Sustainable communities 2013

Councillor, Business and HR Specialist en East Devon District Council
29 de Apr de 2015

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Sustainable communities 2013

  1. An East Devon perspective
  2. Local well-being Energy and water Food and drink Travel and traffic Buildings and grounds Inclusion and participation Global dimension Purchasing and waste Sustainable perspectives “If everyone on the planet lived like the average South West resident we would need three planets to support our current lifestyles”
  3. 'development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs'
  4. Vital and beautiful
  5.  Sometime in the latter half of this century, human population will peak. Having swelled to a bit over nine billion people, our numbers will begin to drop as people age and women worldwide pass through the urban transition, gain control over their own life-choices and have fewer children.  After that, population will proceed to decline by the middle of the 22nd century to a number somewhere between 8.5 billion and 5.6 billion (depending it seems largely on whose assumptions about longevity growth you find most credible).
  6. The Vision “The coalition Government is committed to sustainable development. This means making the necessary decisions now to realise our vision of stimulating economic growth and tackling the deficit, maximising wellbeing and protecting our environment, without negatively impacting on the ability of future generations to do the same. These are difficult times and tough decisions need to be made. This Government believes in going beyond the short term with eyes fixed firmly on a long term horizon shift in relation to our economy, our society and the environment.”
  7. • The rising cost of living and low wage structure • A damaged credit situation for business and housing ••The ageing population and reducing support ratio •The internet • The flight of young people from the area • Climate change ••Restricted economic base ••Poor access to services or transport in rural areas ••Diminishing budgets for local services everywhere • Viability of rural settlements ••The importance of the environmental economy
  8. More food must be produced sustainably through • the spread and implementation of existing knowledge, technology and best practice, • by investment in new science and innovation and • the social infrastructure that enables food producers to benefit from all of these. Demand for the most resource-intensive types of food must be contained. Water supplies must be husbanded and recycled Waste in all areas of the food system must be minimised. Political and economic governance of the food system must be improved to increase food system productivity and sustainability.
  9. Building Sustainable Communities means creating local communities that meet the needs of people, now and in the future, delivering better places that will stand the test of time.
  10. • The Developer – financial return, – securing planning permission, – achieving a social acceptability • The Public – Concern about cherished landscapes – Fear about danger/health/nuisance/ loss – Scepticism about profits ‘at their expense’ • The Council – Concern about cherished landscapes – Concern about danger/health/nuisance/loss – Concern to be legally correct regarding Material issues – Responsible for democratic involvement and equitable Governance – Concern for gain from any development – Affordable homes and more
  11. Social impact Environmental impact biosphere and aesthetics: (visual and landscape impacts) Geosphere: Water Natural hazards (stability, danger to the public) Responsible use of natural resources Coastal erosion New landscapes and changed sub-surface conditions Soils, microclimate, slopes Economic success Viable Equitable Sustainable
  12. 3.3 We intend, through the policies of this Local Plan, to keep East Devon as an outstand place to live, and also to make it a place where job creation is raising average incomes and where homes will become more affordable. Affordable homes are a top priority for this Council. All of our residents, young and old, should prosper and younger people, i particular, are crucial to a vibrant future. We will promote opportunities for better education provision for our young people and residents across the District. 3.4 Our plans for strategic allocations for housing and workspace will be sited in the bes places to create the jobs and homes. We will safeguard the rural country and coast and historic fabric of our urban environments for the enjoyment of residents and visitors. We will also increase expectations for green space and recreational space in towns.
  13. 6.1 The Preferred Approaches have been subject to a detailed appraisal again the SA objectives which were developed at the scoping stage of the SA process. In general, the emerging Core Strategy has been found to have a wide range of positive and significant positive effects on the objectives, although a number of potentially adverse impacts still remain. 6.2 The main adverse impacts relate to biodiversity and noise levels within E Devon District. Where relevant, suggestions have been made with regards to improvements or amendments that could be made to the Preferred Approaches and the supporting text, in order to strengthen and improve their likely sustainability effects.
