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Landscaping Design

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Landscaping Design

  2. 2. TERMINOLOGYLandscaping : Improve the aesthetic appearance of (a piece of land) by changing its contours, addingornamental features and plantings. The process of combining a design in relation to the scenicenvironment. Particular, “soft landscaping” is the use of appropriate trees and vegetation to blend withbuildings (e.g. for the purpose of screening them).Plant Families : A group of organisms ranking above a genus and below an order. Family an assemblyof objects with some common feature, the names of families end in -ae, a plural ending in Latin. In theplant kingdom usually end in -aceae, as in Rosaceae (roses and their kin).Botanical Name : A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code ofBotanical Nomenclature (ICBN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar and/or Groupepithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants. Almost 250 yearsago, the Swedish botanist Carl von Linné published Species Plantarum and binomialnomenclature was born. This systematic approach to naming plants (and animals) is still theuniversally-recognized system used today. While many gardeners struggle with "Latinnames" of plants, knowing a plants botanical name allows you to converse with gardenersall over the world.Hardiness : A hardiness zone (a subcategory of Vertical Zonation) is a geographicallydefined area in which a specific category of plant life is capable of growing, as defined byclimatic conditions, including its ability to withstand the minimum temperatures of thezone. Hardiness of a plant is usually divided into three categories: tender, half-hardy, andhardy. Tender plants are those killed by freezing temperatures, while hardy plants survivefreezing—at least down to certain temperatures, depending on the plant.WaterThe oxygen that we breath comes from the photosynthesis carried out by plants. Through the use ofsunlight and carbon dioxide, the oxygen bound in water molecules is released into the atmosphere. Duringthe photosynthetic process, electrons are removed from the water molecule, which is how oxygenbecomes separated from the hydrogen.SunlightPlants are able to convert the heat energy from sunlight into a usable, chemical-free energy that drives thephotosynthetic process. Without adequate sunlight, plants would not be able photosynthesize and nooxygen would be released into the atmosphere.WarmthBiological activity slows as temperatures decrease. The cellular functions required for photosynthesis slowdown as the air cools, thereby slowing growth. Additionally, cold air typically contains less moisture, whichcan result in water loss from leaf surfaces and also can cause portions of water inside of the plant tofreeze.SoilPlants require more than just a usable carbon source for maintaining their structure and increasing theirgrowth potential. Through their root systems, they are able to obtain nutrients such as nitrogen,phosphorus, calcium and magnesium from the soil. Also, soil serves to stabilize plants and prevent themfrom falling over.FertilizerFertilizers are frequently applied to stimulate plant growth. Certain nutrients, such as nitrogen andphosphorus are often limited in supply, which can suppress plant growth. Therefore, fertilizers give plantsan additional growth boost.
  3. 3. TYPES OF PLANTS FOR LANDSCAPING DESIGNFind the right types of plants for your area and create a striking landscape that adds both beauty and valueto your property. Plants play a vital role in landscape design. From towering trees to delicate floweringvines, plants add beauty to the landscape and they may increase property value. By selecting from plantvarieties that thrive in your growing zone and soil characteristics, you can create a stunning landscape thatbecomes more beautiful every year.OrnamentalTrees can serve as living ornaments, drawing the viewers eye and balancing out the landscapes design.Trees with uniform growth patterns, such as Bradford pear, plum and crabapple, add a decorative elementto the landscape. Other plants with interesting shapes or textures, such as yucca, acacia or large-bloomflowers, like rhododendron, hibiscus and lilac, make a showy statement in the landscape.ScreensFast-growing evergreens, willow hybrids and privet shrubs offer a natural screen in the landscape,affording privacy while adding interest and beauty to the yard. In addition to trees and shrubs, viningplants, such as clematis and climbing rose, provide perennial cover for a fence. Annual vines, such asmorning glory, cardinal vine, moonflower and Spanish flag, provide bursts of color on a trellis or an arbor.ShadeLarge