3. In July 1897, Aguinaldo established the
and issued a proclamation stating the following demands:
1. Expulsion of the friars and the return of the friar
lands to the Filipinos
2. Representation in the Spanish Cortes
3. Freedom of the press and of religion
4. Abolition of the government’s power to
5. Equality for all before the law.
4. THE BIAK-NA-BATO CONSTITUTION
Constitution based on the Cuban Constitution
Drafted by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho
Signed on November 1, 1897
The Constitution provided a:
EMILIO AGUINALDO MARIANO TRIAS
5. TO END THE CLASHES BETWEEN FILIPINOS
Aguinaldo Primo de Rivera
volunteered to act as negotiator
6. A ceasefire was declared by both camps and an agreement
between Aguinaldo and the Spanish forces was made.
The Spanish government will grant
SELF-RULE to the Philippines in
if Aguinaldo went to exile in HONG KONG
and surrender his arms.
IN EXCHANGE FOR WHAT??
8. Aguinaldo will receive P800,000 (Mexican Pesos) as
remuneration to the revolutionaries and an
After receiving a partial payment of P400,000,
Aguinaldo left for Hong Kong on board the
December 27, 1897.
Some Filipino generals, however, did not believe in the
sincerity of the Spaniards. They refused to surrender
The Filipino’s and the Spaniards did not trust each
As a result, periodic clashes between the two
groups still took place even after Aguinaldo’s
departure from the country.
The Spanish did not pay the entire agreed amount.
12. Battle of Manila Bay
• May 1, 1898
•First major battle
of Spanish American
•Led by George
•Won with four
•Battle lasted only a
13. AGUINALDO RETURNS
TO MANILA... May 19, 1898
Aguinaldo arrived on board the MCCULLOCH with
ammunition bought with the money he received
By June 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo had captured
the whole of Luzon and was ready to storm Manila
with the help of Gregorio del Pilar
MANILA = INSIDE INTRAMUROS
14. Aguinaldo was firmly convinced that it
just was a matter of days before the
Therefore, he started planning for the
17. The TREATY OF
FELIPE AGONCILLO – was sent to the USA to try
to speak to Pres. McKinley – FAILED
18. FELIPE AGONCILLO – Tried to go to France to
attend a meeting between Spanish and
19. WHAT WAS THE MEETING ABOUT?
1. Outcome of the Spanish – American War
2. Situation in Cuba and the Philippines
20. TREATY OF PARIS IS SIGNED...
On Dec. 10, 1898, THE TREATY OF PARIS ended the
Cuba was granted its independence
Spain ceded the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
In return, the US paid Spain the sum of
US$20 million for the Philippines.