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London Training Powerpoint

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London Training Powerpoint

  1. 1. London!
  2. 2. London’s History Roman Empire London Anglo-Saxon London Important Saxon Kings: Alfred the Great (871-899), Edward The Elder (899 – 924), Edgar (959-975), Edward the Martyr (975 – 978), Aethelred II The Unready (978 – 1016)
  3. 3. London’s History Medieval London Tudor London Stuart London Industrial Revolution/New Age Creation of early modern English Important Kings and Queens: Canute, Cnut the Great, The Dane (1016 – 1035), Harold I (1035 – 1040), Edward the Confessor (1042-1066), William I (1066-1087), Henry II (1100-1135), Richard I, The Lionheart (1189 – 1199), John (1199-1216), Edward I (1272-1307), Edward II (1307-1327), Edward III (1327-1377), Richard II (1377-1399), Henry VII (1485-1509), Henry VIII (1509-1547), Edward VI (1547-1553), Mary I, Bloody Mary (1553- 1558), Elizabeth I (1558-1603), James I and VI of Scotland (1603-1625), Charles 1 (1625-1649), Oliver Cromwell (1653-1658), Richard Cromwell (1658-1659), Charles II (1660-1685), James II and VII of Scotland (1685- 1688), Anne (1702-1714), George I (1714-1727), George II (1727-1760), George III (1760-1820), George IV (1820-1830), William IV (1830-1837), William IV 1830-1837), Victoria (1837-1901)
  4. 4. London’s History Edward VII (1901-1910), George V (1910-1936), Edward VIII (1936-ABDICATED Dec. 1936), George VI (1936-1952), Elizabeth II (1952-PRESENT)
  5. 5. Famous British People • Jane Austen: author • Winston Churchill: Prime Minister • Diana, Princess of Wales: Princess, mother of Princes William and Harry • Charles Darwin: theory of evolution • William Shakespeare: famous playwright • Sir Issac Newton: father of physics • John Lennon: singer-songwriter • Oliver Cromwell: father of British democracy • Paul McCartney: singer-songwriter • Stephan Hawking: physicist, author, cosmologist • David Bowie: singer • David Beckham: soccer player • Charles Dickens: author • John Wesley: minister • Florence Nightingale: social reformer, founder of nursing • J.K. Rowling: author • Queen Elizabeth: current Queen of England These people make up what is known as the British ‘brand’, helping to grow the modern-day perception of British culture as they as people or their works are recognized globally.
  6. 6. When to Visit Summer is also beautiful in London but, can be fairly rainy and is also somewhat crowded with tourists. Fall and winter are fairly cold and windy but, are less crowded and usually the less expensive times to visit. Christmas in London is beautiful as famous streets, parks, museums, and show venues light up and hold Christmas events with pop-up carnivals, markets, and ice skating rinks. Spring in London is a beautiful time to visit but, is also the most crowded as most visitors come then. It is considered the best time to see the city because the parks are blossoming and the weather tends to be nicer.
  7. 7. London Weather London weather is almost the same as the rest of England, but different due the city’s buildings and architecture. Temperatures tend to stay around 10°C – 13°C in the fall, 0°C – 7°C in the winter, 8°C – 10°C in the spring, and 14°C – 18°C in the summer. It tends to rain every couple of days and it can either be a light shower or a thunderstorm, lasting once per day to on-and-off all day. Because London is on an island, expect island weather which means chilly and breezy to cold and windy weather. Download The Weather Channel App or check the BBC Weather for more updated information.