trees with dense leaf growth, such as maple, ash, oak and elm, provide welcome relief from the hotsummer sun when positioned between the roof of the home and the angle of the sun at midday andafternoon.BordersOutlining a driveway or a sidewalk or enhancing the edge of a flower garden is ideal for border plantings.Shrubs or flowering plants of a similar height and shape form attractive borders and offer a visualseparation between elements in the landscape. Both annual and perennial plants make attractive borderswhen chosen for their mature height and width, their texture or color, and their growth pattern. Tallplants, including butterpat, fountain grass and snow bank, look the best at the rear of the border, creatinga backdrop for shorter plants such as variegated lily and marigold.Ground CoverWhile grass may be the most common ground cover, you can reduce soil erosion, create a blanket oftexture or add color beneath trees or in bordered areas. Low-growing plants that spread, such as vinca,creeping phlox, ivy, creeping juniper and ajuga, create a living plant carpet. For permanent ground cover inthe landscape, choose hardy plants that will continue to grow each year.Types of PlantsThere are about 350,000 plus plant species, their classification gets a little difficult. However, most of themare categorized in the following three types: Mosses: Mosses are very tiny plants with equally tiny leaves and no flower-bearing capacity. They do not have true roots like other plants, but very thin hair like structures known as a filament that holds them down. They have no seeds, but spores which they use to multiply. Grasses: Grass can be identified by their distinct leaves; narrow, slender and usually long. They may or may not bear flowers that are made up of three or six parts which are either ways inconspicuous. The roots are in clump form. Dicots and Monocots: This type is a banner for all types of Trees, Plants, Shrubs, Bushes, Creepers, Weeds, etc. Most of have them flowers that are showy, with four to five petals, a tap root, and leaves that vary in size and color.
  4. 4. LANDSCAPING NEEDEconomic Benefits: Landscaping enhances property values. Proper placement of shade trees and evergreen reduces coolingcostsEnvironmental Benefits:One tree removes 26 pounds of carbon dioxide from the air everyyear and releases about 13 pounds ofoxygen-enough for a family offer on a daily basis. Plants control runoff and erosion. Plants reduce noise pollution up to 50 percent. Plants creates green space for human rest & recreation.LIGHTING TIPSLandscape Lighting Design TipsIts important to maintain a well thought out layout as well as the proper fixture voltages when setting upyour outdoor lighting project. Improper voltages shorten the life of the outdoor light fixture, bulb,and transformer. A poorly designed layout simply doesnt look good. Keep these common problems in mindwhen designing your outdoor lighting scheme.Lack of Variety - Be careful not to use too much of the same kind of lighting. Vary the outdoor lightingtechniques and types to bring out a fresh and bright look to your landscape. There are many specific typesof outdoor lights to choose from, such as flood lights, spotlights, and pathlights. Many contractors solely relyon up lighting. Add some down lighting for more dimension, to follow good Dark Sky Practices, and reducelight pollution.Light Pollution - Find spotlights with glare guards, and try to place light sources in subtle locations. Thismaintains the elegant look, as well as helps keep the light from shining directly into anyones eyes, ordirectly towards any neighbors. Be sure your outdoor lights arent shining into any nearby roads, andespecially not into your own windows. Try to include down lighting as a technique.Too Symmetrical - Its a common problem found in pathlights: lights placed too closely and evenlymakes the path or driveway look like a runway. Try staggering the lights, creating something of a zig-zagpattern from one side to the other. Also, refrain from putting pathlights equally on opposite sides.Unbalanced Lighting - Do not place outdoor lighting fixtures in areas that will divide a yard. Make surethe light is balanced amongst the entire canvas of the property. You want to draw the eye around theentire yard, not necessarily toward one specific area. You especially dont want to create a hard "border"of light around your property line.Over-Exaggerating A Style - Outdoor lighting is meant to be a subtle addition, and shouldnt be thecomplete focus of your yard. It should accentuate features in your landscape, not be the point of attentionitself. Beware of creating too much contrast in light and dark spots, and try not to over-illuminate thehouse itself.
