefit not only the astronauts and space exploration, but human life on earth. In fact, it is because of NASA that we have hydrogen fuel cell technology today. The new International Space Station (ISS) is a prime example of a home in space that is on its way to being environmentally sustainable. The International Space Station gets all of its electricity from the sun (solar panels) and stores that energy in hydrogen fuel cells. They make all of their own water from fuel cells, recycle it, and store it; just as Angels Nest has. The very fact that NASA is doing this now is proof that we can do it on earth, in our own homes. The Space Shuttle is powered with Liquid Hydrogen Fuel. The Space Shuttle Orbiter has three fuel cell power plants onboard all reusable and restartable. The fuel cells are located under the payload bay area in the forward portion of the orbiter’s mid fuselage.
  36. 36. 38 We owe so much to NASA’s Research and Testing of Advanced Sustainable Technologies. The new International Space Station is a joint effort led by the United States. The International Space Station draws upon the scientific and technological resources of 16 nations: The United States, Canada, Japan, Russia, 11 nations of the European Space Agency and Brazil. The Station has a mass of about 1,040,000 pounds. It measures 356 feet across and 290 feet long: It has almost an acre of Solar Panels plus Hydrogen Fuel Cells that provide electrical power to six state-of-the-art laboratories. The International Space Station ISS 38
  37. 37. 39 If we can Live Sustainably in Space on the International Space Station ISS, we can Live Sustainably on Earth. Worlds Nest Adopted the Space Station’s Technologies and duplicated its systems for Sustainable homes and businesses on Earth. We can also study Earth from the Space Station to better Understand Global Ecology. 39
  38. 38. 40 Michael Fulton, a NASA RD contract scientist, joined Worlds Nest in the winter of 2005. In 2006, Michael Fulton introduced anoth- er NASA contractor, Robert Walters of Entech Solar Inc., who, with Michael, worked for over 16 years on advance solar power for space applications. The solar technology being developed by Entech for space power will forever change the face of the way we produce solar energy here on earth. They engineered a major break-through in the solar energy production that was used in 1998 to power NASA’s “Deep Space One” space probe and is currently being tested on the Interna- tional Space Station. The Entech team has found a way to more than double the power output of a solar panel (per square meter) by con- centrating sunlight through Fresnel lenses and magnifying it onto an advanced solar cell. How ingenious is this? Concentrating sunlight on smaller solar energy chips means more electricity at a lower cost. While typical solar panels have an average conversion efficiency of about 12%, this new revolutionary solar panel is as high as 30% efficient. Entech’s concentrators allow the manufacturing of solar panels using 95% less silicon (a major expense in PV solar panels). Entech’s latest break- through in solar power generation will produce 2 to 3 times more power per square meter of panel space than conventional one-sun panels. This means that solar energy will be much more affordable for consumers than that provided by standard PV panels available today. Aside: Michael Fulton designed the non-reflective glass window coatings used on the International Space Station, which allows for the very fine global photography presented throughout this book. Looking through a Fresnel Lens at Robert Michael Robert R. Walters Michael L. Fulton at Angels Nest Conference during February, 2006. SOLAR ENERGY BREAK-THROUGH 40
  39. 39. 41 Low Cost Solar Panels Will Change the World! Michael Fulton Director of Worlds Nest Research Michael designed and produced the unique anti-reflection window coatings for the International Space Station. He was also responsible for the hyper- spectral filter coating on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Critical to our solar energy future he pioneered the UV protection coating for Entech’s Fresnel silicone lenses used for advanced space solar power applications (Deep Space One mission flown in 1998). Early in his career he developed high energy laser damage resistant coatings for the NOVA / SEVA large area laser fusion mirrors (Lawrence Liver- more National Lab). One of Michael’s most significant contributions was the development of advanced energetic deposition processes now used through- out the optical coating industry (Ion Assisted Deposition). While in Singa- pore, Michael coordinated the establishment of the Thin-Film Center of Excel- lence for the Productivity and Standards Board. He also worked with a team at Nanyang Technological University to invent a unique deposition technology (Filtered Cathodic Arc). Back in the US, he worked with Andre Anders, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, to propose the use of Filtered Cathodic Arc technology for depositing advanced coatings in the vacuum of space. While working at Rockwell Science Center, Michael worked with a team to develop Laser Eye Protection coatings for pilots. Currently, he is producing advanced coatings for a Phase II SBIR contract, developing radiation resistant solar cell covers for space applications. 41