  8. 8. Currency: London, as per the UK, uses the pound sterling, noted as the strongest currency in the world which can make visiting the UK a little more expensive than expected. 1 UK Pound = 1.51 U.S. Dollars 100.97 Indian Rupee 2.08 Australian Dollar 1.38 Euro - Don’t eat out right next to big attractions in London because it will be more expensive - Sainsbury’s and Tesco stores offer meal deals usually under £3 - Check out free walking tours in London - Rent day bikes to sightsee London instead of public transportation
  9. 9. London Airports
  10. 10. Airports: Heathrow and Gatwick Heathrow: London Heathrow Airport is the busiest airport in the UK used by over 90 airlines and flies to 170 destinations, has 5 terminals – Location: In the London borough of Hillington, 12 miles outside of London – Interactive map of the airport – Maps of Terminals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 – Security, liquids and bags Gatwick: Gatwick Airport is London’s second busiest airport with two terminals, North and South that are connected by a free shuttle service – Location: Crawley, West Sussex about 30 miles south of central London – Maps of North Terminal and South Terminal – Security, liquids, and bags
  11. 11. Airports: Stansted and Luton Standsted: London Stansted Airport is the third largest airport in UK, used for many low-cost aircrafts. Stansted only has one terminal of which there are there wings for the different gates – Location: Stansted Mountfitchet, Essex about 30 miles northeast of London – Map of the airport – Security, liquids and baggage Luton: London Luton Airport is the fourth largest airport serving London, has one terminal with gates branching off of it – Location: Luton, Bedfordshire, about 30 miles north of central London – Map of the airport – Security, liquids, and baggage
  12. 12. Airports: Heathrow Via Heathrow Express: Leaving from Paddington Station in Zone 1, the Heathrow Express is a train that takes approx. 15 minutes and leaves every 15 minutes. Not the cheapest option but, can be cheaper if tickets are booked online beforehand Via Underground Tube: Located on the Piccadilly Tube line in Zone 6, the Piccadilly loops around Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 and 4 and also goes directly to 5. The cheapest option as it costs under 4 pounds, will take about 1 hour to get from Heathrow to central London Buses 14, 85, X26, and 285 take you from central London to Terminals 1, 2, 3. Usually takes more than 2 hours from central London. Second cheapest option Getting to and from Heathrow Airport
  13. 13. Airports: Gatwick The easiest way to get from Gatwick to central London (and back) is by train, the Gatwick Express calls at Victoria station and Gatwick Station North Terminal, is 30 minutes long and can be booked in advance. Other trains also run from Victoria to Gatwick (which can be cheaper if you have a BritRail pass) Getting to and from Gatwick Airport The cheapest option is by Gatwick easyBus leaving both North and South Terminals to Earls Court/West Brompton, Waterloo, and Victoria bus stops in London every 15 minutes More ways to get to and from Gatwick to London and the UK here
  14. 14. Airports: Stansted and Luton Stansted – By train: Stansted Express runs every 15 minutes, costs around £23.40, takes around 50 minutes to get into Liverpool Street station Luton – By train: Trains run out of Luton Airport Parkway train station (not located at the airport) frequently to London Blackfriars and St. Pancras stations where the Tube is also accessible. A shuttle bus runs from the airport to the Luton Airport Parkway station, a 10 minute journey Bus/coach for both airports – Both airports use National Express coaches, easyBus, and Terravision located at the front of the airports stopping at various central London stops Getting to and from Stansted and Luton Airports
  15. 15. Train Stations There are 366 train stations serving London and call at stations all over Europe and the UK. If you want to travel outside London, check out the National Rail Journey Planner to help you plan your journey. Some of the train stations in London are attached to Tube stations as well, making getting to the train station much easier. The most common train stations are Victoria Station, St Pancras International, Shoreditch High Street Station, Kings Cross, Euston Station, Waterloo Station, Paddington Station, Stratford Station, Whitechapel Station, Clapham Junction, Highgate Station, Marylebone Station, and Charing Cross Station. Oyster cards cannot be used for trains but some Contactless cards can be used for trains. The best option is to buy a ticket either at the station or before online.
  16. 16. London Transportation
  17. 17. London Transportation • Helpful Information: • Tube map • TfL Visitor Leaflet • Bus routes London transportation includes extensive underground and over ground trains, buses, the Tube, trams and more. For information on London transportations and services click here. How to locate the buses/bus stops and Tube stops: • The buses are red all around, they are not the same as Hop-On Hop-Off buses • The Tube is underground but the DLR is over-ground and has amazing views of London
  18. 18. Tube Fares and Payments: Oyster Card There are two different ways for you to pay for the Tube, either with an Oyster Card or a Contectless Card. To pay with an Oyster Card: different cards are available for purchase online or at any Tube station. There are many different types of cards with special offers and discounts depending on group size, zones, extended visits and more. Once you have your card, you scan it and have access to all TfL (Transport for London) transportation. Please click this helpful video above to view how to buy and use a visitor Oyster card
  19. 19. How to Use: Oyster Card Touch in and out by scanning your card on the station gate which will turn green when meaning you’ve touched in If there are no station gates look for the freestanding gate to touch in and out For bus journeys, go to the front of the bus where the driver is sitting to touch in, you do not need to touch out from the bus or tram Click the picture above to learn how to use your Oyster card
  20. 20. Tube Fares and Payments: Contactless Contactless Cards are debit, credit, charge or pre-paid cards for purchase under 30 pounds. They are issued by Visa, MasterCard, Maestro or American Express and have this distinct symbol on them: To pay with a Contactless Card: when using this card, a single payment will be charged to you at the end of each day for all the journey’s you’ve made To learn more on the fares of contactless cards please click on the image above
  21. 21. How to Use: Contactless Contactless cards are used the same way as Oyster cards Touch in and out by scanning your card on the station gate which will turn green when meaning you’ve touched in If there are no station gates look for the freestanding gate to touch in and out For bus journeys, go to the front of the bus where the driver is sitting to touch in, you do not need to touch out from the bus or tram
  22. 22. Tube Stops This might look overwhelming now but it’s really easy to navigate. Let’s say you are at South Kensington station and you want to get to St. Paul’s station. You will need to change stations somewhere because the three lines at South Kensington are the Piccadilly, Circle, and District. The easiest way to do this to get on the Piccadilly line from South Kensington towards Holborn station then switch onto the Central line towards St. Paul’s station. There are signs all over the Tube stations telling you what platform to get on and where the Tube is heading towards. It might be nerve-wracking the first few journeys but, you will understand the Tube soon!
