4. Parents are not Friends
Often parents behave like friends
If you play like friends you will lose your power as parents.
Answer Questions - then their creativity and imagination
will improve. They will become real explorers and at the
7. ACADEMIC SKILLS
• 3 main academic skills
• Comprehension – Reading and Listening
• Expression - Oral or Written
• Arithmetic Ability
• 3 types of LD
• Dyslexia – is the difficulty to read
• Dysgraphia – is the difficulty to write
• Dyscalculia – is the difficulty with arithmetic skills
8. LD Statistics
• Among children with normal intelligence, as many as 1 out
of every 5 children have some degree of LD.
• LD occurs 2 to 3 times more often in males than in females.
• There is an increased risk of 4 to 8 times in first degree
relatives for reading deficits, and about 5 to 10 times for
mathematical deficits – showing a strong genetic tendency.
9. LD Basics
• LD varies from person to person.
• Often the LD subtypes are mixed.
• It is caused by differences in how the brain processes
• LD children are not intellectually disabled, lazy or adamant.
10. Learning Disability (LD) Versus
Intellectual Disability (ID)
• In fact, children with LD often have average or above average
• Children with LD exhibit significant discrepancy between the
potential for academic achievement and actual performance.
• Intellectual Disability (ID) is a global delay in brain
development; and their academic performance, in general,
matches the brain’s potential.
11. LD Research Shows…
• LD is a chronic condition. However, children with LD can do
well and can be taught ways to get around their LD. With the
right help, children with LD can and do learn successfully.
• Children with LD get frustrated and intolerant when they are not
able to perform well in academics.
• Parents and teachers often pressurize them and this often has
• fear and anxiety
• low self-esteem
• low confidence
• loss of interest
• emotional disturbances
• school phobia and school refusal.
12. Assessment & Management
• LD assessment by a clinical psychologist forms the basis
establishing eligibility for academic services and concessions
through Government Regulatory Bodies.
13. Assessment & Management
• Some other psychological disorders are commonly seen associated
• Communication Disorders
• Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
• Fine Motor Difficulties
• Oppositional Defiance
• Conduct Problems
• Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
• Social Anxiety
• Diagnosis and Management of these associated problems is vital
for the overall wellbeing and improved academic performance of
• If I can’t learn the way you teach, will you teach me the way
I can learn? Remedial Training
• Consistent/intensive one to one training.
• Extensive Support from the school
• Simplifying the lessons, using flow charts, etc
• Use various modalities (Visual, Auditory, and Tactile) to
enhance learning. Learning is more effective when concepts
are experienced or seen.
• Ensure understanding of content learned by making him/her
work regularly on assessment sheets/question papers
prepared along similar lines to those followed in school.
• Assistance of a peer buddy to cope with work in class (diary work,
• Individual attention during exams.
• Overlooking spelling errors, grammatical mistakes and evaluating on
content (wherever possible).
• Board provisions such as Scribes, Extra Time and Dropping
Language/Subjects could be granted by the CBSE Board for Dyslexic
• Parents to coordinate and cooperate with the teachers and counsellor for
the benefit of the child.
• Involving children in extracurricular activities such as sports, arts (and
other areas s/he is good in) and assigning him/her class responsibilities
would be a boost to his/her self-esteem.
16. Other Options
Look for Skills & Interests
Keep the focus clearly on the long term goals of life.
Most importantly, they must acquire initiative, confidence
and self-esteem which ultimately defines every child’s
success in life.
Early detection and early intervention are vital. When a
child has troubles in learning to read, to write, to listen, to
speak or to do math, teachers and parents must get it
investigated at the earliest
18. The End
If a country is to be free of
corruption and become a
nation of beautiful minds, I
strongly feel there are
three key societal members
who can make a difference.
They are father, mother