  14. Special Protections  sites protected under the Birds and Habitats Directives (see paragraph 119) and/or  sites designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest;  land designated as Green Belt, Local Green Space, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty,  Heritage Coast or within a National Park; designated heritage assets;  and locations at risk of flooding or coastal erosion.
  15. 90% is not built on 66% of Area is AONB Most businesses are rural
  16. Old approach New Approach Objectives Equalisation, farm income, farm competitiveness Competitiveness of rural areas, value added to local assets, exploitation of unused resources Key target sector Agriculture Various sectors of rural economies (rural tourism, manufacturing, ICT industry etc.) Main tools Subsidies Investments and Community Volunteers Key actors National governments, farmers All levels of government (European, UK and local), various local stakeholders (public, private, Social Enterprises and Community Stakeholders)
  17. Deliver a thriving, vital local environment 1. Increase job opportunities by completing the strategic employment site development in the West of the District by 2013 2. Protect our quality of life for the future generations 3. Discussions in our 7 main towns to explore their potential for regeneration 4. Use the natural assets of the District to widen the visitor and tourism economy 5. Provide business support and premises for small and medium size businesses 6. Secure good infrastructure (road, rail and broadband) to help businesses thrive
  18.  Make more affordable, good quality homes  Maintain an outstanding quality of Life  Cultural and leisure activities accessible to all residents and visitors  Protect and enhance East Devon’s natural environment and its habitats and wildlife
  19. Challenges • Protecting residents and business in flood risk areas • Ensuring effective food, water and waste management • Ensuring infrastructure, communications and energy are delivered • Ensuring Housing market provides for resident’s needs • Providing sustainable education and health facilities • Encouraging mechanisms for matching jobs and population • Encouraging Business investment and balanced educational achievement • Mitigating impacts on natural environment • Managing impacts on retailers and tourism • Ensuring service delivery continuity despite reducing funds
  20. Note: Performance of systems can degrade over time, or suffer catastrophic failure
  21. Capacity is the ability of people, organisations and societies to manage their own sustainable development processes We need people to recognise development problems, design strategies to solve them, and successfully implement these. We need individuals, organisations and localities mobilise, retain, adapt and extend their ability to make development sustainable. Capacity development is fundamentally a process which must be driven by stakeholders themselves………….. Local people External partners can support the development of ownership and can temporarily assume a share of the responsibility during these processes. Changing Government policies will help or
  22. Some of East Devon District Council’s Core Priorities: • Cranbrook and Science Park– Promote a knowledge based economy • Green Space policy - Homes for all ages – Village and Farm Generations policy •Enable the infrastructure to support growing sectors • Exmouth Regeneration Scheme – Master planning for sustainable development • Seaton regeneration – Green tourism • A30 and Axminster Regeneration – transport, homes and jobs • Rural regeneration and food / water / energy supply • Planning and Economic Development promoting employment land / gaining jobs • Housing and Business Units, encouraging good design and adaptation • s106 and Community Infrastructure • Care and quality of life for aged, young, employed and unemployed • Maintain front line services • Manage impact of public sector cuts, Budget cuts in Partners and LEP activity
  23. The Torbay Total Place approach – putting the citizen at the heart of service design - has helped open the door for local partners to discover what can be done to improve the Public Sector system and to push forward innovative ideas and solutions to change the way services are delivered. It has meant looking for new ways of co-operation, at local level and between local level and Whitehall. Internal and boundary friction has meant slow progress There is to be a major shift in Healthcare control by County Councils with NHS consortia to fund
  24. “Sustainable communities are places where people want to live and work, now and in the future. They meet the diverse needs of existing and future residents, are sensitive to their environment, and contribute to a high quality of life. They are safe and inclusive, well planned, built and run, and offer equality of opportunity and good services for all.” (Egan Review)
  25. “The National Planning Policy Framework” (NPPF), published in March 2012, empowers communities, supports creating homes and jobs, and helps to protect and enhance our natural and historic environment. It emphasises the central role of Local Plans, drawn up by councils through engagement with local communities, in delivering sustainable development at the local level: by setting out how each area’s development needs can be met, and how the local environment can be protected and enhanced The NPPF acts as a reference point for both plan production and decisions on individual planning applications. It makes clear that planning has an economic, a social and an environmental role in contributing to sustainable development, and that it should pursue net gains across all three.