  5. 5. Landscape Lighting SystemsYou can choose different types of lighting. I dont mean the types of fixtures, but I mean the type ofsystems. They go from the easiest to the most intricate.1. Solar Landscaping Lights - this is the easiest type to install. No electricity is used. Power is supplied by the sun. This is an easy sun that day, no lighting!2. Low Voltage Lighting - An easy system to install. Wiring is located just slightly under the ground. A transformer is needed typically on the house for power. This can be installed by anyone with knowledge, even a landscaper. This would be my choice, generally speaking.3. 120-Volt Lighting - this uses typical electrical wiring which must be installed to code. This tends to be the most expensive type as you need a licensed electrician. Also, the wiring must go down much deeper that low voltage lighting.Landscape Lighting FixturesThere are various types of lighting fixtures and allserve different purposes (generally).  Path lighting for paths  Up lighting for trees  Outdoor accent lighting  Post lights for more light  Down lighting for trees  House lightingELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN• Color – It is important to use a complementing colorscheme throughout the yard. Sometimes Contrast cancreate some interest and excitement.• Direction or Line – Linear patterns are used to directphysical movement and to draw attention to areas in yourgarden.• Form – Form can be expressed through built objects ortrees and shrubs of various shapes and sizes which createnatural patterns.• Texture – Paving and building materials along with plants with varying textures can add to theatmosphere of your outdoor area.• Scale – Your outdoor design should balance the size of the buildings or established plants it surrounds,while maintaining a comfortable human environment for the individuals who will use the area.
  6. 6. PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN• Unity - One of the basics of landscape design is creating acentral theme to build your outdoor plan upon. A unifiedlook is important to a beautiful landscape design.• Balance - The plants, walkways, and other features ofyour outdoor plan should be laid out in an asymmetricaldesign that complements the entire yard.• Transition - Changes in colors, plant styles, andaccessories will blend better with planned transitions toslowly move into the new look.• Proportion - Plan a design that incorporates trees andshrubs that are relative to the size of the people and thingsaround them.• Rhythm - The patterns created with colors and lines give the landscape design a natural rhythm that isrelaxing and enjoyable.• Focalization - With the use of lines, form, and balance, you can develop a landscape design withspecific focal points to draw interest and turn heads.• Repetition - Repetition of these patterns and rhythms, in just the right amount, gives your outdoordesign the perfect look without being overpowering.ROOMS THROUGHOUT THE LANDSCAPE1. Public area – “front yard”  Puts home in attractive setting  Identifies the point of entry 4  Provides access to the entry2. Family living area – “back yard”  Usually the largest area where most activities take place  Sun and wind orientation for maximum usage3. Private Living Area – frequently a quiet spot located off the Master Bedroom 3  Usually off master bedroom for adult use  Small area for reading coffee, meditation, or quiet reflection and conversation  May include hot tub, spa, outdoor shower  Usually screened from rest of landscape 24. Service Area – utilitarian space  Provides the “work” area for home  Storage shed, dog house & yard, compost pile, clothes line, RV or boat storage 1  Placed close to kitchen, laundry, gate (for trash removal) for ease
