Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Se está descargando tu SlideShare. ×

Emotional development

Más Contenido Relacionado

Libros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 30 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Audiolibros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 30 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Emotional development

  1. 1.  Prsented by: Muhammad Javed Iqbal IER University of the Punjab
  2. 2.  The mental thinking or the feeling of a person at a particular instance knowingly or unknowingly is called an emotion.
  3. 3.  There are tow main types of emotion: 1. Positive emotion 2. Negative emotion  Positive emotion: These emotions are very helpful and essential in the normal development of an individual. For example: (Love, amusement, curiosity, joy or happines)
  4. 4. ◦ Smiles  First month  reflex response  By 6 weeks  the social smile appears  By 7 months smiles toward people; encourages interaction and bonding ◦ Laughing  By 3 to 4 months  during activities (i.e., playing)  By 1 year  response to unexpected events  By 2 years  response to own behavior or attempting to make others laugh
  5. 5. Reflexive Smile in a Sleeping Newborn Social Smile in an 8-Month-Old Infant
  6. 6.  Negative emotion: These emotions are harmful to the development of an individual’s For example: (Fear, anger, jealously, etc...)
  7. 7. ◦ Generalized distress  Newborns  hunger, pain, overstimulation ◦ Anger and/or sadness  2 months  visible facial expression matches situation ◦ Fear and/or distress  6-7 months to 2 years  stranger wariness  7 to 12 months  fear of novel toys, noises, sudden movements  8 to 15 months  separation anxiety
  8. 8.  Family,  health,  school,  teacher,  parental outlook,  social status,  mental ability,  will power and  economic status
  9. 9.  Emotional development refers to a child's growing ability to regulate and control emotions and to form secure relationships.
  10. 10. There are four main stages of emotional development 1. During infancy 2. During childhood 3. During adolescence 4. During adulthood
  11. 11.  Right from the time of the birth, the infant cries and his bodily movement seem to give evidence of the presence of emotional element in him. what are the specific emotion, if any, he experiences at this stage is a difficult to be answered.  Truly speaking Mrs. Hurlock puts it, “At birth and shortly afterword the first sign of emotional behavior in general excitement to strong stimulation. There are no indications of clear-cut definite emotional pattern that can be recognized and identified as specific emotional state.
  12. 12.  The stage of undifferentiated excitement is over in a very short time when the general excitement becomes differentiated into simple response that suggests pleasure and displeasure. Stimuli like sudden loud noise, wet, cold, and objective applied to the baby skin feeling hungry, and uncomfortable etc
  13. 13.  During childhood, peer group relationships and school atmosphere and other environmental factors influencing his emotional behaviour. His emotion get linked with the new experiences and interests and his emotional behaviour get linked with new stimuli. At the same time he does not react to various old stimuli. For example he does not show any anger during bathed, or dressed and no fear.
  14. 14.  In later childhood, the child tries to express his behaviour through reasonable means and result of many factor.  In childhood child is in position to express his feeling through language.
  15. 15.  Emotions during this stage change very frequently and quickly.  It makes them moody.  In very short time they could switch between being happy or extremely sad. Mature man: A person can be called emotionally mature if he is able to display his emotion and control properly.
  16. 16. 1. Hereditary factors It has been seen that some similarities are found between the emotional development of parents as well as children. 2. Maturation As the child develops mentally, he also gets emotionally matured. It has been proved through experiments by psychologists that development of emotions of the child depends upon the level of maturation the child. 3. Training Watson has proved that children learn through conditioning. He did an experiment on a nine months- old baby. The baby was shown a rat and in the background a loud sound was made. After some time it has seen that the baby started crying at the sight of the rat.
  17. 17.  Thus it was proved that young children's emotions are influenced by conditioning. Through experiments, it was seen that children start getting scared of the things with which their mothers feels frightened when the parents expresses affection he also starts responding in the same manner. If there is expression of physical love in the family, he also kisses hugs and expresses love by touching.
  18. 18. 4. Health Children with sound health are able to control their emotions in a better way. Children who are weak remain irritable, easily excitable and emotionally unstable. 5. Intelligence Children who are intelligent are emotionally stable. Children with low intelligence quotient are emotionally unstable. 6. Family relation Relation of family members with each other and how they express their emotions affects the emotional behaviour of the child. If the behaviour of the parents is stable and they express their emotions in a subdued and balanced manner, the child will also learn to express his emotion in a balanced manner.
  19. 19.  If the parents shout in anger, show violent behaviour, the baby also adopts the same behaviour and shows temper tantrums. He will throw his toys and other things in a fit of anger. Over pampering makes the child obstinate and indiscipline. Parents who are not able to give time to their children or somehow don't show any affection, their children become submissive or introvert.