  26. Values of 25-60 dwellings per hectare provide the most sustainable communities. Those overcrowded in the home notice – and dislike crowding in the area more Social Tenants want: • More space and larger rooms; • Better and more storage – inside and out; • Houses rather than flats; • To avoid noise pollution and poorly managed/ used communal space; • Better design – flexibility; ventilation; kitchens and bathrooms; • Good maintenance and rubbish disposal; • Access to parking, shops and transport; • Adequate security Private Sector Housing wants: Houses rather than flats; Larger rooms even if fewer; Quality kitchens/bathrooms; Flexibility Privacy, private space and well managed communal space; Access to shops, transport, and parking; Energy and environmental efficiency; Not to live in featureless
  27. Maximising circulation Plugging the leaks
  28. The physical shape of retailing: changes in the number of stores, customer automation, the role of multi-channel retailing and the use of the Internet; Home delivery Information for customers: the role of technology in enhancing customer awareness of products, such as product information, sourcing, how it is produced, healthy eating signage and how the product will look; Payment systems: the role of changing payment systems, the speed of adoption of advanced payment capabilities, in supporting retail change, retail automation, and loyalty systems; Social responsibility and ethical retailing: the extent to which social and sustainable adaptation will affect costs, packaging, delivery, supply chain Local sourcing (83.4%) Reducing packaging and waste (81.4%) Use of natural products (79.1%) Reducing carbon footprint (78.2%) Healthy products (76.0%)
  29. And workspace closer to home
  30. • High technology is Exciting, creative inventive sexy • It is essential we develop efficient, reliable new products and sustainable services • Yesterday’s gimmick, tomorrow’s necessity•Television to multimedia centre ;Washtub to wash system; Telephone to mobile; Radio to Ipod. Both to iPad
  31. • Sensors and Imaging Microsystems Nanotechnology • Genomics, molecular science Photonics, Imaging, Displays • Wireless technology Data storage • New materials Modelling and Simulation • Smart technologies Power electronics • Advanced control Superconductivity Applications •New Fabrics •Robotics • Automation • Time-saving devices and services • Increasing personalisation • Energy storage • Safety and accuracy • Miniaturisation • Communication
  32. The NPPF contains a presumption in favour of sustainable development, making it clear that Local Plans should seek to meet identified needs, and that planning applications should be approved where possible, but in each case subject to respecting key environmental safeguards
  33. Sustainable communities Well run and well served effective and inclusive participation, representation and leadership – with public, private, community and voluntary services that are appropriate to people’s needs - accessible to all. Well Connected Good transport services and communication linking people to jobs, schools, health and other services Environmentally sensitive providing places for people to live that fully respect the physical environment and integrate environmental considerations into all aspects that contribute to a high quality of life Active, healthy and safe – cohesive with a strong local culture and shared community activities Well designed and built – featuring quality built and natural environment Thriving – with a flourishing and diverse economy including market towns, rural and small business economics Fair and inclusive to all now and in the future and provide good life chances for all. East Devon is the sixth largest local authority area in Devon, with almost 823,732 m2 within its realm, 3% of the 24,477,128 m2 total area of the South West. The largest proportion of land in East Devon is classified as green space, accounting for 748,938 m2 or 91% of its total area. 2/3 is AONB
  34. Health sustainability challenges of 21st century societies: 1. Demographic and financial pressure through the ageing of societies 2. New epidemiological developments: increase in overweight and obesity, increase in mental health problems 3. Health system organisation and financing: from acute care to prevention 4. New and re-emerging infectious diseases: SARS, HIV, TB, Swine Flu 5. Health inequalities 6. Health impact of global warming and climate change: interdependence of health sustainability and environmental sustainability
  35. Government recognises that the health of people is vital to their sustainability. Many initiatives support health in a way that also improves efficiency and respects the environment, such as: • the Department of Health’s (DH) Be Food Smart (healthy eating campaign) • advice on reducing food waste and • “Call to Action on Obesity” • “The Public Health Outcomes Framework for England 2013-2016” requires public sector organisations to produce board approved sustainable development management plans.