  7. 7. LANDSCAPING ACCESSORIES There is a wide range of accessories available in the market. These accessories can help decorate all the different areas of landscape such as walk ways and raised beds, and any other area. Location, size, budget are all characteristics to be considered when choosing accessories to improve a gardens deco. Accessories are made of different materials such as copper, stone, wood, bamboo, metal, stainless steel, clay, stained glass, concrete, iron, and the weather where the landscape is located will determine which material works best to ensure accessories last long. Pine needles, wood chips, fieldstone, or bricks for decoration path way. Also, backdrops include walls, fences, and hedges which are intended to provide privacy. Trellis, arbors, and arches add height. Trellises are used for climbing flowers and vines or to create a vertical garden of small fruits and vegetables while arbors and arches can be places on walkways or entry ways. This kind of structure provide additional depth to the landscape. Feeders, hummingbird feeders and birdbaths are all good options to invite birds to visit ones garden and also make good ornaments. Large accessories such as benches, water fountains, stone features, urns, and statues should be used sparingly or they will cause a cluttered appearance. Fountains come in a variety of styles ranging from traditional to modern. Not only do they work as part of the deco but they also have a calming effect. Some of them are made of fiberglass which makes them lightweight and weather resistant. There are also solar-powered fountains with a remote solar panel that can be placed in the sun while the fountain is located in the shadow. Other accessories to be taken into account are garden gongs, gazing balls, garden bugs, garden stakes, pot hangers, spinners, pinwheels which help enhance different deco styles.LANDSCAPING STONESLandscaping a residence is like grooming your home. It makes your home aesthetically pleasing andpersonal place for you and your family to relax. It is much more than adding lots of flowers and shrubs.Steps, terracing, patio decking, fences, brickwork, lightning and sleepers are some of the value addedlandscape features. Natural stone remain the most desired choice of materials for landscaping architectsworldwide. Such stones used for landscaping are called landscaping stones.Types of Stones Used for Landscaping  Sandstone Landscaping: The most common colors of sandstone used for landscaping are buff, brown, blue, black and pink. They are usually used for making walls.  Slate Landscaping: The common colors used for landscaping are black, green and red. These stones are very strong and resistant to water  Marble Landscaping: These are fine grained. The common shades are pink, white, black, yellow and brown. These stones are strong and have high water absorption. They are used mostly as slabs for walls and for paving.  Limestone Landscaping: These stones have very low water absorption. They are used for walls and the common shades are grey, black, white and buff.  Granite Landscaping: These are fine to medium-course grained and are very strong. They are used for walls and stepping stones. The common shades are pink and red.Sandstone Slate Marble Limestone Granite
  8. 8. PLANTAny of a variety of plants usually grown especially in a flower or herb garden. Plants areliving organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. Precise definitions of the kingdom vary,but as the term is used here, plants include familiar organisms such as flowering plants,conifers, ferns, mosses, and green algae, but do not include seaweeds like kelp, nor fungiand bacteriaName - Dypsis LutescensFamily - PalmaeBotanical - Chrysalidocarpus Lutescens Green (Leaves)Color - Slender Gold (Stems)Height - 20-30 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9b – 11Water Need - MediumGrowing - Very SlowBlooming Time - Late Spring/Early SummerMaintenance - Very LowName - FurcraeaFamily - AgavaceaeBotanical - Furcraea Gigantia Medio PictaColor - Greenish WhiteHeight - 120-150 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9a-11Water Need - MediumGrowing - SlowBlooming Time - Late Spring/Early SummerMaintenance - Low