  40. 40. 42 ENTECH’s Fresnel Lens Solar Panels were also used on NASA’s Deep Space 1 to power its Electric Ion Propulsion System. NASA Deep Space 1 Solar Powered Satellite NASA’s Deep Space 1 Solar Panels were designed by the ENTECH team and Michael Fulton. 2.5 Kilowatts of solar energy combined with low volumes of Xenon gas (fuel) drives the Ion Thruster Engines to send the satellite spacecraft up to nearly 10,000 Miles Per Hour. More energy will mean faster ion velocities. This allows us to explore the solar system with low fuel weight and maximum range. Ion thrusters are the new frontier for space propulsion at NASA. Michael Fulton is excited to be part of the Worlds Nest family. He began his career in 1973 with Optical Coating Laboratory Inc. in Santa Rosa, CA. During this time he pioneered Ion Assisted Deposition technology for the production of advanced thin-film optical interference coatings. He worked on many space programs and early versions of laser protection coatings. In 1990 Michael joined the Boeing High Technology Center where he was instrumental in the development of UV protec- tion coatings on silicone Fresnel lenses for space solar power applications. After Boeing closed the High Technology Center he moved to Singapore and developed advanced coatings for night vision applications. Upon returning to the US, he joined a small company where he designed and produced the special coat- ings for the International Space Station Windows. Michael then joined the Rockwell Science Center where he worked on the La- ser Eye Protection programs for military pilots. In 2003 he started his own consulting company, Ion Beam Optics Inc.; where he has devoted his time to solar energy technology development for space power and terrestrial applications. Michael has a B.S. in Chemistry and an M.A. from Sonoma State University. Robert Walters has been working with his fellow founders of ENTECH, Dr. Walt Hesse, Mr. Mark O’Neill, the inventor of ENTECH’s innovative optics, and A. J. McDanal to develop the advanced solar power systems. These individuals are great scientists, engineers and humanitarians! 42
  41. 41. 43 Power Your Home, Community or City with ENTECH Solar Power! A small 100 Thousand Watt (100 kW) power facility like this can produce enough electricity to run 33 homes at 3.3 kilo- watts each. Thisismorethanenoughpowertorunallofthemajor appliances in a 2-3 bedroom home. Michael Fulton and ENTECH are looking at ways to use solar energy for heating as well. The ENTECH team has designed a solar system that uses water to cool the solar cells which in term heats the water to about 160 degrees at the same time the system is producing electricity. This means that hot water can be used for home heating, bathing, washing, etc. at no additional cost. The ENTECH team has also engineered solar skylights that let in 3 times more light than conventional sky lighting to allow for less energy use in daytime lighting. ENTECH’s New Collimating Tubular Skylight Technology. Natural light also has proven to result in higher grades in student classrooms over florescent lighting. ENTECH’s Fresnel Lens solar technology continues to be tested on the International Space Station. The station also features Michael Fulton’s non-reflective window coatings allowing for more pure space viewing and space photography with no reflections in the window glass. The International Space Station using Solar Panels 43
  42. 42. 44 This Fresnel Lens takes nearly a square meter of sunlight and concentrates it into about a square centimeter. The solar cell assemblies, electrically insulated and encapsu- lated for durability, use a unique patented optical device called a prism cover to boost performance. An aluminum housing supports and encloses the module. Each module is 0.9 m (3’) wide, 3.7 m (12’) long, and 0.9 m (3’) high. Entech’s reli- able Fresnel lens PV technology has been developed with help from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),several U.S.utilities and many other private enterprises. DOE, Sandia, and NREL have recently established the National Center for Photovoltaics. Entech’s fourth-generation concentrator is the world’s largest terrestrial PV module, with an aperture area of over 3 square meters and a rated power output of 430 watts. This PV module uses a large acrylic plastic Fresnel lens to focus sunlight onto small silicon cells. Concentrating the sunlight to 20 times its normal intensity reduces the use of expensive silicon cell material by 95% (or uses 5%), compared to conventional flat-plate PV modules. The solar cells are mounted to an extruded aluminum heat sink (or water cooling can be used for producing hot water), keeping the cells about as cool as conventional one-sun cells. 44
  43. 43. 45 Michael Fulton (Director of World’s Nest Research Institute) and Edward Palen, PhD., P.E. (Palen Solutions Optoelectronic Packag- ing Consulting) have joined together to provide lower cost solar modules for the expanding photovoltaic market. Building upon the space power concentrator technology, developed for NASA by Boeing and EntechInc., Cool Planet Solar Inc. is now developing low cost manufacturing of the silicon concentrator modules re- quired to meet the future demand for solar energy. Cool Planet Solar Inc. is working with Entech and other companies to fully commercialize the concentrator solar energy technology. Because of the much lower production cost, due to use of 95% less sili- con, concentrators are the next leap forward in the production of electricity from the sun. By using mono-crystalline silicon single junction cells with a back collector grid, and a high efficiency light scattering on the front-side, the cell efficiency is expected to be at least 20%. Cool Planet Solar Inc. (CPS) will work with Entech Inc., using the field proven large (0.5m by 2.5 m) concentrators with sun track- ing, to implement this ideally suitable technology for communities and solar farms. CPS will fill the niche of the home and com- mercial building market by using its new solar concentrators that have the same roof profile as the one-sun panels now used in the market place. By working with a new large volume silicon solar cell manufacturer CPS is projecting a cost of one dollar per Watt for installed solar panels. Currently, the annual global market for terrestrial solar photovoltaic systems is over US$ 8 Billion and growing exponentially. The market for PV module production in 2004 was a remarkable 1,194 megawatts, a 60% increase over the 744 MW in 2003 shown in the graph to the right. Many groups project that annual glob- al sales will exceed US$20 billion by the year 2010, or before. Michael Fulton’s Low Cost Solar Panels Demand is greater than World Wide Supply!
