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  1. FRANCE  A western European country, bordered by Spain in south- west, with Italy in south-east, Germany, Switzerland and Luxembourg cover it by east and Belgium is to the north-east of France.  From its shape, this country is also known as “un pays hexagone” in French.  Paris( capital), Nice, Bordeaux, Nantes, Lyon, Cannes, Toulouse, Strasbourg some of the major cities in France.  La Seine(crosses Paris), La Loire, longest river in France( Nantes), La Garonne( Toulouse et Bordeaux cities), Le Rhone ( Lyon) and Le Rhin ( originates in Switzerland and separates France from Germany).  Mountains: Pyrenees separates ( France and Spain), Alpes separates (France and Italy).
  2. The French Flag Blue : Bleu White: Blanc Red: Rouge
  3. Charles de Gaulle President of fifth Republic, drafted new constitution of France in 1958 that governs modern political system in the country.
  4. The Culture  French language belongs to Indo- European family, like German, Spanish, Italian, Russian and many more.  It is a main or official language not just in France, but in parts of Belgium and Switzerland, in Monaco, in parts of Canada – notably but not only in Quebec – as well as being widely spoken in north and west Africa, Lebanon, and parts of south- east Asia, particularly in former French colonies.  French is derived from Latin (as are Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and some other Mediterranean languages).  A French speaking person or a nation is often referred as “Francophone”. For Example Algeria, Switzerland, Morocco, Luxembourg, Canada, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Mauritius  The term “Francophonie” introduced by a French geographer Onésime Reclus.  After the British empire, France was considered the second largest colonial empire in the world which controlled almost all parts of the world this includes some parts of North Africa, French Indochina and North America ……..
  5. L’Hmne ( The National Anthem ) LA Marseillaise 14 July The National Day or The Bastille Day
  6. The European Union • The EU consists of 27 member countries – Germany, France, Spain, Denmark, Finland, Hungry and so on. • They share the same currency i.e. Euro • It(EU) allows free movement of people.
  7. La Tour Eiffle Designed by Gustave Eiffel
  8. Louvre Museum (Paris)
  9. Arc de Triomphe
  10. Notre Dame de Paris Oldest Church In France
  11. French Baguette
  12. L’ Alphabets É (accent aigu) acute accent • A --- Aah • B--- Bé • C- Cé • DE- Dé • E- uh • F- effe • G- jé • H- aash • i- ee • J- jee • K-kaa • L- L • M- em • N– en • O- --- O • P---- Pé • Q--- QUE • R-- érre • S- s • T --- Té • U ---- Ooh • V----Vé • W --- DOOBLAH Vé • X -- eeks • Y --- ee grec • Z - Zed
  13. LES SALUTAIONS GREETINGS • Bonjour ! Hello formal/ inf • BONJOUR ! Hello • Comment ça va ? Komo sava c how • ç • How about ? you? It’s going ? How are you? • ça va- fine , okay • ça va bien. Very fine/ very good • Monsieur sir/Mr Madame madam / ms/ mrs • Mademoiselle Ms • Ça va mal it’s going bad, not good • Ça va comme si comme ça – so- so • Very Fine , very good, • Merci - thank you LATITUDE
  14. YES – OUI - - VEE NON – NO • Bonjour! Hello INF/FORMAL , AU REVOIR! GOOD BYE • Comment ça va? Komo sava • ça va. Fine/ okay MERCI - THANK YOU • ça va bien- very good • ça va comme si comme ça so-so • ça va mal - it’s going bad / not good. • Madame – mrs, ms • Monsieur sir/mr • Mademoiselle – mademoiselle Ms
  15. CHAPTER 12 UNITS • SALUT! HI - INFORMAL • Bon soir - good evening - bonn – suar • Mes amis – my friends - maiz aamii • Latitude AI/A2 MAIN BOOK 1000 • WORK BOOK- PRACTICE - 250 • CD S • GOYAL SAAB PUBLISHER