Graduate unemployment is Bangladesh
Department of Economics;
Shahjalal University of Science
and Technology, Sylhet.
Nafis Al Fateh
Angkita Roy Purna
Table of contents
01 03 04
05 07 08
Thank you and
What is graduate
Graduate unemployment refers to the
situation where individuals who have
recently completed their studies at the
university level are unable to find gainful
employment. In other word, it is an
unemployment with an academic degree.
Graduate unemployment is a persistent serious issue in a educated
community in Bangladesh.
This problem does not belong to low academic qualification as the
university enrollment is increasing.
According to a report from Economic Intelligence Unit rate of graduate
unemployment is 47% (Asadullah,2014).
Corruption, capacity mismatch, outdated curricula, small job market,
flawed education system, absence of job specialization, political
influence in the recruitment process were the leading reasons for
graduates unemployment of students (Rashid,2019)
This problem further creates problem like cycle of poverty, hindering
the growth and development of the country
Graduate unemployment is an important issue in the community of
scholars, policymakers, and the public in recent years.
The existent works provides an examination of the causes and impacts
of graduate unemployment in Bangladesh
They show analysis of the various factors including a lack of job
opportunities, poor quality of education, lack of career guidance, and
the economic slowdown
The authors use a combination of statistical data support their
arguments, making their points clear and convincing.
Causes of graduate unemployment
Lack of job opportunity disable the graduates to find a job in desired
Poor quality of education weakly prepared the graduates for job
Lack of career guidance left the graduates uncertain and lost.
Economic slowdown hinders the hiring process of job market.
Impacts of graduate unemployment
Increased poverty is one of the main effects of graduate
Decreased social mobility stops the development of a graduate's
Increased crime becomes the part of the society.
Economic growth is slowed due to existence of unutilized human
resource of graduates.
Analysis of graduate unemployment
85% of the labour market belongs to the informal sector,leaving the
remaining being unable to employ the graduates.(Sharmin,2019)
Curriculum followed by here lacks relevance with our national needs
Vocational and other training facilities is not being able to keep up the
Analysis of graduate unemployment(Cont.)
Graduate students suffer from
> lack of motivations
> lack of relevant skills and confidence
> low level of skill development
> Inclination towards BCS and other sorts of government jobs
> Colonial mindset
> Huge gap between industry-universities
Result of graduate unemployment
Research output in Bangladesh is lower then neighbouring countries.
Bangladesh ranks 131 out of 140, in a survey a university-industry
collaboration R & D
Top corporations are hiring employees from oversees causing reverse
flow of funds from Bangladesh
Result of graduate unemployment(Contd.)
Only hankering after good grades without developing skills is keeping
students jobless after graduation.
Growing expectations on them from families adds up with frustration
and depression marching towards a lost generation.
Conclusion of graduate unemployment
Graduate unemployment is a pressing issue in Bangladesh with a wide
range of causes.
The impact on society is severe, including poverty, reduced social
mobility, increased crime and reduced economic growth.
Addressing the issue requires government and private sector
cooperation to create job opportunities for young professionals.
A better approach is needed, including updated curriculum, promoting
entrepreneurship, and a better national human resources plan.