  44. 44. 46 Michael Fulton Director of Worlds Nest Research Sonoma State University Distinguished Alumni 2006 The first Sustainable observatory in the world to be built for Sonoma State University on 3,700 acres in Northern California. The facility will be powered by solar, wind, hydrogen fuell cells, and Worlds Nest Air to Water technology. Tri-Fuel Hybrid vehicles will also be featured. Sustainable Waste Water Cells! Worlds Nest Sustainable Hydrogen Powered Building, Taos, NM. The Model for the SSU Observatory. Projected Sustainable Observatory Michael Fulton David Sereda Victoria Peters Co-Founder of Worlds Nest thanks Michael Fulton SSU for making our world a better sustainable place. Fulton Family 46
  45. 45. 47 Galbreath Wildlands Preserve Observatory World’s Nest has joined the School of Science and Technology at Sonoma State University (SSU) to establish a world-class astronomi- cal observatory within the 3700 acre Galbreath Wildlands Preserve. The telescope will be in the 1-meter size range designed for research by students and faculty at the University. The Galbreath facility will be one of the largest research telescopes in Northern California. When completed, it will be only the second of two such instruments available to students and faculty within the California State Univer- sity System (CSU). In addition to astronomical research and education, the Galbreath Observatory will be built using World’s Nest sustainable tech- nology and serve as a test-bed for research in environmentally conscious planning and management. The latest “green” con- struction and building management techniques, environmental monitoring, alternate energy generation, and telecommunications will be used to build and operate the observatory. We intend to design, construct and operate the facility using the latest “green” techniques, creating an observatory with negligible impact on the environment and ecosystem. For example, we will not pave any existing roads, or any additional roads, which are required for access to the observatory. Furthermore, because of our need for stable atmospheric conditions, we will use materials that mini- mize temperature fluctuations in the structures so that little power will be consumed in regulating the temperature of the buildings. The World’s Nest team, lead by Michael Fulton (Distinguished SSU Alumni 2006), will work with SSU to provided the power require- ments for the observatory facility and associated instrumentation. The project’s goal is to make the facility energy self-sufficient and “off the grid.” We intend to generate the energy required for the proj- ect locally using means which do not depend on fossil fuels. We will consider all possible alternative energy sources including solar, wind, and hydroelectric. Michael Fulton will be working closely with Dr. Saeid Rahimi (Dean of the SSU School of Science and Technology: 707-664-2171) to estab- lish a completely sustainable educational facility for astronomy and environmental research. In addition World’s Nest will work with SSU to completely document the construction of the sustainable observa- tory, including plans for a book and movie.
  46. 46. 48 14 Solutions You Can Follow! 1. Home-Based Wind Energy 2. Home-Based Solar Energy 3. Solar Lighting - Skylights 4. Energy Efficient Lighting 5. Solar Hot Water Floors 6. Three Heating Cooling Zones 7. Energy Storage Systems 8. Gasification of Trash Waste 9.Water Rain Water Capture 10.Water Recycling Treatment 11. Sewage Treatment 12.Vehicles and Refueling Station 13. Solar Electric Vehicles 14. Retrofit Your Home or Business 48
  47. 47. 49 Wind is one of the oldest forms of Renewable Energy - dating all the way back to 700 B.C. It was used to sail boats by the ancient Egyptians. Water and Advanced Wind Power was first used by Humans (c. 500 B.C.).Water and more advanced use of wind power gave man a more complex source of energy. The use of energy from the wind through the use of windmills and paddle wheels goes back to ancient Europe. The energy harvested from the wind and water was used to grind wheat and grain. Today, wind is one of the two most preferred ways to produce renewable electrical energy. Evolving Wind Power Today! 49
  48. 48. 50 50
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  50. 50. 52 The advantage of a vortex is that the blades to do not need to be turned into the wind, and they can capture wind from any direction. Other states with sizable wind plants include Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. We do not have to wait for our State to adopt wind power. We can install smaller systems for our own homes and communities. One megawatt of wind capacity is enough to supply 240 to 300 average American homes. The best thing about wind is that it can be available rain or shine, night or day. Solar is limited to day time only, and some days can produce very little energy due to cloud cover or snow. Combined with home solar power, wind can also assist you in becoming sustainable in geo- graphical locations with more cloud cover and less days with sun. Engineering more efficient home-sized wind systems is a strong area of interest at Angels Nest. This Vortex Wind Power system is being tested experimentally at Angels Nest. Bring Wind Power to your Home! 52
  51. 51. 53 Vertical Axis Wind Turbines can provide power from the wind in a small space. These turbines have a spiral blade instead of a more traditional propeller blade. Moving air carries kinetic energy, which spins the turbine blade. At the bottom of the turbine is a generator that can convert that movement into useful electrical power (inside the copper box). What is VAWT?
  52. 52. 54 How much wind generating capacity currently exists in the U.S.? How much will be added over the next several years? At the end of 2004, U.S. capacity reached 6,740 MW. Utility - scale wind power projects now under construction or under negotiation will add at least 5,000 megawatts of wind capacity in the U.S. over the next five years. The U.S. Department of Energy has announced a goal of obtaining 6% of U.S. electricity from wind by 2020—a goal that is consistent with the current rate of growth of wind energy nationwide. As public demand for clean energy grows, and as the cost of producing energy from the wind continues to decline, it is likely that wind energy will provide a growing portion of the nation’s energy supply. California is the state in which most wind power develop- ment has occurred up to now. As of the end of 2004, the Golden State had a total of 2,096 MW of wind generating capacity, with Texas ranking second at 1,293 MW. Today, Wind Power is a Growth Trend! 54
  53. 53. 55 Turby - A Revolution in Residential Commercial Wind Power Applications! The long awaited arrival of affordable and highly efficient wind power is upon us. Now you can have the beauty of Modern Architecture and Wind Power at the same time. Turby blends into the landscape of Modern Architecture as if it were part of the design. These beautiful wind systems can be installed on every commercial or residential location in the world. the Turby is the greatest achieve- ment and revolution in compact wind power systems for a number of reasons. First, it is architectur- ally beautiful for modern business parks or homes. Second, it is nearly silent, and allows wind to enter from any direction to produce power. The Turby produces up to 3 Kilowatts of electricity at peak performance and can produce energy even when winds are as slow as a few miles per hour. Placing it high on commercial or residential buildings allows it to capture maximum wind potential.. 55