  36. This situation has worsened in East Devon to 14 times earnings “Where rural affordability is an issue, regions and local authorities should consider the need to secure growth, in both the affordable and market housing sectors, in rural areas as well as urban ones.” (DCLG Response to Barker)
  37. How much, if anything, do you recycle each week? Why didn’t you eat it? Don’t Throw Away - Repair it! Or exchange it! 80% of waste comes from commercial organisations
  38. Between 1961 and 2006… Ave. summer temp. increased by 1.41 °C Summer precipitation decreased by 8.8% Winter precipitation increased by 15.9% Sea Level in Newlyn has risen 20 cm since 1920 Serious flooding increasing Globally, the 10 hottest years on record have all occurred since 1997, but we are getting wetter as expected
  39. South-West England central estimate Medium emissions Increased Tourism Increased Heat stress Infrastructure risks Risks to biodiversity Heat related deaths Risk to Food Security The change for the 2080s is very unlikely to be less than 2.1ºC or more than 6.4ºC Map showing average summer temperature change, medium emissions scenario, 2080s + 1.6C 2020s + 3.9C 2080s + 2.7C 2050s But the temperature on the hottest day of the year could increase by up to 10ºC Reduced stream flow and water quality Increased drought Potential benefits for tourism Subsiden ce Serious water stress
  40. Increased winter flooding Increased subsidence Risks to urban drainage Severe Transport disruption Risks of national Infrastructure For the 2080s the change is very unlikely to be lower than +6% or higher than +54% South West central estimate Medium Emissions Map showing average winter precipitation change, medium emissions scenario, 2080s + 7% 2020s +23% 2080s + 17% 2050s
  41. Biodiversity Business & Utilities Health Local Government Tourism Transport Food and water
  42. “If everyone on the planet lived like the average SW resident we would need three planets to support our current lifestyles”. State of the Environment in the SW 2006 birds both woodland & farmland bird populations declined by 8% between 1994 and 2003 in the South West. Some species are near extinction fish just 3 out of the 20 salmon rivers in the South West are predicted to meet their management objectives in 2008 sites of special scientific interest around 25% of England’s Sites of Special Scientific Interest are in the South West, almost 53% of which are in favourable condition Biodiversity
  43. One of the principles underlying the Coalition Government’s approach to sustainable development is that growing the economy and improving the environment can be mutually supportive. In November 2012 the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said: “We recognise that a healthy natural environment is the foundation of sustained economic growth, prospering communities and personal wellbeing.”
