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A History of CartographyFrom Ptolemy toTomTom
Pre-Historic MapsCave paintings ato Trois-Freres, Montesquieu-Avantès, in France – c. 13,000 BCo Lascaux, in France – c. 1...
Pre-Historic MapsCave paintings ato Trois-Freres, Montesquieu-Avantès, in France – c. 13,000 BCo Lascaux, in France – c. 1...
Pre-Historic Star Maps
Pre-Historic Star Maps
Pre-Historic Star Maps
Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC
Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC Su Song Star map from China, c. 1020-1101
Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC Su Song Star map from China, c. 1020-1101Star Map, Albrecht Durer, 1515
Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC Su Song Star map from China, c. 1020-1101Star Map, Albrecht Durer, 151...
Ancient MapsAnaximander (c. 610 - 546 BC) Strabo (c. 64 BC - 24 AD)Hecataeus of Miletus (c. 550 - 476 BC) Pomponius Mela (...
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Mar...
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Mar...
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Mar...
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Mar...
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Mar...
Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Mar...
Portolan ChartsCarta Pisana Portolan Chart, c.1275–1300
Portolan ChartsPortolan Chart of Pedro Reinal, 1504
Mappa Mundi
Gough Map of Britain - 1360
Gough Map of Britain - 1360
Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English roa...
Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English roa...
Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English roa...
Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English roa...
Pilgrim MapsI knew no harm of Bonaparte and plenty of the Squire,And for to fight the Frenchman I did not much desire;But ...
Pilgrim MapsI knew no harm of Bonaparte and plenty of the Squire,And for to fight the Frenchman I did not much desire;But ...
Pilgrim MapsHis sins they were forgiven him; or why do flowers runBehind him; and the hedges all strengthening in the sun?...
Pilgrim MapsHis sins they were forgiven him; or why do flowers runBehind him; and the hedges all strengthening in the sun?...
Pilgrim MapsMy friends, we will not go again or ape an ancient rage,Or stretch the folly of our youth to be the shame of a...
“Age of Discovery”Mercator World Map, 1569
“Age of Discovery”Abraham Ortelius, 1570
Map ProjectionsCylindrical – Transverse Mercator
Map ProjectionsProjections - Sinusoidal
Map ProjectionsProjections - SinusoidalEcker IV Ecker VI Goode Homolosine
Map ProjectionsProjections - SinusoidalKavrayskiy VII Mollweide Tobler Hyperelliptical
Map ProjectionsProjections – Albers Conical
Map ProjectionsProjections – Albers Conical
Map ProjectionsProjections – Azimuthal Equidistant
Map ProjectionsProjections – Azimuthal Equidistant
Map ProjectionsProjections – Azimuthal EquidistantShow the globe as it appears from space
Map ProjectionsProjections – Gnomic
Map ProjectionsProjections – Gnomic
Map ProjectionsProjections – GnomicOften used by Seismologists,because seismic waves tend to travel alonggreat circles.Use...
Panoramic Maps
Panoramic Maps
Panoramic Maps
Panoramic Maps
The London Underground
The London Underground
The London Underground
The London Underground
Facebook World Map
Political MapsBritish Empire 1897
Social Maps
Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonster...
Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonster...
Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonster...
Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonster...
Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonster...
Moon MapsLeonardo da Vinci, c. 1500
Moon MapsLeonardo da Vinci, c. 1500 Johannes Hevelius, 1647
Moon MapsHomann and Doppelmayr, 1707
Wilbur Glenn VolivaFlat Earth Map
“Inner Earth”Map from c. 1730
Fictional Maps
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History of Cartography: From Ptolemy to TomTom

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History of Cartography: From Ptolemy to TomTom

  1. 1. A History of CartographyFrom Ptolemy toTomTom
  2. 2. Pre-Historic MapsCave paintings ato Trois-Freres, Montesquieu-Avantès, in France – c. 13,000 BCo Lascaux, in France – c. 15,000 BCo El Castillo, in Spain – c 12,000 BC
  3. 3. Pre-Historic MapsCave paintings ato Trois-Freres, Montesquieu-Avantès, in France – c. 13,000 BCo Lascaux, in France – c. 15,000 BCo El Castillo, in Spain – c 12,000 BCRock carvings atȱ Pavlov, in the Czech Republic – c. 23,000 BCȱ Çatalhöyük, Anatolia, in Turkey – c. 15,000 BC
  4. 4. Pre-Historic Star Maps
  5. 5. Pre-Historic Star Maps
  6. 6. Pre-Historic Star Maps
  7. 7. Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC
  8. 8. Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC Su Song Star map from China, c. 1020-1101
