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  1. 1. Located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Haiti occupies the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic borders Haiti on the eastern side of the island. Haiti’s closest neighbors include Jamaica to the west and Cuba to
  2. 2. Haiti means "land of the mountains” in the Indigenous, or native, Taíno language. The country’s highest peak, Pic la Selle, is part of the Massif de la Selle range located in southeastern Haiti and reaches nearly 9,000 feet (2,715 meters).
  3. 3. The island sits at the edge of a huge geological slab of rock just below the Earth’s surface, called a tectonic plate; when the plate shifts, it can cause an earthquake. Because of Haiti’s position on the edge of the plate, the country has a long history of very strong earthquakes that cause major damage. A massive magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck the country in August 2021. Experts estimate that over 2,000 people were killed and nearly 150,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed.
  4. 4. Hispaniola has been inhabited since around 5000 B.C., when groups of Native Americans likely arrived from Central and South America. Some of these early settlers included the Taíno, whose cave paintings scattered throughout the country have become national symbols of Haiti and popular tourist attractions. Explorer Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Hispaniola in 1492 and claimed it as a Spanish colony. Soon hundreds of Spanish settlers arrived. They killed most of the island natives and A SHORT HISTORY OF HAITI
  5. 5. By the 1600s, the French had taken over much of the colony, which they called Saint Domingue. They increased production of many crops such as coffee, cotton, and sugarcane. But the enslaved people of Saint Domingue revolted against French rule in 1791. After what many historians refer to as the largest and most successful rebellion by enslaved people, the islanders finally declared their independence from France in 1804 and changed the name of the country to Haiti. A SHORT HISTORY OF HAITI
  6. 6. These Haitians had created the first independent nation in the Caribbean. Haiti was also the second democracy in the Western Hemisphere in the world. But because the population had been ruled by outsiders for so long, the revolution left them without a system for governing, and years of struggle followed. By 1809, the eastern two-thirds of the island—the part that would eventually become the Dominican Republic—was returned to Spain. A SHORT HISTORY OF HAITI
  7. 7. In 2017, Jovenel Moïse, a former banana exporter, was elected president. During his time in office, he was also accused of being a corrupt ruler by some of his fellow Haitians. In February 2021, protestors held demonstrations demanding that Moïse step down from the presidency. He refused. On July 7 of the same year, Moïse was assassinated in his home. Two days before his assassination, Moïse had appointed Ariel Henry, a doctor who went to school in the United States, to be Haiti’s prime minister. Henry will oversee the government until the country holds an election for its next president on November 7, 2021. A SHORT HISTORY OF HAITI
  9. 9. Haiti occupies the mountainous portion of the island of Hispaniola. Five mountain ranges dominate Haiti’s landscape and divide the country into three regions : northern, central, and southern. The terrain is comprised of rugged mountains with small coastal plains and river valleys, and a large east-central elevated plateau. The highest peak, the Morne de la Selle, is located in the south and reaches an altitude of 2,715 meters. The largest lake is Etang Saumâtre, a salt-water body located in the southern region. Ile de la Gonave, Ile de la Tortue, and Ile a Vaches comprise Haiti's principal offshore territories. The country’s climate is warm and Physical features
  10. 10. Climate
  11. 11. Haiti has a warm, humid tropical climate characterized by diurnal temperature variations that are greater than the annual variations; temperatures are modified by elevation. Average temperatures range from the high 70s F (about 25 °C) in January and February to the mid-80s F (about 30 °C) in July and August. The village of Kenscoff, at some 4,700 feet (1,430 metres), has an average temperature of about 60 °F (16 °C), whereas Port-au-Prince, at sea level, has an average of 79 °F (26 °C). In winter, frost can occur at high elevations. Climate
  12. 12. Haiti is located on the leeward side of the island, which means that the influence of humid trade winds is not as great as in the Dominican Republic. The more humid districts are found on the northern and eastern slopes of the mountains. Some portions of the island receive less than 28 inches (700 mm) of rainfall per year. The northwestern peninsula and Gonâve Island are particularly dry. Some regions have two rainy seasons, lasting from April to June and from August to October, whereas other regions experience rainfall from May to November. Annual variations of precipitation can cause droughts, widespread crop failures, and famine. Climate
  13. 13. The southern peninsula, which is more vulnerable to hurricanes (tropical cyclones) than other parts of Haiti, suffered heavy damage from Hurricanes Allen (1980), Gilbert (1988), and Georges (1998). All parts of the country, however, can be hit by tropical storms and hurricanes. During August and September 2008 a series of severe storms that included Hurricanes Hanna and Ike caused widespread damage and the loss of some 800 lives. Climate