  44. Landform and scale Landscape pattern Land cover Land use Sense of enclosure Sense of tranquility Settlement pattern/transport network Nature of the skyline Inter-visibility with adjacent landscapes Density of sensitive/rare landscape features
  45. The Water White Paper Published in December 2011, addresses the major challenge of ensuring we have enough water in the coming years in terms of consumers, businesses and for environmental needs. Food Supply The European Commission and global food demand and climate changes are radically affecting supplies Additional demands for housing and bio-energy are affecting the available land for food production Agricultural Land soil run off and alternative uses are reducing the available land
  46. BATH SALIS POOLE YEOVIL TAUNTON BRIDGWATER Sutton Bingham Blashfo Lakes Luxhay Wimbleball Clatworthy Nutscale Ashford Durleigh North East South West Moorbrake Bossington Monkton Combe Chitterne Codford Woolcombe Empool Milbourne St Andrew Corfe Mullen Sturminster Marshall WEYMOUTH MALMESBURY RINGW Import from Bristol Water Import from Bournemouth and West Hants Water 1. Water efficiency 2. Leakage (mains and supply pipes) 3. Metering 4. Effluent re-use for industry at Avonmouth 5. River restoration 6. New reservoirs 7. Desalination
  47. Field runoff Flooding of roads Flooding of property Sediment pollution
  48. Challenges • Development in floodplains • More need for summer cooling • Increased rain penetration • Subsidence/landslips • Rising demand for water but decreased supply Opportunities • Less demand for winter heating • More potential for solar energy • Increased amount of trees • Improved drainage infrastructure • Changing design standards © White Design
  49. Increased participation and engagement Aged or young Better physical and mental health Better quality of life Better housing Increased contribution to society Reduced spending on intensive Health/Social/ Welfare services Employment
  50. Sport volunte er Walking Attending arts event *Arts Council survey Based on ippr diagram Size gives very rough indication of popularity for older people Painting/ writing alone Passive Participative, creative Individual Collective Perform in a play Member of organisatio n Visiting historical monument Watching TV Visiting museums Visiting libraries Most valuable quadrant? Textil e crafts Swimmin g Listening to radio frequently Arts class Arts club Dancing* Reading a book Watchin g a film Art volunte er
  51. • Professional and Technical • Scientific and technological • Production • Information and Communications technology • Personal and Business Services • Self-employment and new businesses
  52. Consumption DECC’s policies include a programme for every home and small business in Great Britain to have smart electricity and gas meters. The roll-out of smart meters will play an important role in Britain’s transition to a low-carbon economy and help meet some of the long-term challenges the country faces in ensuring an affordable, secure and sustainable energy supply. Smart meters will give consumers near real time information on energy consumption to help manage their energy use, save money and reduce emissions The Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) is leading on providing superfast broadband to at least 90% of premises in the UK and providing universal access to standard broadband with a speed of at least 2Mbps. This will bring economic, social and environmental benefits Production Government has promoted Green Energy from Wind, Water and Bio-energy while also re-assessing Nuclear Energy, oil and Gas supply routes
  53. The top six energy-saving behaviours (over a year) to emerge from studies were: 1. Turn thermostat down by 2 degrees from 20°C to 18°C (33 TWh) 2. Turn thermostat down by 1 degree from 19°C to 18°C (16 TWh) 3. Delay start of heating from October to November (11 TWh) 4. Wear a thick jumper at home in the heating season (6 TWh) 5. Replace standard shower head with a water efficient shower head and use twice every day (5 TWh) 6. Use radiator valves to turn off heating in unused rooms (4 TWh) Behaviours commonly thought significant are some way down the list. ‘Only filling the kettle to the required level’, for example, may only save 1 TWh, while ‘Washing clothes at 40 degrees or less’ may only save 0.4 TWh Cambridge Architectural Research (CAR) was commissioned by The Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Nov 2012
  54. Hydro Solar PV Biomass Waste (thermal) Agri waste Landfill gas Earth subsoil Air Wind energy consumption • households in the South West consumed an average of 5,038 kWh of electricity in 2003, the second highest in Great Britain (behind the East of England with 5,403 kWh) renewable energy • approximately 3% of the region’s electricity in 2006 was produced by renewables from a total installed renewable energy capacity of 122.6 megawatts, powering the equivalent of 107,397 homes
  55. 1. Provide more homes which people can afford 2. Grow Higher paid jobs through technology, science and knowledge 3. Protect our environment 4. Encourage farming, food production and tourism 5. Provide for young people and families 6. Provide for older people 7. Become resilient in energy, water and food 8. Use resources wisely, providing services people need
  56. What will we do together?