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What exactly is a commons oriented initiative and how could it be sustainable

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Relationships between collaborative economy, the commons and the market. Business models for utopians. Presented at Creative Commons Global Summit 2017, in Toronto.

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What exactly is a commons oriented initiative and how could it be sustainable

  1. 1. What is exactly a commons oriented initiative and how could it be sustainable? Marcela Basch @marbasch @elplancnet ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE
  2. 2. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Naming the commons we could learn to reclaim them. David Bollier, Think like a commoner, 2014
  3. 3. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Collaborative economy usually means… Decentralization and distribution instead of centralization (of capital, power, decisions, actions). Acces instead of ownership. P2P networks and desintermediation. Anticonsumerims, enviromental conscious, fair trade, equity, focus on humans. Commons orientation. Wide variety of initiatives, both for profit and nonprofit, concerning material and inmaterial goods, services, knowledge, rights, food, technologie, spaces, identities. Not all always compatible!
  4. 4. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE #coworkings #community gardens #p2p rental #p2p tourism #AirBnb #Couchsurfing #carpooling #Uber? #common good economy #system B #anticonsumerism #degrowth #free software #free hardware #desintermediaton #sustainability #free culture #network culture #collaborative economy #collaborative consumption #p2p production #sharing economy #commons #fablabs #permaculture #repair clubs #disco soup #food sharing #bikes #p2p education #moocs #commons #p2p lending #crowdfunding #citizen innovation #sharing cities #public space #abundance #second hand markets #open acces #open data #open gov #coops #circular economy #equity #social justice #buen vivir #postcapitalism #trust #open source #community #copyleft #decentralization #p2p networks #responsible consumption #democracy #wikipedia #creative commons #gift economy #transition
  5. 5. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE To summarize, visibilize, understand, impulse: EL PLAN C The first website in Argentina focused on news and resources about collaborative economy as a whole. Mission: try to make sense of this wide range of activities and initiatives: coworkings + community gardens (not ruled by government). makerspaces + analogical repair clubs online second hand sales platforms + physical “all free” fairs to recirculate goods free software + free hardware + collaborative natural construction + permaculture carpooling + common good + disco sopa + open data + citizen innovation and more...
  7. 7. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE What we do Research The guide: an up-to-date directory of collaborative resources and initiatives in Argentina, both for profit and non profit, material and inmaterial First and second survey about coworking in Argentina, 2014 and 2015 First survey about makerspaces in Argentina, 2015
  8. 8. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE What we do Talks Green Drinks, Sustainable Brands, Coworking Week, a lot more Press We impulse collaborative economy in the agenda through regular contributions and interviews in the media. Coverage We cover the collaborative scene with chronicles, articles and interviews, also in social networks.
  9. 9. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE What we do Events in collaboration: First International Collaboration Day, International Ridesharing Day, Disco Soup in Argentina Open Minkas, collaborative consultancy, with Minka Collaborative Economy Week 2014, 2015 y 2016: Decentralized celebration with more than 100 collectives involved in 20 cities, from México to Patagonia, with Minka Encuentro Comunes/Commons: first big international meeting about collaborative economies in Buenos Aires, May 4-7 2016, with Goethe-Institut and Minka. ENCUENTRO COMUNES COMMONS // FIRST BIG INTERNATIONAL MEETING ABOUT COLLABORATIVE ECONOMIES IN BUENOS AIRES // 2016
  10. 10. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Commons meaning? Pool of shared resources in a community, either material o immaterial, analogical or digital. A kit of rules to use those resources and make them available to everyone. An approach, a perspective, a language to frame our world and lives. A resistance and resilience culture against privatisation and mercantilization. Some values: ethics, fairness, equity, openness, p2p, reciprocity, focus on humans? .
  11. 11. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Procomuns: commons oriented collaborative economy, Cataluña: Purpose: “Open the debate about wich models to foster inside administrations: commons oriented / local / cooperative Vs corporations oriented/ delocal / private 3 simple questiones by Dirk Holemans to measure “collaborativeness” 1. Who owns the resource? 2. How are the revenues managed? 3. Is it a logic of growth or sufficiency?
  13. 13. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE 15 indicators as evaluation criteria (Thomas Doennebrink, 2015) 1. Adding value locally (v.s skimming value locally) 2. Fostering resilience (v.s. crisis prone) 3. Strewing ownership (fairer) (v.s. concentrating ownership) 4. Extending/multiplying options & roles (v.s. reducing option and roles) 5. Self-determination & participation (v.s. heteronomy) 6. Self-design/formation & co-creation (v.s. unalterable preconfiguration) 7. Promoting community & relationships / including (v.s. isolating/excluding) 8. Versatile/collaborative/communal use (v.a. exclusive/individual use (sale&one-way product) 9. Openess & transparency (v.s silo & intransparency) 10. Horizontal (peer) structure (v.s. hierarchical structures) 11. Saving/protecting resources (circular economy) (v.s. consuming/wasting resources) 12. Participation- & Co-creation diversity beyond money (v.s. only via money) 13. Building trust (v.s. isolation, spreading mistrust) 14. Common good oriented (vs. particular interests) 15. Basic needs (vs. luxury demand)
  14. 14. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE So what is exactly a commons oriented initiative (and what’s not)? -an NGO? A non profit organization? a charity? -a reserch project/ lab? a personal project? - a coop? a platform coop, an open coop, a regular one? -a company or startup? could the profit be compatible with the commons orientation? a. If so, would that be a regular company with just some "commons orientation"? b. Or coded somehow, for instance a B corp, wich retains the right to take decisions opposed to earning money to facilitate the "other mission"? c. What about the benefits of the company or initiative? Would they be compromised or regulated? How? Does it depend only in the value that it delivers? How should that value be distributed or protected to consider it a COI? Is it relevant how it’s funded? How is it managed? How does it manage data?
  15. 15. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Core values: ethics, common good, equity, reciprocity, dignity, human oriented How to protect the commons we produce from appropriation that doesn’t fit the values? How to protect the idea of the commons from the “commonswashing”?
  17. 17. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE So who is creating and protecting the commons? And how? With wich resources?
  18. 18. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE You are. We are. How do we make it sustainable?
  19. 19. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE If commons oriented work is not financially sustainable, then it ends in the hands of only very privileged people.
  20. 20. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Neither free software, nor crowdfunding will save us from capitalism. We can’t overthrow capitalism by undertaking work merely for the Lulz, we need to create new value circuits that allow is to build new means of survival for the planet, and only then can we do away with capitalism. Dymitri Kleiner
  21. 21. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Capitalism M - C - M’ Lulz Economy M – C – LOL Voluntary Commons Economy M-C-LOL+R
  22. 22. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Possible Open Source / pro Commons sustainability models -On public resources Computadora Industrial Abierta Argentina - Open Science -On international funding Open Source Ecology -Voluntary contributions or donations (financial or other), memberships and workshops (unstable and heavily depending on active communication) -Freemium models / Consultation Information is open, tailored information or support is a product we sell -Diferencial services or craft: the way I do it => branding (with copyright) Reputation needed! Open source beers, Opendesk, Arduino, Red Hat Combined with workshops for open innovation -Coop with your competitors (if they allow you)
  23. 23. ECONOMIA COLABORATIVA Y CULTURA LIBRE Open Business Models From Made with Creative Commons book -Custom services -Charging for physical goods -Charging for the in-person version (conferences) -Merchandising -Advertisers and sponsors -Providing services -Crowdfunding -Pay what you want
  25. 25. ¡Gracias! Thanks! Marcela Basch fb: elplanc tw: @elplancnet