  9. 9. Name - Japanese SagoFamily - CycadaceaeBotanical - Cycas RevolutaColor - Dark GreenHeight - 30-50 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 8a - 10Water Need - Average (Regular)Growing - Very SlowBlooming Time - Late SpringMaintenance - EasyName - Basket Of GoldFamily - BrassicaceaeBotanical - Aurinia SaxatilisColor - Grey Green (Leaves) Yellow (Flowers)Height - 20-30 CmHardiness - Usda Zone 3-9Water Need – LowGrowing - MediumBlooming Time - Early Summer, Mid Spring, Late SpringMaintenance - EasyName - Common TansyFamily - AsteraceaeBotanical - Tanacetum VulgareColor - Yellow (Flowers) Reddish - Purple Color(Stems)Height - 105-160 CmHardiness - Usda Zone 4 To 8Water Need – Average Or DryGrowing - FastBlooming Time - July-AugustMaintenance - High
  10. 10. Name - False IndigoFamily - PeaBotanical - Baptisia SppColor - Cream, White, Yellow, Lavender, Purple, Blue (Flowers) Blue Green, Medium Green (Leaves)Height - 60-120 CmHardiness - Usda Zone 3-9Water Need - Average, LowGrowing - MediumBlooming Time - Late Spring - Early SummerMaintenance - LowName - Spanish IrisFamily - IridaceaeBotanical - Dietes BicolourColor - Light Yellow (Flowers) Light Green (Leaves) Brownish Spots (Stems)Height - 15-20 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 7-10Water Need - LowGrowing - FastBlooming Time - May-JuneMaintenance - LowName - PeonyFamily - PaeoniaceaeBotanical - Paeonia SuffruticosaColor - Pink, Purple, Lavender, Red, White (Flowers) Dark Green (Leaves)Height - 180-300 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 4-9Water Need - Dry-MediumGrowing - SlowBlooming Time - Late Spring, Early SummerMaintenance - Medium
  11. 11. Name - RoseFamily - RosaceaeBotanical - RosaColor - Red, White, Pink, Orange, Coral, Yellow, Lavender (Flowers), Greenish Brown (Stems)Height - 120-180 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 2-7Water Need - OccasionallyGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Spring, SummerMaintenance - MediumName - Butter CupFamily - RanunculaceaeBotanical - Ranunculus BulbosusColor - Pink, Red, Orange, Magenta, Yellow, White, Fuchsia, Coral (Flowers), Blue-Green (Leaves)Height - 30-45 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 3-9Water Need - AverageGrowing - LowBlooming Time - Late Spring/Early SummerMaintenance - Low
  12. 12. CREEPERA plant, generally with elongated, flexible stem, which typically spreads (“creeps”)horizontally along the ground. Creepers often provide an excellent ground cover forlandscaping purposes, but some may be somewhat invasive in natural settings (they coverand smother other vegetation) unless controlled.Name - RangoonFamily - CombretaceaeBotanical - Quisqualis IndicaColor - Pink Red (Flowers), Herbaceous (Stem), Shiny/Glossy-Textured (Leaves)Height - 300-1200 (or more) cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9-11Water Need - MediumGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Late Spring/Early Summer, Mid FallMaintenance - EasyName - Butterfly-PeaFamily - FabaceaeBotanical - Clitoria TernateaColor - Purple (Flowers),Green (Stem/Leaves)Height - 300-450 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 8a-9bWater Need - Average/LowGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Spring, SummerMaintenance - Medium
  13. 13. Name - CanaryFamily - AsteraceaeBotanical - Senecio TamoidesColor - Yellow Daisy (Flowers), Bluish-Green (Leaves), Green (Stem)Height - 240-360 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9-10Water Need - AverageGrowing - FastBlooming Time - March To JulyMaintenance - EasyName - Variegated CreepingFamily - MoraceaeBotanical - Ficus Pumila Variegata’Color - White-Margined (Leaves)Height - 90-1500 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 8-11Water Need - AverageGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter (Indeterminate)Maintenance - MediumName - Flame VineFamily - BignoniaceaeBotanical - Pyrostegia VenustaColor - Bright Orange, Red, Yellow (Flowers), Green (Leaves)Height - 600-900 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 10-11Water Need - MediumGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Autumn, WinterMaintenance - Low