  23. 23. TfL and Citymapper On the Transport for London website you can input your location and where you want to go and it will find the cheapest and fastest lines for you to use. TfL uses Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram to keep people updated on social media about their services Another helpful app Citymapper that helps you find the closest Tube and bus stops, give you routes, and directs you like a GPS throughout your journey
  24. 24. London Attractions
  25. 25. London Boroughs London has 32 Boroughs The major boroughs of central London are Hammersmith & Fulham, Kensington & Chelsea, City of Westminster, Islington, City of London, Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Lambeth, Southwark, Lewisham and Greenwich.
  26. 26. Our Top 25 Places/Things To See and Do 1) Tower of London 2) Westminster (Big Ben, Parliament, Westminster Abbey) 3) Covent Garden 4) Trafalgar Square 5) Leicester Square 6) Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese 7) Buckingham Palace 8) Kensington Palace 9) The London Dungeon 10) Hyde Park 11) Regents Park 12) Royal Albert Hall 13) Tate Modern 15) London Eye 16) St. Paul’s Cathedral 17) Victoria and Albert Museum 18) Tower Bridge 19) The Globe Theater 20) Oxford and Regent Streets 21) Piccadilly Circus 22) Brick Lane 23) Warner Bros. Studio Tour The Making of Harry Potter 24) Borough Market 25) Camden Market
  27. 27. What to do in: West End London’s West End is filled with the best theatre, the best shopping and the food in London. It is home to the City of London and the Soho district where you can find the best bars and clubs in London. The West End includes Trafalgar Square (where Buckingham Palace, Piccadilly Circus, Leicester Square, and Chinatown. Theatre! You have to attend a West End play or musical like Les Miserables, Wicked, or the Book of Mormon. Shopping! Hit up famous streets like Oxford St (with the infamous Harrods), Regent St, Carnaby St, and Bond St. Art! For museum junkies check out The National Gallery, The National Portrait Gallery, The Royal Academy of Arts, and London Transport Museum.
  28. 28. What to do in: City of London Home to the old attractions of London, the City of London was made by the Romans around AD50. It holds many churches designed by Sir Christopher Wren after the Great Fire. But, this district is constantly reinventing itself with post-modern buildings, mixing traditional Victorian architecture with post- modern minimalism structure and design. Attractions: Tower Bridge, The Monument, The Tower of London, St. Paul’s Cathedral, St Dunstan-in-the-East, Museum of London, Leadenhall Market, High Street Kensington (shopping), Business district (The Bullet, the Walkie- Talkie, The Shard)
  29. 29. What to do in: Westminster & St. James Westminster is home to the iconic London landmarks of Westminster Abbey, Big Ben, Houses of Parliament, Buckingham Palace and the Royal Academy Parks! Westminster is home to very beautiful city parks like Hyde Park, St. James’s Park, Royal Park and Green Park Places! Many of the iconic areas of London are located in Westminster like Piccadilly Circus, Trafalgar Square, and Leicester Square Museums! Famous museums line Westminster like the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery, the Tate Modern, and the Cabinet War Rooms,
  30. 30. What to do in: Camden Town Camden is a quirky part of London made up of vintage and futuristic clothing, emo to rocker music-lovers, and food from all over the world. Shopping! Get off at Camden Town and Check out stores like Doc Martins and Cyberdog Market! The Staples Market has vintage clothing, decorations, and hairdressers Music! Many famous artists and bands play in Camden in venues like The Roundhouse, Dingwalls, Underworld, The Jazz Café, and Cecil Sharp House
  31. 31. What to do in: South Bank Located along the south side of the river Thames, South Bank area is located on the other side of the Westminster and has been reinvented over the past century with modern architecture and holds many of London’s famous sight-seeing attractions Attractions: London Eye, Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre, the Tate Modern, Royal Festival Hall, National Theatre, Hayward Gallery, Queen Elizabeth Hall, Bankside Gallery, Jerwood Space, Borough Market, Millenium Bridge, Florence Nightingale Museum, The London Dungeon, and the Lower Marsh market stalls
  32. 32. What to do in: South Kensington The wealthiest area in London, South Kensington is lined with white Victorian flats surrounding three major museums, and the beautiful Hyde Park. Located here is Kensington Palace where Prince Harry currently lives and the Royal Albert Hall where the BBC Proms is held. Attractions: Natural History Museum, The Victoria and Albert Museum, the Science Museum, Royal Albert Hall, Albert Memorial, Kensington Palace, Kensington Palace Gardens, Hyde Park, Royal College of Art.