  9. 9. Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC Su Song Star map from China, c. 1020-1101Star Map, Albrecht Durer, 1515
  10. 10. Star MapsSumerian Star map from Nineveh, c. 3300 BC Su Song Star map from China, c. 1020-1101Star Map, Albrecht Durer, 1515 Modern Star Map
  11. 11. Ancient MapsAnaximander (c. 610 - 546 BC) Strabo (c. 64 BC - 24 AD)Hecataeus of Miletus (c. 550 - 476 BC) Pomponius Mela (c. 43 AD)Eratosthenes (276 - 194 BC) Marinus of Tyre (c. 120 AD)Posidonius (c. 150 - 130 BC) Claudius Ptolemy, (90-170 AD)
  12. 12. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea
  13. 13. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances
  14. 14. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin
  15. 15. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Marks the 32 directions on a Mariner’s compass
  16. 16. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Marks the 32 directions on a Mariner’s compass» Show only coastline, no detail of the interior
  17. 17. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Marks the 32 directions on a Mariner’s compass» Show only coastline, no detail of the interior» Medieval Portolani typically show North to the top of the map
  18. 18. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Marks the 32 directions on a Mariner’s compass» Show only coastline, no detail of the interior» Medieval Portolani typically show North to the top of the map» Only useful when in sight of land
  19. 19. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Marks the 32 directions on a Mariner’s compass» Show only coastline, no detail of the interior» Medieval Portolani typically show North to the top of the map» Only useful when in sight of land» Used with a pilots’ log containing records of reefs, shoals, etc.» Pilots’ log books were know as Rutter or Peripli
  20. 20. Portolan Charts» Used for navigation at sea» They show Compass Directions and Distances» Typically drawn on sheepskin» Marks the 32 directions on a Mariner’s compass» Show only coastline, no detail of the interior» Medieval Portolani typically show North to the top of the map» Only useful when in sight of land» Used with a pilots’ log containing records of reefs, shoals, etc.» Pilots’ log books were know as Rutter or Peripli» Were considered state secrets in Portugal and Spain
  21. 21. Portolan ChartsCarta Pisana Portolan Chart, c.1275–1300
  22. 22. Portolan ChartsPortolan Chart of Pedro Reinal, 1504
  23. 23. Mappa Mundi
  24. 24. Gough Map of Britain - 1360
  25. 25. Gough Map of Britain - 1360
  26. 26. Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road.A reeling road, a rolling road, that rambles round the shire,And after him the parson ran, the sexton and the squire;A merry road, a mazy road, and such as we did treadThe night we went to Birmingham by way of Beachy Head.• Also called Itinerary, Journey or Strip Maps
  27. 27. Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road.A reeling road, a rolling road, that rambles round the shire,And after him the parson ran, the sexton and the squire;A merry road, a mazy road, and such as we did treadThe night we went to Birmingham by way of Beachy Head.• Also called Itinerary, Journey or Strip Maps• Depict a route from one place to anothere.g. from London to Canterbury
  28. 28. Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road.A reeling road, a rolling road, that rambles round the shire,And after him the parson ran, the sexton and the squire;A merry road, a mazy road, and such as we did treadThe night we went to Birmingham by way of Beachy Head.• Also called Itinerary, Journey or Strip Maps• Depict a route from one place to anothere.g. from London to Canterbury• Show the Route as a straight line
  29. 29. Pilgrim MapsBefore the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road.A reeling road, a rolling road, that rambles round the shire,And after him the parson ran, the sexton and the squire;A merry road, a mazy road, and such as we did treadThe night we went to Birmingham by way of Beachy Head.• Also called Itinerary, Journey or Strip Maps• Depict a route from one place to anothere.g. from London to Canterbury• Show the Route as a straight line• Show Waypoints and Landmarks along the way
  30. 30. Pilgrim MapsI knew no harm of Bonaparte and plenty of the Squire,And for to fight the Frenchman I did not much desire;But I did bash their baggonets because they came arrayedTo straighten out the crooked road an English drunkard made,Where you and I went down the lane with ale-mugs in our hands,The night we went to Glastonbury by way of Goodwin Sands.
  31. 31. Pilgrim MapsI knew no harm of Bonaparte and plenty of the Squire,And for to fight the Frenchman I did not much desire;But I did bash their baggonets because they came arrayedTo straighten out the crooked road an English drunkard made,Where you and I went down the lane with ale-mugs in our hands,The night we went to Glastonbury by way of Goodwin Sands.