  54. 54. 56 Angels Nest Solar and Water Catchment
  55. 55. 57 Home-Based Solar Energy 57
  56. 56. 59 Photovoltaic cells convert light into electrical power These cells are assembled into arrays that can capture the energy in sunlight and make it available to run household appliances. Their efficiencies are typically from 10% to 21%. More efficient cells exist but they are presently very expensive. On any given day, the light from the Sun is roughly one thousand watts per square meter of area. A square meter of solar cells can make about 200 watts of electrical power available. Cheap solar cells would mean that sun power would be affordable by nearly anyone where the skies are not overcast. Light is energy. It comes in small packets called “photons”. These photons strike atoms inside the solar cell and release electrons, the tiny charged particles that form electrical current. When this happens, the solar cell acts like a battery and can power nearly any electrical device. Many cells can be wired together to provide a large amount of power. When the photons collide with the electrons (shown in green), the electrons are literally knocked free of the atoms and can flow to the fine grid of collector electrodes printed on the surface of the cell. Solar panels can provide the power to run your home! A collection of solar panels is shown here providing electricity for the Angel’s Nest. Silent, clean electrical power results from the sunlight falling on these panels. New developments are bringing the cost of these panels down so that anyone will be able to afford them. How Do Solar Cells Work? 59
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  59. 59. 62 Solar Lighting - Skylights 62
  60. 60. 63 Skylights at Angels Nest They are virtually in every room. Also, the skylights open to allow air flow in every room. The more we open our windows to the sky, the more beauty we have access to. The Pyramid room is all open windows and is the best room at Angels Nest to get a star field view of the night sky. It is also spectacular and bright in the daytime. 63
  61. 61. 64 South-East Facing Windows Natural light like this also adds a lot of warmth to your living space. Plants also thrive on natural light, giving more oxygen and thermal heat to your environment. If you are creative in how you place your solar windows and skylights, you can also avoid harsh sunlight and unwanted direct exposure. Consult with Angels Nest to find out how you can avoid having your home become too hot from solar windows or too cold. Double insulated glass is also recommended. By taking advantage of solar lighting and southeast facing windows, your home can reduce its daylight lighting energy bill. At the same time, you can draw in passive solar heating. At 7,000 feet above sea level, Angels Nest warms up quickly, even in the dead of winter on a common sunny morning. Natural light is also uplifting to the human spirit. Studies on higher learning have shown that the human mind is more receptive to learn while being bathed with natural pure white light opposed to artificial and unbalanced light. 64
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  63. 63. 66 No Light Bulbs are needed for Daylight Interiors 66
  64. 64. 67 Energy Efficient Lighting This doesn’t mean you have to live in the dark and use candles. You can use a multitude of energy efficient light bulbs for reading or just lighting a room. But Fiber Optic Lighting can be very magical, when used to create mood. Angels Nest uses many colored lights, light bulbs, halogens and Fiber Optic Lights in all of its rooms. Remember that energy efficiency is important in managing your total energy usage for your home. The more you can focus on energy usage in every aspect of your home and appliances, the less energy you will have to produce with solar and wind power. Energy savings equals less money. From Sky lighting to Fiber Optics, lighting is magical at Angels Nest. This Fiber Optic circular hanging bed floats above the indoor greenhouse with a panoramic view of the Taos, New Mexico Mountain range. It is like Faerie Land! 67
  65. 65. 68 City Lights Seen from the International Space Station The United States Generates 3.8 Trillion kilowatt Hours of Electricity Per Year, mostly from Non-Renewable Energy Sources that are Destroying the Planet.
  66. 66. 69 Solar Powered Lighting means the Lights are on and Anybody can come Home to a Well-Lit House Angels Nest at Night Features Energy Saving Light Bulbs, Halogen Fiber Optic Lighting Systems for all your needs 69
  67. 67. 70 TWO METHODS OF PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING SOLAR WINDOWS and SOLAR HOT WATER TILE FLOORING According to the Department of Energy (DOE), heating and cooling account for about 56% of the energy use in a typical U.S. home, making it the largest energy expense for most homes. This challenge is one of the most important at Angels Nest. At 7,000 feet above sea level, temperatures can drop in Winter to well below zero. The goal is to use very little energy to heat the home in Winter and use very little energy to keep it cool in the Summer. Angels Nest has numerous windows. Windows are key to letting in lots of sunlight. However, without proper design features, in the Summer, the building would overheat. Sunlight gives Heat and life to Plants. Plants give off heat and humidity. This is the first level of natural heating at Angels Nest. 70
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  69. 69. 72 The next level of heating was designed by Robert Plarr. He wanted 3 Zones that can be separated with sliding glass doors: Zone 1, the outer Blackwater Greenhouse, Zone 2, the Graywater Greenhouse and Zone 3, the innermost region (Bedrooms and living spaces). There are living spaces inside of the first 2 zones. However at night, when it is too cold, people can retreat to the inner zones as temperatures decrease. 3 HEATING COOLING zone system Most of the Windows are in Zone 1. Even on cold winter nights, when it is subzero outside, zone 3 can be 65-75 degrees inside with no added heating. In the Summer, Zone 3 (where the Bedrooms are) can also be the coolest since they are away from the direct sun exposure. On really hot days, window covers can be drawn like curtains to block out the sun’s most intense exposure. 72
  70. 70. 73 How Does Solar Heating Work? By circulating water through the heat collector, we can move the heat where we need it, such as to a water tank, swimming pool, or through a floor heating system inside a home. Sunlight carries a lot of energy, and when it shines on objects, that energy usually becomes heat. Dark objects reflect less light and so become hotter, while light colored objects remain cooler because they reflect more light. By placing dark objects in the sunlight, we can gather a large quantity of heat. Solar Heat Collector 73
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  73. 73. 76 ZONE 2 has sliding glass doors at right 76