  14. 14. Name - Golden PothosFamily - AraceaeBotanical - Epipremnum AureumColor - White (Flowers), Mid-Green, Yellow (Leaves)Height - 15-30 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 10-11Water Need - AverageGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Mid SummerMaintenance - LowName - Bengal Clock VineFamily - AcanthaceaeBotanical - Thunbergia GrandifloraColor - Lavender, Light Blue, White, Violet, (Flowers), Blue Green (Leaves), Green Or Reddish (Stems)Height - 360-450 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9-10Water Need - MediumGrowing - FastBlooming Time - June, July, AugustMaintenance - LowName - FoamflowerFamily - SaxifragaceaeBotanical - Tiarella ‘Jeeper Creeper’Color - White/Whitish (Flowers),Purple-Black Marking On Cut Green Or Many (Leaves)Height - 180-360 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 3-9Water Need - MediumGrowing - MediumBlooming Time - Early Spring, Mid Spring, Late SpringMaintenance - Low
  15. 15. Name - Coral Vine MexicanFamily - PolygonaceaeBotanical - Antigonon LeptopusColor - White-Rose-Pink, Deep Coral (Flowers), Dark Green (Leaves)Height - 900-1200 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 8-10Water Need - MediumGrowing - FastBlooming Time - June - OctoberMaintenance - LowName - Wax FlowerFamily - AsclepiadaceaeBotanical - Hoya CarnosaColor - Creamy White-Pink (Flowers), Yellow, Green, Pink (Leaves)Height - 90-300 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 10-15Water Need - AverageGrowing - SlowBlooming Time - Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall, Late FallMaintenance - Average
  16. 16. TREEA tree is a perennial woody plant. It most often has many secondary branches supportedclear of the ground on a single main stem or trunk with clear apical dominance. It is tallerthan a shrub, rising from the ground with a relatively strong and generally distinct trunk.Trees are an important component of the natural landscape because of their prevention oferosion and the provision of a weather-sheltered ecosystem in and under their foliage.Name - Chinese Fan PalmFamily - ArecaceaeBotanical - Livistona ChinensisColor - Bright Green (Leaves)Height - 30-400 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9b-11Water Need - MediumGrowing - SlowBlooming Time - Early Summer, Mid Summer, Late SummerMaintenance - Low, EasyName - Cliff Date PalmFamily - ArecaceaeBotanical - Phoenix RupicolaColor – Green (Leaves)Height - 450-900 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9b-10Water Need - MediumGrowing - SlowBlooming Time - Early Spring, Early Winter, Late Spring, Late Winter, Mid Spring, Mid WinterMaintenance - Low
  17. 17. Name - FurcraeaFamily - AgavaceaeBotanical - Furcraea Foetida MediopictaColor - Greenish White (Flowers),Bright Green (Leaves)Height - 700-1100 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9b-11Water Need - LowGrowing - SlowBlooming Time - August, September, October, DecemberMaintenance - LowName - Norfolk Island PineFamily - AraucariaceaeBotanical - Araucaria HeterophyllaColor - Dark Green (Leaves)Height - 5000-6500 CmHardiness - Usda Zone 10-11Water Need - LowGrowing - FastBlooming Time -Maintenance - MediumName - Asoka TreeFamily - AnnonaceaeBotanical - Polyalthia Longifolia Var. PendulaColor - Green -White (Flowers), Green/Yellowish Green (Leaves)Height - 800-1200 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 10-12Water Need - MediumGrowing - AverageBlooming Time - Early Spring To Late SpringMaintenance - Average
  18. 18. Name - Pala TreeFamily - ApocynaceaeBotanical - Alstonia ScholarisColor - Green -White (Flowers), Green (Leaves)Height - 800-1200 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 10-13Water Need - AverageGrowing - AverageBlooming Time - Early Winter- Late WinterMaintenance - AverageName - Rain TreeFamily - MimosaceaeBotanical - Samanea SamanColor - PalePink,Pink,White/Near White (Flowers), Apple Green (Leaves)Height - 2000-2500 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 10-12Water Need - AverageGrowing - MediumBlooming Time - Late Spring/Early Summer, Mid SummerMaintenance - AverageName - Royal PoincianaFamily - CaesalpiniaceaeBotanical - Delonix RegiaColor - Red, Vermillion, Orange, Yellow (Flowers), Bright Green (Leaves)Height - 900-1200 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9-11Water Need - MediumGrowing - Very FastBlooming Time -Maintenance - Low