  20. 20. 7. Social environment Just like family, neighborhood, school, society members exert influence on the emotional development of the child. If the environment of the society is tense and emotionally charged the child will also become emotionally unstable. If people around are emotionally stable, they express their emotions in a socially approved way. If people have control over their emotions the child also imitates and follows the same pattern regarding his emotions. He will learn better control over his emotion and will always try to confirm the socially approved way of expressing his emotions. 8. Control over emotions To maintain physical and mental health, it is very necessary to have control over emotions. At the time of emotional state, body undergoes many
  21. 21.  changes like change in blood circulation, pulse rate, breathing, effect on digestive system, stretching of eyes, closing of fists, etc. When these emotional states are created in the body frequently and intensely, it affects the body badly.  That is why it is very necessary to exercise control over emotions and they should be expressed in a socially approved manner so that the person and the people around him can live in peace and harmony.
  22. 22. 1-Repression or inhibition: Here the undesirable emotional behavior of the child is check by imposing restrictions and giving punishment. Rule and regulation are strictly observed and the child is always required to express his emotions in socially desirable. 2-Industriousness or mental occupation Another method for exercising control over emotion is to keep oneself busy in some constructive activities. Empty mind is said to be a devil’s workshop. Therefore, it is essential to have provision for co-curricular and leisure activities for the balance emotional development of the children.
  23. 23. 3- Radiation and sublimation: The direction of flow of emotional energy is changed through the process of redirection and sublimation from a desirable goal to a socially desirable one. In both these process, there is only a difference of degree. While, in redirection there is no change in the nature of the emotion and only the direction of flow is changed, in sublimation, there is modification of original instincts or emotions. Sublimation changes the very form of the emotion. 4-Catharsis: In this method, desirable channels are provided for the release of the emotional energy in some way or the other, the individual provided with opportunity of self-expression so that the pent up emotions get appropriate outlet. Under the cloud of emotions tensions are created in the mind of the individuals. By providing a proper outlet for emotional expression, the tension can be removed and one is made to feel better and lighter.
  24. 24. 1) They should be an adequate provision for various co-curricular activities for the full expression and outlet of emotional energies of the children. 2) Instructional methodology and curriculum should be dynamic, progressive and child-centered. 3) Children should get desired love and sympathy from the teachers. Their individuality should be respected and individual difference recognized. The teacher should see that basic emotional need of the children is satisfied in the classroom or school.
  25. 25. 4) With the help of positive methods of controlling and training the emotion, the emotional tension present in minds of the children should be removed and the creation of undesirable complexes avoided. 5) Moral and religious training should from a part of the school programme. High ideas of life and moral principles should be made the guiding factors of the children’s lives.
  26. 26. 6) Emotions are caught, they are not taught. Therefore, teachers should refrain from any act or behavior which can bring undesirable influence on the emotional development of the children. They must put their own example before the children for the refined emotional expression and behaviour. 7) Proper care should be taken for the balanced social development of the children. Each child should get due recognition in his group and in no case he should feel isolated or rejected by his peer group and classmates.
  27. 27. Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the ability to perceive, control and evaluate emotions. Some researchers suggest that emotional intelligence can be learned and strengthened, while others claim it is an inborn characteristic. Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and manage your own emotions and the emotions of others. It is generally said to include 3 skills: 1. Emotional awareness, including the ability to identify your own emotions and those of others; 2. The ability to harness emotions and apply them to tasks like thinking and problems solving; 3. The ability to manage emotions, including the ability to regulate your own emotions, and the ability to cheer up or calm down another person.
  28. 28.  Perceiving Emotions: The first step in understanding emotions is to perceive them accurately. In many cases, this might involve understanding nonverbal signals such as body language and facial expression.  Reasoning With Emotions: The next step involves using emotions to promote thinking and cognitive activity. Emotions help prioritize what we pay attention and react to; we respond emotionally to things that garner our attention.  Understanding Emotions: The emotions that we perceive can carry a wide variety of meanings. If someone is expressing angry emotions, the observer must interpret the cause of their anger and what it might mean. For example, if your boss is acting angry, it might mean that he is dissatisfied with your work; or it could be because he got a speeding ticket on his way to work that morning or that he's been fighting with his wife.  Managing Emotions: The ability to manage emotions effectively is a crucial part of emotional intelligence. Regulating emotions, responding appropriately and responding to the emotions of others are all important aspect of emotional management.
  29. 29.  Emotional quotient  Emotional quotient (EQ), also called emotional intelligence quotient, is a measurement of a person's ability to monitor his or her emotions, to cope with pressures and demands, and to control his or her thoughts and actions. The ability to assess and affect situations and relationships with other people also plays a role in emotional intelligence. This measurement is intended to be a tool that is similar to intelligence quotient (IQ), which is a measurement of a person's intellect. There is much debate surrounding the legitimacy of EQ, however, primarily because there is no standard of measurement

×