  74. 74. 77 ZONE 2 - THE 2ND INNER REGION Zone 2 is a moderate temperature zone that is very comfort- able for daytime activities or for lounging. This is the Yoga Conference Room at Angels Nest. Winter or Summer, at 7,000 feet, this room is always comfortable with no added heating or cooling. If it gets too hot, the doors can be closed locking it off from Zone 1,which receives the most direct sun exposure by day and the and is the coolest area at night. This Zone 2 area is around 65 - 70o F, with no added heating or cooling. Skylight windows can be opened for cooling or airflow. However, if the room does get too cold in winter; there is another way to get the whole house to warm up. This is called Solar Mass Heating. Sunlight naturally heats up tiles and the mass of the building by day. 77
  75. 75. 78 ZONE 3 - inmost region bedroom Zone 3 is a comfort zone Winter or Summer. It is Amazing that at 7,000 feet, Angels Nest attained its goal of keeping a 10,000 square foot home in a balanced temperature region that is comfortable with no added heating or cooling. The two Master Bedrooms are round adobe finish with their own bathrooms. If you want to get the bedrooms and the whole house beyond the natural temperature of 65 - 70 degrees F., then you can turn on the heating systems to bring the temperature up to 85 degrees (if you really want it that warm). 78
  76. 76. 79 Solar Hot Water Radiant Floors Keep You Warm in the Winter and on Cold Summer Nights. 79
  77. 77. 80 80 Solar Hot Water Radiant Floors This system was invented in ancient Greece where they used spaces beneath mosaic tile floors to channel Central Heating. Now we have modernized ancient Greek technology. Under- neath the bamboo floors are hot water tubes that feed hot water underneath your wooden or tile floors to heat up the thermal mass. Thermal mass holds heat and distributes it much more effectively that heating up air mass. The problem with heating up air mass is that any leaks, open windows or poor insulatiing qualities can cause huge energy losses very quickly. When we heat up the mass of our floors, the heat gets stored in the floor and slowly radiates off into the room. If a window or door opens slightly, there is a heat loss; but the heat energy stored in the floors is not lost so quickly. Zone 1 First Level Floors at Angels Nest The water can either be heated with solar tubes or by a hydro- gen or other bio-fuels gas boiler. New solar tubes can heat water to 200 Degrees, far above what is needed for bathing. 80
  78. 78. 81 The Angels Nest Energy Pod uses Advanced Solar Energy and Integrated Hot water; Vortex Wind Power; Hydrogen Fuel Cells for storage and power delivery; Flex Fuels; Electrolyzer to make Hydrogen Fuel from water; a Hydrogen Well to store hydrogen; a hydrogen fuel station for vehicles, and biofuels. The traditional way to store wind and solar energy is in a rack of lead acid batteries, like car batteries. This is the way that storage happens in most solar powered homes. But this is going to be a thing of the past as batteries are the least efficient way to store electrical power. Other systems don’t store energy but tie it into the grid and sell pow- er to their public utility and buy it back as they use it. But a system like that doesn’t give you power in an emergency, natural disaster, terrorist or military attack, or natural power failure. So Angels Nest has developed a ground breaking home energy pod that stores, manages and supplies your electric power to your home or vehicle. Made from wind, solar or hydrogen, the energy pod is like power central for your Home. Angels Nest has taken up the use of a its own Hydogen Electro- lyzer made by Proton to make its own hydrogen from waste solar energy. Waste solar energy is defined as energy that is above the demand load of storage and use for your home and solar or wind electrical energy generating capacity. Once your usage is full, you can make excess hydrogen that can be stored, and converted back into elec- tricity via your hydrogen fuel cell system, or used as a gas to run your car, heat water, or operate your gas stove. Anything can run on hydrogen today with the advent of the Hy- drogen Fuel cell. Hydrogen fuel cells have come a long way and are ready for home and vehicle use now. The battery Room tells us how much power is being produced with the solar and wind systems, how much we are using and how much power we have left. In case of no wind or sun for too many days, we can use the Hydrogen-Diesel back-up generator. This is critical to have in case of emergencies. The advantage of the Hydrogen Well system is that the hydrogen can be used to run through the hydrogen fuel cell to produce electricity on demand. It can be used for heating water for bathing or for the hot wa- ter floors, and also for fueling the hydrogen vehicles. The Hydrogen Well System revolutionizes Energy Storage Systems. Batteries are used today at Angels Nest to store electrical Energy, but below, the new system of storing energy in the Hydrogen Well acts as a more efficient energy storage system. Energy Storage Systems 81
  79. 79. 82 What is a Hydrogen Fuel cell? NASA has been using Hydrogen Fuel Cells since the 1960s. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that produces electricity efficient- ly, silently and without combustion. Hydrogen fuel (which can be obtained from water or from hydrocarbon sources such as Waste, Gasified Trash) is combined with oxygen (from the air) to produce electrical energy. What is the difference between a fuel cell and a battery? Fuel cells and batteries are similar in that they both deliver electrical power from a chemical reaction. In a battery, the chemical reactants are stored within the battery; they are used up during the reaction and the battery must be recharged or thrown away. In a fuel cell, the reactants (fuels) are stored externally, so it will keep producing electricity as long as fuel is supplied. In short, a fuel cell vehicle is refueled instead of recharged. How do hydrogen fuel and oxygen produce electrical energy? A Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell is comprised of a plas- tic membrane coated with a catalyst on both sides and sandwiched between two electrode plates. Hydrogen (from a fuel tank) and oxy- gen (from the air) are fed through channels in the plates on opposite sides of the membrane. The hydrogen and oxygen atoms are attracted to each other, but only the proton part of the hydrogen atom can pass through the membrane to reach the oxygen. The electron has to take the long way around the membrane to reach the oxygen atom—creating an electric current in the process. The electron is eventually reunited with the proton and an oxygen atom to create water (H2O). Is hydrogen a safe fuel? When handled properly, hydrogen is a safe fuel. For many decades, hydrogen has been produced and used for commercial and industrial purposes with an exemplary safety record. Like all fuels, hydrogen has high energy content and must be handled with care. Hydrogen is used on the NASA Space Shuttle as a rocket fuel very safely. Like gasoline and other fuels, hydrogen is flammable. Unlike other fuels, it is very buoyant. With proper ventilation, hydrogen dissipates rapidly into the air, greatly reducing the chance of fire. Hydrogen is non-toxic, so if released it does not present a health hazard to humans and its effect on the environment is benign. Are Fuel Cells ready for Home Use Today? The Answer is “Yes.” Angels Nest is using them and so can you!