  33. 33. What to do in: Shoreditch Bars and Club! Water Poet, Queen of Hoxton, Happiness Forgets, and Callooh Callay are considered the best bars and clubs in Shoreditch Shopping! Boxpark and Mawi are two of the most popular clothing shoppes in Shoreditch but, walk down Brick Lane and you will find some of the coolest vintage and indie clothing shoppes in London Food! You must get a Brick Lane beigel to say you’ve been to Shoreditch. The two rivaling shoppes boast the best beigels: the yellow Beigal Shop and the white Beigel Bake. Also check out Lady Dinah’s Cat Emporium for tea with cats, Dishoom, and Lyle’s Newly regenerated into an urban hipster district, Shoreditch is well- known for the famous Brick Lane, an area associated with Bangladeshi and Jewish cultures. It’s known for it’s ethnic diversity and nightlife pop culture.
  34. 34. What to do in: Covent Garden Entertainment! From street performers in Covent Garden Market to ballerinas dancing in the Royal Opera House Covent Garden has you covered! There are daily pop-up bands performing in the market and various street performers outside the market. The Royal Opera House is right next to the market and hosts opera and ballet shows. Shopping! Covent Garden Market has tons of quirky gift shoppes but, head down St. Martin’s Courtyard or Neal Street to find specialty clothing and toy shoppes. Food! Covent Garden has tons of legendary restaurants boasting international menus and celeb appearances. Check out The Ivy, the Holborn Dining Room, Dub Jam, or Rules.
  35. 35. Top Attractions for Kids Museums: Science Museum, V&A Museum of Childhood, The Crystal, Horniman Museum and Gardens, London Transport Museum, HMS Belfast Places: Warner Brothers Studio Tour The Making of Harry Potter, Notting Hill Carnival, Hyde Park’s Winter Wonderland, ZSL London Zoo, Shrek’s Adventure! London Adventure: pony rides at Stag Lodge Stables, Indoor Skydiving, Oxygen Freejumping, Emirates Air Line, Kew Gardens, KidZania, Clip N Climb Chelsea Shows: Elf The Musical, The Railway Children, and Big Fish Little Fish.

Notas del editor

  • The largest and second largest airports in London, Heathrow and Gatwick have the most airlines flying in and out of the UK. They are also the closest to central London, making is easier to get to and from London by bus, train, or Tube. Heathrow is about 15 minutes away from central London by train and Gatwick is about 30 minutes away by train.
  • The third and fourth largest airports serving London the London Stansted Airport and the London Luton Airport are used for more residential flights within in the UK and some surrounding Europe countries. They each have one terminal with different gates branching off from the main terminal. They are further outside of London in Essex and Bedfordshire but have trains and buses that go to and from central London.
  • The easiest way to get to and from Heathrow Airport is by either by the underground Tube or by the Heathrow Express train. The Tube is the cheapest but takes around 45 minutes to an hour to get into central London. The Heathrow Express calls at multiple stations but takes about 15 minutes to get in and out of London. There are also buses that take you from central London to terminals 1, 2, and 3, you just need to find the bus stop closest to where you are staying/want to go.
  • The fastest way to get into Central London from Gatwick is by the Gatwick Express train which calls at the Gatwick Station in the North Terminal about every 15 – 20 minutes. It is 30 minutes long and arrives in Victoria Station which is also a Tube station as well. Other trains run out of Gatwick station too so you can purchase tickets at the station or beforehand for those. The cheapest option, but not the fastest, is by the Gatwick easyBus arriving at various central London bus stops. It calls at both North and South Terminals every 15 minutes. There are other ways to get to and from Gatwick, please refer to the links in blue to find out more information.
  • In no particular order these are the top 25 places and things to see and do in London. This list was hard to make because there are so many amazing things to do in London! London is the place where anything and everything is, a city full of color and vibrancy it’s constantly reinventing itself mixing the old with the new. Feel free to click on the links and check out our top 25 to do in Lon