  14. 14. People IN HAITI
  15. 15.  Ethnic groups and languages Nearly all of Haiti’s population are of African origin (termed blacks). A small minority of people of mixed European and African descent (called mulattoes) constitute a wealthier elite and account for most of the remainder. There is also a small number of people of European descent. Haiti has differentiated itself ethnically, linguistically, and culturally from other Caribbean and Latin American countries, notably the Spanish-speaking and the English- speaking countries of the region. People IN HAITI
  16. 16. People IN HAITI
  17. 17. Haitian Creole (Kweyol, or Kreyol) and French are the official languages. Creole is normally used in daily life, and French—the second language of perhaps one-tenth of the people—is used in more formal circumstances. However, written Creole is not widely accepted, because the school system retains French as the main language of instruction. Most of the vocabulary of Haitian Creole is derived from French, but in its syntax it is similar to the Creole languages of the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean. People IN HAITI
  18. 18. RELIGION
  19. 19. Haiti has no official religion, and the constitution allows for religious freedom. More than half of the population practices Roman Catholicism, the dominant sect of Christianity, and approximately one-fourth is Protestant or independent Christian. Liberation theology continues to have some influence in religious life, notably in the shantytown areas of Port-au- Prince and other towns. Most Haitian Roman Catholics are also practitioners of Vodou (Voodoo, or Vodun), a religion whose gods (lwa) are derived from West African religions. However, most of the country’s Protestants consider Christianity to be incompatible with Vodou. RELIGION
  20. 20. In addition to the older Protestant denominations established in the early 19th century (Methodists, Episcopalians, and Presbyterians), Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, and Mormons came to Haiti during and after the period (1915–34) when the United States occupied the country. RELIGION
  21. 21. The Top 5 Most Beautiful Places in Haiti
  22. 22. Bassin Bleu
  23. 23. Bassin Bleu is a blissfully secluded waterfall on the hills of Jacmel, Haiti. Travelers can follow a trail to the basin and spend a day jumping from the waterfalls, swimming in the turqoise water and enjoying the cool cover of the lush vegetation. The privacy of the spot makes it feel like paradise.
  24. 24. Labadee
  25. 25. Labadee is a private port, and a secluded piece of paradise. Owned by the Royal Caribbean International cruise company, the white sandy beaches and crystal water here make it one of the most enchanting destinations on the island. Besides relaxing on the beach by the blue sea, visitors can shop from a selection of Haitian vendors, participate in watersports or try their hand at a zipline.
  26. 26. Kokoye Beach
  27. 27. Kokoye beach is the idyllic Caribbean haven replicated in holiday brochures worldwide, with fine white sand, turqoise waters and tall, luscious palm trees swaying lazily in the warm breeze. The beach is a top spot for snorkelling, and is a good choice for those wanting to avoid a tummult of tourists; access is only possible via boat or by hiking.
  28. 28. Gelee Beach
  29. 29. Gelee Beach is the longest and most romantic stretch of sand in Haiti, with fishing boats bobbing on the horizon and the sweet smell of coconuts in the air. A number of excellent seafood restaurants offer daily deals nearby, and during August the place is packed with enthusiastic dancers and musicians for the Fete Notre Dame festival. A few meters beyond Gelee lie open pasturelands, so don’t be surprised to see a roaming cow or two.
  30. 30. The Palace of Sans-Souci
  31. 31. Before it was partially destroyed by an earthquake in 1842, the Sans- Souci Palace was home to famous former slave-turned-king Henri Christophe I. With its deep historical roots the palace evokes a sense of nostalgic beauty, and is often compared to the majesty of the Palace of Versailles in France. The Palace features many high-arched windows as well as decadent staircases.
  32. 32. Famous foods in Haiti
  33. 33. Soup Joumou (Beef and Pumpkin Soup)
  34. 34. This warming beef and pumpkin soup is an important Haitian dish, traditionally cooked on January 1st in celebration of Haiti’s Independence Day. Soup Joumou is a rich soup consisting of key ingredients beef and pumpkin, while carrots, onions, macaroni, squash, and potatoes are commonly added to the broth. It’s flavored with fresh ginger, garlic, sage, and a generous splash of
  35. 35. Fresco (Haitian Shaved Ice)
  36. 36. Haitian shaved ice simply comprises just two ingredients: ice, and a thick, sweet syrup. The most commonly used syrup is grenadine, but it can be served with a syrup of any color or flavor.
  37. 37. Griyo (Baked Pork Shoulder)
  38. 38. Griyo, or baked pork shoulder, is considered by many to be the national dish of Haiti. The pork is served with either fried plantain, pikliz (pickled vegetable relish), rice, or a little of each. You can order griyo throughout Haiti, from high-end restaurants to humble street vendors selling fritters and inexpensive foods.