  80. 80. 83 We take the electricity we generate from wind and solar and make hydrogen with an electrolyzer. The electrolyzer splits the H2O (water) down to two separate components: Hydrogen (H), and Oxygen (O). We store the hydrogen in the Hydrogen Well. Intelligent Energy Fuel Cells The stored Hydrogen is converted into electricity as we need it, upon demand, with the Hydrogen Fuel cell. If a light switch goes on, elec- tricity flows. We use the Intelligent Energy System at Angels Nest. Simple and cost effective, Intelligent has designed Fuel Cell Energy stacks and systems from first principles and combined novel fluid and thermal management techniques with metal plate architecture. The result is fundamentally simpler and cheaper Hydrogen Fuel Cells. They have one of the most advanced PEM fuel cell stack technolo- gies available in the world today with a class-leading power to volume performance in excess of 2.5kW per litre. Small and reliable Integrated humidification and cooling reduces the number of components needed to give a fundamentally smaller and more reliable power generation system. These fuel cells can be used for camping, powering your home or your electric fuel cell vehicle. Intelligent Energy is the only company to have reported an unas- sisted cold start from -40 degrees C without the use of antifreeze. Another remarkable first. Broad portfolio its PEM stack technolo- gies span the power range - from a few tens of watts through a few kilowatts to more than 100kW. To power a modest 3 bedroom home, 2.5 - 3 Kilowatts is sufficient to run all major appliances: lighting, TV, Washer-Dryer, Hair dryer, Computers, Kitchen Fridge, Blenders, etc. In application terms - from laptop computer to powering your home or vehicle, Intelligent Energy has designed and developed a number of system platforms using their world leading stack technologies as a foundation, including: 3 Generator Unit 3 Motive Car Engine 3 CHP unit 3 Personal power pack 3 Motor cycle power train
  81. 81. 84 Intelligent Energy’s Fuel Cells Intelligent Energy’s fuel cells are available from as small as a portable 50-watt supply (Enough to run your personal computer while you are camping or in a remote distant location), to 75 Kilowatt models that can run a fully operational business location or hospital. Combined with your hydrogen storage tank, small or large, you are your own utility. You do not have to rely on your public utility to supply your home or business with electrical power. That is freedom. Consult with Angels Nest to discover what power rating fuel cell you will need for your home or business. The Future of Fuel Cells Hydrogen fuel cells are becoming more and more cost effective and less expensive. Another company that Angels Nest uses is Cenergie in England. They are developing very cost effective Alkaline Fuel Cells that do not use Palladium or Platinum, the most expensive materials used in fuel cells today. The goal it to make fuel cells affordable to the consumer. Platinum and palladium play a large role in the technology. Platinum is the medium used to convert hydrogen and oxygen to heat, water and electricity. Palladium will likely also play a role in the fuel cell, as well, but it is unknown yet how big. Palladium, as a hydride, can absorb 800 to 900 times its own volume of hydrogen, at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Cenergie boasts that their all-plastic fuel cell that can convert not only hydrogen into electricity; but also can convert waste and garbage directly from a gasification process. That is the future of fuel cells: cost effective, and energy efficient in handling many waste streams to obtain hydrogen. Since hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, there are many ways to get hydrogen for human use other than from electricity and water. We will be exploring our waste streams next as an energy source, converting ordinary garbage and human sewage to fuels. 84
  82. 82. 85 Worlds Nest announces partnership with Cenergie Alkaline Fuel Cells Hydrogen produced from the Anaerobic Digester is run through an Alkaline Fuel Cell which will produce enough energy to run homes using: Wet Waste, Remediation producing Zero Emissions, Water and Fertilizer. Anaerobic Digester • Low cost Alkaline Fuel Cell • 95% Recyclable materials • 80% Refurbishable Uninterrupted power production • Simple Operation • Low operating parasitic • 100% Vertical Manufacturing • Manufacturable • Third Generation Maturity • Bi -polar plates • Low Cost • Efficient • Manned Space program Reliability Breakthrough recyclable Alkaline Cenergie Fuel Cell
  83. 83. 86 Leland T. Taylor has been a friend of Robert Plarr and Worlds Nest Family for over 3 years. He has provided some of the unique inventions like Gasification, Wind, Solar, Diesel Particulate Reduction Systems. Michael Fulton Director of Worlds Nest Research Presents Super Scientist Leland T. Taylor and his 1 MEGA WATT GASIFIER Convert garbage to energy which produces enough power to run 400HOMES 86
  84. 84. 87 Trash and Sewage are one of the greatest problems in a sustainable life- style model. The average American household generates in excess of 3 tons of solid waste per year. The United States alone produces some 262 million tons of waste garbage per year, or 652 thousand tons per day. New companies are now successfully gasifying waste, sludge and garbage to make hydrogen. The Hydrogen can then be used with Hydrogen Fuel Cells to make electricity for electric cars and motor- bikes or to power homes. Innovative Logistics Solutions is introducing the Pyromex gasification technology from Switzerland. The Pyromex technology and process have been developed by a leading group of Pyrolysis scientists in Switzerland and introduced into the U.S. market by ILS-Partners and Angels Nest. Ultra-High temperature gasification process of waste material gener- ates no toxic residues or emissions. Non-organic by-product residue is a non-toxic basalt like