  32. 32. Pilgrim MapsHis sins they were forgiven him; or why do flowers runBehind him; and the hedges all strengthening in the sun?The wild thing went from left to right and knew not which was which,But the wild rose was above him when they found him in the ditch.God pardon us, nor harden us; we did not see so clearThe night we went to Bannockburn by way of Brighton Pier.
  33. 33. Pilgrim MapsHis sins they were forgiven him; or why do flowers runBehind him; and the hedges all strengthening in the sun?The wild thing went from left to right and knew not which was which,But the wild rose was above him when they found him in the ditch.God pardon us, nor harden us; we did not see so clearThe night we went to Bannockburn by way of Brighton Pier.
  34. 34. Pilgrim MapsMy friends, we will not go again or ape an ancient rage,Or stretch the folly of our youth to be the shame of age,But walk with clearer eyes and ears this path that wandereth,And see undrugged in evening light the decent inn of death;For there is good news yet to hear and fine things to be seen,Before we go to Paradise by way of Kensal Green.
  35. 35. “Age of Discovery”Mercator World Map, 1569
  36. 36. “Age of Discovery”Abraham Ortelius, 1570
  37. 37. Map ProjectionsCylindrical – Transverse Mercator
  38. 38. Map ProjectionsProjections - Sinusoidal
  39. 39. Map ProjectionsProjections - SinusoidalEcker IV Ecker VI Goode Homolosine
  40. 40. Map ProjectionsProjections - SinusoidalKavrayskiy VII Mollweide Tobler Hyperelliptical
  41. 41. Map ProjectionsProjections – Albers Conical
  42. 42. Map ProjectionsProjections – Albers Conical
  43. 43. Map ProjectionsProjections – Azimuthal Equidistant
  44. 44. Map ProjectionsProjections – Azimuthal Equidistant
  45. 45. Map ProjectionsProjections – Azimuthal EquidistantShow the globe as it appears from space
  46. 46. Map ProjectionsProjections – Gnomic
  47. 47. Map ProjectionsProjections – Gnomic
  48. 48. Map ProjectionsProjections – GnomicOften used by Seismologists,because seismic waves tend to travel alonggreat circles.Used by navies in plotting direction finding bearings,since radio signals travel along great circles
  49. 49. Panoramic Maps
  50. 50. Panoramic Maps
  51. 51. Panoramic Maps
  52. 52. Panoramic Maps
  53. 53. The London Underground
  54. 54. The London Underground
  55. 55. The London Underground
  56. 56. The London Underground
  57. 57. Facebook World Map
  58. 58. Political MapsBritish Empire 1897
  59. 59. Social Maps
  60. 60. Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonsters”.Mulder: Ive seen the same thing on maps of New York City.— The X-Files, "Quagmire"
  61. 61. Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonsters”.Mulder: Ive seen the same thing on maps of New York City.— The X-Files, "Quagmire"~ “Here be Dragons” – “HIC SVNT DRACONES” in Latin.
  62. 62. Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonsters”.Mulder: Ive seen the same thing on maps of New York City.— The X-Files, "Quagmire"~ “Here be Dragons” – “HIC SVNT DRACONES” in Latin.~ Phrase first appears on the Hunt-Lenox Globe (ca. 1503-1507).~ Map Location is Indonesia, so may refer to Komodo Dragons.
  63. 63. Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonsters”.Mulder: Ive seen the same thing on maps of New York City.— The X-Files, "Quagmire"~ “Here be Dragons” – “HIC SVNT DRACONES” in Latin.~ Phrase first appears on the Hunt-Lenox Globe (ca. 1503-1507).~ Map Location is Indonesia, so may refer to Komodo Dragons.~ “HIC SVNT LEONES” was the traditional phrase.
  64. 64. Scully: On the old mariner maps, the cartographers woulddesignate unexplored territories by simply writing “Here BeMonsters”.Mulder: Ive seen the same thing on maps of New York City.— The X-Files, "Quagmire"~ “Here be Dragons” – “HIC SVNT DRACONES” in Latin.~ Phrase first appears on the Hunt-Lenox Globe (ca. 1503-1507).~ Map Location is Indonesia, so may refer to Komodo Dragons.~ “HIC SVNT LEONES” was the traditional phrase.~ Pictures of dragons and serpents did appear on older maps.
  65. 65. Moon MapsLeonardo da Vinci, c. 1500
  66. 66. Moon MapsLeonardo da Vinci, c. 1500 Johannes Hevelius, 1647
  67. 67. Moon MapsHomann and Doppelmayr, 1707
  68. 68. Wilbur Glenn VolivaFlat Earth Map
  69. 69. “Inner Earth”Map from c. 1730
  70. 70. Fictional Maps

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