  19. 19. Name - JacarandaFamily - BignoniaceaeBotanical - Jacaranda MimosifoliaColor - Soft Blue, Mauve-Blue, Purple (Flowers) Lacy Green (Leaves)Height - 900-1350 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9-11Water Need - AverageGrowing - MediumBlooming Time -Maintenance - LowName - FrangipaniFamily - ApocynaceaeBotanical - Plumeria ObtusaColor - White, Pink, Purple[Red+Yellow] (Flowers), Dark Green (Leaves)Height - 500-600 cmHardiness - Usda Zone 9-11Water Need - AverageGrowing - FastBlooming Time - March To OctoberMaintenance - Average
  20. 20. SHRUBA perennial plant, lower than a tree, usually with many persistent woody stems branchingfrom or near the base. The term is approximate, and no clear-cut distinction between tallshrubs and low trees exists. Indeed, many tree species may grow as low shrubs if stunted(e.g. in shallow soil, and in exposed areas, carob trees may develop a very prostrate habit)and vice-versa (e.g. the Maltese salt tree Darniella melitensis and the rosemary Rosmarinusofficinalis may occasionally reach large sizes.Name - BougainvilleaFamily - NyctaginaceaeBotanical - Bougainvillea Brasiliensis BushColor - Purple; Red; Lavender; Yellow (Flowers), Variegated (Leaves), Brown (Stem)Height - Upto-900 CmHardiness - Usda Zone 9b-11Water Need - LowGrowing - FastBlooming Time -Maintenance - EasyName - Jungle FlameFamily - RubiaceaeBotanical - Ixora CoccineaColor - Red, White, Pink, Yellow (Flowers), Green (Leaves), Dark Red (Stems)Height - 90-240 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 9-11Water Need - MediumGrowing - Slow- MediumBlooming Time - May - SeptemberMaintenance - Average
  21. 21. Name - Arabian JasmineFamily - OleaceaeBotanical - Jasminum SambacColor - White, Pink, (Flowers), Dark Green (Leaves)Height - 90-180 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 9-11Water Need - AverageGrowing - MediumBlooming Time - Early Summer To Late FallMaintenance - Very LowName - MussaendaFamily - RubiaceaeBotanical - Mussaenda ErythrophyllaColor - Oranges, Pinks, Whites, Yellows (Flowers), Green (Leaves)Height - 120-150 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 10-11Water Need - MediumGrowing - AverageBlooming Time - Late Spring To Mid SummerMaintenance - MediumName - Bigleaf HydrangeaFamily - HydrangeaceaeBotanical - Hydrangea MacrophyllaColor - Blue, Pink, White (Flowers), Green (Leaves)Height - 60-180 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 6-9Water Need - MediumGrowing - Very FastBlooming Time - July To AugustMaintenance - Medium
  22. 22. Name - Oriental ArborvitaeFamily - CupressaceaeBotanical - Platycladus Orientalis Aurea NanaColor - Evergreen (Leaves)Height - 60-150 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 6-9Water Need - MediumGrowing - SlowBlooming Time -Maintenance - MediumName - Alpine CurrantFamily - GrossulariaceaeBotanical - Ribes AlpinumColor - Greenish-Yellow (Leaves)Height - 90-180 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 2-7Water Need - MediumGrowing - MediumBlooming Time - AprilMaintenance - LowName - Yellow OleanderFamily - ApocynaceaeBotanical - Thevetia PeruvianaColor - Evergreen (Leaves)Height - 120-240 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 8-10Water Need - MediumGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Mid Summer To Early FallMaintenance - Low
  23. 23. Name - Wintergem BoxwoodFamily - BuxaceaeBotanical - Buxus Microphylla Japonica Winter GemColor - Yellow Green (Leaves)Height - 120-180 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 5-9Water Need - MediumGrowing - MediumBlooming Time - SpringMaintenance - EasyName - Weigela - Spilled WineFamily - CaprifoliaceaeBotanical - Weigela Florida Bokraspiwi (Spilled Wine™) PpafColor - Pink, Hot Pink, Rose (Flowers), Red-Purple [Burgundy] (Leaves)Height - 45-60 cmHardiness - Usda Zones 5-8Water Need - AverageGrowing - FastBlooming Time - Spring, SummerMaintenance - Very Low