material that is usable as a building material. An organic by-product is “pyrogas,” which is typically used for electricity generation. This system shows great efficiency by recovering 100% of the energy contained in waste materials. The advantage of the Pyromex system over a traditional gasification plant is that it uses higher temperatures between 1200 and 1700 degrees Co (2192 to 3092 degrees Fo ). At these temperatures, virtually all of the organic portion of the waste material is decomposed into its basic elements thereby generating hydrogen rich synthetic gas. The process uses a small fraction of the amount of energy it generates, making it economical as an energy production facility. The Pyromex Plant produces zero harmful emissions and can solve the problem of sewage and garbage streams at the same time. The resulting hydrogen is 99.999% pure and ready to be used in fuel cells or hydro- gen vehicles. Gasification of any city, township, state, province, or country’s waste streams can produce enough hydrogen to heat homes and run vehicles. This can also supply additional electricity in varying amounts, depend- ing on how many gasification plants countries are willing to manu- facture and operate. Gasification plants can be made in many sizes. One day soon, a home refrigerator-size gasifier will be commercially available. This plant can take a variety of waste streams such as waste water sludge, animal and human waste, green waste, used tires (300 million used tires are thrown into US landfills each year), manufacturing waste, plastics, etc., and make hydrogen. Gasification of Trash Waste
  85. 85. 88 According to the United Nations, 99 percent of water on Earth is unsafe for drinking and bathing. About 1.2 billion people worldwide lack safe water to consume and 2.6 billion do not have access to adequate sanitation. At least 2 million people, most of them children, die annually from water-born and stagnant water related diseases such as: diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, guinea worm, hepati- tis, malaria and West Nile virus. We must also consider that many regions of the world have mercury and other heavy metal pollution, known to cause cancer and birth defects. CLEAN WATER, A DIMINISHING RESOURCE Many of the 10 million child deaths that occurred last year were linked to unsafe water and lack of sanitation. Children can’t fight off infections if their bodies are weakened by water- born diseases. Over half of the hospital beds in the developing world are occupied by people suffering from preventable diseases caused by unsafe water and inadequate sanitation. If action is not taken soon, 135 million people may die of water-related diseases by the year 2020. That is a larger number than those expected to fall victim to the HIV/AIDS pandemic; a catastrophe that has already killed 23 million people so far. 88 James Cameron, Dennis Weaver and Victoria Peters attending the Planetary Coral Reef Celebrity Sail to protect the Oceans!
  86. 86. 89 1. As we expel greenhouses gases into the atmosphere, a thermal blanket is formed (trapping in heat). 2. The planet gets hotter and ice melts into the sea. 3. Sea levels rise and cold weather patterns move south. 4. Forests get less rain in the northern regions and get attacked by pests, pine beetles, etc. 5. As the ozone layer gets thinner (due to deforestation, CFS, and Seaweed destruction), more intense UV sunlight enters our atmosphere. 6. Plant life starts to die; and desertification takes shape. 7. Water becomes more and more scarce in many regions, while others have massive floods. The balance of water distribution is upset. 8. If enough forests die, desertification can be very serious. 9. Competition for water can lead to wars and serious conflicts. 10. Water can become the most valuable commodity on earth. The Water of Life Flows Like Veins in our Body According to a recent Cornell University study, 80 World Nations are suffering from serious water shortages for agriculture. What happens is this: Water is necessary for any kind of life to survive on earth. 89
  87. 87. 90 Water is the most important commodity of the 21st Century Boutros Boutros-Ghali, an Egyptian diplomat who became UN secretary-general, said in 1988: “The next war in our region will be over the waters of the Nile, not politics.” During the past 15 years, there have been armed conflicts over water in Bangladesh, Tadjikistan, Malaysia, Angola, East Timor, Namibia, Bostwana, Zambia, Ecuador and Peru. Several terrorist groups have threatened to poison water systems and water distribution has been regularly targeted in Iraq. 90
  88. 88. 91 The science of total sustainable integration Worlds Nest captures water energy from the roof. We harvest that water 6 times and manufacture water from the Air - in our waste water rain forest. The Angels Nest Entire Roof acts like a Giant Leaf on a Tree, collecting Water, filling a 5,000-Gallon Cistern! 91
  89. 89. 92 “A satellite study of the Greenland ice cap shows that it is melting far faster than scientists had feared - twice as much ice is going into the sea as it was five years ago. The implications for rising sea levels - and climate change - could be dramatic.” Jim Hansen NASA Climate Scientist. Due to Global Warming, Greenland seems to be losing at least 200 cubic kilometers of ice a year. The summer of 2005 broke all records. Photo By: Carina Fleury - Skydiver 92
  90. 90. 93 Roof Rain Water Collection to Cistern Storage
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  92. 92. 95 5000 Gallon Cistern
  93. 93. 96 Rain falls from the sky in even the most draught struck regions on the planet. Trees and Plants Capture Rainwater and Store it in their Root Systems. They have been doing this (as a successful model for humans to follow) for millions of years. Angels Nest Rain Water Capture Systems are Modeled after Mother Nature’s Unique Design. We capture the rain that falls from the sky and store it underground, similar to how trees and plants do it. Rain and snowmelt (on the rainwater capture surface areas of the roof Architecture) are where most of the water comes from at Angels Nest. Taos, New Mexico receives between 8 and 10 inches of rain per year; making it a near draught region. Angels Nest Rainwater Capture Systems Currently most people rely on lengthy and expensive waterway projects from rivers and plumbing systems. Capturing water from snow and rain on your own roof makes water more accessible. The captured water flows down channels along the architecture where it flows into a 5,000-gallon water cistern, equal to 20,000 gallons of water; since it is reused 6 times. The water is stored there for first time use. There is not a single country in the populated world where water does not fall from the sky. At Angels Nest, water is scarce. The ex- periment to reuse water 6 times allows humans access to clean water for drinking, bathing and water for plants. 96
  94. 94. 97 In the United States, the average person uses 200 gallons of water per day. Angels Nest uses 75% less water than other existing buildings; because it recycles its water 6 times. Here are the 6 ways to re-use water in a closed system: 1. We capture the water on the roof and store it in the 5,000-gallon cistern. 2. We bathe, shower, cook, and clean with water. 3. The water then flows into the greenhouse gray water rainforest cell. The plants use the water, which is then re-captured in the cell. From there, the used water is collected in a well. 4. The water is used again for flushing the toilets. 60% of all household water use is for flushing toilets. 5. The toilet water flows into the Black Water Greenhouse Systems; where plants bio-remediate all of the human waste. 6. Air to Water captures humidity for pure drinking water. Water has to be re-used and re-purified in climates where water is scarce. If systems like this were installed in homes and businesses in the Third World, disease could be controlled, and children would grow up in a safe water environment. Victoria is excited about bringing sustainable awareness to people all over the world. Angels Nest/Worlds Nest has an amazing solution for Water Management and capture systems for Third World Coun- tries. Victoria Peters was invited to attend the World Peace Summit at the U.N. in NYC. Along with Ted Turner, she met with world spiritual leaders, to help find solutions. The United Nations has set a Millennium Development Goal— to be reached by 2015 — of reducing by half the percentage of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. There is a long way to go to reach this goal. That’s why the U.N. General Assembly declared the next 10 years to be the International Decade for Action on “Water for Life” in order to focus attention on this vital issue. By 2025 the world’s population is projected to increase from 6.4 billion to 8.4 billion. At that time, 3.4 billion people could live in countries where water is scarce. Victoria Peters with Buddhist Monks at a UN Summit in 2000 RAINWATER RECYCLING SYSTEMS Victoria Peters with Ted Turner 97
  95. 95. 98 Vortex Water Treatment “Water is life’s Mater and Matrix, Mother and Medium. There is no life without water.” - Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, 1937 Nobel Prize for Medicine. According to the EPA, Pollution from coal-fired power plants is the chief contributor of mercury pollution to the waters of Wisconsin. Mercury pollution is a primary reason why the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources has issued a fish advisory for all Wisconsin lakes and rivers. 98
  96. 96. 99 Vortex Water tastes better. It makes you feel energized. The vibrations enhance cellular health and overall Body, Mind and Spirit Healing. Water is Central to your Good Health. Every Home should have its own complete water treatment systems. We harvest, treat and reuse our Water 6 times. 99
  97. 97. 100 Manage your own water treatment and purification systems. That is what we are doing; and so can you! Vortex Water Treatment: Since water becomes stagnant when it sits in a cistern, we have to keep it moving to keep water energized and alive. In nature, water flows in streams over rocks and pebbles. This keeps it in a natural vortex, spinning and bubbling with life and positive energy. Vortex Water Systems are Everywhere at Angels Nest. They are in most of the greenhouses and also on the drinking water dispens- ing systems. When water sits in plastic bottles it becomes lifeless, losing its energy. It is not good for drinking. Water also carries heavy toxic metals such as lead from traveling through city pipes. Plastic waterlines can leech harmful PCBs into the drinking wa- ter. So what is the solution? 100
  98. 98. 101 Angles Nest Artistic Creations 101
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  101. 101. 107 A Cross Sectional View of the Gray Water Indoor Greenhouse Waste Water Recycling Systems at Angels Nest. The water is Recycled 6 Times. A Cross Sectional View of the Black Water Indoor Greenhouse Waste Water Recycling Systems at Angels Nest. These are the gray and black water cells during construction at Angels Nest. This is where your water is being recycled and reused in combination with your indoor greenhouse. This will become an indoor water treatment center and Indoor Tropical Greenhouse filled with beautiful plants. 107
  102. 102. 108 Clean Air Vortex Water Bubbles Provides Restructured Water. Angels Nest Waste Water Rainforest Hanging Bed Provides Deep Sleep.
  103. 103. 109 Plants are the Key! Managing Sewage Waste Water Recycling- Bio-Remediate Your Sewage Waste Locally 109
  104. 104. 110 Waste Management Systems Angels Nest features a gigantic indoor tropical greenhouse. The plants are fed with the black water human waste system as a means of bioremediation of human waste and plant growth. The answer is simple. Every home or office building is capable of handling its own waste streams. 110